Feminist criticism 2012


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includes "The Paperbag Princess" and "The Story of Ferdinand"

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Feminist criticism 2012

  1. 1. Feminist Criticism Critical Theory
  2. 2. Background of Feminism <ul><li>An ideology that examines how women are subjugated in society </li></ul><ul><li>Feminism suggests that Western civilization is basically patriarchal , literally “ruled by the father” </li></ul><ul><li>Women are therefore subordinate to men in this patriarchal society </li></ul>
  3. 3. Feminist Criticism <ul><li>Based on the Feminist movement </li></ul><ul><li>Literature written by women: </li></ul><ul><li>The feminist view is that history and literature are largely written by men and studied through the male perspective </li></ul>
  4. 4. How literature represents women <ul><ul><li>Women are traditionally represented by one of the following stereotypes: the slave, the temptress, the virgin and the prize </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Why are these labels a problem? <ul><li>By representing women using one of the four archetypes, the author knowingly or unknowingly marginalizes the females in the work as the females are never developed into complex characters </li></ul>
  6. 6. Also a problem is… <ul><li>Female characters in literature are not “real” females, but only idealized representations of the male idea of females </li></ul><ul><li>By resorting to these stereotypes again and again in literature, authors fail to consider the complexity of the female character </li></ul>
  7. 7. Applying Feminist Criticism <ul><li>In general, Feminist critics consider how females are portrayed in a work and how the females in a work have been understood by audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Your can apply the following questions when using a Feminist approach to literature: </li></ul>
  8. 8. Questions for a Feminist Approach <ul><li>1. What do the female characters in the work believe about themselves and their position in society? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions for a Feminist Approach <ul><li>2.How do the male characters in the text perceive the females in the work? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the 4 archetypes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the males attitudes toward the females </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider where the males seem to feel the females belong in society </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Questions for a Feminist Approach <ul><li>3.Is the portrayal of males or females in the work stereotypical? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note please that unfortunately, in modern works, we treat male characters as stereotypes as well and these stereotypes for male are as limiting as the ones traditionally used for females </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Questions for a Feminist Approach <ul><li>4.What is the nature of the relationships between males and females in the text? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider who has the power in the relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider who controls the money in the relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the element of respect in the relationship </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. In closing <ul><li>By examining a work using a Feminist Critical Approach, we seek to discover how traditional stereotypes of males and female inform the work </li></ul><ul><li>In doing so, we can discuss how the struggle between male and female interests in society have affected the work </li></ul>
  13. 13. Listen and use a feminist critical eye… what might a feminist critic say about the story?
  14. 14. What gender stereotypes are seen in this Disney movie based on “The Story of Ferdinand” by Munro Leaf?
  15. 15. <ul><li>Prepared for your viewing pleasure by: </li></ul><ul><li>Liana Cote-Montminy </li></ul>