Good Vibrations !!!
Nasa Astronauts,  celebrity  athletes
What’s The Concept?
What’s it all about  ? <ul><li>mechanical  stimulus  </li></ul><ul><li>recurring  oscillatory  </li></ul><ul><li>delivered...
What’s it all about?  <ul><li>Russian space agency in  </li></ul><ul><li>zero  gravity </li></ul><ul><li>shown to affect; ...
The Physiology <ul><li>Gets muscles & nerves to  work together  more effectively  </li></ul><ul><li>Acts to  excite muscle...
What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Amplitude:   </li></ul><ul><li>The extent of  </li></ul><ul><li>vertical  displ...
What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Frequency:   </li></ul><ul><li>The  optimal  number of  impulses   delivered pe...
What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Duration:   </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of time the individual  spends on the ...
What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Repetitions performed </li></ul><ul><li>External Loading </li></ul><ul><li>Body...
How Good’s The Evidence?
Can it help improve sports performance?
Acute effects <ul><li>Total  exercise time, changes in  blood  lactate and  RPE  values suggest:  </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaus...
Chronic Strength/Power Improvements Improved maximal and repeated jump height after 10 days of WBV (Bosco et al, 1998,   B...
Chronic Strength/Power Improvements <ul><li>‘‘ A randomized study of athletes, 3 </li></ul><ul><li>weeks of strength train...
Chronic Strength/Power Improvements <ul><li>‘‘ Training was able to amplify each subject’s </li></ul><ul><li>1RM. The stre...
Improvement in Flexibility <ul><li>Vibration Training has been shown  </li></ul><ul><li>to  improve  hamstring flexibility...
Can it help with rehabilitation?
Vibration and Knee Injury <ul><li>An investigation into the effect of vibration training (5 x 60 seconds) on ACL rehabilit...
Rubin et al !
Vibration and Bones <ul><li>30Hz, 0.3 g, 20min/day </li></ul><ul><li>5x/wk during 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Femur: 34.2% BM...
Vibration and Bone Parameters <ul><li>Findings suggest that WBV training might be useful in the prevention   </li></ul><ul...
Can it help improve our health?
WBV and Parkinson’s <ul><li>The effects of 5 x 60 seconds x 4-6 Hz (4 mm) WBV on Parkinson patients (no medication). </li>...
WBV and Fall Risk <ul><li>Balance + chair rising test </li></ul><ul><li>+36 % progress in Chair rising test </li></ul>Rung...
Can It Help With Spinal Cord Injury? Can reflex standing can be induced in persons with spinal cord injury? We have  induc...
<ul><li>Whats the downside? </li></ul>
Contraindications  <ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Recent or possible thrombosis </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular comp...
Current Interventions <ul><li>Strength and power training for athletes </li></ul><ul><li>Acute back problems </li></ul><ul...
Vibration Myths <ul><li>The adverse effects of vibration  should  be only be associated with occupational vibration, where...
Practical Applications <ul><li>Transverse standing – balance training  </li></ul><ul><li>Basis / Squat </li></ul><ul><li>R...
What Can We Conclude? <ul><li>More research is necessary  </li></ul><ul><li>For safety, carefully consider all the scienti...
Any Questions? Thank you!
[email_address] www.kinetica-sports.com www.clubfiftyone.co.uk
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Good Vibrations by Jon Denoris for Kinetica Sports

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This presentation is a review I put together for www.Kinetica-Sports.com on the pro's and con's of whole body vibration training. I believe it's certainly an exciting area, albeit one which unfortunately is prone to the usual fitness "fads" and exaggerated claims especially regarding weight loss / body fat loss.

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  • Traditional methods = i.e. high velocity / impact plyometric training
  • Good Vibrations by Jon Denoris for Kinetica Sports

    1. 1. Good Vibrations !!!
    2. 2. Nasa Astronauts, celebrity athletes
    3. 3. What’s The Concept?
    4. 4. What’s it all about ? <ul><li>mechanical stimulus </li></ul><ul><li>recurring oscillatory </li></ul><ul><li>delivered to the entire body </li></ul>
    5. 5. What’s it all about? <ul><li>Russian space agency in </li></ul><ul><li>zero gravity </li></ul><ul><li>shown to affect; </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroendocrine cardiovascular </li></ul><ul><li>Musculoskeletal sensory systems </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Physiology <ul><li>Gets muscles & nerves to work together more effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Acts to excite muscles and nerves </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibits opposing /unwanted muscle activity </li></ul>
    7. 7. What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Amplitude: </li></ul><ul><li>The extent of </li></ul><ul><li>vertical displacement. </li></ul><ul><li>Loading: </li></ul><ul><li>3 to 10 mm </li></ul>
    8. 8. What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Frequency: </li></ul><ul><li>The optimal number of impulses delivered per second. </li></ul><ul><li>Loading: </li></ul><ul><li>15 – 44 Hz </li></ul>
    9. 9. What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Duration: </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of time the individual spends on the apparatus. </li></ul><ul><li>Loading: </li></ul><ul><li>30 to 240 seconds </li></ul>
    10. 10. What Variables Should We Consider? <ul><li>Repetitions performed </li></ul><ul><li>External Loading </li></ul><ul><li>Body Position </li></ul>
    11. 11. How Good’s The Evidence?
    12. 12. Can it help improve sports performance?
    13. 13. Acute effects <ul><li>Total exercise time, changes in blood lactate and RPE values suggest: </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustion and muscular fatigue is reached more rapidly with vibration training. </li></ul><ul><li>WBV increases oxygen consumption when applied in addition to the squatting exercise </li></ul><ul><li>(Rittweger et al., Clin Physiol & Func Imaging, 2003, 23: 81-86). </li></ul>
    14. 14. Chronic Strength/Power Improvements Improved maximal and repeated jump height after 10 days of WBV (Bosco et al, 1998, Biol Sport, 15: 157- 164)
    15. 15. Chronic Strength/Power Improvements <ul><li>‘‘ A randomized study of athletes, 3 </li></ul><ul><li>weeks of strength training (sitting bench press) </li></ul><ul><li>with superimposed vibratory stimulation led to </li></ul><ul><li>an almost 50% increase in one repetition </li></ul><ul><li>maximum (1RM) compared with only an </li></ul><ul><li>average gain for the control group.’’ </li></ul><ul><li>(Kerschan et al., 2001. Clin Physiol.) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Chronic Strength/Power Improvements <ul><li>‘‘ Training was able to amplify each subject’s </li></ul><ul><li>1RM. The strength-training group had an </li></ul><ul><li>increase of 19.4% and the vibration group of </li></ul><ul><li>27.0%.’’ </li></ul><ul><li>(Haring et al. Technical University of Munchen) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Improvement in Flexibility <ul><li>Vibration Training has been shown </li></ul><ul><li>to improve hamstring flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>& range of motion </li></ul>
    18. 18. Can it help with rehabilitation?
    19. 19. Vibration and Knee Injury <ul><li>An investigation into the effect of vibration training (5 x 60 seconds) on ACL rehabilitation during the 6th and 10th weeks post injury/surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>The athletes were asked to stand on each leg for 45 seconds while EMG activity was recorded. </li></ul><ul><li>All subjects showed improved balance control it was concluded that vibration training could be used to optimise recovery from an ACL injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Haas and Scmidtbleicher, D. Effects of randomised vibrational stimuli in ACL ruptures. In review </li></ul>
    20. 20. Rubin et al !
    21. 21. Vibration and Bones <ul><li>30Hz, 0.3 g, 20min/day </li></ul><ul><li>5x/wk during 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Femur: 34.2% BMD increase </li></ul>(Rubin et al. Bone, 2002) (Rubin et al. J Bone Miner. Res. 2002) Animal studies
    22. 22. Vibration and Bone Parameters <ul><li>Findings suggest that WBV training might be useful in the prevention </li></ul><ul><li>of osteoporosis….. </li></ul><ul><li>Verschueren et al., J of Bone and Mineral Research, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>(Rubin et al., Bone, 1998) </li></ul>
    23. 23. Can it help improve our health?
    24. 24. WBV and Parkinson’s <ul><li>The effects of 5 x 60 seconds x 4-6 Hz (4 mm) WBV on Parkinson patients (no medication). </li></ul><ul><li>(Haas, Rheuma Aktuell 3, 2002, p 8-10) </li></ul>
    25. 25. WBV and Fall Risk <ul><li>Balance + chair rising test </li></ul><ul><li>+36 % progress in Chair rising test </li></ul>Runge et al., J. Musculoskeletal Interact. 2000
    26. 26. Can It Help With Spinal Cord Injury? Can reflex standing can be induced in persons with spinal cord injury? We have induced the effect in four persons with SCI, with time-since-injury ranging from 6 months to 17 years. WBV represents an alternative to fitness gained through functional stimulation (FES) and/or treadmill walking with partial weight support. (Gianutsos et al. The Effects of WBV on Reflex Induced Standing in Persons with Chronic and Acute Spinal Cord Injury. The 3 rd Mediterranean Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitaation, Athens, Greece, September 4-7, 2000)
    27. 27. <ul><li>Whats the downside? </li></ul>
    28. 28. Contraindications <ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Recent or possible thrombosis </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular complaints i.e. valve disease </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced arthrosis, arthropathy, acute RA </li></ul><ul><li>Recent sutures, scars and fresh wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Foot, knee and hip implants </li></ul><ul><li>Any metal/synthetic implants i.e. pacemaker </li></ul><ul><li>Lumber disc problems </li></ul><ul><li>Acute inflammation or infections </li></ul>
    29. 29. Current Interventions <ul><li>Strength and power training for athletes </li></ul><ul><li>Acute back problems </li></ul><ul><li>Ligamentous knee injuries/repairs </li></ul><ul><li>Secretion of hormones that are important in regeneration and repair processes, such as HGH (Human Growth Hormone), igf-1, and testosterone </li></ul><ul><li>Neuromuscular disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Increase critical blood flow throughout the body (oxygenation and lymph drainage) </li></ul><ul><li>PVD/Diabetes (to improve circulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Postural stability </li></ul>
    30. 30. Vibration Myths <ul><li>The adverse effects of vibration should be only be associated with occupational vibration, where workers are exposed to high levels for long periods of time. </li></ul><ul><li>The levels of vibration used when performing exercises on platforms such as the Powerplate is a safe, appropriate and effective strength training method that can be applied in numerous settings. </li></ul>
    31. 31. Practical Applications <ul><li>Transverse standing – balance training </li></ul><ul><li>Basis / Squat </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation (sitting) </li></ul><ul><li>Pelvis tilting </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation of arms / shoulders </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation spine / </li></ul><ul><li>trunk muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation of whole body / back </li></ul>
    32. 32. What Can We Conclude? <ul><li>More research is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>For safety, carefully consider all the scientific evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Consider obstacles: </li></ul><ul><li>access, resources, time, pain, dysfunction and confusion being just a few. </li></ul><ul><li>Early indicators are that it’s proving safe, fast and effective. </li></ul><ul><li>The technology is supported by some research based evidence, and a wealth of global practise based evidence. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Any Questions? Thank you!
    34. 34. [email_address] www.kinetica-sports.com www.clubfiftyone.co.uk

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