Quranic sciences made easy


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Shaykh Najib PPT, Buruj course

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Quranic sciences made easy

  1. 1. Al-Buruj Press Presents<br />Quranic Sciences Made Easy<br />
  2. 2. Names of Qur’an<br />Al-Quran – The Reading (61 times)<br />Al-Furqan – The Criterion<br />Adh-Dhikr – The Advice<br />Al-Kitaab – The Book <br />At-Tanzeel – The Revelation <br />55- 90 Attributes <br />Definition : the word of Allah which was revealed to his messenger and narrated continuously from him without any doubt.<br />
  3. 3. Wahy - Revelation<br />The Need for Wahy<br />Meaning of Wahy<br />Teachings of Wahy<br />Three types of Wahy<br />To the heart<br />Direct speech/discourse<br />Angelic Wahy<br />
  4. 4. Methods of Wahy to the Prophet<br />Ringing of bells<br />Angel in original form <br />True dreams<br />Discourse with Allah <br />Inspiration in the heart <br />Wahy / Kashf / Ilhaam<br />Quranic & non QuranicWahy<br />Does wahy include only the meaning of the Quran ??<br />
  5. 5. History of the Decent of the Quran<br />First Decent<br />Second Decent<br />First verses to be revealed<br />Makkan Verses & Madinan Verses<br />
  6. 6. Makki & Madani<br />Complete Makkaneg : Surah Al muddathir<br />Complete Madanieg :Surah ale Imran<br />All Makkan except few verses eg: Araaf<br />All Madani except few verse eg: Al Hajj <br />
  7. 7. Characteristics of Makkan Verses <br />Rigid rules:<br />Makkah<br />-Kalla (33 times in 15 surahsin 2nd ½ of Quran<br />Verse of Sajdah (Ahnaaf)<br />Story of Adam & Iblis (except Baqarah)<br />Madani<br />Permission of Jihad<br />Mention of Hypocrites <br />
  8. 8. MakkanSurah<br />Oh People<br />Generally short & concise<br />Tauheed/Prophethood/hereafter/words of comfort for the prophet/ stories of previous nations/<br />Very few rules<br />Confrntation with idolators<br />Parables<br />Large vocabulary is used<br />
  9. 9. MadaniSurahs<br />Simple Style<br />Confrontation with people of book & Hypocrites<br />Oh you who belive<br />Long verses<br />Social justice<br />Family law<br />Rules of war<br />Duties <br />
  10. 10. Classification on the Basis of Time & Place<br />Daytime<br />Night time<br />Summer time<br />Winter time<br />Revelation in the bed<br />During Sleep<br />In the heavens<br />In the Air <br />
  11. 11. Gradual decent of the Quran<br />Sequence of revelation<br />Causes of Revalation<br />Generalisation & specifications of commands<br />Repetition of Revelation<br />
  12. 12. The Seven Readings of the Quran<br />Over 35 views on what 7 readings means<br />Seven styles of reading( dilects)<br />Variation in recital<br />Variation in number<br />Variation in gender<br />Variation in placing diacritical marks<br />Variation in verbs<br />Variation in transposition<br />Variation of pronunciation or accent<br />
  13. 13. Imam AbulfadlRazi<br />Variation in nouns<br />Variation in verbs<br />Variation in position of diacritical marks<br />Variation caused by emissions & additions<br />Variation in placement of words<br />Variation by replacement of words<br />Variation of accents<br />
  14. 14. Abrogator& Abrogated<br />To repel a legal order through a legal argument<br />Number of Abrogated verses in the Quran (suyuti says only 19 verses / Shah waliullah says only 5)<br />
  15. 15. History of Preservation of the Quran<br />During the time of the Prophet<br />First Stage<br />During the time of Abu bakrra<br />Second Stage<br />During the time of Uthmanra<br />Third Stage<br />Steps to facilitate the recitation of the Quran<br />Fourth Stage<br />
  16. 16. Forth Stage<br />Dots<br />Diacritical marks<br />Ahzaab & Manazil<br />Ajza /Parts<br />Fives & tens (Akhmaas & a’shaar)<br />Ruku<br />Signs to Stop<br />
  17. 17. Fifth Stage<br />Printing of the Quran<br />Famous recitors<br />
  18. 18. Truthfulness of the Quran<br />Miracles of the Quran (4 parts)<br />Miracle of Words<br />Miracle of Structure of sentences<br />Miracle of Style<br />Miracle of System<br />
  19. 19. Prophesies of the Quran<br />Victory of the Romans<br />News about conquest of Makkah<br />Wishing for death by the Jews<br />Safety of the Quran<br />
  20. 20. Objections on the Quran <br />The Name of Maryams Father<br />Hamman the minister of Firawn<br />
  21. 21. Subjects of the Quran<br />Four Main headings<br />Beliefs<br />Commandments<br />Stories<br />Examples or Parables<br />
  22. 22. Belief<br />Recorded Arguments<br />Logical arguments<br />Obsevational arguments<br />Experimental arguments<br />
  23. 23. Belief (Negating Aspect)<br />Polytheist idolaters<br />Christians<br />Jews<br />Hypocrites<br />
  24. 24. Belief (Negating Aspect)<br />Polytheist idolaters<br />Associating others with Allah<br />Similitude<br />Interpolation<br />Not accepting Muhammed<br />Rejection of the hereafter <br />
  25. 25. Belief (Negating Aspect)<br />Jews <br />Alteration in the Tawrah<br />Alteration in words<br />Alteration in meaning<br />Concealing verses<br />
  26. 26. Commandments<br />Rights of Allah<br />Rights of Creation<br />Rights of both Allah & creation<br />
  27. 27. Background of Revelation<br />Verse/s revealed to change some evil<br />Verse revealed as response to a question<br />
  28. 28. Stories<br />Prophets (27)<br />Ten persons /nations mentioned<br />Ashabul Jannah<br />AshabulQaryah<br />AshabusSabt<br />AshaburRass<br />AshabulKhahaf<br />Dhulqarnain<br />Luqman<br />QaumeSaba<br />AshabulUkhdood<br />Ashabul Feel<br />
  29. 29. Future Events<br />Doomsday<br />Events on Qiyamah<br />Torments of Hell<br />Paradise <br />Strange animal to appear on earth<br />Gog & Magog<br />Trumpet of Israeel<br />Conversation of the people of Hell & Paradise<br />
  30. 30. Parables<br />
  31. 31. Tafseer & Ta’weel<br />
  32. 32. Sources of Tafseer<br />6 Sources<br />Quran <br />Hadeeth<br />Sayings of Sahabah<br />Sayings of Tabieen<br />Arabic Language<br />Commonsense<br />
  33. 33. Unreliable Sources<br />1. Israiliyaat<br />K’ab Al-Ahbaar<br />Wahab bin Munabbih<br />Abdullah bin Amr<br />2. Tafseer of the Mystics<br />3. Self conceived interpretations<br />
  34. 34. Causes of Inaccuracies in Tafseer<br />Incompetence<br />Subjecting Quran to ones own view<br />Being impressed with prevailing philosophy<br />Misunderstanding Quran Subject<br />
  35. 35. Early Era Mufasirs<br />Abdullah ibnAbbas<br />Ali bin AbiTalib<br />Abdullah bin Masood<br />UbayIbnKa’aB<br />Zayd Bin Thabit<br />Muadh bin Jabal<br />Abdullah bin Umar<br />Aisha ra<br />Abu Musa ashari<br />Anasra<br />Abu Hurayrah<br />
  36. 36. After the Companions<br />Mujahid<br />Saeed bin Jubayr<br />Ikrama<br />Ta’uoos<br />Ataa bin AbiRabah<br />Saeed bin Masayyib<br />Muhammed bin Sireen<br />Zayd Bin Aslam<br />AbulAliyah<br />Urwah bin Zubayr<br />Hasan Al Basari<br />Qatadah<br />Muhammedbin ka’balqurazi<br />Alqamah<br />Aswad<br />MurrahAlhamdanni<br />Nafi<br />Shabi<br />IbnAbiMulaykah<br />IbnJurayj<br />Dhahaak<br />
  37. 37. Weak or Disputed Commentators of the Early Era<br />Suddi ( the senior ) is not reliable<br />Muqatil bin sulayman is not reliable <br />(muqatil bin haiyyan is reliable)<br />3. Rafi Bin Anas<br />4. AttiyyaAlauffi<br />5. Abdurahman bin Zaid bin Aslam<br />6.Kalbi <br />
  38. 38. Tafseer of Later Times<br />TafseerIbnKatheer<br />TafseerKabeer<br />TafseerAlQurtubi<br />RuhulMa’aani<br />
  39. 39. In Urdu<br />Bayanul Quran <br />Ma’ariful Quran<br />