7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4

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7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Lesson 4 Pgs. 44-54 For Student Use Only
  2. 2. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Plants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angiosperms- Flowering Plants- produce covered seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gymnosperms- Non-Flowering Plants- produce uncovered seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flowering Plants are classified into families by their flowers and fruits </li></ul>
  3. 3. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Composite Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The largest family of flowering plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head- many small flowers grouped together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disk Flowers- Tubular, closely packed flowers; have both a pistil and stamen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ray Flowers- showy, petal-like flowers; have a pistillate or are neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EX. Aster, Daisies, Oxeye Daisy, Black-Eyed Susan, Sunflower </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Composite Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goldenrod- dense clustered flowers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ragweed- can cause allergic reactions in many people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bull Thistle, dandelion, or ironwood </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Pea Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondest Largest Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has a pod that splits along two sides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called legumes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legumes- help restore Nitrogen to the soil in the Nitrogen Cycle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Sweet Pea, Locust Tree, Wisteria Tree, Clover </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Rose Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has 5 white, pink, or rose-colored petals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has cup-shaped blossoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has woody stems and fleshy fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flower parts in multiples of 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ex. Pear, apple, strawberry, blackberry, raspberry, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Buttercup Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 rounded petals forming cup-shaped blossoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has non-woody stems and dry fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves are deeply divided in 3 sections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowfoot Family- called this because of leaf shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many buttercups are poisonous to humans and cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ex. Common buttercup, peony, larkspur </li></ul>
  8. 8. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Mint Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The stems are square and stout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a characteristic odor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ex. Basil, sage, thyme, peppermint, spearmint </li></ul>
  9. 9. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Honeysuckle Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has trumpet-shaped flowers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flowers are replaced by berries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves grow opposite of each other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: Japanese Honeysuckle, Trumpet, Coral, Viburnums </li></ul>
  10. 10. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Parsley Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Umbels- an arrangment of flower in awhih stems of nearly equal length emerge from a common point on the main stem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Found around the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can eat stalks, roots, leaves, or stems or use for cooking or medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: Parsley, Queen Anne’s Lace, Dill, Coriander </li></ul>
  11. 11. Flowers of Meadow and Garden <ul><li>Milkweed Family: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flowers are arranged in umbels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has 5 nectar horns- flowers have hoods and crests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pods split open along one side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarch butterflies live here </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: butterfly weed, string of hearts, wax-plant </li></ul>

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