Reinforcement and punishment

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Reinforcement and punishment

  1. 1. REINFORCEMENT• Anything that increases the likelihood that a certain response will occur.
  2. 2. NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT• Negative reinforcement serves to encourage a certain positive behavior by taking away a negative stimulus.• Example: If someone does something wrong, they get a thumbs down. Then they know they did something wrong.
  3. 3. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT• Positive reinforcement involves anything that follows a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future.• Example: If someone does something right, they get thumbs up. Then they know that they did something right and they will continue to do so.
  4. 4. PUNISHMENT• Any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood of that behavior occurring again in the future.
  5. 5. NEGATIVE PUNISHMENT• Negative punishment occurs when something desired is taken away as a consequence of a certain behavior.• Example: A dog uses the bathroom on the carpet. To punish the dog, the owner takes away the dog’s toys. .Hopefully the dog will learn his lesson
  6. 6. POSITIVE PUNISHMENT• Presenting an unfavorable outcome or event following an undesirable behavior.• Example: A mother tell her daughter that if she gets in trouble again, then she will get a spanking.
  7. 7. THE END
  8. 8. SITE PAGE!• Reinforcement-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/reinforcement.htm• Negative Reinforcement-http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-negative-reinforcement.htm• Positive Reinforcement-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/positive- reinforcement.htm• Punishment-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/punishment.htm• Negative punishment-http://phobias.about.com/od/glossary/g/negpunish.htm• Positive punishment-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/positive- punishment.htm

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