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Taylor, d. assignment 5.el5006 8


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Taylor, d. assignment 5.el5006 8

  1. 1. A Rebuttal toMisconceptions In defense of online learning for an adultcommunity
  2. 2. Is Online Learning Inferior to face-to-face Learning for Adults?
  3. 3. Drawbacks of the Traditional ClassroomLarge class sizes: students have little chance toengage in face-to-face dialogue with theprofessor.Teacher’s Aids are not available at times needed.Adult anxiety about peer/teacher criticism .(Alexe, M. &Almasan, B., 2009)Only a small percentage of students participate,no matter what the size of class ( Karp, D., Yoels,W., 1976)
  4. 4. Advantages of Virtual ClassroomLess Anxiety: “Students have time to find thecorrect answers and not be under pressure toperform under the scrutiny of other students.”(Alex, M. &Almasan, B., 2009)The competency and flexibility model fits theneeds of adult learning.
  5. 5. Virtual CommunicationsSupports the constructivist theory of teacher as“expert and mentor” instead of” master andcommander” (Brown, M., 2005)Available via synchronous and asynchronousdevices Pre-recorded video Skype Email Message boards Instant message
  6. 6. Does the Adult Learner Know What he/she Needs? Adult students bring a history of experience and knowledge to the classroom, from which they construct learning – supporting the Constructivism Learning Theory. (Koohang, 2005) Access to the internet has opened up resources to students that were not there 20 years ago. They can immediately “find” information. “Net Gen Students are experiential, tending toward learning by doing rather than by listening.” (Brown, M., 2005)
  7. 7. Methods of Knowledge DeliveryTraditional methods: textbooks lectures labsOnline methods: readings virtual lectures virtual labs
  8. 8. Timeframes to Complete CollegeTraditional colleges have semesters wherestudents conform to the beginning and enddates.Online Colleges have variable start dates andend dates.Western Governors Online University’scompetency-based academic approach utilizesconstructivism learning theory.
  9. 9. Are Students Customers Today?Students incur a large debt to go to college. “TheProject on Student Debt used federal data andprojections to estimate the average amount of debt atgraduation, about $25,250.” (Nelson, L., 2012)The current balance of federal student loansnationwide is $902 billion, with an additional $140billion or so in private student loans. (Martin, A.,2012)
  10. 10. Consumer:Definition:An individual who buys products or services forpersonal use and not for manufacture or resale.
  11. 11. Student Debt Attests ThatStudents are Consumers
  12. 12. Only One Way to Learn/Teach?Innovation necessarily dictates change.There is always change – from apprenticeshipsto large institutional colleges.Educating is becoming more inclusive.
  13. 13. ReferencesAlexe, M., &Almasan, B. (2009). Some Psychological Aspects of Adults ELearning Process. Proceedings of The 5th International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software Education,Bucharest, April 09-10. Retrieved from:, M. (2005) Learning Spaces. In Oblinger, D. G., & Oblinger, J. L. (Eds.). Educating the Net Generation, (pp. 12.1- 12.22). Educase. Retrieved from:, D. A. &Yoels, W. C. (1976) The college classroom: Some observations on the meanings of student participation. Sociology & Social Research, Vol 60(4),421-439. Retrieved from:, S. (2012) Paying for Performance. Inside Higher ED. Retrieved from:, A., Riley, L.& Smith, T. (2009) E-Learning and Constructivism: From Theory to Application. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects (5). Retrieved from, A. &Lehren, A. (2012). A Generation Hobbled by Soaring Cost of College. The New York Times. Retrieved from: Brown, M. (2005) Learning Spaces. In Oblinger, D. G., & Oblinger, J. L.(Eds.). Educating the Net Generation, (pp. 12.1- 12.22). Educase. Retrieved from, L. (2012) What We Don’t Know About Debt, Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved from: Debt and The Class of 2010 ( 2011). The Project on Student Debt. An Initiative for the Institute for College Access & Success. Retrieved from: Governors University: How We’re Different. Retrieved from: roomImage: Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from:,_Manzanar,_California._In_one_of_the_school_rooms_at_the_Manzanar_Center_._._._-_NARA_-_536716.tif&page=1