Online Collaborative Issues


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Online Collaborative Issues

  1. 1. Online Collaborative Issues By: Charlotte Cochran
  2. 2. <ul><li>The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn...and change. </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Rogers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits of Collaboration (Goessl, 2011) <ul><li>learners actively participate </li></ul><ul><li>teachers become learners at times, and learners sometimes teach </li></ul><ul><li>respect is given to every member </li></ul><ul><li>projects and questions interest and challenge students </li></ul>
  4. 4. Benefits of Collaboration (Goessl, 2011) <ul><li>diversity is celebrated, and all contributions are valued </li></ul><ul><li>students learn skills for resolving conflicts when they arise </li></ul><ul><li>members draw upon their past experience and knowledge </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>goals are clearly identified and used as a guide </li></ul><ul><li>research tools such as Internet access are made available </li></ul><ul><li>students are invested in their own learning. </li></ul>Benefits of Collaboration (Goessl, 2011)
  6. 6. Obstacles to Participating Collaboratively in an Online Class <ul><li>Bender (2003) suggests the following as barriers to participating in an online class: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ students are confused by the tangled threads of the threaded discussions format” (p. 68) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ student postings are excessively long and therefore create a disincentive for discussion” p. 68) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Bender (2003) continued <ul><ul><ul><li>When there are many students in the class, the same information may be repeated numerous times and students may not have anything original left to say </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The student may not be highly motivated to participate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The class or the questions are not motivating enough to elicit a response </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Bender (2003) continued <ul><ul><ul><li>Students who do not own a computer may be at a disadvantage since they may need to wait for an available computer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Obstacles to Participating Collaboratively in an Online Class <ul><li>Technology issues (Goodell & Yusko, 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of criticism (Ardichvili, Page, & Wentling, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to manage time effectively (Palloff & Pratt, 2005) </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to Motivate Students to Participate Collaboratively <ul><li>Encourage online debates (Hodgkinson-Williams & Mostert, 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate problems and address them (Bender, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions which promote constructive thinking (Bender, 2003) </li></ul>
  11. 11. How to Motivate Students to Participate Collaboratively <ul><li>Use social networking cites such as Facebook, Twitter, or MySpace to share information (Gordon, 2008) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Play devil’s advocate to help students consider a different perspective (Bender, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Be encouraging to all students (Bender, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to finish a sentence. Completing a sentence can stimulate discussion (Bender, 2003) </li></ul>How to Motivate Students to Participate Collaboratively
  13. 13. How to Motivate Students to Participate Collaboratively <ul><li>Respond promptly to questions, posts or concerns (Chamberlain & Vrasidas, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that rapport with the students and a positive community has been established (Palloff & Pratt, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Make suggestions to students on how to effectively manage their time (Varvel, 2001) </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to Motivate Students to Participate Collaboratively <ul><li>Use activities which involves students (Varvel, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide personal feedback to let the student know their work is acknowledged and appreciated (Varvel, 2001) </li></ul>
  15. 15. How to Motivate Students to Participate Collaboratively <ul><li>Try to contact students every week especially in the beginning of the course to encourage participation (University of Idaho, 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide clear expectations (Hughes, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Engage students in their own learning (Conrad & Donaldson, 2004) </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>Ardichvili, A., Page, V., & Wentling, T. (2003). Motivation and barriers to participation in virtual knowledge-sharing communities of practice. Journal of Knowledge Management , 7 (1), 64-77. doi: 10.1108/13673270310463626 </li></ul><ul><li>Bender, T. (2003). Discussion-based online teaching to enhance student learning . Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing. </li></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li>Chamberlain, R., & Vrasidas, C. (2001). Creating engaging online construction . Paper presented at the 17th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning, Western Illinois University. </li></ul><ul><li>Conrad, R., & Donaldson, J. (2004). Engaging the online learner . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>Goessl, L. (2011). Pros and cons of using Microsoft PowerPoint presentations . Retrieved February 12, 2011, from </li></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Goodell, J., & Yusko, B. (2005). Overcoming barriers to student participation in online discussions. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education , 5(1), 77-92. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Gordon, R. (2008). The five biggest barriers to online participation . Retrieved February 7, 2011, from </li></ul>
  20. 20. References <ul><li>Hodgkinson-Williams, C., & Mostert, M. (2005). Online debating to encourage student participation in online learning environments: A qualitative case study at a South African university. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology , 1 (2), 94-104. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Hughes, J.   (2004)   Supporting the online learner   </li></ul>
  21. 21. References <ul><li>Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2005). Collaborating online: Learning together in community . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2003). The virtual student: A profile and guide to working with online learners . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>University of Idaho. (1995). Strategies for teaching at a distance.   </li></ul>
  22. 22. References <ul><li>Varvel, V.   (2001, March/April)   Facilitating every student in an online course   </li></ul>