※Born in a Catholicfamily Suffered fromprejudices Educated in Twyford
※Moved to Binfield in 1700 Self-taught: “did nothing but read andwrite” Suffered from ill health: tuberculosis,asthma, and headaches
※Moved to Binfieldin 1700 Humpbacked anddeformed
※Published An Essay on Criticism in 1711 First striking success as a poet※ Made friends with Jonathan Swift andJohn Gay
※Published an early version of “The Rapeof the Lock” in 1712 (two cantos) A funny battle between sexes and folliesof a young lady
※ Expanded “The Rapeof the Lock” in 1714(five cantos) A quarrel betweentwo families◎ Characters: Lord Petre :Baron Miss Arabella Fermor:Belinda
◎Background: John Caryll’s suggestion to “pour poeticoils on these troubled waters” or Hope that “a little laughter might serve tosoothe ruffled tempers.”◎ Pope’s purpose: Do not worry about trivial things!
※Translated Iliadand Odyssey intoEnglish The first man toprove “Literaturecan raise writers.”
※Published The Dunciad in 1728Became professional satirist “Sleepless themselves to give theirreaders sleep”
Belinda awakes from sleeping The dream of Belinda Belinda prepares for the day’s socialactivities
The travel on the Thames river The prayer of the young adventurer Baron The Sylphs’ mission to “tend the Fair”—toprotect BelindaBrillante—the earringsChrispissa—the locksAriel—Shock, Belinda’s lapdogMomentilla—the watchfifty chosen Sylphs—the petticoat
The game of cards—ombre The rape of the lock
Belinda’s Ill-Natured mood andAffection after the loss of the lock Umbriel, the earthy gnome, descends tothe Cave of Spleen Thalestris’ speech rouses the rage ofBelinda Sir Plume bids in vain the payment ofthe lock
Clarissa’s speech The battle of belles and beaux The lock rises to the heaven andbecomes a star
A long narrative poem Elevated, grand style Great heroes and heroines The setting is vast ingeographical range Supernatural power
The theme is usually the adventure of ahero or a war. Invocate the Muse’s aid. (Calliope) Ask epic question(s). Begin with in medias res. Use epithets and similes. Gods’ interference in human affairs.
A work designed to ridicule attitudes,style, or subject matter by handlingeither an elevated subject in a trivialmanner or a low subject with mockdignity (Karl 30). Renders a trivial subject ridiculous bytreating it with the elaborate (Karl 31). Compare small things withsomething great.
Traditional Epic The Rape of the LockInvoke the aid ofthe muse: Calliope“ Say what strangemotive, Goddess!Could compel” (1. 7)Begin with inmedias resNoGods are involvedSpirits (Sylphs,Gnomes, Nymphs…)are involved
“Among thegods, whobrought thisquarrel on?”(Iliad)1 What dire offense from amorous causes springs,What mighty contests rise from trivial things,…7 Say what strange motive, Goddess! Could compelA well-bred lord to assault a gentle belle?Oh, say what stranger cause, yet unexplored,Could make a gentle belle reject a lord?In tasks so bold can little men engage,And in soft bosoms dwells such mighty rage?The Epic Question
“Achilles, fast inbattle as a lion.”“Hera, whosearms are white asivory.”“Quick as her eyes” (2. 10),“Bright as the sun” (2. 13),“Shrink his thin essencelike a riveled flower” (2.132),“And falls like thunder onthe prostrate Ace” (3. 98).
“man-killerHector”“sharp-eyedHermes”“Bolt-hurlingZeus”“Fair nymphs, and well-dressd youths around hershone” (2. 5)“The long-contendedhonours of her head”(4.140)“Why round our coachescrowd the white-glovdbeaux?” (5. 13).
Heroic coupletRhymed in every two lines. Iambic pentameterTen syllables in each lineAlternate with stressed and unstressedsyllables
Journey to theunderworldThe Cave of Spleen (illnature of femalehypochondriacs) (4. 1)Sacrifice offering to godsbefore an important waror journeyBaron sacrifices hisformer love-token. (2.35)
Battle Cliches, frowns and angryglances, snuff and bodkin.“So spoke the dame, “ (5. 35).The card game (Ombre).Rape of the femalechastityRape of a lock of hair