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The Misogynistic Henry Higgins
The Misogynistic Henry Higgins
The key to understanding George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion lies in understanding the power
struggle between the "haves" and "have–nots" – specifically the active and intentional
disenfranchisement of women at the turn of the 20th century. At the core of Pygmalion there is a
focus on the societal inequities of the day, with Shaw presenting society's treatment of women as
property without rights and with little understanding of their surroundings or place in society.
Throughout the 19th century, and into the early 20th century, when Shaw penned Pygmalion, British
laws and society actively restrained women, both politically and economically.
Unlike the United States, women in England were allowed to vote prior ... Show more content on
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Much of English society and government mirrored Higgins beliefs. In 1888, an appeals court judge,
Lord Esther, ruled that "neither by Common Law nor by the Constitution of this country from the
beginning of the Common Law until now can a woman be entitled to exercise any public function."
(Aked) This is notable because, just as with the Reform Act of 1832, the ruling was a detriment to
women, as women were already "exercising public functions", such as overseers, way–wardens,
church–wardens and members of school boards. This ruling was the first of several rulings and
legislations that removed rights and governmental access from women.
These actions of the British Parliament led to the creation of several suffrage movement
organizations in England, such as the Co–operative Society and The Labor Party, each with almost
two and a half million members, as well as several smaller groups, such as The Women's Liberal
Association, The British Women's Temperance Association, The Women's Textile Union, The
Women's Labor League, The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, The Women's Social
and Political Union, and The Men's League for Woman Suffrage, as well as many others. It is well
known that Shaw was an avid proponent of women's freedom and suffrage, and it is quite possible
that Shaw wrote Pygmalion with the idea of promoting women's suffrage as, only three years earlier,
he had already penned a
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Pygmalion My Fair Lady Essay
Pygmalion & My Fair Lady
The play Pygmalion and My Fair Lady, the musical, are the same story. The only major difference
between the two, is that My Fair Lady has songs added to the dialogue. I believe the musical version
is more enjoyable because the music adds more feeling to the story.
The opening scene is after an opera. The higher class people spill out into the streets. It is here that
Eliza is selling her flowers. Eliza is a poor girl with a very thick accent. She is a respectable girl,
which she insist throughout the movie, saying to Mr. Higgins, "I'm a good girl". She's had a hard
life, her father being a drunk and therefore she and her mother had no money. It is ... Show more
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She is there to take lessons for her speech. Colonel Pickering offers to pay full expenses for Higgins
to tun Eliza into a lady and pass her off as a duchess. Higgins accepts.
After long, excruciating lessons, Eliza starts to get it and begins to talk in perfect English. Now, its
time to try her newly learned skills. In the play, Higgins takes her to his mother's house, while in the
musical he takes her to the Ascot Races. Here they learn that she may speak perfectly, but she still
can revert to her "flower girl" ways. This is where Freddy Eynsford–Hills falls in love with Eliza.
Eliza's father is forced into Middle Class after he inherits a large sum of money.
Mr. Higgins work on Eliza is finally put to the test at the ball. She was so charming that the Prince
asked her to a dance. A Hungarian linguistics professor, who Higgins taught, was present at the ball
to find out who was the phony. After avoiding him most of the night, Higgins offers Eliza to dance
with him. He thinks that Eliza is Hungarian because she speaks English so well.
Professor Higgins won the bet. After they get home, Colonel Pickering and Higgins congratulate
each other without a single thank you to Eliza. Eliza becomes furious and leaves the house to meet
Freddy outside. She goes back to where she used to live, but nobody recognized her, so
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Platy Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle
In the platy Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle was just a poor flower girl who couldn't speak proper
English. One rainy day a young boy by the name of Freddy ran into Eliza, trampling her flowers.
Eliza then goes into a fit of rage for the money she will lose over the flowers. That was the moment
she was discovered by Henry, a scientist of phonetics and Pickering a linguist of Indian dialect.
They men were intrigued by the way she spoke and Henry began to make fun and said that he could
teach her proper English. Eliza then went to Henry's home and took him up on his proposition.
Henry and Pickering went on a six month journey to train Eliza to speak so proper that she could
pass her off as a duchess at an ambassador's garden party. Once the six months ... Show more
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The movie maker did however throw the spectators for a twist with the switch of the genders of the
characters. One of the main characters of the play Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle was an innocent little
flower girl, but in the Movie this role was played by a boy by the name of Eliet Doolittle. Eliet also
had a different job than Eliza, he was a beer distributer. Some of the other main characters include
Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering which were played as men in the play but were played by
women in the movie by the names of Hannah Higgins and Colline
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The Majority Of Male Characters
The majority of male characters in Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion appear to be fundamentally flawed in
some important way. Freddy Eynsford–Hill is raised as a gentleman and, thus, is a "fool" who has
trouble hailing a cab, let alone finding any suitable occupation for himself. Henry Higgins is well–
educated but ill–mannered, alienating him from society due to his inconsideration for others. Alfred
Doolittle appears to lack any sort of morals and "seems equally free from fear and conscience." The
only male figure who stands out is Colonel Pickering, who seems talented, respectful, and
compassionate compared to his competition. Even so, Pickering is only superficially a gentleman;
his concern, respect, and treatment for others are overshadowed by his lack of growth and the play's
criticism of gentlemanly behavior as a whole. Pickering's true concern and compassion for others,
particularly Eliza, distinguish him from the other male characters. His first words to Eliza are,
"won't you sit down?" (Shaw II, 39). This courtesy, which Higgins does not extend, rightfully
suggests that he "thought and felt" about her "as if [she] were something better than a scullerymaid,"
much to Higgins' chagrin (V, 122). At the same time, Pickering is not "infatuated" unlike Freddy (V,
130), who laughably spends most of his nights on Wimpole Street because "it's the only place where
[he's] happy" (IV, 106). All Eliza wants is "a little kindness," and Pickering, who is neither
inconsiderate nor
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Doolittle Vs Pygmalion
In the play Pygmalion and the atrocious movie made by Hallmark, The Makeover, there are many
similarities and differences. The original play Pygmalion is set in London in the early 1900s.
However, its modern counterpart, The Makeover, is set in modern day Boston. This is one of the
many changes of these two, in addition to a number of parallels. In Pygmalion the main characters
are Henry Higgins, Colonel Pickering, and Eliza Doolittle. In The Makeover the main characters are
Hannah Higgins, Colleen Pickering, and Elliot Doolittle. This names are extremely similar to that of
the original play, but the genders have been reversed. Also instead of being teachers of phonetics,
Higgins and Pickering are educational advisors, as well as campaign ... Show more content on
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Eliza hears how happy Henry and the Colonel were that it was over. Elliot hears Hannah and
Colleen saying that they can just drop him off at a Bruins game with a case of beer. This is when
both of the Doolittles begin to feel used in their respective stories. Then Doolittle argues with
Higgins about how they were treated, mainly about how Higgins treats Doolittle like someone from
the gutter, and that Pickering treats them like a lady or gentleman. After the fight Higgins and
Doolittle both realize that they actually need each. However, this is where another difference is. In
the play, Eliza will marry Freddy, while in the movie Elliot and Hannah end up
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Pygmalion Essay
The distinctive voices, characteristic in any text/s, can be deconstructed to develop an understanding
which may validate, challenge or disprove society's values and/or beliefs within a given context.
Language, in all its forms, is a human thing, and allows the traces or imprints of human use, not
inherently but in its use. A text may promote obvious distinction between the authorial voice and
character's viewpoint. This can be seen in the play of Pygmalion in by George Bernard shaw and the
film Pleasantville directed by Gary Ross. Both of these texts show distinctive voices through
dialogue the use of dialogue which highlights the relationships and differences between characters.
Pygmalion is a play in five acts. It is about a young ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Another distinctive voice in Pymalion is that Henry Higgins . is an important character in the play as
he is Eliza's tutor. He Is an expert in phonetics and is very proud of his skill and his ability to
transform Eliza into a lady. However he fails to follow the rules of social conduct when they are out
in public. This is evident in Act III when he was rude to the hostess saying: "fearful bore for you this
sort of thing. Forgive my part in it". However he is most rough with Eliza. His voice is characterised
by the severe tone, high volume and use of profanity or insults. He also uses a harsh tone,
particularly when talking to Eliza e.g "You won my bet! You! Presumptuous insect!/ I won it." In
this quote he uses exclamations, repetition and italics to show his emotion.This quote uses
exclamations and repetition of you to emphasise his emotion. He also uses the metaphor of Eliza as
an insect to communicate his anger but also create the sense that she is small and meaningless. This
quote shows his inability to acknowledge that eliza worked hard for the bet. " Damn Mrs.pearce ;
and damn the coffee; and damn you: and wildly damn my own folly in having lavished my hard–
earned knowledge and the treasure of my regard and intimacy on a heartless guttersnipe". At this
point Mr.Higgins has truly lost his temper. This is shown in the repetition of the curse "damn". He
has been hurt by what Eliza has said because he believes that she is ungrateful. Eliza has won
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Compare And Contrast My Fair Lady And Pygmalion
Pygmalion, a play written by George Bernard Shaw, first premiered on the 16th of October, 1923,
and was instantly met with love by both its actors and its audiences. Since its release, the story has
been made into several different adaptations, most notable of which being the 1964 musical film by
the title of My Fair Lady. This film, while called a musical, features quite an even mix of regular
dialogue and singing from the characters, making for an overall interesting experience. As popular
and beloved as it may be, no movie is exempt from the flaw of in some way or another straying
from its original ideas. My Fair Lady is no exception. Although there are moments the characters
seem to speak word for word from the early nineteen–hundreds play, there are definitely scenes and
actions that must have been added to either move the story along quicker or even sheerly add more
interest to the plot. Although nothing extreme, the differences are certainly noticeable. While it may
not be something that drastically altered how the storyline unfolded, the musical definitely showed
more of Eliza Doolittle's life before Professor Higgins took her on as his student. Her song
"Wouldn't It Be Loverly" showed her dreaming of a better life while dancing and having a good
time with the people around her. She is depicted as knowing many of them and they all treat her as a
friend. In the original play, Eliza is made out to be more of a lonely soul, scraping along with her
flower business and
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The Silver Metal Lover Essay
The Silver Metal Lover
The story is set in the future when robots are developed. These robots are not only used for labour
purposes, but also used for entertainment. A special series of robots are designed to entertain people.
They are the Golders, who are the dancers, the Coppers, who are the actors and the Silvers who are
the musicians. When Jane first saw one of the Silvers, she was enamored with the robot's perfection.
She sold all her belongings in order to own him. To Jane, he is no longer a robot but a real human
and a wonderful lover. Jane and her silver metal lover spent several wonderful months together,
until the threats neared. The company that developed these robots – Electronic ... Show more
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In the end, Silver developed a soul and returned Jane's love, thereby indicating that Silver is now
truly alive. He is a real human as he now has a soul. This is similar to the time when Galatea comes
to life, as she was then a real human.
One significant difference between the myth and the novel is that Pygmalion in the novel is a girl
instead of the novel, while Galatea is a male robot. Also, the male dominant idea in the myth
disappeared. Instead, the author mainly concentrates on creating equal status between Jane and the
robot. However, both texts valued love and romance above all things. While other values such as
family relationships are less important. Language appearance is also an important idea in the novel.
Silver's appearance, is far above all man. For example as Jane's friend Egyptia said: "Beauty,
acrobatics, tenderness, humor, prowess. It's ruined me for a man for weeks." Jane fell in love with
him because of his beauty and perfection. Therefore, appearance plays a key role in the novel as
well as the Pygmalion Myth.
Techniques ––––––––––
The story is told in first person. This helps the reader to gain a better understanding of the inner
feeling of the persona. This is very effective in terms of a love story. From the use of first person,
Jane's love for Silver
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Class Symbolism In Pygmalion, By George Bernard Shaw
In Pygmalion, by George Bernard Shaw, regionalism, or local color, progresses throughout the story.
Shaw utilizes setting, dialogue, and dress to illustrate this progression and emphasize class
distinction and character development within the play. The setting of Pygmalion progresses
throughout the novel to symbolize Eliza's growth. At the beginning of the story, the characters first
meet as they all take shelter under a church's roof. The scene of "pedestrians running for shelter into
the portico of St. Paul's church" (Shaw, 9) creates an neutral back drop that illustrates a clear starting
point for each of the characters. Additionally, because the appearance of the church is not described,
the characters' class distinctions become clearer since they are shown side–by–side in such an
indistinct setting. The day after the meeting at the church, Eliza is taken to Mr. Higgins's home.
Higgins's home is described in more detail than the church was. "The double doors are in the middle
of the back wall; and persons entering find in the corner to their right two tall file cabinets at right
angles to one another against the wall. In this corner stands a flat writing–table, on which are a
phonograph, a laryngoscope, a row of tiny organ pipes with a bellows, a set of lamp chimneys for
singing flames..." (Shaw, 23) Shaw detailed Higgins's house with a multitude of items not only to
emphasize a setting where much of the story would take place but also to represent the
overwhelming
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Essay on Comparing Pygmalion and My Fair Lady
Comparing Pygmalion and My Fair Lady
Through the years, countless film directors have adapted and recreated various novels and plays to
make them ideal for the big–screen. In many cases, directors strive to keep their screenplay
adaptations true to the original literature; however, viewers often find contrasts in certain areas of
the film. George Bernard Shaw, author of the play Pygmalion, who had passed away prior to the
production of My Fair Lady in 1964, therefore, he could not assist in the transition from play to
musical. For this reason, director George Cukor has attempted to retain some similarities and also
incorporate a few changes of his own. Although readers can discover numerous similarities between
My Fair Lady and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
To begin with, Shaw and Cukor introduce the importance of social status in the opening scenes of
their works. When Henry Higgins analyzes Eliza Doolittle in the film, he keeps a dry,
condescending tone to make it clear that she should look up to him. On the other hand, in the play,
Higgins speaks unsympathetic, degrading words and vilifies Liza?s whole existence.
Unquestionably, during this time period, it is rather unlikely for aristocratic society to associate with
the low–class citizens. The critic, Roger Ebert, states the modifications of the play and then the
movie in the Ebert articles: ?The story?began as a Greek legend and was retold in Elizabethan and
Victorian times and reached its present form as George Bernard Shaw?s ?Pygmalion? (1912), with
its clear–eyed dissection of the British class system? (Ebert 1). Therefore, Cukor preserved a great
deal of Shaw?s characterizations and utilized them for My Fair Lady.
Along with the aforementioned similarities in Pygmalion and My Fair Lady, one can also stumble
upon a number of contradictions, including conclusions. Shaw had originally written his play
without music, but Cukor later incorporates a score with the text. Critic Liz Burroughs believes that
these changes are for the better. ?The additions of the Lerner & Loewe songs provide an extra
dimension to the story, even if you
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How Does Evslin Use Literary Devices In Pygmalion
In the myth "Pygmalion" by Bernard Evslin, Pygmalion is a passionate sculptor who has an
unconditional love for the goddess of love, sex, and beauty, Aphrodite. Throughout Evslin's myth,
he uses literary devices to demonstrate Pygmalion's unwavering devotion to perfection and beauty.
In the beginning of the story, Pygmalion's devotion to love, specifically towards Aphrodite is
displayed through repetition. During their interactions, Pygmalion exhibits his feeling towards the
goddess by using repetition to express that he loves her and no one else, "Yours, Aphrodite. Yours,
yours. I love you and you alone" (1). When Pygmalion says "I love you and you alone", he is using
repetition of the word "you" to emphasize his dedication to her and no other woman in the world.
There are many scenes in the myth in which repetition is used for this purpose but a few stand out
amongst them all. Another instance that this literary device is used is while Pygmalion is explaining
why he must carve Aphrodite into a marble statue. He is responding to Aphrodite's questions when
he states, "Of you, of course! Of you, of you! I told you that I have loved you all my life without
ever having seen you" (2). For the same reasons as the previous quotation, Pygmalion is declaring ...
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This is when an non–human object or animal is given human attributes or qualities. Bernard Evslin
was right to include this literary device because it helps convey the message of what he is trying to
get across to the reader more effectively. By relating inanimate objects to humans, it is easier for the
audience to understand what the text is trying to communicate. A lot of personification shows up
after Pygmalion is done with the statue. Aphrodite is telling Pygmalion he isn't allowed to marry the
statue instead of a woman but he thinks that his creation is full of life, "my blood went into her
making. My bones shaped
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Sexism In Pygmalion
Pygmalion in Greek mythology was a Cypriot sculptor who constructed a woman out of ivory and
named her Galatea. According to Ovid's translation, after seeing the Propoetides prostituting
themselves in public for their defiance against the gods, he became uninterested in women; however
his statue was so beautiful and realistic that he fell in love with it. After a short time, Aphrodite's
festival day came, and Pygmalion made several offerings at the shrine of Aphrodite. Pygmalion was
too scared to admit his true desire at the altar, so he quietly wished for a bride who would be "the
living likeness of my ivory girl". When he returned home, he kissed his Galatea, and found that the
statue's lips felt warm. He kissed it again and found that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The author shows his feminist side as he has Eliza stand up for her self and break out of the
traditional position of women in the era. This brings a very feminist, free–thinking theme to the play
that challenges the audience to break the usual traditions of England's segregated, unofficial caste–
system of a society. In Shaw's display against inequality and sexism, there is another theme that
must be kept in mind. When thinking about how to achieve equality between the sexes, it has to be
taken into consideration that true equality does not necessarily come from being treated equally. In
order for equality to be achieved, we must feel equal to one another. This feeling comes from
making the effort to meet the needs of all people so that they can reach a point in life where they
feel dignified, and feel as though they have the ability and the will power to work to raise
themselves up in society.
The amount of character development in Pygmalion, the characters help to make the play seem
more realistic and interesting due to each character's complex and individual personality. Each one
contributes to the play's over all message in a different way. For example, Professor
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Archetypal Theory In Pygmalion
Ever since we were little children we have been able to see the world around us. We noticed that
there are colors and images but we never truly knew what they meant. Then, we were brought into
school where we were then taught what color is what color and how there are two types of colors:
light and dark. We were taught that the light colors usually mean happiness while the darker colors
represent sadness. Colors and images are how the idea of Archetypal Theory came to be, helping us
discover a deeper meaning within the text. After watching the movies My Fair Lady, Princess and
The Frog, and reading the book Pygmalion, I was able to discover how colors and images help us
better understand the character's journeys from rags to riches. At the beginning of all three of these
stories the characters start out as some nobodies, but then through the archetypal theory thrown into
these pieces so we see how they transform into becoming happy and wealthy people near the end of
the stories. At the beginning of all three of these stories, colors help us understand who the
characters really are. For all of these pieces we are able to see how dirty and poor both Eliza and
Tiana are starting off as. In Pygmalion, Eliza is described as having "a brown skirt with a coarse
apron. Her boots are much the worse for wear. She is no doubt as clean as she can afford to be"
(Shaw 1. 13). If we dig deeper into the meaning of this quotation we can see what these colors truly
mean. George Bernard
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Comparing Pygmalion 'And The Makeover'
The play Pygmalion was a marvelous story, however the remodeling of its plot was formed in the
movie The Makeover. Pygmalion was surrounded with social class, proper English and of course, an
experiment to design a lady. No less was expected when the classic movie came out in 2013.
However, some modifications had taken place and it was soon discovered that the two like stories
proved to carry differences, as noticed within the beginning moments of the film. To begin, the
character's last names are mirrored from the book to the movie. This would be Higgins, Pickering,
and Doolittle. However their first names are different. For example, in the play, Higgins's first name
is Henry, whereas it is Hannah in the film. Last names aren't the only ... Show more content on
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When Hannah realizes she has lost her campaign for Congress she feels saddened. Elliot was doing
his job for his beer company and collecting bottles. He made a comment towards Hannah wishing
that he was too smart like she said she was. She insults him and they get into a little argument when
he proclaims he voted for her opponent in the election. Not only do the beginnings start differently
but they also end in opposite ways. In the play, Eliza Doolittle feels as though she was being used
for an experiment and develops a hatred towards Henry Higgins. They get into an argument and it
doesn't end on good terms. It isn't too long after this argument that Freddy sees Eliza and proposes
to her. She accepts his offer and then informs Higgins on the news of the engagement. The play ends
with her being engaged to Freddy. The film portrays a very different ending. The Characters still
have the same argument though. Elliot overhears Hannah talking about the "experiment" and feels
as if he was being used. They get into an argument over what would happen to him now that the
election was over. The two characters didn't speak for a while after the argument, until Hannah
finally decides to visit Elliot. She talks to him momentarily before leaving his residence, still being
frustrated. However Elliot soon follows her and speaks to her again about how she should run for
mayor now. They kiss and agree to go out for a drink and
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Pygmalion And My Fair Lady
Amanda Franks
Professor Egenolf
Response Paper 2
11/11/2015
Pygmalion and My Fair Lady: A Comparison George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion (1916) and the
1964 American film My Fair Lady, based on Shaw's play, are largely similar in plot and character
choice; My Fair Lady being an adaptation of Pygmalion. Shaw's Pygmalion is based on the Greek
myth of Pygmalion and his statue Galatea. The film interpretation is similar to the play in many
aspects, though it is different in that, because it is a film, the creators had more liberty with scenes
and props used. My Fair Lady is a successful movie adaptation of Shaw's Pygmalion in that it
conveys most of the message Shaw wrote, introduced very similar characters and storyline;
however, the film adds in musical elements, more extravagant examples of scenes, and slightly
different themes and emotional responses than the play itself has to offer audiences. My Fair Lady is
basically a straight adaptation of Pygmalion – much of the script is the same dialogue as the play
exactly, or with a few words changed, and takes direct quotes from Shaw's writing. The characters
have the same names that Shaw gave them, and their personalities are quite the same in both the
play and the film. Directors did not leave any character mentioned in the play out of the movie, even
if they were only spotted for a very fleeting moment, like the women of the Eynsford Hill family at
the horse race. The similarities of Professor
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Pygmalion Essay
Pygmalion
An interpretation of Class Relations in Pygmalion
In Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, there is a distinct variance in class relations and the way that early
20th century Britains were perceived as being different by their speech, money, wealth, style,
manners, and appearance. Being a lady or a gentleman was an acquired status desirable among most
of London's society. However, in Pygmalion, Shaw tells a story about the transition of a homeless
young woman with the aspiration to become a respected lady.
Eliza Doolittle is an 18 or 19 year–old young women, making a living from selling old flowers on
the streets. When she comes across a rude Professor, named Henry Higgins, he sarcastically offers
her to "learn how to speak ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Another example is when Eliza goes to get in the taxi and the driver is trying to keep her out,
assuming that she has no money to pay for the ride.
When Higgins meets Eliza, he comes across as very rude, saying:
"Woman; cease the detestable boohooing instantly; or else seek the shelter of some other place of
worship......A woman who utters such depressing and disgusting sounds has no right to be anywhere
– no right to live.... this creature with her kerbstone English: the English that will keep her in the
gutter till the end of her days...Well sir, in three months I could pass that girl off as a duchess at an
ambassador's garden party....."
He then goes on to call her names like "squashed cabbage leaf" ; "disgrace to the noble architecture
of these columns" and an "incarnate insult to the English language". With obviously no respect for
the poor girl, he would say anything that he wants to her, with no spare to her feelings at all.
An example related to this scenario can be compared to "White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible
Knapsack", by Peggy McIntosh. In this article, she describes how gender, race and sexual
preference are a problem in America. In this case, however, it is more a subcultural problem, but it
is related to the way classes differ. She discusses how white people, males particularly, have "skin
color that was an asset for any move one was educated
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Pygmalion Vs Makeover Essay
Pygmalion Vs. The Makeover
Pygmalion, by George Bernard Shaw, is a play written in 1912 based off of the Ancient Greek myth,
Pygmalion. The play is about a girl named Eliza who is transformed from a nearly homeless, ill–
mannered girl to a beautiful lady by two well–off men; this is similar to the Pygmalion myth of a
man creating his ideal woman out of ivory. The Makeover is a movie intended to re–make George
Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion. Although The Makeover does an outstanding job at depicting the
underlying themes and holding similar to the plotline of Pygmalion, there are still several
differences between the two pieces of work.
Although the main events of both plotlines are identical, the movie sways from the play on several
accounts. In Pygmalion, the protagonist being "made over" is a girl and her transformers are two
well–off men; while in The Makeover the protagonist being "made over" is a man and his
transformers are two well–off women. This is a trend of difference between the two works. The
Makeover flipped the genders of all of the characters in Pygmalion. Another difference is the
introduction of the main protagonist in each work. In Pygmalion, Eliza is brought into the story as ...
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In both the play and the movie Higgins and Pickering use Eliza/ Elliot Doolittle for their own gain;
running for Congress in the movie and using her dialect in the play. Nonetheless, Higgins and
Pickering transform Eliza/ Elliot into well rounded citizens. Hannah/ Henry Higgins is a proficient
linguist who teaches Eliza/ Elliot Doolittle not only proper grammar, but also influences his/her
overall personality in a public environment. Of course Eliza/ Elliot also receives a physical look
makeover. Pygmalion readers are informed that Eliza has never taken a bath before this process, and
observers of The Makeover watch Elliot revolutionize from a beer vender with a heavy New
England accent to a well versed gentleman who can rock a
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Theme Of Pygmalion
This play is one which has been adapted many times since its first performance in Vienna in 1913.
From a musical version, to countless interpretations of the plot in movies and television shows, the
story is one which is almost universally recognizable, if not necessarily in its original context. The
aim of this production will be to stay true to the original play, while transferring it into a modern
setting. This will highlight the many ways in which it is still thoroughly relevant to modern
audiences, particularly in reference to the implicit points made about the treatment of women, and
those who are on the lower levels of society.
While the play itself may seem somewhat dated, seeming to be rooted in social hierarchies which
are obsolete, specifically in Ireland, the themes it deals with are as relevant today as they were when
Shaw first wrote them in 1913. From the treatment of those who are vulnerable in a society, to the
nature of identity itself, Pygmalion gives an excellent template to discuss and expand on these issues
as they appear in our own ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Individuals are more than just the way they speak, act, interact or think, but rather an amalgamation
of all of those together. In Pygmalion Higgins endeavours to transform Eliza into what he considers
to be the diametric opposite to where she starts out, but he does so by simply attempting "to teach
her how to speak properly" (Shaw, p.26). In doing this, "Higgins may change Eliza's linguistic and
even physical selves (...), but Eliza herself changes her psychological and philosophical selves,
largely through the auspices of her sociological self interacting with others such as Mrs. Higgins and
Colonel Pickering" (Kennell, p.76). By showing the distinction between how Eliza's selves are
changed, the topic of identity can be explored in a unique way in a production of this
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Division of Social Classes through Language: George...
An important lesson that has been learned throughout life and the beginning of time is to respect the
individual's content and not their image. It is shown throughout George Bernard Shaw's play,
Pygmalion, that different people can be brought together in the same circumstance, being a heavy
rain shower in London, but distance themselves so effusively because of outer appearances. The
situation between the nonintellectual flower–girl and the sophisticated Pickering, Higgins, and the
Mother–daughter is drawn out over the judgment of her poor speech and her value as a person as
she constantly defends herself against their prejudice. Shaw uses Pygmalion to show how language
shallowly reflects the importance of social classes within the ... Show more content on
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Afterwards, the daughter objects her mother's actions of formally apologizing to Eliza for what her
son had done, by repaying her for the damaged flowers. The instance shows the mother's class level
by means of feeling obligated to do the right thing rather than being rude. However, the daughter's
lack of complete sophistication is made known when she says: "Do nothing of the sort, Mother. The
idea!" (Shaw pg. 3). It's demonstrated through this action that the young girl is not educated enough
to act politely and in noble manner, which is shunned by her mother. It also furthers the idea that the
social classes are properly represented through language and reflect the types of relationships they
have with each other as a result.
Because of the societal differences between the classes, the conflicts between the characters are
expected since their monetary self–worth causes them to judge others. For instance, after being
bumped into by the son Freddy, the mother becomes suspicious of Eliza for calling out his name;
"Now tell me how you know that young gentleman's name. [...] I heard you call him by it. Don't try
to deceive me" (Shaw pg. 4). The mother is so genuinely concerned by the ill–speaking flower–girl's
relationship to her noble son, she tries to bribe the truth from her with money. She finds it
overwhelming to think that her son would associate himself with
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Henry Higgins In Three Adaptations Of Shaw's Pygmalion
Changes of the Character Prof. Henry Higgins in Three Adaptations of Shaw's Pygmalion (1914)
Table of Content
1. Introduction 3
2. Changes of Prof. Higgins in the Three Adaptations 3
2.1 Cast and the Appearance 3
2.2 Passion for Phonetics 5
2.3 Personality 6
2.4 Use of Bad Language 7
3. Conclusion 7
References 9
1. Introduction
The adaptations of George Bernard Shaw's drama Pygmalion (1914) have been a successful
classical collection in the world. Somehow people forget that the important character as well as the
real pygmalion is Prof. Henry Higgins, but not the flower girl Eliza. This is especially due to the
cast of Eliza in the Hollywood movie My Fair Lady (1964) –– Audrey Hepburn's great charms and
her 'idol' effect.
As a response, this paper will focus on the professor of phonetics Henry Higgins and investigate the
changes of this character in different adaptations of Shaw's drama. More importantly, endeavor to
analyze the possible reasons for those changes. Different adaptations of Shaw's drama Pygmalion
(1914) that will be mentioned in this paper are: the black–and–white film Pygmalion (1938); the
musical My Fair Lady (1956), and the color film My Fair Lady (1964).
2. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Changes of Prof. Higgins in the Three Adaptations
2.1 Cast and the Appearance The producer of Pygmalion (1938), Gabriel Pascal, let Shaw retain full
control over this film adaptation. It is said that Shaw's choice for Prof. Higgins had been Charles
Laughton (See figure 1). Nonetheless, for some unknown reasons, the cast of Higgins changed to
Leslie Howard (See figure 2), one of the two directors of this film, who is obviously more
handsome and charming than Shaw's expectation. In both the musical and the film version of My
Fair Lady, Rex Harrison (See figure 3) is the cast of Higgins, who looks older than Leslie Howard in
the 1938 film but still handsome and attractive to women audiences. figure 1 figure 2 figure
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William Shaw 's Pygmalion On The Myth Of Pygmalion And...
At the end of Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, Eliza finds herself as a new and empowered woman.
Women in the 20th century are looked down upon. This is what happened to Eliza Doolittle. When
Eliza meets a man named Higgins, he makes assumptions about her intelligence based on her
speech. Higgins is wrong and fails to see that Eliza is one of the most intelligent characters in the
play. Eliza's ability to pick up speech and learn is high which is unusual for a woman of her social
standing. In some cases, Eliza is better at picking up speech patterns and learning than Higgins. This
is rare based on the fact that Eliza raised herself with no parental figures and no one to teach her.
Eliza's empowerment comes from the ignorance of the higher classes about the lower classes
intelligence.
Bernard Shaw bases his play Pygmalion on the myth of Pygmalion and Galatea. In the original
Pygmalion myth, a sculptor creates a sculpture named Galatea, the two fall in love. In the first four
acts, we see Shaw follow this structure. A girl transforms from a flower girl to a lady and we get
shown a male lead who seems to fit the part of Pygmalion. The audience would expect the two to
get to together.
Although Shaw follows this pattern, he ends the play in the complete opposite of our expectations.
This heightens Eliza's triumph and could frustrate the audience. With minor changes into the final
scene, Pygmalion can get turned into a romance. Instead, Eliza has asserted her independence and
walks out
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Comparing Pygmalion And The Makeover By George Bernard Shaw
In Pygmalion and The Makeover, a lower–class person desires to move up the social ladder in order
to land a better job; the individual seeks assistance in the areas of class, pronunciation, and speech
from two experts. Throughout both stories, the person receives a complete makeover of their
appearance and behavior. However, the two stories differ in context and in certain plot elements. In
Pygmalion, a play written by George Bernard Shaw, Eliza Doolittle is poor girl selling flowers on
the street, but she desires to work in a flower shop like a proper lady. Due to her poor upbringing,
she has little manners and a horrible accent that is hardly comprehensible. One rainy night, Eliza is
selling flowers and runs into Freddy Eynsford Hill and his family. She also meets Henry Higgins, a
professor of phonetics, and Colonel Pickering, a linguist of Indian ... Show more content on
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One of the most obvious being the difference in gender of the characters; the sexes and names of the
characters have been changed. Pygmalion occurs in London during the 1800s while The Makeover
is set in Boston during modern times. Even though both Elliot and Eliza approach Higgins for
lessons, Elliot is deceived by Higgins. Elliot believes he is being prepared to become a
representative for his beer company when, in fact, he is being prepared for Congress. Eliza is
transformed into a duchess while Elliot is converted into a politician. Throughout the story, Hannah
Higgins also begins to be change by Elliot while Henry remains the same arrogant snob he was in
the beginning. In The Makeover, Hannah is the only one to fall in love with Elliot, and they end up
being together. In contrast, Henry and Pickering both become infatuated with Eliza, but she chooses
to run off with Freddy instead. All in all, both stories contain the central theme of social climbing
and transformation, but plot differences distinguish
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Pygmalion Allusion
A.) An allusion is an indirect or direct reference to anything that is a source outside of that work of
literature or the situation.
B.) Pygmalion was a Greek sculptor who lost interest in women due to prostitutes. Pygmalion then
carved a realistic statue of a women out of ivory, gave it the name of Galatea and soon fell in love
with it. He went to the altar of Aphrodite and asked for a bride and the Goddess of love took petty
upon him and brought his statue to life. When he came home to embrace his statue he realized that it
was warm and that the ivory was no longer as hard as it used to be. Galatea and Pygmalion got
married and eventually have a child and they both are forever grateful to Aphrodite and bring her
gifts throughout their lives.
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Essay On Pygmalion
George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950) the versatile dramatist used contemporary social, political and
religious problems as subjects for his plays. Pygmalion, perhaps the only one of his many plays in
which he points out to his audience and his readers that he has used an ancient classical myth to
explore a problem that is not merely contemporary but one that has lasted through time. This myth
is the story of Pygmalion – Galatea which has been told and retold by several later writers in
differing forms. In the most familiar version of this myth, Pygmalion was the king of Cyprus. He
was also a great sculptor who used to make beautiful statues of bronze, marble and ivory. He was
devoted to his art and always sought for perfection at any ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
Dressed in Opera Cloak with diamonds, fan, flowers and all other accessories she passes like a
Duchess, creating sensation in the whole atmosphere. Nepummuck, the marvelous interpreter (and
Higgins' previous student also to whom he taught phonetics) identifies her as a Hungarian princess.
Thus her success at the ambassador's reception is overwhelming. But the experiment is followed by
its aftermath. As euphoria of triumph is over, Eliza is faced with the stark reality. She has become
disclassed, left unfit for her old life and unable for her old life and unable to forge a new one Eliza is
tragic in her fear and despair. Higgins is also quite unsentimental and unromantic in his approach to
Eliza. Looking to this attitude of Professor Higgins Eliza shouted on him asking; "What am I fit for?
Where am I to go? What am I to do? What to become of me? Higgins' this attitude of indifference
drives her to Freddy, who worships her. Eliza leaves Higgins house and so takes decisive step into
the future. Shaw explains the sexual attitude of Higgins towards Eliza in terms of the Oedipus
Complex. In Appendix he says "If an imaginative boy has a suffering rich mother who has
intelligence, personal grace, dignity of character without harshness and a cultivated sense of the best
art of her time to enable her to make her house beautiful, she sets a standard for him a
disengagement of his
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G. B. Shaw's "Pygmalion"
Like all of Shaw's great dramatic creations, Pygmalion is a richly complex play. It combines a
central story of the transformation of a young woman with elements of myth, fairy tale, and
romance, while also combining an interesting plot with an exploration of social identity, the power
of science, relations between men and women, and other issues.
Pygmalion is one of Shaw's most popular plays as well as one of his most straightforward ones. The
form has none of the complexity that we find in Heartbreak House or Saint Joan, nor are the ideas in
Pygmalion nearly as profound as the ideas in any of Shaw's other major works. It can be
considerated an issue of language.
This play was written by George Bernard Shaw in 1912, presents a comic ... Show more content on
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An even more obvious example of this id the epilogue to Pygmalion: 'the rest of the story need not
to be shewn in action...etc.' where is clear that the dramatist has allowed the novelist to take over the
story that he no longer wishes to handle.
The first impression we get of Eliza's is a poor flower girl that has a very strong, whiny personality.
"I ain't done nothing wrong by speaking to the gentleman. I've a right to sell flowers if I keep off the
kerb." This is our first view of Eliza standing up for her self and not being outspoken. This
foreshadows a girl that would not be good in a relationship because in the time this book is set, a
woman was to obey the man and let him do the big talk.
While Eliza in a gloomily and rainy evening is trying to sell flowers out of S. Paul's church, a man
have been observing her and taking down notes on a notebook. Eliza was conversating with two
women, a mother and daughter, who were waiting for a taxi under the shelter of the church's portico.
Their conversation begins when Freddy, the son who is looking for the taxi, carelessly bumps into
the flower girl. She attempts to get the mother to buy the flowers her son has damaged, and is
successful. She then tries to sell her flowers to another gentleman, when someone in the crowd
warns her that a man is taking notes on what she has been saying. She becomes hysterical, believing
the man
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Comparing Pygmalion And The Makeover, By George Bernard Shaw
No matter if a person is a reader of Pygmalion, written by George Bernard Shaw, or a viewer of The
Makeover, it is understood both Eliza Doolittle and Elliot Doolittle are in need of a transformation.
Throughout both the book and film, both characters were going through drastic changes in life. In
the play, Pygmalion, Eliza Doolittle, living in London England, was considered an illiterate, poor
girl. Eliza is a girl that stands at a flower shop and sells flowers. Heavy summer rain had settled into
London, and all the people were seeking shelter. Henry Higgins along with Colonel Pickering and
Freddy were among those taking shelter that very day. Freddy's mother had told him to take a taxi
home. Opening his umbrella, Freddy ran into ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Hannah is competing against a local weather man for a Congress position. As the film continues,
Hannah's outcome is not so great; she loses to the local weather man. Hannah Higgins is compared
to Henry Higgins, in Pygmalion, because she is grumpy most of the time. After her recent loss,
Hannah and Colleen Pickering were back at the office reviewing. Elliot Doolittle, the local beer
distributor, walked by. He was speaking in a language nobody could understand. Hannah walked up
to him telling him his speaking was not correct. He was extremely offended by her comment and
walked away.
The local weather man, competing for the role, never got the weather right, so the day he made his
speech was not any different. He did not know of any thunderstorms in the area, so he died from a
lightning strike. Hannah Higgins was, then, eligible to be in the race again. People would not vote
for her, though, so she had to find some way to win the race. Her perfect solution was to get Elliot
Doolittle in the race. The only problem with him was he was not well dressed and could not speak
fluently. Hannah had also offended him earlier, so the chances of him doing this favor for her was
not
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How Is Higgins Presented In The Taming Of The Shrew
Can two characters from different stories be the same? The play The Taming of the Shrew by
William Shakespeare is about a guy name Petruchio who at first is only interested in a girl named
Katherine for her money. Petruchio then has to tame Katherine as she is a shrew. In the play
Pygmalion written by Bernard Shaw is about a poor flower girl named Eliza Doolittle who wants to
learn proper English. Colonel Pickering makes a bet with Mr. Higgins saying that he cannot teach
her proper English and will take her to the ball and see if she passes as a lady. These two characters
are basically the same. Some people may not think these two characters are the same because
Higgins does not travel anywhere to find someone just for money like Petruchio does. Higgins is
familiar to teaching people but Petruchio ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The first way Petruchio ends up taming Katherine is he shows up very late to their wedding and
poorly dressed. The way Petruchio is dressed is "a pair of boots that have been used as candle cases,
coming in a new hat and an old jacket." (Shakespeare 109) By showing up late and poorly dressed
he is showing her that he is the boss and that he will get married when he wants to. Another way
Petruchio ends up taming her is by not letting her eat and by not letting her get any sleep "And in
conclusion, she'll stay awake all night and if she nods, I'll yell and make lots of noise and keep her
awake with the clamor." (Shakespeare 141) Petruchio offers Katherine new clothes because of
Bianca's reception but Petruchio does not let her get them because he pretends something is wrong
with them. We can conclude that Katherine has been tamed because there is a wager for whos ever
wife comes first wins 100 gold pieces. Katherine was the first one to come so Petruchio ended up
winning the bet. The way Higgins ends up taming Eliza is by making her proper and not talk back.
Higgins has help with
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Comparison Of Pygmalion And My Fair Lady
The 1964 award–winning film My Fair Lady is a musical adaptation of George Bernard Shaw's
stage production Pygmalion (first performed in the year of 1913). Taking place in Edwardian
London, My Fair Lady depicts Professor Henry Higgins (portrayed by Rex Harrison), a
misogynistic phonetics professor, and Colonel Hugh Pickering (Wilfrid Hyde–White), the author of
Spoken Sanskrit. Professor Higgins, after coming out of a theatre and hearing Eliza shouting in her
harsh 'Cockney' accent, places a bet with Colonel Pickering that he can take the Cockney working–
class girl and make her presentable in high society within six months. The working–class girl, Eliza
Doolittle (portrayed by Audrey Hepburn), agrees to speech lessons from Professor Higgins to
improve her job prospects. Eliza grudgingly agrees to Professor Higgins' lessons after flying into an
angry outburst when a man points out the professor copying down her speech. Despite Professor
Higgins treats Eliza as a lesser being, his acquaintance Colonel Pickering treats her with constant
respect and kindness, therefore treating her as an equal. It is Pickering's treating Eliza not as a lesser
being, but as an equal that allows Eliza to flourish and succeed. In the film adaptation of Bernard
Shaw's Pygmalion, the most influential character is Colonel Pickering. As a gentleman, a colonel
and an academic who studies Indian dialects, Pickering shares Higgins' interest in linguistics,
however he is not as extreme in his
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How Does Pygmalion Change Throughout The Play
Pygmalion was a mythological character who liked to sculpture. He made a statue of his ideal
woman – Galatea. The statue was so beautiful that he prayed to the gods it would be brung to life ,
his wish was granted.
Have you ever had to learn how to speak fluently, in a brand new language that you are not used to ?
This is one of many problems for a flower girl Eliza Doolittle. In this story Professor Henry Higgins
makes a bet that he would get her to pass for a duchess at an ambassador's garden party by teaching
her to assume a veneer of gentility , the most important element of which, he thinks, is impeccable
speech. Throughout the play, many characters develop new problems and they all tie into each other.
Since Eliza is the newest character ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
At first he shows her that he has no interest in helping her with this transformation, then he
eventually came around to accepting because his friend made it more of a challenge that he could
not do it. The first thing he does is welcomes her into her new home as she will be staying with him
for 6 months to see if she can actually change before she can make it to London to pose as the
Queen. Next , she is given a bath and starts to scream like she is being tortured, this is because she
has never had to be washed up because she lived in such a poor place before. Now , everyone
around her must use proper language all the time so that she will know to never break this habit of
using slang and sounds to speak with people. Eliza's father ; Alfred Doolittle now enters the play ,
the main reason is because he wants to get money out of Mr.Higgins. He doesn't seem to care about
his daughter's welfare , only himself. He views himself as a member of the undeserving poor, and
means to go on being undeserving. With his intelligent mind and not having much of an education,
he has an eccentric view of life. He is also aggressive, and when Eliza, sticks her tongue out at him,
he goes to hit her, but gets stopped by Pickering (The closest thing Pygmalion has to a father figure.
He's a genial
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Research Paper On Pygmalion
As Eliza Doolittle admits in the fifth and final act of Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw, she began
her journey with Mr. Higgins for romantic, rather than practical reasons. Liza takes a liking to the
elder man and therefore impulsively pursues him in hopes that their tutor–student relationship will
develop into something greater. However, not only does Higgins view the relationship as a strictly
platonic one, but he also considers himself a God and Liza his creation. Liza's efforts to impress and
please Higgins only inflate the man's head and cause him to objectify her further. Once Liza realizes
that she is merely an experimental article to Higgins, she lashes out. Furthermore, though Higgins
presents signs of complying to her wants, she
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Language In My Fair Lady
Abstract:
"A language is a system of conventional signals used for communication by a whole community"–
A. C. Gimson. Language is an essential tool for communication as well as for self–expression.
Language can be considered as a habit which is not genetically transmitted. It is acquired from the
environment and therefore it is always subject to change. Language and linguistics go hand in hand.
Language is a network of varieties and linguistics is the discipline that deals with the scientific study
of language and its variations like dialect, registers, pidgin, Creole, etc.
The purpose of this study is to explore the importance of the movie "My Fair Lady" in the study of
Linguistics."My Fair Lady" is directed by George Cukor and it is adapted ... Show more content on
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A simple example for the above statement is a comparison between a news covered by a news
channel and a newspaper. The news covered by the news channel would be more influential as it
includes the video clips along with the news scrolls and the reporter's narration, which creates an
effect on the audience that makes them feel as if they are witnessing the incident live, whereas, the
one covered by the newspaper will simply act as third person narrative to the audience. Similarly,
there are many text books and reference books that deal with the study of linguistics. But the movie
My Fair Lady is an excellent example, that gives the students of linguistics an idea about the
benefits of learning it properly and that gives the teachers of linguistics an idea about how to teach it
effectively.
This study will work on understanding how the movie My Fair Lady depicts the power and beauty
of the English language through the life of a linguist and his student and the impact it has on the
study of linguistics. It will also analyze how different researchers have viewed this movie as a
helpful tool in the study of linguistics. The content analysis is done on the story of the movie My
Fair Lady, the play Pygmalion, written by George Bernard Shaw, from which the story of the movie
is adapted, a website and a research paper. The researcher has done an expert interview too, of a
professor who deals with
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George Bernard Shaw 's Pygmalion And Willy Russell 's...
Explore how Change is presented in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion and Willy Russell's
Educating Rita.
Educating Rita is a modern adaptation of Pygmalion, which is based on a figure in Greek mythology
when a sculptor named Pygmalion carves a woman out of ivory but ends up falling in love with her.
These two books follow the journeys of two women, one in the early 1900s named Eliza and one in
the 1960s named Rita. They both enlist the help of teachers to try and guide them into a higher class
of society, but the teaching styles, and consequences are different in the two plays. There are two
angles of change that I will take. One is how and why Rita and Eliza change throughout the novel
and the changes experienced by the characters.
The teaching style for change in Educating Rita is focused on exam technique. Frank teaches Rita
how to pass her exams, "teaching the rules of the game", and so Rita can learn about literature and
culture in order so that she can converse and talk in a higher class. However, this is an extremely
hard task, as Rita wants to learn everything, yet she had an almost non–existent education; Frank
says "you've barely had a basic schooling, you've never passed an exam in your life." This means
that Frank has to start from scratch and give Rita basic schooling like sentence structure and exam
technique and so forth. Frank also has to change Rita's personal and emotional responses to books
and literature into analytical and robotic essays that Frank so
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Pygmalion Movie Vs Play
Imagine growing up and having to sell flowers on the street to anyone who passes to make a living.
Eliza Doolittle is a person who had live this way until Henry Higgins and Colonel
Pickering took her under their wings and transformed her old, dirty, and informal self into a fine
lady. To do so Eliza has to learn how to speak proper and get rid of her nasty old ways. However,
after she is transformed she knows not what is to become of her, but she realizes she does not have
to put up with Higgins anymore. The film and the play compare and contrast in different ways
through the use of music and the characters' actions towards one another. Throughout the play there
was very little music compared to the film which could be considered a musical. ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Also,
Higgins and Eliza have moments where they begin to sing about the short lines Higgins has Eliza
reading in order to improve her pronunciation (Levin, 1964). Therefore, the play and the film
contrast with the use of music because the book does not implement the musical approach as the
film does.
On the other hand, the characters in Pygmalion and My Fair Lady perform both similar and different
actions compared to one or the other. Additionally, however both the play and the film mostly
shared similar actions rather than being unalike. For example, Eliza says in the final act of the play
that Pickering "treats a flower girl as if she was a duchess" (Shaw, 1916,
PYGMALION AND MY FAIR LADY COMPARISON 4
p.g. 83). Therefore, throughout both Pickering was always very respectful to Eliza and treated her
how any woman would want to be treated. On the other hand, Higgins did not treat Eliza with the
respect she thought that she deserved and this made her angry in both the film and the play. When
she realizes this completely in the play she tells him "So you are a motor bus: all bounce and go, and
no consideration for anyone. But I can do without you. I told you I
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Theme Of Women In Pygmalion
In the Victorian England period, how a person is viewed by society determines everything. What
kind of jobs are available, who it is ok to marry, and even who is acceptable to interact with. How a
person is viewed can change their life for better or for worse, and sadly women during this period
must work twice as hard as their male counterparts to get the crucial social respect needed to
succeed in their societies. How a person appears and how they dress plays a big part on how
someone is viewed, but flower–girl–turned–duchess Eliza Doolittle must learn the hard way that just
because a person fits the outside criteria of a lady does not exactly mean she would be treated as so,
by society and most of all her mentor Henry Higgins. Throughout the play, Pygmalion, By George
Bernard Shaw, the author makes the theme of prejudice against women very apparent by the way
they are treated in society and the unreasonable expectations they are held up to, making it very
difficult for women like Eliza Doolittle to move up in society and be seen as equal in the eyes of
those above them. For the most part, women during this time have a very hard time acclimating to
society's standards and being treated as equal, especially by men. Whether they like it or not, the
prejudice held against women in the hearts of the patriarchal society pulls them down and makes it
hard to be treated equally, even if a person is born in a wealthy, high–class family. The
discrimination only gets worse for those
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Research Paper On Pygmalion
In George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," a bedraggled flower girl named Eliza is central to an
experiment conducted by a language expert, Henry Higgins, and his contemporary, Colonel
Pickering. The experiment is a test (or a bet) to see if Higgins can take a Cockney speaking flower
girl from the streets and pass her off for an eloquently spoken duchess at an ambassador's party, but
this proves to be a laborious process for everyone involved. Despite a failed attempt to pass Eliza
off as a proper lady to his mother, Mrs. Higgins, Eliza goes unmistaken for a duchess at a garden
party, and, in turn, Higgins wins his bet. Higgins and Colonel Pickering praise themselves over the
months they have been working on Eliza while totally neglecting her and ... Show more content on
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Even if Eliza (and her father) enjoyed the marvelous lifestyle that comes from acting properly and
speaking beautifully, they would have sooner or later been weary and fatigued by some of the
strains that come with being in a well–to–do family or, in this case, social class. In their article
"Overview: Pygmalion," Joyce Moss and George Wilson writes, "In every scene of Pygmalion,
Shaw juxtaposes different social classes and explores how they relate to one another. Accents,
clothing, and manners indicate the degree of wealth and social status of each family. Social climbers
in England at the time faced slim odds, while well–to–do families devoted considerable time,
energy, and money for the preservation of their status." So, if social status was a mask, then this
would be a mask that Eliza could not wear forever because living a rich life, and obtaining a high
social status, was not what Eliza was looking for. Those things were probably irrelevant to Eliza
from the start, which is probably why Higgins, despite all his wealth and knowledge, never
understood Eliza. Higgins may gloat about his 'survival' teaching Eliza for all those months, but it
should be Eliza who should celebrate enduring Higgins after all that time. She was looking to be
accepted and to be treated properly, which is probably why she
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Pygmalion by Bernard Shaw Essay
"Pygmalion" by Bernard Shaw The word 'benefit' is defined as; 'a favourable or helpful factor or
circumstance'. Many benefits are not immediately recognised, as they can be the result of something
bad. In the play 'Pygmalion', by Bernard Shaw, Liza gains many benefits, but also disadvantages
from her relationship with Higgins. Looking at benefits, she receives some beautiful clothes; 'I'm to
have fashionable clothes' (p. 63), a good place to stay and financial ease. She meets other friends
such as Freddy; 'I'll marry Freddy, I will' (p. 131), and she has permanent companions. However,
though she has learned good speech with Higgins, she has not learnt manners, and is treated almost
like an animal. She is unhappy for a while, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
She later marries Freddy, as shown in the epilogue, although towards the end of the play she is
openly declaring her love for Freddy; 'You are the loveliest, dearest…' (p. 106). Finally, Eliza also
gains a benefit, which would not be immediately obvious, of learning about the upper class world.
This is definitely a benefit, as it will be useful to her in the future for her translations of other
people's behaviour. She has learnt how upper class people treat their inferiors; 'My betters that bully
me and don't want me' (p. 129). This can often show the measure of people; depending on how they
treat those less fortunate than themselves. In contrast, Eliza also encounters a number of
disadvantages working with Higgins. Firstly, she was taught badly in the manners of upper class
people, although she did actually learn correctly through Colonel Pickering, such as; 'things about
standing up, and taking off your hat' (p. 122). She decided that Higgins' bad manners were 'his way'
(p. 122), as he behaved the same to everyone. However, she was taught badly by him, as few upper
class people would behave as he did. Secondly, a disadvantage of her relationship with Higgins was
Eliza's treatment. Higgins treated her as nothing more than a servant when he was not teaching her
phonetics, and using her to win his bet. He simply treated her 'just the same
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Significance Of The Movie My Fair Lady
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MOVIE MY FAIR LADY IN THE STUDY OF LINGUISTICS: AN
ANALYSIS
SREYA SUSAN CHACKO Register No: MM033
Bachelor of Arts in English Literature, Communication and Journalism(Triple Main), Mahatma
Gandhi University, Kerala
Abstract:
"A language is a system of conventional signals used for communication by a whole community"–
A. C. Gimson. Language is an essential tool for communication as well as for self–expression.
Language can be considered as a habit which is not genetically transmitted. It is acquired from the
environment ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The movie was nominated for 12 Oscars and won 8 out of them. In the movie, Professor Higgins
invests all of his time and energy in Eliza's transformation with the final goal of passing her off as
an aristocrat at the season's biggest social event and finally he succeeds in it. (TCR) In the process,
their bond becomes stronger.
Research paper– Dr Chinazo Echezona–Johnson. Analysis of the movie my fair lady, using
transformative and andragogy adult learning theories.
This paper helped the researcher to understand the theoretical framework of the movie more deeply.
This paper analyses Eliza Doolittle's learning, through the perspectives of Mezirow's transformative
learning theory and Knowle's andragogy. In this paper Echezona proves that the character Eliza's
transformation from a poor flower seller to that of a duchess has followed all the ten phases of Jack
Mezirow's transformational learning theory.
The ten phases of Mezirow's Transformational learning theory:
A disorienting dilemma
A self–examination with feelings of fear, anger, guilt or shame
A critical assessment of assumptions
Recognition that one's discontent and the process of transformation are shared
Exploration of options for new roles, relationships, and actions
Planning a course of
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
How Does Eliza Change Internally
Once you end a habit it is hard to pick it back up. This is the case of Eliza the main character of the
book Pygmalion. She was young poor flower girl from London that was took in by a phonologist
named Henry Higgins. What he did was help change her lifestyle by teaching her a new mindset to
fit in somewhere else. Because Higgins Eliza has changed internally. Eliza has changed internally
because we can see sheś standing up for herself.Higgins and Pickering are disrespecting Elizas
name.In the text it states¨I won't be called baggage when i´ve offered to pay like any lady¨ (pg: )
This quote connects because the reader sees Eliza standing up for herself and comparing herself to
any other lady. Eliza has changed internally because we see from act 1 how she feels now because
she's standing up for herself .in the text it states"I ain't done nothing wrong by speaking to that
gentlemen I've the right to sell a flower"(pg:16).This quote connects because as we can see she said
see she stood up for herself by voicing her opinion. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Another reason why Eliza has changed internally because she now her self worth.Like when she she
is talking to Higgins about when he first took her in and how she felt different.In the text it
states"Yes that showed me you thought i was something better than a scullery maid"(Pg:119 Act:5)
This quote connects because as the reader can see she felt different because she felt as if she was
something better than a scullery maid which was kinda her old ways.Finally Eliza has changed
internally because the reader can see how she feels about her old self and the new her,In the text it
states "But it was from you that i learned nice manners and that is what makes me a lady isnt it, you
see it was so very diffcult for me with an example of proffesor higgins always before me i was
bought up to be just like him unable to control myself(Pg:118
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Romantic Structure Of Women In Pygmalion, By Bernard Shaw
Pygmalion, by Bernard Shaw, uses and modifies common romantic structure to enhance the depth of
its heroine, Eliza Doolittle. Like a common con–artist, however, Shaw switches the bait with a
jarring look at modern sexism and the women's dependency on a man, even if she is more qualified
then he. Shaw's withdrawal from the expected conclusion of a romantic marriage reshapes critics'
view of Eliza, releasing her from her expected submissive "social role" as a wife, and redefining her
as a strong woman. Even with her new representation, however, she is still left in a sexist society,
and continues to rely on the bachelors of Wimpole Street for financial support and advice. She goes
as far as she can, under the present circumstances, to free herself from the patriarchal society that
oppresses and ridicules her very existence.
Eliza Doolittle is introduced in Act 1 of Pygmalion as "The Flower Girl" (Shaw 15), a name of very
low stature within the social hierarchy of early 20th century London, England. Her lowly title
speaks volumes about her state of living in an economy where the difference between the rich and
the poor is visible. She lacks a high source of income, nor does she come from a rich family. Her
father is an alcoholic, and her stepmother an abusive guardian. Her language, as can be expected
from someone of such an upbringing, is necessitous. So, in conventional romantic format, Shaw
places her and Professor Higgins under one bus shelter on a rainy day. Higgins is
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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The Misogynistic Henry Higgins

  • 1. The Misogynistic Henry Higgins The Misogynistic Henry Higgins The key to understanding George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion lies in understanding the power struggle between the "haves" and "have–nots" – specifically the active and intentional disenfranchisement of women at the turn of the 20th century. At the core of Pygmalion there is a focus on the societal inequities of the day, with Shaw presenting society's treatment of women as property without rights and with little understanding of their surroundings or place in society. Throughout the 19th century, and into the early 20th century, when Shaw penned Pygmalion, British laws and society actively restrained women, both politically and economically. Unlike the United States, women in England were allowed to vote prior ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Much of English society and government mirrored Higgins beliefs. In 1888, an appeals court judge, Lord Esther, ruled that "neither by Common Law nor by the Constitution of this country from the beginning of the Common Law until now can a woman be entitled to exercise any public function." (Aked) This is notable because, just as with the Reform Act of 1832, the ruling was a detriment to women, as women were already "exercising public functions", such as overseers, way–wardens, church–wardens and members of school boards. This ruling was the first of several rulings and legislations that removed rights and governmental access from women. These actions of the British Parliament led to the creation of several suffrage movement organizations in England, such as the Co–operative Society and The Labor Party, each with almost two and a half million members, as well as several smaller groups, such as The Women's Liberal Association, The British Women's Temperance Association, The Women's Textile Union, The Women's Labor League, The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, The Women's Social and Political Union, and The Men's League for Woman Suffrage, as well as many others. It is well known that Shaw was an avid proponent of women's freedom and suffrage, and it is quite possible that Shaw wrote Pygmalion with the idea of promoting women's suffrage as, only three years earlier, he had already penned a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2. Pygmalion My Fair Lady Essay Pygmalion & My Fair Lady The play Pygmalion and My Fair Lady, the musical, are the same story. The only major difference between the two, is that My Fair Lady has songs added to the dialogue. I believe the musical version is more enjoyable because the music adds more feeling to the story. The opening scene is after an opera. The higher class people spill out into the streets. It is here that Eliza is selling her flowers. Eliza is a poor girl with a very thick accent. She is a respectable girl, which she insist throughout the movie, saying to Mr. Higgins, "I'm a good girl". She's had a hard life, her father being a drunk and therefore she and her mother had no money. It is ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... She is there to take lessons for her speech. Colonel Pickering offers to pay full expenses for Higgins to tun Eliza into a lady and pass her off as a duchess. Higgins accepts. After long, excruciating lessons, Eliza starts to get it and begins to talk in perfect English. Now, its time to try her newly learned skills. In the play, Higgins takes her to his mother's house, while in the musical he takes her to the Ascot Races. Here they learn that she may speak perfectly, but she still can revert to her "flower girl" ways. This is where Freddy Eynsford–Hills falls in love with Eliza. Eliza's father is forced into Middle Class after he inherits a large sum of money. Mr. Higgins work on Eliza is finally put to the test at the ball. She was so charming that the Prince asked her to a dance. A Hungarian linguistics professor, who Higgins taught, was present at the ball to find out who was the phony. After avoiding him most of the night, Higgins offers Eliza to dance with him. He thinks that Eliza is Hungarian because she speaks English so well. Professor Higgins won the bet. After they get home, Colonel Pickering and Higgins congratulate each other without a single thank you to Eliza. Eliza becomes furious and leaves the house to meet Freddy outside. She goes back to where she used to live, but nobody recognized her, so ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. Platy Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle In the platy Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle was just a poor flower girl who couldn't speak proper English. One rainy day a young boy by the name of Freddy ran into Eliza, trampling her flowers. Eliza then goes into a fit of rage for the money she will lose over the flowers. That was the moment she was discovered by Henry, a scientist of phonetics and Pickering a linguist of Indian dialect. They men were intrigued by the way she spoke and Henry began to make fun and said that he could teach her proper English. Eliza then went to Henry's home and took him up on his proposition. Henry and Pickering went on a six month journey to train Eliza to speak so proper that she could pass her off as a duchess at an ambassador's garden party. Once the six months ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The movie maker did however throw the spectators for a twist with the switch of the genders of the characters. One of the main characters of the play Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle was an innocent little flower girl, but in the Movie this role was played by a boy by the name of Eliet Doolittle. Eliet also had a different job than Eliza, he was a beer distributer. Some of the other main characters include Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering which were played as men in the play but were played by women in the movie by the names of Hannah Higgins and Colline ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4. The Majority Of Male Characters The majority of male characters in Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion appear to be fundamentally flawed in some important way. Freddy Eynsford–Hill is raised as a gentleman and, thus, is a "fool" who has trouble hailing a cab, let alone finding any suitable occupation for himself. Henry Higgins is well– educated but ill–mannered, alienating him from society due to his inconsideration for others. Alfred Doolittle appears to lack any sort of morals and "seems equally free from fear and conscience." The only male figure who stands out is Colonel Pickering, who seems talented, respectful, and compassionate compared to his competition. Even so, Pickering is only superficially a gentleman; his concern, respect, and treatment for others are overshadowed by his lack of growth and the play's criticism of gentlemanly behavior as a whole. Pickering's true concern and compassion for others, particularly Eliza, distinguish him from the other male characters. His first words to Eliza are, "won't you sit down?" (Shaw II, 39). This courtesy, which Higgins does not extend, rightfully suggests that he "thought and felt" about her "as if [she] were something better than a scullerymaid," much to Higgins' chagrin (V, 122). At the same time, Pickering is not "infatuated" unlike Freddy (V, 130), who laughably spends most of his nights on Wimpole Street because "it's the only place where [he's] happy" (IV, 106). All Eliza wants is "a little kindness," and Pickering, who is neither inconsiderate nor ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. Doolittle Vs Pygmalion In the play Pygmalion and the atrocious movie made by Hallmark, The Makeover, there are many similarities and differences. The original play Pygmalion is set in London in the early 1900s. However, its modern counterpart, The Makeover, is set in modern day Boston. This is one of the many changes of these two, in addition to a number of parallels. In Pygmalion the main characters are Henry Higgins, Colonel Pickering, and Eliza Doolittle. In The Makeover the main characters are Hannah Higgins, Colleen Pickering, and Elliot Doolittle. This names are extremely similar to that of the original play, but the genders have been reversed. Also instead of being teachers of phonetics, Higgins and Pickering are educational advisors, as well as campaign ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Eliza hears how happy Henry and the Colonel were that it was over. Elliot hears Hannah and Colleen saying that they can just drop him off at a Bruins game with a case of beer. This is when both of the Doolittles begin to feel used in their respective stories. Then Doolittle argues with Higgins about how they were treated, mainly about how Higgins treats Doolittle like someone from the gutter, and that Pickering treats them like a lady or gentleman. After the fight Higgins and Doolittle both realize that they actually need each. However, this is where another difference is. In the play, Eliza will marry Freddy, while in the movie Elliot and Hannah end up ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6. Pygmalion Essay The distinctive voices, characteristic in any text/s, can be deconstructed to develop an understanding which may validate, challenge or disprove society's values and/or beliefs within a given context. Language, in all its forms, is a human thing, and allows the traces or imprints of human use, not inherently but in its use. A text may promote obvious distinction between the authorial voice and character's viewpoint. This can be seen in the play of Pygmalion in by George Bernard shaw and the film Pleasantville directed by Gary Ross. Both of these texts show distinctive voices through dialogue the use of dialogue which highlights the relationships and differences between characters. Pygmalion is a play in five acts. It is about a young ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another distinctive voice in Pymalion is that Henry Higgins . is an important character in the play as he is Eliza's tutor. He Is an expert in phonetics and is very proud of his skill and his ability to transform Eliza into a lady. However he fails to follow the rules of social conduct when they are out in public. This is evident in Act III when he was rude to the hostess saying: "fearful bore for you this sort of thing. Forgive my part in it". However he is most rough with Eliza. His voice is characterised by the severe tone, high volume and use of profanity or insults. He also uses a harsh tone, particularly when talking to Eliza e.g "You won my bet! You! Presumptuous insect!/ I won it." In this quote he uses exclamations, repetition and italics to show his emotion.This quote uses exclamations and repetition of you to emphasise his emotion. He also uses the metaphor of Eliza as an insect to communicate his anger but also create the sense that she is small and meaningless. This quote shows his inability to acknowledge that eliza worked hard for the bet. " Damn Mrs.pearce ; and damn the coffee; and damn you: and wildly damn my own folly in having lavished my hard– earned knowledge and the treasure of my regard and intimacy on a heartless guttersnipe". At this point Mr.Higgins has truly lost his temper. This is shown in the repetition of the curse "damn". He has been hurt by what Eliza has said because he believes that she is ungrateful. Eliza has won ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. Compare And Contrast My Fair Lady And Pygmalion Pygmalion, a play written by George Bernard Shaw, first premiered on the 16th of October, 1923, and was instantly met with love by both its actors and its audiences. Since its release, the story has been made into several different adaptations, most notable of which being the 1964 musical film by the title of My Fair Lady. This film, while called a musical, features quite an even mix of regular dialogue and singing from the characters, making for an overall interesting experience. As popular and beloved as it may be, no movie is exempt from the flaw of in some way or another straying from its original ideas. My Fair Lady is no exception. Although there are moments the characters seem to speak word for word from the early nineteen–hundreds play, there are definitely scenes and actions that must have been added to either move the story along quicker or even sheerly add more interest to the plot. Although nothing extreme, the differences are certainly noticeable. While it may not be something that drastically altered how the storyline unfolded, the musical definitely showed more of Eliza Doolittle's life before Professor Higgins took her on as his student. Her song "Wouldn't It Be Loverly" showed her dreaming of a better life while dancing and having a good time with the people around her. She is depicted as knowing many of them and they all treat her as a friend. In the original play, Eliza is made out to be more of a lonely soul, scraping along with her flower business and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8. The Silver Metal Lover Essay The Silver Metal Lover The story is set in the future when robots are developed. These robots are not only used for labour purposes, but also used for entertainment. A special series of robots are designed to entertain people. They are the Golders, who are the dancers, the Coppers, who are the actors and the Silvers who are the musicians. When Jane first saw one of the Silvers, she was enamored with the robot's perfection. She sold all her belongings in order to own him. To Jane, he is no longer a robot but a real human and a wonderful lover. Jane and her silver metal lover spent several wonderful months together, until the threats neared. The company that developed these robots – Electronic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In the end, Silver developed a soul and returned Jane's love, thereby indicating that Silver is now truly alive. He is a real human as he now has a soul. This is similar to the time when Galatea comes to life, as she was then a real human. One significant difference between the myth and the novel is that Pygmalion in the novel is a girl instead of the novel, while Galatea is a male robot. Also, the male dominant idea in the myth disappeared. Instead, the author mainly concentrates on creating equal status between Jane and the robot. However, both texts valued love and romance above all things. While other values such as family relationships are less important. Language appearance is also an important idea in the novel. Silver's appearance, is far above all man. For example as Jane's friend Egyptia said: "Beauty, acrobatics, tenderness, humor, prowess. It's ruined me for a man for weeks." Jane fell in love with him because of his beauty and perfection. Therefore, appearance plays a key role in the novel as well as the Pygmalion Myth. Techniques –––––––––– The story is told in first person. This helps the reader to gain a better understanding of the inner feeling of the persona. This is very effective in terms of a love story. From the use of first person, Jane's love for Silver ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. Class Symbolism In Pygmalion, By George Bernard Shaw In Pygmalion, by George Bernard Shaw, regionalism, or local color, progresses throughout the story. Shaw utilizes setting, dialogue, and dress to illustrate this progression and emphasize class distinction and character development within the play. The setting of Pygmalion progresses throughout the novel to symbolize Eliza's growth. At the beginning of the story, the characters first meet as they all take shelter under a church's roof. The scene of "pedestrians running for shelter into the portico of St. Paul's church" (Shaw, 9) creates an neutral back drop that illustrates a clear starting point for each of the characters. Additionally, because the appearance of the church is not described, the characters' class distinctions become clearer since they are shown side–by–side in such an indistinct setting. The day after the meeting at the church, Eliza is taken to Mr. Higgins's home. Higgins's home is described in more detail than the church was. "The double doors are in the middle of the back wall; and persons entering find in the corner to their right two tall file cabinets at right angles to one another against the wall. In this corner stands a flat writing–table, on which are a phonograph, a laryngoscope, a row of tiny organ pipes with a bellows, a set of lamp chimneys for singing flames..." (Shaw, 23) Shaw detailed Higgins's house with a multitude of items not only to emphasize a setting where much of the story would take place but also to represent the overwhelming ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10. Essay on Comparing Pygmalion and My Fair Lady Comparing Pygmalion and My Fair Lady Through the years, countless film directors have adapted and recreated various novels and plays to make them ideal for the big–screen. In many cases, directors strive to keep their screenplay adaptations true to the original literature; however, viewers often find contrasts in certain areas of the film. George Bernard Shaw, author of the play Pygmalion, who had passed away prior to the production of My Fair Lady in 1964, therefore, he could not assist in the transition from play to musical. For this reason, director George Cukor has attempted to retain some similarities and also incorporate a few changes of his own. Although readers can discover numerous similarities between My Fair Lady and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... To begin with, Shaw and Cukor introduce the importance of social status in the opening scenes of their works. When Henry Higgins analyzes Eliza Doolittle in the film, he keeps a dry, condescending tone to make it clear that she should look up to him. On the other hand, in the play, Higgins speaks unsympathetic, degrading words and vilifies Liza?s whole existence. Unquestionably, during this time period, it is rather unlikely for aristocratic society to associate with the low–class citizens. The critic, Roger Ebert, states the modifications of the play and then the movie in the Ebert articles: ?The story?began as a Greek legend and was retold in Elizabethan and Victorian times and reached its present form as George Bernard Shaw?s ?Pygmalion? (1912), with its clear–eyed dissection of the British class system? (Ebert 1). Therefore, Cukor preserved a great deal of Shaw?s characterizations and utilized them for My Fair Lady. Along with the aforementioned similarities in Pygmalion and My Fair Lady, one can also stumble upon a number of contradictions, including conclusions. Shaw had originally written his play without music, but Cukor later incorporates a score with the text. Critic Liz Burroughs believes that these changes are for the better. ?The additions of the Lerner & Loewe songs provide an extra dimension to the story, even if you ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. How Does Evslin Use Literary Devices In Pygmalion In the myth "Pygmalion" by Bernard Evslin, Pygmalion is a passionate sculptor who has an unconditional love for the goddess of love, sex, and beauty, Aphrodite. Throughout Evslin's myth, he uses literary devices to demonstrate Pygmalion's unwavering devotion to perfection and beauty. In the beginning of the story, Pygmalion's devotion to love, specifically towards Aphrodite is displayed through repetition. During their interactions, Pygmalion exhibits his feeling towards the goddess by using repetition to express that he loves her and no one else, "Yours, Aphrodite. Yours, yours. I love you and you alone" (1). When Pygmalion says "I love you and you alone", he is using repetition of the word "you" to emphasize his dedication to her and no other woman in the world. There are many scenes in the myth in which repetition is used for this purpose but a few stand out amongst them all. Another instance that this literary device is used is while Pygmalion is explaining why he must carve Aphrodite into a marble statue. He is responding to Aphrodite's questions when he states, "Of you, of course! Of you, of you! I told you that I have loved you all my life without ever having seen you" (2). For the same reasons as the previous quotation, Pygmalion is declaring ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This is when an non–human object or animal is given human attributes or qualities. Bernard Evslin was right to include this literary device because it helps convey the message of what he is trying to get across to the reader more effectively. By relating inanimate objects to humans, it is easier for the audience to understand what the text is trying to communicate. A lot of personification shows up after Pygmalion is done with the statue. Aphrodite is telling Pygmalion he isn't allowed to marry the statue instead of a woman but he thinks that his creation is full of life, "my blood went into her making. My bones shaped ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12. Sexism In Pygmalion Pygmalion in Greek mythology was a Cypriot sculptor who constructed a woman out of ivory and named her Galatea. According to Ovid's translation, after seeing the Propoetides prostituting themselves in public for their defiance against the gods, he became uninterested in women; however his statue was so beautiful and realistic that he fell in love with it. After a short time, Aphrodite's festival day came, and Pygmalion made several offerings at the shrine of Aphrodite. Pygmalion was too scared to admit his true desire at the altar, so he quietly wished for a bride who would be "the living likeness of my ivory girl". When he returned home, he kissed his Galatea, and found that the statue's lips felt warm. He kissed it again and found that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The author shows his feminist side as he has Eliza stand up for her self and break out of the traditional position of women in the era. This brings a very feminist, free–thinking theme to the play that challenges the audience to break the usual traditions of England's segregated, unofficial caste– system of a society. In Shaw's display against inequality and sexism, there is another theme that must be kept in mind. When thinking about how to achieve equality between the sexes, it has to be taken into consideration that true equality does not necessarily come from being treated equally. In order for equality to be achieved, we must feel equal to one another. This feeling comes from making the effort to meet the needs of all people so that they can reach a point in life where they feel dignified, and feel as though they have the ability and the will power to work to raise themselves up in society. The amount of character development in Pygmalion, the characters help to make the play seem more realistic and interesting due to each character's complex and individual personality. Each one contributes to the play's over all message in a different way. For example, Professor ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Archetypal Theory In Pygmalion Ever since we were little children we have been able to see the world around us. We noticed that there are colors and images but we never truly knew what they meant. Then, we were brought into school where we were then taught what color is what color and how there are two types of colors: light and dark. We were taught that the light colors usually mean happiness while the darker colors represent sadness. Colors and images are how the idea of Archetypal Theory came to be, helping us discover a deeper meaning within the text. After watching the movies My Fair Lady, Princess and The Frog, and reading the book Pygmalion, I was able to discover how colors and images help us better understand the character's journeys from rags to riches. At the beginning of all three of these stories the characters start out as some nobodies, but then through the archetypal theory thrown into these pieces so we see how they transform into becoming happy and wealthy people near the end of the stories. At the beginning of all three of these stories, colors help us understand who the characters really are. For all of these pieces we are able to see how dirty and poor both Eliza and Tiana are starting off as. In Pygmalion, Eliza is described as having "a brown skirt with a coarse apron. Her boots are much the worse for wear. She is no doubt as clean as she can afford to be" (Shaw 1. 13). If we dig deeper into the meaning of this quotation we can see what these colors truly mean. George Bernard ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14. Comparing Pygmalion 'And The Makeover' The play Pygmalion was a marvelous story, however the remodeling of its plot was formed in the movie The Makeover. Pygmalion was surrounded with social class, proper English and of course, an experiment to design a lady. No less was expected when the classic movie came out in 2013. However, some modifications had taken place and it was soon discovered that the two like stories proved to carry differences, as noticed within the beginning moments of the film. To begin, the character's last names are mirrored from the book to the movie. This would be Higgins, Pickering, and Doolittle. However their first names are different. For example, in the play, Higgins's first name is Henry, whereas it is Hannah in the film. Last names aren't the only ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When Hannah realizes she has lost her campaign for Congress she feels saddened. Elliot was doing his job for his beer company and collecting bottles. He made a comment towards Hannah wishing that he was too smart like she said she was. She insults him and they get into a little argument when he proclaims he voted for her opponent in the election. Not only do the beginnings start differently but they also end in opposite ways. In the play, Eliza Doolittle feels as though she was being used for an experiment and develops a hatred towards Henry Higgins. They get into an argument and it doesn't end on good terms. It isn't too long after this argument that Freddy sees Eliza and proposes to her. She accepts his offer and then informs Higgins on the news of the engagement. The play ends with her being engaged to Freddy. The film portrays a very different ending. The Characters still have the same argument though. Elliot overhears Hannah talking about the "experiment" and feels as if he was being used. They get into an argument over what would happen to him now that the election was over. The two characters didn't speak for a while after the argument, until Hannah finally decides to visit Elliot. She talks to him momentarily before leaving his residence, still being frustrated. However Elliot soon follows her and speaks to her again about how she should run for mayor now. They kiss and agree to go out for a drink and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. Pygmalion And My Fair Lady Amanda Franks Professor Egenolf Response Paper 2 11/11/2015 Pygmalion and My Fair Lady: A Comparison George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion (1916) and the 1964 American film My Fair Lady, based on Shaw's play, are largely similar in plot and character choice; My Fair Lady being an adaptation of Pygmalion. Shaw's Pygmalion is based on the Greek myth of Pygmalion and his statue Galatea. The film interpretation is similar to the play in many aspects, though it is different in that, because it is a film, the creators had more liberty with scenes and props used. My Fair Lady is a successful movie adaptation of Shaw's Pygmalion in that it conveys most of the message Shaw wrote, introduced very similar characters and storyline; however, the film adds in musical elements, more extravagant examples of scenes, and slightly different themes and emotional responses than the play itself has to offer audiences. My Fair Lady is basically a straight adaptation of Pygmalion – much of the script is the same dialogue as the play exactly, or with a few words changed, and takes direct quotes from Shaw's writing. The characters have the same names that Shaw gave them, and their personalities are quite the same in both the play and the film. Directors did not leave any character mentioned in the play out of the movie, even if they were only spotted for a very fleeting moment, like the women of the Eynsford Hill family at the horse race. The similarities of Professor ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16. Pygmalion Essay Pygmalion An interpretation of Class Relations in Pygmalion In Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, there is a distinct variance in class relations and the way that early 20th century Britains were perceived as being different by their speech, money, wealth, style, manners, and appearance. Being a lady or a gentleman was an acquired status desirable among most of London's society. However, in Pygmalion, Shaw tells a story about the transition of a homeless young woman with the aspiration to become a respected lady. Eliza Doolittle is an 18 or 19 year–old young women, making a living from selling old flowers on the streets. When she comes across a rude Professor, named Henry Higgins, he sarcastically offers her to "learn how to speak ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another example is when Eliza goes to get in the taxi and the driver is trying to keep her out, assuming that she has no money to pay for the ride. When Higgins meets Eliza, he comes across as very rude, saying: "Woman; cease the detestable boohooing instantly; or else seek the shelter of some other place of worship......A woman who utters such depressing and disgusting sounds has no right to be anywhere – no right to live.... this creature with her kerbstone English: the English that will keep her in the gutter till the end of her days...Well sir, in three months I could pass that girl off as a duchess at an ambassador's garden party....." He then goes on to call her names like "squashed cabbage leaf" ; "disgrace to the noble architecture of these columns" and an "incarnate insult to the English language". With obviously no respect for the poor girl, he would say anything that he wants to her, with no spare to her feelings at all. An example related to this scenario can be compared to "White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack", by Peggy McIntosh. In this article, she describes how gender, race and sexual preference are a problem in America. In this case, however, it is more a subcultural problem, but it is related to the way classes differ. She discusses how white people, males particularly, have "skin color that was an asset for any move one was educated ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Pygmalion Vs Makeover Essay Pygmalion Vs. The Makeover Pygmalion, by George Bernard Shaw, is a play written in 1912 based off of the Ancient Greek myth, Pygmalion. The play is about a girl named Eliza who is transformed from a nearly homeless, ill– mannered girl to a beautiful lady by two well–off men; this is similar to the Pygmalion myth of a man creating his ideal woman out of ivory. The Makeover is a movie intended to re–make George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion. Although The Makeover does an outstanding job at depicting the underlying themes and holding similar to the plotline of Pygmalion, there are still several differences between the two pieces of work. Although the main events of both plotlines are identical, the movie sways from the play on several accounts. In Pygmalion, the protagonist being "made over" is a girl and her transformers are two well–off men; while in The Makeover the protagonist being "made over" is a man and his transformers are two well–off women. This is a trend of difference between the two works. The Makeover flipped the genders of all of the characters in Pygmalion. Another difference is the introduction of the main protagonist in each work. In Pygmalion, Eliza is brought into the story as ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In both the play and the movie Higgins and Pickering use Eliza/ Elliot Doolittle for their own gain; running for Congress in the movie and using her dialect in the play. Nonetheless, Higgins and Pickering transform Eliza/ Elliot into well rounded citizens. Hannah/ Henry Higgins is a proficient linguist who teaches Eliza/ Elliot Doolittle not only proper grammar, but also influences his/her overall personality in a public environment. Of course Eliza/ Elliot also receives a physical look makeover. Pygmalion readers are informed that Eliza has never taken a bath before this process, and observers of The Makeover watch Elliot revolutionize from a beer vender with a heavy New England accent to a well versed gentleman who can rock a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18. Theme Of Pygmalion This play is one which has been adapted many times since its first performance in Vienna in 1913. From a musical version, to countless interpretations of the plot in movies and television shows, the story is one which is almost universally recognizable, if not necessarily in its original context. The aim of this production will be to stay true to the original play, while transferring it into a modern setting. This will highlight the many ways in which it is still thoroughly relevant to modern audiences, particularly in reference to the implicit points made about the treatment of women, and those who are on the lower levels of society. While the play itself may seem somewhat dated, seeming to be rooted in social hierarchies which are obsolete, specifically in Ireland, the themes it deals with are as relevant today as they were when Shaw first wrote them in 1913. From the treatment of those who are vulnerable in a society, to the nature of identity itself, Pygmalion gives an excellent template to discuss and expand on these issues as they appear in our own ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Individuals are more than just the way they speak, act, interact or think, but rather an amalgamation of all of those together. In Pygmalion Higgins endeavours to transform Eliza into what he considers to be the diametric opposite to where she starts out, but he does so by simply attempting "to teach her how to speak properly" (Shaw, p.26). In doing this, "Higgins may change Eliza's linguistic and even physical selves (...), but Eliza herself changes her psychological and philosophical selves, largely through the auspices of her sociological self interacting with others such as Mrs. Higgins and Colonel Pickering" (Kennell, p.76). By showing the distinction between how Eliza's selves are changed, the topic of identity can be explored in a unique way in a production of this ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 19. Division of Social Classes through Language: George... An important lesson that has been learned throughout life and the beginning of time is to respect the individual's content and not their image. It is shown throughout George Bernard Shaw's play, Pygmalion, that different people can be brought together in the same circumstance, being a heavy rain shower in London, but distance themselves so effusively because of outer appearances. The situation between the nonintellectual flower–girl and the sophisticated Pickering, Higgins, and the Mother–daughter is drawn out over the judgment of her poor speech and her value as a person as she constantly defends herself against their prejudice. Shaw uses Pygmalion to show how language shallowly reflects the importance of social classes within the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Afterwards, the daughter objects her mother's actions of formally apologizing to Eliza for what her son had done, by repaying her for the damaged flowers. The instance shows the mother's class level by means of feeling obligated to do the right thing rather than being rude. However, the daughter's lack of complete sophistication is made known when she says: "Do nothing of the sort, Mother. The idea!" (Shaw pg. 3). It's demonstrated through this action that the young girl is not educated enough to act politely and in noble manner, which is shunned by her mother. It also furthers the idea that the social classes are properly represented through language and reflect the types of relationships they have with each other as a result. Because of the societal differences between the classes, the conflicts between the characters are expected since their monetary self–worth causes them to judge others. For instance, after being bumped into by the son Freddy, the mother becomes suspicious of Eliza for calling out his name; "Now tell me how you know that young gentleman's name. [...] I heard you call him by it. Don't try to deceive me" (Shaw pg. 4). The mother is so genuinely concerned by the ill–speaking flower–girl's relationship to her noble son, she tries to bribe the truth from her with money. She finds it overwhelming to think that her son would associate himself with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Henry Higgins In Three Adaptations Of Shaw's Pygmalion Changes of the Character Prof. Henry Higgins in Three Adaptations of Shaw's Pygmalion (1914) Table of Content 1. Introduction 3 2. Changes of Prof. Higgins in the Three Adaptations 3 2.1 Cast and the Appearance 3 2.2 Passion for Phonetics 5 2.3 Personality 6 2.4 Use of Bad Language 7 3. Conclusion 7 References 9 1. Introduction The adaptations of George Bernard Shaw's drama Pygmalion (1914) have been a successful classical collection in the world. Somehow people forget that the important character as well as the real pygmalion is Prof. Henry Higgins, but not the flower girl Eliza. This is especially due to the cast of Eliza in the Hollywood movie My Fair Lady (1964) –– Audrey Hepburn's great charms and her 'idol' effect. As a response, this paper will focus on the professor of phonetics Henry Higgins and investigate the changes of this character in different adaptations of Shaw's drama. More importantly, endeavor to analyze the possible reasons for those changes. Different adaptations of Shaw's drama Pygmalion (1914) that will be mentioned in this paper are: the black–and–white film Pygmalion (1938); the musical My Fair Lady (1956), and the color film My Fair Lady (1964). 2. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Changes of Prof. Higgins in the Three Adaptations 2.1 Cast and the Appearance The producer of Pygmalion (1938), Gabriel Pascal, let Shaw retain full control over this film adaptation. It is said that Shaw's choice for Prof. Higgins had been Charles Laughton (See figure 1). Nonetheless, for some unknown reasons, the cast of Higgins changed to Leslie Howard (See figure 2), one of the two directors of this film, who is obviously more handsome and charming than Shaw's expectation. In both the musical and the film version of My Fair Lady, Rex Harrison (See figure 3) is the cast of Higgins, who looks older than Leslie Howard in the 1938 film but still handsome and attractive to women audiences. figure 1 figure 2 figure
  • 21. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22. William Shaw 's Pygmalion On The Myth Of Pygmalion And... At the end of Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, Eliza finds herself as a new and empowered woman. Women in the 20th century are looked down upon. This is what happened to Eliza Doolittle. When Eliza meets a man named Higgins, he makes assumptions about her intelligence based on her speech. Higgins is wrong and fails to see that Eliza is one of the most intelligent characters in the play. Eliza's ability to pick up speech and learn is high which is unusual for a woman of her social standing. In some cases, Eliza is better at picking up speech patterns and learning than Higgins. This is rare based on the fact that Eliza raised herself with no parental figures and no one to teach her. Eliza's empowerment comes from the ignorance of the higher classes about the lower classes intelligence. Bernard Shaw bases his play Pygmalion on the myth of Pygmalion and Galatea. In the original Pygmalion myth, a sculptor creates a sculpture named Galatea, the two fall in love. In the first four acts, we see Shaw follow this structure. A girl transforms from a flower girl to a lady and we get shown a male lead who seems to fit the part of Pygmalion. The audience would expect the two to get to together. Although Shaw follows this pattern, he ends the play in the complete opposite of our expectations. This heightens Eliza's triumph and could frustrate the audience. With minor changes into the final scene, Pygmalion can get turned into a romance. Instead, Eliza has asserted her independence and walks out ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 23. Comparing Pygmalion And The Makeover By George Bernard Shaw In Pygmalion and The Makeover, a lower–class person desires to move up the social ladder in order to land a better job; the individual seeks assistance in the areas of class, pronunciation, and speech from two experts. Throughout both stories, the person receives a complete makeover of their appearance and behavior. However, the two stories differ in context and in certain plot elements. In Pygmalion, a play written by George Bernard Shaw, Eliza Doolittle is poor girl selling flowers on the street, but she desires to work in a flower shop like a proper lady. Due to her poor upbringing, she has little manners and a horrible accent that is hardly comprehensible. One rainy night, Eliza is selling flowers and runs into Freddy Eynsford Hill and his family. She also meets Henry Higgins, a professor of phonetics, and Colonel Pickering, a linguist of Indian ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... One of the most obvious being the difference in gender of the characters; the sexes and names of the characters have been changed. Pygmalion occurs in London during the 1800s while The Makeover is set in Boston during modern times. Even though both Elliot and Eliza approach Higgins for lessons, Elliot is deceived by Higgins. Elliot believes he is being prepared to become a representative for his beer company when, in fact, he is being prepared for Congress. Eliza is transformed into a duchess while Elliot is converted into a politician. Throughout the story, Hannah Higgins also begins to be change by Elliot while Henry remains the same arrogant snob he was in the beginning. In The Makeover, Hannah is the only one to fall in love with Elliot, and they end up being together. In contrast, Henry and Pickering both become infatuated with Eliza, but she chooses to run off with Freddy instead. All in all, both stories contain the central theme of social climbing and transformation, but plot differences distinguish ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24. Pygmalion Allusion A.) An allusion is an indirect or direct reference to anything that is a source outside of that work of literature or the situation. B.) Pygmalion was a Greek sculptor who lost interest in women due to prostitutes. Pygmalion then carved a realistic statue of a women out of ivory, gave it the name of Galatea and soon fell in love with it. He went to the altar of Aphrodite and asked for a bride and the Goddess of love took petty upon him and brought his statue to life. When he came home to embrace his statue he realized that it was warm and that the ivory was no longer as hard as it used to be. Galatea and Pygmalion got married and eventually have a child and they both are forever grateful to Aphrodite and bring her gifts throughout their lives. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Essay On Pygmalion George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950) the versatile dramatist used contemporary social, political and religious problems as subjects for his plays. Pygmalion, perhaps the only one of his many plays in which he points out to his audience and his readers that he has used an ancient classical myth to explore a problem that is not merely contemporary but one that has lasted through time. This myth is the story of Pygmalion – Galatea which has been told and retold by several later writers in differing forms. In the most familiar version of this myth, Pygmalion was the king of Cyprus. He was also a great sculptor who used to make beautiful statues of bronze, marble and ivory. He was devoted to his art and always sought for perfection at any ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Dressed in Opera Cloak with diamonds, fan, flowers and all other accessories she passes like a Duchess, creating sensation in the whole atmosphere. Nepummuck, the marvelous interpreter (and Higgins' previous student also to whom he taught phonetics) identifies her as a Hungarian princess. Thus her success at the ambassador's reception is overwhelming. But the experiment is followed by its aftermath. As euphoria of triumph is over, Eliza is faced with the stark reality. She has become disclassed, left unfit for her old life and unable for her old life and unable to forge a new one Eliza is tragic in her fear and despair. Higgins is also quite unsentimental and unromantic in his approach to Eliza. Looking to this attitude of Professor Higgins Eliza shouted on him asking; "What am I fit for? Where am I to go? What am I to do? What to become of me? Higgins' this attitude of indifference drives her to Freddy, who worships her. Eliza leaves Higgins house and so takes decisive step into the future. Shaw explains the sexual attitude of Higgins towards Eliza in terms of the Oedipus Complex. In Appendix he says "If an imaginative boy has a suffering rich mother who has intelligence, personal grace, dignity of character without harshness and a cultivated sense of the best art of her time to enable her to make her house beautiful, she sets a standard for him a disengagement of his ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26. G. B. Shaw's "Pygmalion" Like all of Shaw's great dramatic creations, Pygmalion is a richly complex play. It combines a central story of the transformation of a young woman with elements of myth, fairy tale, and romance, while also combining an interesting plot with an exploration of social identity, the power of science, relations between men and women, and other issues. Pygmalion is one of Shaw's most popular plays as well as one of his most straightforward ones. The form has none of the complexity that we find in Heartbreak House or Saint Joan, nor are the ideas in Pygmalion nearly as profound as the ideas in any of Shaw's other major works. It can be considerated an issue of language. This play was written by George Bernard Shaw in 1912, presents a comic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... An even more obvious example of this id the epilogue to Pygmalion: 'the rest of the story need not to be shewn in action...etc.' where is clear that the dramatist has allowed the novelist to take over the story that he no longer wishes to handle. The first impression we get of Eliza's is a poor flower girl that has a very strong, whiny personality. "I ain't done nothing wrong by speaking to the gentleman. I've a right to sell flowers if I keep off the kerb." This is our first view of Eliza standing up for her self and not being outspoken. This foreshadows a girl that would not be good in a relationship because in the time this book is set, a woman was to obey the man and let him do the big talk. While Eliza in a gloomily and rainy evening is trying to sell flowers out of S. Paul's church, a man have been observing her and taking down notes on a notebook. Eliza was conversating with two women, a mother and daughter, who were waiting for a taxi under the shelter of the church's portico. Their conversation begins when Freddy, the son who is looking for the taxi, carelessly bumps into the flower girl. She attempts to get the mother to buy the flowers her son has damaged, and is successful. She then tries to sell her flowers to another gentleman, when someone in the crowd warns her that a man is taking notes on what she has been saying. She becomes hysterical, believing the man ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. Comparing Pygmalion And The Makeover, By George Bernard Shaw No matter if a person is a reader of Pygmalion, written by George Bernard Shaw, or a viewer of The Makeover, it is understood both Eliza Doolittle and Elliot Doolittle are in need of a transformation. Throughout both the book and film, both characters were going through drastic changes in life. In the play, Pygmalion, Eliza Doolittle, living in London England, was considered an illiterate, poor girl. Eliza is a girl that stands at a flower shop and sells flowers. Heavy summer rain had settled into London, and all the people were seeking shelter. Henry Higgins along with Colonel Pickering and Freddy were among those taking shelter that very day. Freddy's mother had told him to take a taxi home. Opening his umbrella, Freddy ran into ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Hannah is competing against a local weather man for a Congress position. As the film continues, Hannah's outcome is not so great; she loses to the local weather man. Hannah Higgins is compared to Henry Higgins, in Pygmalion, because she is grumpy most of the time. After her recent loss, Hannah and Colleen Pickering were back at the office reviewing. Elliot Doolittle, the local beer distributor, walked by. He was speaking in a language nobody could understand. Hannah walked up to him telling him his speaking was not correct. He was extremely offended by her comment and walked away. The local weather man, competing for the role, never got the weather right, so the day he made his speech was not any different. He did not know of any thunderstorms in the area, so he died from a lightning strike. Hannah Higgins was, then, eligible to be in the race again. People would not vote for her, though, so she had to find some way to win the race. Her perfect solution was to get Elliot Doolittle in the race. The only problem with him was he was not well dressed and could not speak fluently. Hannah had also offended him earlier, so the chances of him doing this favor for her was not ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28. How Is Higgins Presented In The Taming Of The Shrew Can two characters from different stories be the same? The play The Taming of the Shrew by William Shakespeare is about a guy name Petruchio who at first is only interested in a girl named Katherine for her money. Petruchio then has to tame Katherine as she is a shrew. In the play Pygmalion written by Bernard Shaw is about a poor flower girl named Eliza Doolittle who wants to learn proper English. Colonel Pickering makes a bet with Mr. Higgins saying that he cannot teach her proper English and will take her to the ball and see if she passes as a lady. These two characters are basically the same. Some people may not think these two characters are the same because Higgins does not travel anywhere to find someone just for money like Petruchio does. Higgins is familiar to teaching people but Petruchio ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The first way Petruchio ends up taming Katherine is he shows up very late to their wedding and poorly dressed. The way Petruchio is dressed is "a pair of boots that have been used as candle cases, coming in a new hat and an old jacket." (Shakespeare 109) By showing up late and poorly dressed he is showing her that he is the boss and that he will get married when he wants to. Another way Petruchio ends up taming her is by not letting her eat and by not letting her get any sleep "And in conclusion, she'll stay awake all night and if she nods, I'll yell and make lots of noise and keep her awake with the clamor." (Shakespeare 141) Petruchio offers Katherine new clothes because of Bianca's reception but Petruchio does not let her get them because he pretends something is wrong with them. We can conclude that Katherine has been tamed because there is a wager for whos ever wife comes first wins 100 gold pieces. Katherine was the first one to come so Petruchio ended up winning the bet. The way Higgins ends up taming Eliza is by making her proper and not talk back. Higgins has help with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. Comparison Of Pygmalion And My Fair Lady The 1964 award–winning film My Fair Lady is a musical adaptation of George Bernard Shaw's stage production Pygmalion (first performed in the year of 1913). Taking place in Edwardian London, My Fair Lady depicts Professor Henry Higgins (portrayed by Rex Harrison), a misogynistic phonetics professor, and Colonel Hugh Pickering (Wilfrid Hyde–White), the author of Spoken Sanskrit. Professor Higgins, after coming out of a theatre and hearing Eliza shouting in her harsh 'Cockney' accent, places a bet with Colonel Pickering that he can take the Cockney working– class girl and make her presentable in high society within six months. The working–class girl, Eliza Doolittle (portrayed by Audrey Hepburn), agrees to speech lessons from Professor Higgins to improve her job prospects. Eliza grudgingly agrees to Professor Higgins' lessons after flying into an angry outburst when a man points out the professor copying down her speech. Despite Professor Higgins treats Eliza as a lesser being, his acquaintance Colonel Pickering treats her with constant respect and kindness, therefore treating her as an equal. It is Pickering's treating Eliza not as a lesser being, but as an equal that allows Eliza to flourish and succeed. In the film adaptation of Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, the most influential character is Colonel Pickering. As a gentleman, a colonel and an academic who studies Indian dialects, Pickering shares Higgins' interest in linguistics, however he is not as extreme in his ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30. How Does Pygmalion Change Throughout The Play Pygmalion was a mythological character who liked to sculpture. He made a statue of his ideal woman – Galatea. The statue was so beautiful that he prayed to the gods it would be brung to life , his wish was granted. Have you ever had to learn how to speak fluently, in a brand new language that you are not used to ? This is one of many problems for a flower girl Eliza Doolittle. In this story Professor Henry Higgins makes a bet that he would get her to pass for a duchess at an ambassador's garden party by teaching her to assume a veneer of gentility , the most important element of which, he thinks, is impeccable speech. Throughout the play, many characters develop new problems and they all tie into each other. Since Eliza is the newest character ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... At first he shows her that he has no interest in helping her with this transformation, then he eventually came around to accepting because his friend made it more of a challenge that he could not do it. The first thing he does is welcomes her into her new home as she will be staying with him for 6 months to see if she can actually change before she can make it to London to pose as the Queen. Next , she is given a bath and starts to scream like she is being tortured, this is because she has never had to be washed up because she lived in such a poor place before. Now , everyone around her must use proper language all the time so that she will know to never break this habit of using slang and sounds to speak with people. Eliza's father ; Alfred Doolittle now enters the play , the main reason is because he wants to get money out of Mr.Higgins. He doesn't seem to care about his daughter's welfare , only himself. He views himself as a member of the undeserving poor, and means to go on being undeserving. With his intelligent mind and not having much of an education, he has an eccentric view of life. He is also aggressive, and when Eliza, sticks her tongue out at him, he goes to hit her, but gets stopped by Pickering (The closest thing Pygmalion has to a father figure. He's a genial ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31. Research Paper On Pygmalion As Eliza Doolittle admits in the fifth and final act of Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw, she began her journey with Mr. Higgins for romantic, rather than practical reasons. Liza takes a liking to the elder man and therefore impulsively pursues him in hopes that their tutor–student relationship will develop into something greater. However, not only does Higgins view the relationship as a strictly platonic one, but he also considers himself a God and Liza his creation. Liza's efforts to impress and please Higgins only inflate the man's head and cause him to objectify her further. Once Liza realizes that she is merely an experimental article to Higgins, she lashes out. Furthermore, though Higgins presents signs of complying to her wants, she ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32. Language In My Fair Lady Abstract: "A language is a system of conventional signals used for communication by a whole community"– A. C. Gimson. Language is an essential tool for communication as well as for self–expression. Language can be considered as a habit which is not genetically transmitted. It is acquired from the environment and therefore it is always subject to change. Language and linguistics go hand in hand. Language is a network of varieties and linguistics is the discipline that deals with the scientific study of language and its variations like dialect, registers, pidgin, Creole, etc. The purpose of this study is to explore the importance of the movie "My Fair Lady" in the study of Linguistics."My Fair Lady" is directed by George Cukor and it is adapted ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... A simple example for the above statement is a comparison between a news covered by a news channel and a newspaper. The news covered by the news channel would be more influential as it includes the video clips along with the news scrolls and the reporter's narration, which creates an effect on the audience that makes them feel as if they are witnessing the incident live, whereas, the one covered by the newspaper will simply act as third person narrative to the audience. Similarly, there are many text books and reference books that deal with the study of linguistics. But the movie My Fair Lady is an excellent example, that gives the students of linguistics an idea about the benefits of learning it properly and that gives the teachers of linguistics an idea about how to teach it effectively. This study will work on understanding how the movie My Fair Lady depicts the power and beauty of the English language through the life of a linguist and his student and the impact it has on the study of linguistics. It will also analyze how different researchers have viewed this movie as a helpful tool in the study of linguistics. The content analysis is done on the story of the movie My Fair Lady, the play Pygmalion, written by George Bernard Shaw, from which the story of the movie is adapted, a website and a research paper. The researcher has done an expert interview too, of a professor who deals with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. George Bernard Shaw 's Pygmalion And Willy Russell 's... Explore how Change is presented in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion and Willy Russell's Educating Rita. Educating Rita is a modern adaptation of Pygmalion, which is based on a figure in Greek mythology when a sculptor named Pygmalion carves a woman out of ivory but ends up falling in love with her. These two books follow the journeys of two women, one in the early 1900s named Eliza and one in the 1960s named Rita. They both enlist the help of teachers to try and guide them into a higher class of society, but the teaching styles, and consequences are different in the two plays. There are two angles of change that I will take. One is how and why Rita and Eliza change throughout the novel and the changes experienced by the characters. The teaching style for change in Educating Rita is focused on exam technique. Frank teaches Rita how to pass her exams, "teaching the rules of the game", and so Rita can learn about literature and culture in order so that she can converse and talk in a higher class. However, this is an extremely hard task, as Rita wants to learn everything, yet she had an almost non–existent education; Frank says "you've barely had a basic schooling, you've never passed an exam in your life." This means that Frank has to start from scratch and give Rita basic schooling like sentence structure and exam technique and so forth. Frank also has to change Rita's personal and emotional responses to books and literature into analytical and robotic essays that Frank so ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34. Pygmalion Movie Vs Play Imagine growing up and having to sell flowers on the street to anyone who passes to make a living. Eliza Doolittle is a person who had live this way until Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering took her under their wings and transformed her old, dirty, and informal self into a fine lady. To do so Eliza has to learn how to speak proper and get rid of her nasty old ways. However, after she is transformed she knows not what is to become of her, but she realizes she does not have to put up with Higgins anymore. The film and the play compare and contrast in different ways through the use of music and the characters' actions towards one another. Throughout the play there was very little music compared to the film which could be considered a musical. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Also, Higgins and Eliza have moments where they begin to sing about the short lines Higgins has Eliza reading in order to improve her pronunciation (Levin, 1964). Therefore, the play and the film contrast with the use of music because the book does not implement the musical approach as the film does. On the other hand, the characters in Pygmalion and My Fair Lady perform both similar and different actions compared to one or the other. Additionally, however both the play and the film mostly shared similar actions rather than being unalike. For example, Eliza says in the final act of the play that Pickering "treats a flower girl as if she was a duchess" (Shaw, 1916, PYGMALION AND MY FAIR LADY COMPARISON 4 p.g. 83). Therefore, throughout both Pickering was always very respectful to Eliza and treated her how any woman would want to be treated. On the other hand, Higgins did not treat Eliza with the respect she thought that she deserved and this made her angry in both the film and the play. When she realizes this completely in the play she tells him "So you are a motor bus: all bounce and go, and no consideration for anyone. But I can do without you. I told you I ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. Theme Of Women In Pygmalion In the Victorian England period, how a person is viewed by society determines everything. What kind of jobs are available, who it is ok to marry, and even who is acceptable to interact with. How a person is viewed can change their life for better or for worse, and sadly women during this period must work twice as hard as their male counterparts to get the crucial social respect needed to succeed in their societies. How a person appears and how they dress plays a big part on how someone is viewed, but flower–girl–turned–duchess Eliza Doolittle must learn the hard way that just because a person fits the outside criteria of a lady does not exactly mean she would be treated as so, by society and most of all her mentor Henry Higgins. Throughout the play, Pygmalion, By George Bernard Shaw, the author makes the theme of prejudice against women very apparent by the way they are treated in society and the unreasonable expectations they are held up to, making it very difficult for women like Eliza Doolittle to move up in society and be seen as equal in the eyes of those above them. For the most part, women during this time have a very hard time acclimating to society's standards and being treated as equal, especially by men. Whether they like it or not, the prejudice held against women in the hearts of the patriarchal society pulls them down and makes it hard to be treated equally, even if a person is born in a wealthy, high–class family. The discrimination only gets worse for those ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36. Research Paper On Pygmalion In George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," a bedraggled flower girl named Eliza is central to an experiment conducted by a language expert, Henry Higgins, and his contemporary, Colonel Pickering. The experiment is a test (or a bet) to see if Higgins can take a Cockney speaking flower girl from the streets and pass her off for an eloquently spoken duchess at an ambassador's party, but this proves to be a laborious process for everyone involved. Despite a failed attempt to pass Eliza off as a proper lady to his mother, Mrs. Higgins, Eliza goes unmistaken for a duchess at a garden party, and, in turn, Higgins wins his bet. Higgins and Colonel Pickering praise themselves over the months they have been working on Eliza while totally neglecting her and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Even if Eliza (and her father) enjoyed the marvelous lifestyle that comes from acting properly and speaking beautifully, they would have sooner or later been weary and fatigued by some of the strains that come with being in a well–to–do family or, in this case, social class. In their article "Overview: Pygmalion," Joyce Moss and George Wilson writes, "In every scene of Pygmalion, Shaw juxtaposes different social classes and explores how they relate to one another. Accents, clothing, and manners indicate the degree of wealth and social status of each family. Social climbers in England at the time faced slim odds, while well–to–do families devoted considerable time, energy, and money for the preservation of their status." So, if social status was a mask, then this would be a mask that Eliza could not wear forever because living a rich life, and obtaining a high social status, was not what Eliza was looking for. Those things were probably irrelevant to Eliza from the start, which is probably why Higgins, despite all his wealth and knowledge, never understood Eliza. Higgins may gloat about his 'survival' teaching Eliza for all those months, but it should be Eliza who should celebrate enduring Higgins after all that time. She was looking to be accepted and to be treated properly, which is probably why she ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. Pygmalion by Bernard Shaw Essay "Pygmalion" by Bernard Shaw The word 'benefit' is defined as; 'a favourable or helpful factor or circumstance'. Many benefits are not immediately recognised, as they can be the result of something bad. In the play 'Pygmalion', by Bernard Shaw, Liza gains many benefits, but also disadvantages from her relationship with Higgins. Looking at benefits, she receives some beautiful clothes; 'I'm to have fashionable clothes' (p. 63), a good place to stay and financial ease. She meets other friends such as Freddy; 'I'll marry Freddy, I will' (p. 131), and she has permanent companions. However, though she has learned good speech with Higgins, she has not learnt manners, and is treated almost like an animal. She is unhappy for a while, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... She later marries Freddy, as shown in the epilogue, although towards the end of the play she is openly declaring her love for Freddy; 'You are the loveliest, dearest…' (p. 106). Finally, Eliza also gains a benefit, which would not be immediately obvious, of learning about the upper class world. This is definitely a benefit, as it will be useful to her in the future for her translations of other people's behaviour. She has learnt how upper class people treat their inferiors; 'My betters that bully me and don't want me' (p. 129). This can often show the measure of people; depending on how they treat those less fortunate than themselves. In contrast, Eliza also encounters a number of disadvantages working with Higgins. Firstly, she was taught badly in the manners of upper class people, although she did actually learn correctly through Colonel Pickering, such as; 'things about standing up, and taking off your hat' (p. 122). She decided that Higgins' bad manners were 'his way' (p. 122), as he behaved the same to everyone. However, she was taught badly by him, as few upper class people would behave as he did. Secondly, a disadvantage of her relationship with Higgins was Eliza's treatment. Higgins treated her as nothing more than a servant when he was not teaching her phonetics, and using her to win his bet. He simply treated her 'just the same ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38. Significance Of The Movie My Fair Lady SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MOVIE MY FAIR LADY IN THE STUDY OF LINGUISTICS: AN ANALYSIS SREYA SUSAN CHACKO Register No: MM033 Bachelor of Arts in English Literature, Communication and Journalism(Triple Main), Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala Abstract: "A language is a system of conventional signals used for communication by a whole community"– A. C. Gimson. Language is an essential tool for communication as well as for self–expression. Language can be considered as a habit which is not genetically transmitted. It is acquired from the environment ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The movie was nominated for 12 Oscars and won 8 out of them. In the movie, Professor Higgins invests all of his time and energy in Eliza's transformation with the final goal of passing her off as an aristocrat at the season's biggest social event and finally he succeeds in it. (TCR) In the process, their bond becomes stronger. Research paper– Dr Chinazo Echezona–Johnson. Analysis of the movie my fair lady, using transformative and andragogy adult learning theories. This paper helped the researcher to understand the theoretical framework of the movie more deeply. This paper analyses Eliza Doolittle's learning, through the perspectives of Mezirow's transformative learning theory and Knowle's andragogy. In this paper Echezona proves that the character Eliza's transformation from a poor flower seller to that of a duchess has followed all the ten phases of Jack Mezirow's transformational learning theory. The ten phases of Mezirow's Transformational learning theory: A disorienting dilemma A self–examination with feelings of fear, anger, guilt or shame A critical assessment of assumptions Recognition that one's discontent and the process of transformation are shared Exploration of options for new roles, relationships, and actions Planning a course of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. How Does Eliza Change Internally Once you end a habit it is hard to pick it back up. This is the case of Eliza the main character of the book Pygmalion. She was young poor flower girl from London that was took in by a phonologist named Henry Higgins. What he did was help change her lifestyle by teaching her a new mindset to fit in somewhere else. Because Higgins Eliza has changed internally. Eliza has changed internally because we can see sheś standing up for herself.Higgins and Pickering are disrespecting Elizas name.In the text it states¨I won't be called baggage when i´ve offered to pay like any lady¨ (pg: ) This quote connects because the reader sees Eliza standing up for herself and comparing herself to any other lady. Eliza has changed internally because we see from act 1 how she feels now because she's standing up for herself .in the text it states"I ain't done nothing wrong by speaking to that gentlemen I've the right to sell a flower"(pg:16).This quote connects because as we can see she said see she stood up for herself by voicing her opinion. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another reason why Eliza has changed internally because she now her self worth.Like when she she is talking to Higgins about when he first took her in and how she felt different.In the text it states"Yes that showed me you thought i was something better than a scullery maid"(Pg:119 Act:5) This quote connects because as the reader can see she felt different because she felt as if she was something better than a scullery maid which was kinda her old ways.Finally Eliza has changed internally because the reader can see how she feels about her old self and the new her,In the text it states "But it was from you that i learned nice manners and that is what makes me a lady isnt it, you see it was so very diffcult for me with an example of proffesor higgins always before me i was bought up to be just like him unable to control myself(Pg:118 ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40. Romantic Structure Of Women In Pygmalion, By Bernard Shaw Pygmalion, by Bernard Shaw, uses and modifies common romantic structure to enhance the depth of its heroine, Eliza Doolittle. Like a common con–artist, however, Shaw switches the bait with a jarring look at modern sexism and the women's dependency on a man, even if she is more qualified then he. Shaw's withdrawal from the expected conclusion of a romantic marriage reshapes critics' view of Eliza, releasing her from her expected submissive "social role" as a wife, and redefining her as a strong woman. Even with her new representation, however, she is still left in a sexist society, and continues to rely on the bachelors of Wimpole Street for financial support and advice. She goes as far as she can, under the present circumstances, to free herself from the patriarchal society that oppresses and ridicules her very existence. Eliza Doolittle is introduced in Act 1 of Pygmalion as "The Flower Girl" (Shaw 15), a name of very low stature within the social hierarchy of early 20th century London, England. Her lowly title speaks volumes about her state of living in an economy where the difference between the rich and the poor is visible. She lacks a high source of income, nor does she come from a rich family. Her father is an alcoholic, and her stepmother an abusive guardian. Her language, as can be expected from someone of such an upbringing, is necessitous. So, in conventional romantic format, Shaw places her and Professor Higgins under one bus shelter on a rainy day. Higgins is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...