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# Artifact 3 clemson

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### Artifact 3 clemson

1. 1. Jimmy Clemson Dr. Adu-Gyamfi MATE 4001 12/3/13 Artifact 3 In this artifact we will explore quadratics and how they act as coefficients a,b, and c change. We will also what different quadratics will look like given a certain parameter and how they can change while still fulfilling that parameter. First we will look at a graph to see how a affects the shape of the quadratic graph. A doesn’t change the position of the vertex at all. What a does is change the shape of the graph. As the absolute value of a increases the function becomes narrower and when the absolute value of a decreases then the graph becomes wider. I did a trace of the point x=2 for the change of a, which is what the points represent. There is just about a constant difference between the points which makes sense because a changes on a consistent .1 scale. Also when a=0 we are left with a straight line because since we don’t have any x^2 term we are just left with a linear equation.
2. 2. Now let’s take a look at how the graph changes when b is variable. The coefficient b does not change the shape of the function at all. The b changes where the vertex is located on the graph. After doing a trace on the vertex of the equation, I noticed that the vertex varies based off of the mirror of the original equation. The function at its highest vertex is and the function of the varying vertex is .
3. 3. Now let’s take a look at how varying c changes the graph. Once again c has no effect on the shape of the function. C also has no effect on the x value of the vertex. I did a trace on the y intercepts of the different graphs and since the step of the c slider is 1, the steps of the y intercepts are 1. Also if you notice the y-value of the vertex varies the same way the yintercepts do.
4. 4. From here we will look to see if what it looks like when only a is changing again but in a different format. The input here for the function was . As a changes and b and c do not the shape of the function changes. Each graph has a common point at (0,3) since because that is the y intercept/ c value. In the same manner as stated above, when the absolute value a increases the graph becomes narrower and vice versa. The graph also shifts based on the a value. The more positive the a value the farther left and down the vertex becomes and the more negative the a value becomes the higher and more to the right the vertex is.
5. 5. Now let’s look at what happens again at what happens when the b value is changing. The function that was inputed was this. The change in b had no change on the shape of the graph but it did change the location of the vertex. Once again the change in the vertex followed the opposite graph of when b=0, so the vertex moved along the line which is pretty neat. When b=0 you get the function , which has a vertex along the y axis. Each of these graphs also has one point in common which is the yintercept at (0,-1) since they all have the same c value.
6. 6. Let’s do the same for c. This is the graph of . For each of the graphs they have the same basic shape and all of their vertices are at the same x-value. The only difference between them was that they are vertically shifted. When c=0 the y intercept is at 0 and like wise for every other c value. There are no common points between any of these graphs. They will approach each other to infinity but they will never intersect.
7. 7. The next example to explore is one where the roots are 3 and 5 for every equation. Here is the graph of Each of these graphs has roots at 3 and 5. They all have x intercepts at 3 and 5 but they each have different y-intercepts, which makes sense because when a varies each graph is going to have a y intercept of a*3*5 so each should have a different y intercept. Looking at these graphs, the only time any of them intersect is at the roots. Nowhere else on the graph do they intersect. Another odd thing to look at is the case when a=0. Since a times anything is 0 we just get the line y=0 which of course has roots 3 and 5 because every number is a root of y=0. Look at the vertices of the graphs. They are all lined up in a straight vertical line. It looks as though when graphs have the same roots that they also share an axis of symmetry (common x-value of the vertex). The a value significantly determined the vertex point (at least the y-value of the vertex). Take when a=-7. This graph is going to be a very narrow parabola facing downward. Thus in order to have roots at 3 and 5 the vertex needed to be significantly above the x-axis in order to keep its narrow and downward shape. The vertex gradually gets closer to 0 as the a values get closer to 0. Once the a value is positive, the vertices are all below the x-axis now. The parabolas with positive a values are upward facing and thus to have roots that exist must have a vertex at or below the x-axis.
8. 8. IDP TPACK TEMPLATE (INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN PROJECT TEMPLATE) NAME: ___Mr Clemson_____ DATE:____12/3/12_____ Describe: content here. Content. (COMMON CORE STANDARDS) CCSS.Math.Content.HSF-IF.C.7 Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.★ Describe:Standards of mathematical Practice 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically 1. 6. Attend to precision. 1. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Pedagogy. Pedagogy includes both what the teacher does and what the student does. It includes where, what, and how learning takes place. It is about what works best for a particular content with the needs of the learner. 1. Describe instructional strategy (method) appropriate for the content, the learning environment, and students. This is what the teacher will plan and implement. This will be an exploratory lesson. I will go over the basic topics like, standard form of an equation basic techniques that will be used in the lesson on TI-Inspire. From there I will have a worksheet to guide the students along the lesson. Walk around the class during the children’s investigation and ask any pertinent information. 2. Describe what learner will be able to do, say, write, calculate, or solve as the learning objective. This is what the student does. The student will explore changes in the quadratic equation based on the changing coefficients first using sliders and secondly using multiple graphs on the same page in order to gain an understanding of each coefficients effect on the graph. 3. Describe how creative thinking--or, critical thinking, --or innovative problem solving is reflected in the content. Critical thinking is important in this lesson because the sliders will help show what the effects of each coefficient but it will not explicitly tell the student. The student still has to figure out what is actually going on with the graphs and interpret them.
9. 9. Technology. 1. Describe the technology TI-Inspire is a computer software that combine many elements of math in order to show an in-depth view (in this case) the relationship between algebraic and graphical representations of quadratic functions. 2. Describe how the technology enhances the lesson, transforms content, and/or supports pedagogy. The technology in this lesson allows the students to play with different coefficient values very simply. They can very easily manipulate coefficient value and instantly see what that change has made to the graph as opposed to having to graph each individual change in the graph. The students can much more easily make and test conjectures about certain parts of the function. The geometry trace function in TIInspire is also really cool because it will trace a certain point on the graph and leave the point on the graph so students can see how certain points are transformed. 3. Describe how the technology affects student’s thinking processes. By tracing the vertex of the parabola’s the students should be able to make a conjecture about how each of the coefficients transforms the parabola. When they see the graphs all overlaid on each other will cement to the students how that happens. Reflect—how did the lesson activity fit the content? How did the technology enhance both the content and the lesson activity? Reflection The lesson fit the content fairly well. Based on the standards, the students aren’t necessarily picking out different pieces of the graph but they are using those pieces to create an understanding of the transformations of the quadratic. The technology
10. 10. made it feasible to put a slew of graphs on one page and be able to look at them and pick out what the differences truly were in order to figure out the effects on the graph. Lesson Plan Template MATE 4001 (2013) Title:Transformations on Quadratics Subject Area: Math 2 Grade Level: Secondary Concept/Topic to teach: Transformation on Quadratics in standard form Learning Objectives: Content objectives (students will be able to……….) Know each coefficients effect on the graph and how they interact. Essential Question What question should student be able to answer as a result of completing this lesson? What are the effects of a,b,and c on the quadratic equation and its graph? Standards addressed: Common Core State Mathematics Standards: CCSS.Math.Content.HSF-IF.C.7 Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. ★ Common Core State Mathematical Practice Standards:
11. 11. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically 6. Attend to precision. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Technology Standards: HS.TT.1.1 Use appropriate technology tools and other resources to access information (multi-database search engines, online primary resources, virtual interviews with content experts). HS.TT.1.2 Use appropriate technology tools and other resources to organize information (e.g. online note-taking tools, collaborative wikis). Required Materials: List all materials needed for your lesson Computers Paper /Pencil Projector Notes to the reader: Students already have a basic knowledge of basic parts of the quadratic function, TI-Inspire. Time: Assume 60 minutes *** Time Teacher Actions Student Engagement I. Focus and Review (Establish prior knowledge) Review basic part of parabola. Draw a parabola and have students call out parts of the graph they remember. Call out the parts of the parabola. II. Statement (Inform Students will use TI-Inspire to look at
12. 12. student of objectives) the quadratic function. III. Teacher Input (Present tasks, information, and guidance) I would have a worksheet that would take them through what is expected of them this lesson. The first problem would have the students looking at the change in a. From a technology standpoint I would teach them how to make sliders and the different intricacies of why theirs might not be working at the time. Also teach them how to do geometry traces. I would also walk through the exploration of a so that the students know what is expected of them during the rest of the exploration. Pick up the techniques that will be needed to complete the requirements in TI-Inspire. Follow along on their own computers and record observations on the effects of a on the graph and talk about their conjectures. IV. Guided Practice (Elicit performance, provide assessment and feedback) Circulate and ask questions where necessary. The students will then have to move on to b,c with the sliders. Then the students will overlay graphs with only a changing and likewise for b and c and record their observations about each. V. Independent Practice -Seatwork and Homework (Retention and transfer) Circulate and ask questions where necessary. Provide assistance if necessary for students to be able to create 10 equations in a timely manner. Students will create 10 equations that have the roots 3 and 5 and overlay them on one graph and see the changes that occur in those graphs and their similarities. VI. Closure When a/b/c change what happens to (Plan for the graph? maintenance) Are there any common points to the graphs? Present findings in a whole class discussion.