Critical thinking presentation


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A presentation I gave to Mongolian high school teachers of English in Ulaan Baatar in March of 2014 on the topic of "Critical thinking and practice."

The foldable was used to create a small dictionary of the definition of critical thinking and the four aspects presented. The pictures show how it is made. On the outside flap, you write the term. Then, inside, you draw a picture of what that concept means to you. Then, on the uncut portion under the flap, you write the definition of the term.

You can download and edit out the bits on Mongolia to make it more suitable for your particular contexts.

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Critical thinking presentation

  1. 1. Critical Thinking
  2. 2. Goals for today's presentation • By the end of the presentation, teachers will be able to... • 1. Define critical thinking. • 2. Identify and explain four components of critical thinking. • 3. Apply critical thinking concepts to their English language classrooms.
  3. 3. Foldable
  4. 4. Foldable: Critical Thinking and its components • What is critical thinking? • Critical thinking is a dynamic, purposeful, analytic process that results in reasoned decisions and judgements.
  5. 5. Foldable: Critical Thinking and its components • Here are four components of critical thinking: • Interpretation • Analysis • Inference • Explanation • Interpretation is identifying and understanding problems. • Inference is making an informed decision. • Explanation is the ability to answer “how” and “why.” • Analysis is organizing data or ideas.
  6. 6. Critical thinking in ESL/EFL classes • What critical thinking activities do Mongolian students do in their NON-ENGLISH classes? • What critical thinking activities do Mongolian students do in their ENGLISH classes?
  7. 7. Critical thinking in ESL/EFL classes • Each group will have 4 members. • One person will be the writer. This person writes down ideas from the group. • One person will be the facilitator. This person will lead the group discussion. • One person will be the speaker. This person will present their group's ideas to the other groups. • One person will be the checker. They will keep track of time and make sure each critical thinking component is used in an activity. • Each group will take one skill: READING, WRITING, LISTENING, or SPEAKING. Make a short list of activities you can do that include critical thinking.
  8. 8. Writing and Critical Thinking • SUGGESTION: Use rubrics with your students. Show students rubrics that show criteria for different scores. Have one or two essays on hand to use as examples for students to grade. Ask them why they gave the scores they did. Have them compare with other groups. Then, have them write an essay on the same topic.
  9. 9. Reading and Critical Thinking • SUGGESTION: Do a pattern recognition activity. Give students a text or group of sentences with the grammar for the lesson, but do not explain the meaning of the grammar or how to use it. Ask them, in groups, to read the sentences and look for similarities among the sentences. Have them create their own explanation for the pattern they have found.
  10. 10. Listening and Critical Thinking • SUGGESTION: Have students create a summary. Have students listen to a sentence or small group of sentences that contain a clear main idea. Then, using their own words, students will have to create a summary that contains the main ideas and examples spoken by the audio file/teacher.
  11. 11. Speaking and Critical Thinking • SUGGESTION: Engage students with modern issues. Have students, in groups, discuss an issue that the Mongolian government faces (mining, immigration, poverty, public health, etc.). Each group will make a list of pros and cons, and will have to reference that list when giving the whole class what their “parliament” has decided (they must explain why they made their choice, and how they came to that decision). Other groups and the teacher can ask follow-up questions about their decisions.
  12. 12. Sources California State University, Fullerton. 2014. The Critical Thinking Process. Retrieved from on March 23, 2014.
  13. 13. Template Provided By 500,000 Downloadable PowerPoint Templates, Animated Clip Art, Backgrounds and Videos