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MAIN IDEA
by
RAHMAD ANSORI HASIBUAN. MP.d
 Reading is transfer knowledge
from text or book to our mind
Reading comprehension is the ability to
understand information that presented in
written form.
S-RUN; is a strategy in reading
comprehension that consist of Survey
Read Underline Notetaking.
What is S-RUN ?
S-RUN
• Survey : First, survey the chapter. Read the title and the
important information, difficult vocabulary, diagrams.
• Read : Now read the text.
• Underline : Underline the difficult vocabulary, main idea and
important information.
• Note taking: After completing the previous steps, take notes on
the difficult vocabulary, find the synonym word or similar word
and important information.
Goal and Objectives S-RUN
• Identifies main idea, topic and supporting detail from the text
S- RUN Procedure
• Survey: survey the entire chapter by reading the title, main
idea, and supporting detail and important information.
• Read the text fastly
• Underline after you finish reading each paragraph, think about
what was main idea, topic and underline difficult vocabulary in
the paragraph and underline the important information.
• Note take: after you finish reading the text, stop and turn back
to your notebook paper, now take notes on the important
information, main idea and difficult word or vocabulary.
The most important in the text are Paragraph, Topic,
Main Idea and Supporting idea.
• Paragraph: A group of sentences organized around a
topic, a main idea about the topic, and details that
support the main idea.
• Topic: The overall subject of a paragraph.
• Main Idea: A statement that tells the author’s point
about the topic. The main idea provides the message
of a given paragraph or the argument that is being
made about the topic.
• Supporting Details: The specific information about the
main idea or support for the main idea.
What is the topic?
•General subject of the text
•To find the topic, just ask yourself:
“Who or what is this passage about?”
•Can be expressed in a word or a
phrase.
•Look for repeated words as you read.
What is the topic of this paragraph?
A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers
drift about in a ghost-like
way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk
around quite normally, though their eyes are usually closed or
glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never
wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker
seems in immediate danger—for example, if he or she is going
toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another
popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really”
sleeping or are only half-asleep. In fact, they are in a very deep
state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers
are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often
this isn’t true because sleepwalkers can do routine tasks,
including getting completely dressed.
A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like
way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though
their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never
wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for
example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another
popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In
fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers
are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because
sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed.
One key to the topic here is the word sleepwalkers, which is
repeated throughout the paragraph.
A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like
way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though
their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never
wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for
example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another
popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In
fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers
are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because
sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed.
Beliefs about sleepwalkers
Topic:
There are several mistaken beliefs about sleepwalkers.
Main idea:
The Topic Sentence
• Topic sentence indicates what it’s about
Find the topic sentence in this paragraph:
Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s
hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s
also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is
the lack of privacy.
The Topic Sentence
• Topic sentence indicates what it’s about
Find the topic sentence in this paragraph:
Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s
hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s
also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is
the lack of privacy.
Finding the Main Idea
“How to Read Smarter”
MainIdea
•The main idea is like the heart
of the text or paragraph.
•Main idea is usually in the first
paragraph
Main
idea
Main Idea
• Every story or paragraph has a main idea.
• The main idea tells you what the story is about.
• The main idea maybe the lesson learned or moral
of a story.
• The main idea is the most important part of a story
or paragraph.
Read the Passage and Choose the
Main Idea
• Niagara Falls is one of the most beautiful sights in
North America. It is on the Niagara River halfway
between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. Niagara Falls
is located on the American and Canadian border.
The American Falls is 167 feet high. On the
Canadian side, the Horseshoe Falls is 161 feet high.
Question :
What is the main idea of the passage?
Remember main idea is what the story is about.
•Answer :
•Main Idea: Niagara Falls is one
of the most beautiful sights in
North America.
Choose the Main Idea
of this Passage
• The Statue of Liberty is visited by thousands of
people every year. The Statue of Liberty is a 151
foot statue of woman holding a book and a torch.
It was a gift of friendship from the people of
France. It has become the universal symbol for
freedom.
Answer
Main Idea:
The Statue of Liberty is visited
by thousands of people every
year
What is supporting details ?
• The supporting details are the things that describe
the main idea.
• These supporting details make the main idea stronger.
• Common facts that help us explain the main idea
• Specific items
• All point to one main idea
Where is the supporting detail from
the text below?
• Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to
stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to
keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of
privacy.
•The answer is the red sign.
Homeless people have many
problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay
warm and it gets. too hot in summer
It’s also hard to keep things safe
without a home. Worst is the lack of
privacy.
Major details are often signaled by such common addition words as the
following Addition Words :
How to know supporting idea?
A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like
way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though
their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never
wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for
example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another
popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In
fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers
are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because
sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed.
The four major details are all beliefs about sleepwalkers.
Different between main idea and
supporting detail in paragraph
Animal
• Dog
• Cat
• Rabbit
• Monkey
Fruit
• Bananas
• Apples
• Strawberries
• Peaches
• Cherries
General
Specific
General Versus Specific
•Main idea = general
•Supporting ideas = specific
-Which word is the most
general:
Animal or Cat?
Find the topic, main idea,
important information and
supporting detail from the text
below
• Siti Markonah has four animals, First is a cat, she
usually play with it every morning, Second, she has
a dog , it usually follow her when she is walking.
Third, she has a rabbit, she feed it every afternoon.
The last, she has a monkey , her monkey is very
clever, her father sometimes bring the monkey to
the garden for climbing coconut tree and for joining
the traditional competition in her village. Finally ,
Siti Markonah is animal lover, she has many pets,
she is happy to look after the animal and take care
all of them.

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Main idea by rahmad ansori

  • 1. MAIN IDEA by RAHMAD ANSORI HASIBUAN. MP.d
  • 2.  Reading is transfer knowledge from text or book to our mind Reading comprehension is the ability to understand information that presented in written form. S-RUN; is a strategy in reading comprehension that consist of Survey Read Underline Notetaking.
  • 3. What is S-RUN ? S-RUN • Survey : First, survey the chapter. Read the title and the important information, difficult vocabulary, diagrams. • Read : Now read the text. • Underline : Underline the difficult vocabulary, main idea and important information. • Note taking: After completing the previous steps, take notes on the difficult vocabulary, find the synonym word or similar word and important information.
  • 4. Goal and Objectives S-RUN • Identifies main idea, topic and supporting detail from the text S- RUN Procedure • Survey: survey the entire chapter by reading the title, main idea, and supporting detail and important information. • Read the text fastly • Underline after you finish reading each paragraph, think about what was main idea, topic and underline difficult vocabulary in the paragraph and underline the important information. • Note take: after you finish reading the text, stop and turn back to your notebook paper, now take notes on the important information, main idea and difficult word or vocabulary.
  • 5. The most important in the text are Paragraph, Topic, Main Idea and Supporting idea. • Paragraph: A group of sentences organized around a topic, a main idea about the topic, and details that support the main idea. • Topic: The overall subject of a paragraph. • Main Idea: A statement that tells the author’s point about the topic. The main idea provides the message of a given paragraph or the argument that is being made about the topic. • Supporting Details: The specific information about the main idea or support for the main idea.
  • 6. What is the topic? •General subject of the text •To find the topic, just ask yourself: “Who or what is this passage about?” •Can be expressed in a word or a phrase. •Look for repeated words as you read.
  • 7. What is the topic of this paragraph? A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed.
  • 8. A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed. One key to the topic here is the word sleepwalkers, which is repeated throughout the paragraph.
  • 9. A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed. Beliefs about sleepwalkers Topic: There are several mistaken beliefs about sleepwalkers. Main idea:
  • 10. The Topic Sentence • Topic sentence indicates what it’s about Find the topic sentence in this paragraph: Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
  • 11. The Topic Sentence • Topic sentence indicates what it’s about Find the topic sentence in this paragraph: Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
  • 12. Finding the Main Idea “How to Read Smarter”
  • 13. MainIdea •The main idea is like the heart of the text or paragraph. •Main idea is usually in the first paragraph Main idea
  • 14. Main Idea • Every story or paragraph has a main idea. • The main idea tells you what the story is about. • The main idea maybe the lesson learned or moral of a story. • The main idea is the most important part of a story or paragraph.
  • 15. Read the Passage and Choose the Main Idea • Niagara Falls is one of the most beautiful sights in North America. It is on the Niagara River halfway between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. Niagara Falls is located on the American and Canadian border. The American Falls is 167 feet high. On the Canadian side, the Horseshoe Falls is 161 feet high.
  • 16. Question : What is the main idea of the passage? Remember main idea is what the story is about. •Answer : •Main Idea: Niagara Falls is one of the most beautiful sights in North America.
  • 17. Choose the Main Idea of this Passage • The Statue of Liberty is visited by thousands of people every year. The Statue of Liberty is a 151 foot statue of woman holding a book and a torch. It was a gift of friendship from the people of France. It has become the universal symbol for freedom.
  • 18. Answer Main Idea: The Statue of Liberty is visited by thousands of people every year
  • 19. What is supporting details ? • The supporting details are the things that describe the main idea. • These supporting details make the main idea stronger. • Common facts that help us explain the main idea • Specific items • All point to one main idea
  • 20. Where is the supporting detail from the text below? • Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
  • 21. •The answer is the red sign. Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets. too hot in summer It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
  • 22. Major details are often signaled by such common addition words as the following Addition Words : How to know supporting idea?
  • 23. A mistaken belief about sleepwalking is that sleepwalkers drift about in a ghost-like way, with arms extended. The fact is most sleepwalkers walk around quite normally, though their eyes are usually closed or glazed. It is also commonly believed that one should never wake a sleepwalker. But it is advisable to do so if the walker seems in immediate danger—for example, if he or she is going toward an open window or handling a sharp object. Another popular misconception is that sleepwalkers are not “really” sleeping or are only half-asleep. In fact, they are in a very deep state of sleep. A last commonly held belief is that sleepwalkers are easy to spot because they’re in nighties or pajamas. Often this isn’t true because sleepwalkers can do routine tasks, including getting completely dressed. The four major details are all beliefs about sleepwalkers.
  • 24. Different between main idea and supporting detail in paragraph Animal • Dog • Cat • Rabbit • Monkey Fruit • Bananas • Apples • Strawberries • Peaches • Cherries General Specific
  • 25. General Versus Specific •Main idea = general •Supporting ideas = specific -Which word is the most general: Animal or Cat?
  • 26. Find the topic, main idea, important information and supporting detail from the text below • Siti Markonah has four animals, First is a cat, she usually play with it every morning, Second, she has a dog , it usually follow her when she is walking. Third, she has a rabbit, she feed it every afternoon. The last, she has a monkey , her monkey is very clever, her father sometimes bring the monkey to the garden for climbing coconut tree and for joining the traditional competition in her village. Finally , Siti Markonah is animal lover, she has many pets, she is happy to look after the animal and take care all of them.

Editor's Notes

  1. See pages 148–149 in textbook. Answer: Beliefs about sleep walkers The next slides show and explain the answer.
  2. See pages 148–149 in textbook.
  3. See pages 148–149 in textbook.
  4. See page 148 in textbook.
  5. See pages 148–149 in textbook.