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Behavior Analysis with Lily the Beagle

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By Katy Munn

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Behavior Analysis with Lily the Beagle

  1. 1. Behavioral Analysis with Lily the Beagle Katy Munn Final Fiesta Fall 2017
  2. 2. Meet Lily! ● Beagle ● 12 years old! ● Favorite activities: ○ Eating ○ Sleeping ○ Watching TV ○ Getting good pats
  3. 3. Analysis ● There are many contingencies affecting Lily’s behavior. ● Some behaviors I analyzed are: ○ Sitting ○ Moving after sitting ○ Begging for food ○ Panting Lily in her natural habitat: under the table looking for food
  4. 4. Let's Find an Effective Reinforcer ● We will need an effective reinforcer to maintain Lily’s behavior. ● She loves human food, it doesn't matter what kind. ● For clarity I will use the reinforcer of marshmallows. A stimulus that increases the frequency of a response it follows.
  5. 5. Reinforcement Contingency: Sitting ● When Lily sits she receives a marshmallow to reinforce her behavior Before: No marshmallow Behavior: Lily sits After: Marshmallow The response-contingent presentation of a reinforcer resulting in an increased frequency of that response. What a good sit, time for a marshmallow!
  6. 6. Differential Reinforcement: Sitting & StayingStopping reinforcement for an inappropriate response, while shifting that reinforcement to an appropriate response. Before: No marshmallow Behavior: Lily moves immediately after sitting Behavior: Lily does not move after sitting After: Marshmallow After: No marshmallow ● Woops! Is not moving a behavior? Let’s use the dead- man test to double check. ● If Lily doesn’t move she will get a marshmallow, if she does move she will not get a marshmallow.
  7. 7. Dead-Man Test ●The dead-man test states if a dead man can do it, it probably isn’t behavior. ●Not moving would fail the dead-man test because a dead man can be still i.e. not move. Let’s roll the dead man over to find the behavior. The opposite of not moving would be moving, so to increase the behavior of staying we will have to decrease the behavior of moving.
  8. 8. Punishment Contingency: Moving After Sitting ●We can’t reinforce not moving so we must use the opposite which would be moving immediately after sitting. Before: No spritz of water and no “no” Behavior: Lily moves immediately after sitting After: Spritz of water and “no” NO The response-contingent presentation of an aversive condition resulting in a decreased frequency of that response.
  9. 9. Stimulus Discrimination: Begging/Panting The occurrence of a response more frequently in the presence of one stimulus than in the presence of another, usually as a result of a discrimination procedure SΔ: In the presence of Dad in the kitchen SD: In the presence of Katy in the kitchen Behavior: Lily pants and begs After: No bite of food After: Bite of food Before: No bite of food ● When I am in the kitchen Lily’s panting and begging gets reinforced, but when my dad is in the kitchen her panting and begging does not get reinforced. Where’s Katy? I want some food!
  10. 10. Sick Social Cycle: Panting For FoodVictim’s escape model: in escaping the perpetrator’s aversive behavior, the victim unintentionally reinforces that aversive behavior. ● Lily’s panting is aversive to me so I give her food to make her stop. Lily has no bite of food Lily has bite of food Lily pants and begs Katy hears aversive panting Katy gives Lily a bite of food Katy doesn’t hear aversive panting Katy doesn’t hear aversive panting Katy gives Lily a bite of food Katy hears aversive panting Lily has no bite of food
  11. 11. Extinction: Panting & Begging ●To decreases the panting behavior, and kick that sick social cycle, we can use extinction. Stopping the reinforcement or escape contingency for a previously reinforced response causes the response frequency to decrease. Before: No bite of food Behavior: Lily pants, and begs After: No bite of food Wallowing in sadness because she doesn't get food anymore for panting.
  12. 12. The end! Questions or Comments?

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