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Snow White

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Snow White

  1. 1. Snow White @ccareylit
  2. 2. Snow White • Published in 1812 by the Brothers Grimm • One of the famous fairy tales worldwide • In the first edition, the villain was Snow White’s jealous mother • Was changed to step- mother in later editions to tone down the story for children
  3. 3. Historical Occurence Legendary Occurence Mythical Occurence Facts Paramount Meaning Paramount What’s the difference between legends, myths, and folktales? Folktales based on cultural truth
  4. 4. A True Story? • Maria Sophia Margaretha Catherine von Erthal, born on June 25, 1729 • “a charitable kind angel,” thought to be poisoned by her stepmother, who gave her an apple laced with belladonna. • After death of her mother, her father remarried in 1743. • Suffered at hands of her ruthless stepmother. Also suffered from partial blindness since childhood • Gift of the “Talking Mirror”
  5. 5. Given by Maria Sophia's father to her stepmother. Now held in the Spessart Museum in Germany. The “Talking Mirror”
  6. 6. Spessart Forest in Germany
  7. 7. The Seven Dwarfs
  8. 8. The Darkness of Fairy Tales
  9. 9. What is the uncanny?
  10. 10. The Uncanny “a sense of unfamiliarity which appears at the very heart of the familiar, or else a sense of familiarity which appears at the very heart of the unfamiliar”
  11. 11. What are some examples of the uncanny?
  12. 12. • Repetition • Odd coincidences • Animism • Anthropomorphism • Automatism • Being buried alive • Silence • Telepathy • Death Forms of the Uncanny
  13. 13. The Uncanny in Psychoanalysis
  14. 14. Freud on the Uncanny “on the one hand it means what is familiar and agreeable, and on the other, what is concealed and kept out of sight.” “that species of the frightening that goes back to what was once well known and had long been familiar”
  15. 15. Fairy Tales and Uncanny Effects
  16. 16. She called out a greeting but there was no answer. Then she went to the bed and drew back the curtains. Grandmother was lying there with her nightcap pulled down over her face. She looked very strange. “Oh, Grandmother, what big ears you have!” “The better to hear you with.” “Oh, Grandmother, what big eyes you have!” “The better to see you with.” “Oh, Grandmother, what big hands you have!” “The better to eat you with!” “Oh Grandmother, what a big, scary mouth you have!” “The better to eat you with!” “Little Red Cap” Brothers Grimm
  17. 17. …They lighted their seven little lanterns, and when the cottage brightened up, they saw that someone had been there, for some things were not the way they had left them. The first one asked: “Who’s been sitting on my little chair?” The second asked: “Who’s been eating from my little plate?” The third asked: “Who’s been eating my little loaf of bread?” The fourth asked: “Who’s been eating from my little plate of vegetables?” The fifth asked: “Who’s been using my little fork?” The sixth asked: “Who’s been cutting with my little knife?” The seventh asked: “Who’s been drinking from my little cup?” “Snow White” Brothers Grimm
  18. 18. Snow White
  19. 19. Snow White
  20. 20. Snow White
  21. 21. Once upon a time in the middle of winter, when snow flakes were falling from the sky like feathers, a queen was sitting and sewing by a window with a black ebony frame. While she was sewing and looking out at the snow, she pricked her finger with a needle, and three drops of blood fell onto the snow. The red looked so beautiful against the white snow that she thought to herself: “If only I had a child as white as snow, as red as blood, and as black as the wood of the window frame." Soon thereafter she gave birth to a little girl, who was as white as snow, as red as blood, and as black as ebony, and she was called Snow White. The queen died after the child was born. The Birth of Snow White The Opening Passage
  22. 22. They said: "We can't possibly lower her into the dark ground." And so they had a transparent glass coffin made that allowed Snow White to be seen from all sides. They put her in it, wrote her name on it in golden letters, and added that she was the daughter of a king. They brought the coffin up to the top of a mountain, and one of them was always there to keep vigil. Animals also came to mourn Snow White, first an owl, then a raven, and finally a dove. Snow White lay in the coffin for a long, long time. But she did not decay and looked as if she were sleeping, for she was still white as snow, red as blood, and with hair as black as ebony. The Glass Coffin
  23. 23. Why is Snow White so easily deceived?
  24. 24. The Queen’s Deception
  25. 25. “The poor child was left all alone in the vast forest. She was so frightened that she just stared at all the leaves on the trees and had no idea what to do next. She started running and raced over sharp stones and through thorn bushes” (84). “Snow White wasn’t the least bit suspicious” (86). “Poor Snow White suspected nothing and let the woman go ahead, but no sooner had the comb…” Snow White: Innocent or Stupid?
  26. 26. “This is not a pipe.”
  27. 27. The dwarfs told her: "If you will keep house for us, cook, make the beds, wash, sew, knit, and keep everything neat and tidy, then you can stay with us, and we'll give you everything you need." "Yes, with pleasure," Snow White replied, and she stayed with them. She kept house for them. In the morning, they went up to the mountains in search of minerals and gold. In the evening, they returned, and dinner had to be ready for them. Since the girl was by herself during the day, the good dwarfs gave her a strong warning: "Beware of your stepmother. She'll know soon enough that you're here. Don't let anyone in the house." Domesticating Snow White
  28. 28. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
  29. 29. A year later the king married another woman. She was a beautiful lady, but proud and arrogant and could not bear being second to anyone in beauty. She had a magic mirror, and when she stood in front of it and looked at herself, she would say: "Mirror, mirror, on the wall, Who's the fairest one of all?" The mirror would reply: “You, oh queen, are the fairest of all." Then she was satisfied, for she knew that the mirror always spoke the truth. The Magic Mirror
  30. 30. “When the Queen heard these words, she trembled and turned green with envy. From that moment on, she hated Snow White, and whenever she set eyes on her, her heart turned as cold as a stone. Envy and pride grew like weeds in her heart. Day and night, she never had a moment's peace” (84) Jealousy, Envy, and Competition in the World of the Imaginary [After killing Snow White] “Her envious heart was finally at peace, as much as an envious heart can be”
  31. 31. Do mirrors speak?
  32. 32. – Lewis Mumford, Technics and Civilization “…when one is completely whole and at one with the world one does not need the mirror: it is in the period of psychic disintegration that the individual personality turns to the lonely image to see what in fact is there and what he can hold on to.”
  33. 33. Narcissus
  34. 34. the mirror stage
  35. 35. fantasy reality
  36. 36. I/eye
  37. 37. The wicked women let loose a curse, and she became so petrified with fear that she didn't know what to do. At first she didn't want to go to the wedding feast. But she never had a moment's peace after that and had to go see the young queen. When she entered, Snow White recognized her right away. The queen was so terrified that she just stood there and couldn't budge an inch. Iron slippers had already been heated up over a fire of coals. They were brought in with tongs and set right in front of her. She had to put on the red hot iron shoes and dance in them until she dropped to the ground dead. The Queen’s Punishment
  38. 38. Why fairy tales?
  39. 39. Snow White This slideshow by Craig Carey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License