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Capitalization Overview


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Capitalization Overview

  1. 1. Capitalization Holt Handbook, Chapter 10
  2. 2. Capitalization, 10a, 10B,10c <ul><li>Capitalize the first word in every sentence . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The houses on my street are pink. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capitalize the first word in a line of poetry (usually). </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize the first word in a direct quote . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Janie said, “Hey, let’s go for a run!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the quote is interrupted, the second part is not capitalized. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hey,” said Janie, “let’s go for a run!” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Capitalization, 10d, 10e <ul><li>Capitalize the first word in both the greeting and closing of a letter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dear John, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sincerely, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capitalize the pronoun I and the interjection O. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O captain, my captain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I would just die! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Capitalization, 10F <ul><li>Capitalize proper nouns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fifth Avenue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capitalize proper adjectives. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespearean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Capitalization, 10f-1, 2, 3 <ul><li>Capitalize the names of persons and animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize initials in names and abbreviations that come before or after names. </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize geographical names. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Capitalization, 10f-4 <ul><li>Capitalize the names of groups, teams, institutions, and organizations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Save the Children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago Cubs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Illinois </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Capitalization, 10f-5 <ul><li>Capitalize historical events, documents, and periods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World War II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mardi Gras </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Mesozoic Era </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capitalize calendar items but not seasons or centuries. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spring semester </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Patrick’s Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the sixteenth century </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Capitalization, 10f-6, 7 <ul><li>Capitalize the names of languages, nationalities, peoples, races and religions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The three Tibetan Buddhist monks are creating a sand painting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools in Bhutan teach English as the official language. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Capitalization, 10F-8, 9 <ul><li>Capitalize brand names, but not the common noun that follows it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultra-Clean soap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a tube of Sparkle toothpaste </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capitalize the names of planets, stars, constellations, and other heavenly bodies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orion’s Belt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pluto </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Capitalization, 10F-10, 11, 12 <ul><li>Capitalize names of ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize the names of awards, memorials, and monuments. </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize the names of particular buildings and other structures. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Capitalization, 10G <ul><li>Capitalize the names of school subjects that are followed by a number and the names of all languages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tara is taking Algebra 2, English, world history and journalism. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Capitalization, 10H-1 <ul><li>Capitalize Titles before names and degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senator John Glenn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Howard Jones, M.D. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capitalize important titles even without names… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Prime Minister </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the President of the United States </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Capitalization, 10H-2 <ul><li>Capitalize a word that shows a family relationship ONLY when it is used before a name or as a name. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandpa Max </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aunt Muffy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hello, Mother.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not when it’s alone… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>my aunt </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Capitalization, 10H-3 <ul><li>Capitalize titles of works of literature as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The First word (ALWAYS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Last word (ALWAYS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important words in the middle (exclude articles, coordinating conjunctions, small prepositions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Catcher in the Rye </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Julie of the Wolves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” </li></ul></ul></ul>