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Artemisia dracunculus


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Artemisia dracunculus

  1. 1. California Tarragon – Artemisia dracunculus (ar-te-MEEZ-ee-uh drak-UN-kyoo-lus) Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Much of western N. America. In CA all except northern coast & ranges; common on dry, sandy-rocky places from coastal sage scrub to pine forests up to 11,000 ft. elevation. herbaceous perennial mature height: 2-5 ft. mature width: 1-4 ft. Herbaceous perennial from a stout, woody root. Many stiff, upright stems. Leaves linear to more broad, may be toothed. Foliage of some plants scented (like tarragon). Plants spread via underground stems (rhizomes). Growth characteristics: Blooms in summer to fall – usually July to Sept. or Oct. yellowish, fairly insignificant. Blooms/fruits: Flowers are small, Uses in the garden: Best used in an herb garden or as a companion plant in the vegetable garden. Fine as a groundcover and good choice for large pots/planters. Leaves can be used as a flavoring for vegetables, cooked greens, soups, herb butters, vinegars, salad dressings and sauces. Native Californians used as a medicine for digestive problems. Fresh/dried leaves repel insects. Sensible substitute for: Non-native herbs. ‘French Tarragon’ is Artemisia dracunculus ‘Sativa’. Attracts: Foliage eaten by animals in the wild; birds eat seeds. Requirements: Element Sun Soil Water Fertilizer Other Requirement Full sun to light shade Well-drained a must; sandy or gravelly is best Occasional water (Zone 2); let soil dry between waterings None Plant will spread via rhizomes; may need to contain in some gardens. several inches in the fall. Divide clumps every few years. Management: Propagation: from seed: sow in pots in spring Cut down to by divisions: best in fall/winter when dormant Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 2, 10, 16, 20, 24, 27 2/18/11 © Project SOUND