Adoloscent education

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Adloscent Education for School Children & Lay people

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Adoloscent education

  1. 1. ADOLOSCENT EDUCATION FOR SCHOOL TEENS DR. AVINASH BHONDWE PRESIDENT, INDIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
  2. 2. IMPORTANCE OF SEX EDUCATION <ul><li>Many parents and caretakers feel shy about broaching the topic of sex with their children. </li></ul><ul><li>Some prefer to stay silent and assume their children will pick up what they need to know from school and the media. </li></ul><ul><li>Others believe that telling children about sex will encourage sexual experimentation. In fact, a teenager needs to be informed if they are to act responsibly and safely </li></ul>
  3. 3. Secondary Sexual Characters <ul><li>MALE </li></ul><ul><li>Mustaches & </li></ul><ul><li>Beard </li></ul><ul><li>Broad Chest </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Hoarse Voice </li></ul>
  4. 4. Secondary Sexual Characters <ul><li>FEMALE </li></ul><ul><li>Breast Development </li></ul><ul><li>Tender Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Thin Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Menstruation </li></ul>
  5. 5. HUMAN MALE ANATOMY
  6. 6. HUMAN MALE ANATOMY <ul><li>What do you call it? : Penis = the male organ for sexual intercourse and urination. </li></ul>
  7. 7. HUMAN FEMALE ANATOMY
  8. 8. HUMAN FEMALE ANATOMY <ul><li>Vagina = </li></ul><ul><li>The passage leading to the uterus in females . </li></ul>
  9. 9. What do you consider as sex? <ul><li>Intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>vaginal </li></ul><ul><li>anal </li></ul><ul><li>Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Foreplay </li></ul>
  10. 10. What can happen if you have sex? <ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional issues </li></ul><ul><li>STDs: </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Warts (HPV) </li></ul><ul><li>Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) <ul><li>Venereal diseases: </li></ul><ul><li>Infections transmitted mainly through sexual interactions. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Common STDs… <ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Herpes Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Warts (Human Papilloma Virus) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Some general symptoms of STD’s <ul><li>None at all </li></ul><ul><li>Painful urination </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal Pains </li></ul><ul><li>Rash </li></ul><ul><li>Warts </li></ul><ul><li>Genital/Oral/Anal Ulcers </li></ul><ul><li>Foul smelling discharge </li></ul>
  14. 14. Can you tell if someone has an STD just by looking at them? <ul><li>NO!!! although STD’s may produce physical symptoms, a person can be infected but look and feel completely normal. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Genital Warts:
  16. 16. Syphilis
  17. 17. Genital Herpes
  18. 18. Gonorrhea:
  19. 19. Chlamydia infection
  20. 20. CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>Although some STD’s can be treated… </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed treatment can result in: life threatening infection, chronic abdominal pain Infertility and massive scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Others have no cure and result in: Life long painful ulcers life long, disfiguring warts DEATH! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Can an STD cause Cancer? <ul><li>Yes, certain strains of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) cause Cervical Cancer in women. Once infected with HPV, lesions may occur for the REST OF YOUR LIFE! </li></ul>
  22. 23. What does someone with HIV/AIDS look like? <ul><li>They can look like anyone else … </li></ul><ul><li>in the beginning </li></ul>
  23. 24. What does someone with HIV/AIDS look like? <ul><li>But This is the end Point… </li></ul>
  24. 25. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) <ul><li>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Half the people with HIV develop AIDS within 10 years after getting HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure for HIV or AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Semen; including 'pre-cum‘, Vaginal fluid, Breast milk & Other body fluids containing blood </li></ul>
  25. 26. How is HIV transmitted? <ul><li>Sexual intercourse: Anal /vaginal/ oral </li></ul><ul><li>Contaminated needles </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles </li></ul><ul><li>Tattoos/body piercing </li></ul><ul><li>Infected women to babies before or during birth or through breastfeeding. </li></ul>
  26. 27. You CANNOT get HIV from <ul><li>Casual contact: </li></ul><ul><li>shaking hands </li></ul><ul><li>hugging </li></ul><ul><li>casual kiss </li></ul><ul><li>toilet seats </li></ul><ul><li>drinking fountains </li></ul><ul><li>doorknobs </li></ul><ul><li>dishes </li></ul><ul><li>foods </li></ul><ul><li>pets </li></ul><ul><li>mosquitoes or other insects </li></ul>
  27. 28. TREATMENT <ul><li>What if I get infected? </li></ul><ul><li>Infection can take between 25 days to 6 months before it is detectable. </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and treatment is important. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure, but treatment to help slow HIV down is available. </li></ul>
  28. 29. HIV testing <ul><li>It’s a blood test </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal time to take the test 1 - 3 months after possible infection </li></ul><ul><li>The test can’t tell you when you were infected </li></ul><ul><li>It can’t tell you if you’ll develop AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Test Results are given on the same day </li></ul><ul><li>The test is free, in Govt. centers </li></ul>
  29. 30. If you decide to have sex, you must use barrier contraception every time
  30. 31. Miscellaneous facts… : <ul><li>Tattoos and prior blood transfusions are risk factors for hepatitis and HIV/AIDS. Anal sex increases the risk of getting STD’s due to increased trauma to the area </li></ul>
  31. 32. CONTRACEPTION <ul><li>So… If you decide to have sex, you must use barrier contraception every time </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents unwanted pregnancy BUT MOST IMPORTANTLY: Protects us from STD’s and HIV IF USED PROPERLY </li></ul>
  32. 33. CONTRACEPTION <ul><li>Did you know that people in India who had sex used condoms only 50-60% of the time??? REMEMBER… abstinence is the ONLY 100% method… but if you do have sex, protect yourself NO MATTER WHAT!!! </li></ul>
  33. 34. CONTRACEPTION <ul><li>Types of Contraceptives </li></ul><ul><li>Barrier protection </li></ul><ul><li>male and female condoms </li></ul><ul><li>diaphragm contraceptive </li></ul><ul><li>sponge </li></ul><ul><li>cervical cap </li></ul><ul><li>Non-barrier protection birth control pills </li></ul><ul><li>spermicidal </li></ul>
  34. 35. CONTRACEPTION
  35. 36. CONTRACEPTION <ul><li>Barrier-Protection Something that physically prevents sperm from entering the cervix. Male latex condoms are the best method for STD/HIV protection of all the different barrier contraceptives. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Barrier Protection Only protects you from getting pregnant DOES NOT PROTECT AGAINST STD/HIV!! </li></ul>
  36. 38. What is Abstinence? <ul><li>Abstinence is the decision to not have ANY sexual intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>Abstinence is the only 100% effective method in preventing HIV, STD’s, and pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Abstinence till marriage is the key to avoid all the problems </li></ul>
  37. 39. Remember <ul><li>ABSTINENCE IS THE ONLY METHOD OF CONTRACEPTION THAT IS A 100% EFFECTIVE IN KEEPING YOURSELF FREE OF STD’S !!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>MASTURBATION is considered a healthy alternative to sexual intercourse! : And by the way… MASTURBATION is considered a healthy alternative to sexual intercourse! </li></ul>
  38. 41. OPPOSITE SEX <ul><li>Your Reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Security & Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>New World </li></ul>
  39. 42. Social Obligations <ul><li>Culture- Respect Opposite Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Social- No body is great </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological- No Barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>National Issues- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Female Foeticide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 43. FRIENDS
  41. 44. IMPORTANT LINKS <ul><li>www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/s ex _ education/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.gii.in/ sex _ education / </li></ul><ul><li>www.indiaparenting.com/ sexeducation / </li></ul><ul><li>www. sex - education .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.bigeye.com/ sexeducation / </li></ul>
  42. 45. THANK YOU

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