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Normal WashingProcessin Garments
Normal Wash:
Normal washismost commonand popularwashingprocessinthe apparel industry.Afterestablishing
the manufacturingprocess,garmentsneedtowashforavoidingshrinkageandremovingadheringdirt,
dust, etc.from garments.Therefore,normal washisalmostmandatoryfromeverybuyer.Ingarments
industry,normal washisknownasdifferentnamessuchasdetergentwash,rinse wash,commonwash,
etc.NowI wouldlike todiscussnormal garmentswashaccording to the industrial washingprocess.
FlowChart of Normal Wash:
Everywashingprocessshouldbe maintaineda workingprocedure.Here givencommonwashing
processinthe garmentindustry.
Desizing
↓
Rinse Washing
↓
Softening
↓
Hydro extraction
↓
Drying
Industrial WashingMachines
WashingProcessof Normal Wash:
Load the garmentsinthe machine.A Batch of 100 kg cottongarmentsinthe normal washprocessis
describedbelow-
1st Step:(Desizing)
 Lot size:100 kg cotton garment.
 Water add@ L: R = 1: 5 of 500 – 600 Liter.
 Run the machine.
 Detergentadd@ 1 mg / liter.
 Temperature:Supplysteamtoraise temperature @40°c – 60°c.
 Time:15 to 30 minute.
 Drop the liquor.
 Coldwash.
2nd Step:(Rinse wash)
 Water adds@ L: R = 1: 5 of 480 liter.
 Run the machine.
 Temperature:Raise temperature upto40°c
 Time:5 minute.
 Drop the liquor.
3rd Step:(Softening)
 Water adds@ L: R = 1: 5 of 500 Liter.
 Run the machine.
 Silicon/Flax softeneradds @ 0.1 – 0.5 mg / liter.
 Temperature:Supplysteamto raise temperature @ 20°c – 30°c.
 Time:5 to 10 minute.
 Drop the liquor.
4th Step:(Hydro extraction)
Load the garmentsinhydro extractormachine.
 Thismachine removes excesswaterfromthe garments.
 Runningtime of hydroextractoris2-3 minute.
Hydro extractorMachine
5th Step:(Drying)
Unloadfrom hydro extractor and loadto dryer.
 Dry garmentsby gas dryeror steamdryer.
 Runningthe machine.
 Temperature:70°c – 80°c.
 Time:20 to 30 minute.
Different Types of Garments Wash
Garments Wash:
Normally washing means cleaning something. But Garment washing is a technology which is
applied to change or modify the outlook, appearance, comfort ability and design of
garments. There are different types and objects of wash in the garment industry.
Types of Garments Washing:
There are two types of washing process for garments products. It is wet washing process and
dry washing process. Here also wet washing process is divided by seven ways and the dry
washing process is divided by five ways, according to the fabric quality and buyer requirement.
But most common and applied wash in garment is normal wash, by using detergent. In the wet
washing process enzyme wash, stone wash and bleach wash is most popular and other hand
Potassium per magnet spray and hand scraping is common for dry washing process in the
garments industry.
wet washing
dry washing
• Normal Wash
• Pigment Wash
• Enzyme Wash
• Stone Wash
• Bleach Wash
• Stone/Bleach Wash
• Acid Wash
• Sand Wash
• Whickering
• Hand Screping Wash
• Pottacium Per
Magnat Wash
• Destroying
1. Wet Washing Process
1.1. Normal wash or Detergent wash
1.2. Pigment wash
1.3. Enzyme wash
1.4. Stone wash
1.5. Bleach wash
1.6. Enzyme-stone wash
1.7. Bleach-stone wash
1.8. Acid wash
Enzyme wash
Bleach wash
Stone wash
1. Dry Wash Process
1.1. Sand blasting
1.2. Whisking or wrinkling
1.3. Hand scrapping
1.4. Potassium per magnet spray (PP spraying)
1.5. Destroying
Potassium per magnet spray (PP Spray)
Hand scrapping
The reason of Garments Wash:
1. To remove dirt, dust and waste materials from garments.
2. To remove size materials from garments.
3. For garments wash shrinkage occurs, so accurate measurement can be found by
customers.
4. Fading effect is varied here by variation of amount of detergent used, processing time and
processing temperature.
5. To increase brightness of garments.
6. To increase smoothness of garments.
7. To change the appearance of garments.
8. To make directly wearable after purchase.
9. To make garments become soft and handy.
10. To remove harmful materials from garments.

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Normal washing process in garments dilan

  • 1. Normal WashingProcessin Garments Normal Wash: Normal washismost commonand popularwashingprocessinthe apparel industry.Afterestablishing the manufacturingprocess,garmentsneedtowashforavoidingshrinkageandremovingadheringdirt, dust, etc.from garments.Therefore,normal washisalmostmandatoryfromeverybuyer.Ingarments industry,normal washisknownasdifferentnamessuchasdetergentwash,rinse wash,commonwash, etc.NowI wouldlike todiscussnormal garmentswashaccording to the industrial washingprocess. FlowChart of Normal Wash: Everywashingprocessshouldbe maintaineda workingprocedure.Here givencommonwashing processinthe garmentindustry. Desizing ↓ Rinse Washing ↓ Softening ↓ Hydro extraction ↓ Drying
  • 2. Industrial WashingMachines WashingProcessof Normal Wash: Load the garmentsinthe machine.A Batch of 100 kg cottongarmentsinthe normal washprocessis describedbelow- 1st Step:(Desizing)  Lot size:100 kg cotton garment.  Water add@ L: R = 1: 5 of 500 – 600 Liter.  Run the machine.  Detergentadd@ 1 mg / liter.  Temperature:Supplysteamtoraise temperature @40°c – 60°c.  Time:15 to 30 minute.  Drop the liquor.  Coldwash.
  • 3. 2nd Step:(Rinse wash)  Water adds@ L: R = 1: 5 of 480 liter.  Run the machine.  Temperature:Raise temperature upto40°c  Time:5 minute.  Drop the liquor. 3rd Step:(Softening)  Water adds@ L: R = 1: 5 of 500 Liter.  Run the machine.  Silicon/Flax softeneradds @ 0.1 – 0.5 mg / liter.  Temperature:Supplysteamto raise temperature @ 20°c – 30°c.  Time:5 to 10 minute.  Drop the liquor. 4th Step:(Hydro extraction) Load the garmentsinhydro extractormachine.  Thismachine removes excesswaterfromthe garments.  Runningtime of hydroextractoris2-3 minute.
  • 4. Hydro extractorMachine 5th Step:(Drying) Unloadfrom hydro extractor and loadto dryer.  Dry garmentsby gas dryeror steamdryer.  Runningthe machine.  Temperature:70°c – 80°c.  Time:20 to 30 minute.
  • 5. Different Types of Garments Wash Garments Wash: Normally washing means cleaning something. But Garment washing is a technology which is applied to change or modify the outlook, appearance, comfort ability and design of garments. There are different types and objects of wash in the garment industry. Types of Garments Washing: There are two types of washing process for garments products. It is wet washing process and dry washing process. Here also wet washing process is divided by seven ways and the dry washing process is divided by five ways, according to the fabric quality and buyer requirement. But most common and applied wash in garment is normal wash, by using detergent. In the wet washing process enzyme wash, stone wash and bleach wash is most popular and other hand Potassium per magnet spray and hand scraping is common for dry washing process in the garments industry. wet washing dry washing • Normal Wash • Pigment Wash • Enzyme Wash • Stone Wash • Bleach Wash • Stone/Bleach Wash • Acid Wash • Sand Wash • Whickering • Hand Screping Wash • Pottacium Per Magnat Wash • Destroying
  • 6. 1. Wet Washing Process 1.1. Normal wash or Detergent wash 1.2. Pigment wash 1.3. Enzyme wash 1.4. Stone wash 1.5. Bleach wash 1.6. Enzyme-stone wash 1.7. Bleach-stone wash 1.8. Acid wash Enzyme wash Bleach wash Stone wash
  • 7. 1. Dry Wash Process 1.1. Sand blasting 1.2. Whisking or wrinkling 1.3. Hand scrapping 1.4. Potassium per magnet spray (PP spraying) 1.5. Destroying Potassium per magnet spray (PP Spray) Hand scrapping
  • 8. The reason of Garments Wash: 1. To remove dirt, dust and waste materials from garments. 2. To remove size materials from garments. 3. For garments wash shrinkage occurs, so accurate measurement can be found by customers. 4. Fading effect is varied here by variation of amount of detergent used, processing time and processing temperature. 5. To increase brightness of garments. 6. To increase smoothness of garments. 7. To change the appearance of garments. 8. To make directly wearable after purchase. 9. To make garments become soft and handy. 10. To remove harmful materials from garments.