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Psychological criticism


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Psychological criticism

  1. 1. Psychological Criticism Delving into the mind…
  2. 2. What is psychology? <ul><li>The science of the human </li></ul><ul><li>mind and human behavior </li></ul>
  3. 3. How does it connect to literature? <ul><li>Glimpse into the mind of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our own minds </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. First psychological critic <ul><li>384 BC – 322 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Catharsis </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition </li></ul>
  5. 5. Modern origin <ul><li>Sigmund Freud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Father of psychoanalysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unconscious </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Many other views now exist <ul><li>Jung (remember archetypes?) </li></ul><ul><li>Maslow (hierarchy of needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Skinner (Behaviorism) </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Goleman (EQ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and many more… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Benefits ? A reader can explore the psychology <ul><li>Of a writer as expressed in the work. </li></ul><ul><li>Of fictional characters </li></ul><ul><li>In the form of the work (symbols, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Of a culture or society </li></ul><ul><li>Of the reader </li></ul>
  8. 8. Limitations <ul><li>Usually connected to criticisms of the psychologist and psychological theory applied rather than the critical lens as a whole </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freud was a terrible sexist… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis is deeply personal… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But, some also say it ignores the text and everything that goes with the work as a text </li></ul>
  9. 9. Warning!!!!!!! <ul><li>You cannot do a psychological (sometimes called psychoanalytic) criticism without knowing and applying a psychological theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Research a theory and then apply it! </li></ul>
  10. 10. For example, Freud ’ s theory …
  11. 11. Examine how Freud’ s theory appears in the work..
  12. 12. A classic subject of Psychological Criticism
  13. 13. Check out the website… <ul><li>You will find a .pdf called “ Some Other Useful Psychological Theories and Frameworks for Analysing Literature ” with suggestions for theories to research, </li></ul><ul><li>A link to the explanation of Maslow’ s Hierarchy of Need and; </li></ul><ul><li>An activity matching Maslow’ s Hierarchy of Needs to Life of Pi </li></ul>
  14. 14. References <ul><li>Doing Literary Criticism: Helping Students Engage with Challenging Texts by Tim Gillespie. © 2010. Stenhouse Publishers. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Brought to you by your friendly neighbourhood teacher… <ul><li>Liana Côté </li></ul>