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Part 2 - Apa Stylistics - Editorial Style

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Part 2 - Apa Stylistics - Editorial Style

  1. 1. APA Stylistics or Editorial Style Presentation by Michael Scanlon, Sheryl Scanlon, and Kate Cottle
  2. 2. Conventions… …Where grammar examples are given • Subjects are underlined once • Verbs are underlined with a dotted line • Correct sentences are in white • Incorrect Sentences are in orange
  3. 3. AvoidingWordiness ▪ The aim of APA editorial style is to write well, using words efficiently and for maximum impact – Clear: be specific in descriptions and explanations Incorrect: a lot of attendees Correct: 67% of all attendees – Concise: condense information when you can Incorrect: the students in the 6thth grade with learning challenges Correct: the 6th grade, learning-challenged students (APA, 2009; Paiz, et al., 2011b; and Perrin, 2012)
  4. 4. Avoiding Wordiness – Jargon: Avoid using words that people outside your profession would not understand. Incorrect: sponge activities for the classroom Correct: short activities for students who finish lessons quickly – Noun Clusters: a bunch of nouns grouped together to modify another noun can be confusing ▪ Either rewrite as phrases or use the abbreviation, once correctly noted Incorrect: state urban traffic pattern analysis center Correct: state center for analyzing urban traffic patterns (APA, 2009; Paiz, et al., 2011b; and Perrin, 2012)
  5. 5. Avoiding Wordiness – Colloquialisms: avoid slang. ▪ Use formal and standard English. Incorrect:The group of kids at the mall looked totally emo. Correct:The adolescents observed were between the ages of 14- 18; they wore black clothes, hair, make-up and accessories. – Plain: use simple, descriptive adjectives and minimize the figurative language Incorrect:The mice had a plethora of fur colors, like the tiniest terriers ever seen. Correct:The mice had brown, black and white fur. (APA, 2009; Paiz, et al., 2011b; and Perrin, 2012)
  6. 6. AvoidingWordiness – Use: abbreviations only as needed ▪ The first time you use the word to be abbreviated, spell it out completely the first time, followed immediately by the abbreviation ▪ Some abbreviations are always acceptable. They are detailed in the APA Publication Manual, 6th ed. on pp. 107- 109 Incorrect: The NCTE is the academic body for ELA teachers. Correct:The National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) is the academic body for English Language Arts (ELA) teachers. (APA, 2009; Paiz, et al., 2011b; and Perrin, 2012)
  7. 7. Avoiding Bias ▪ Avoid using words that label people – Racism, ageism, xenophobia, etc. Incorrect: Old people do not know how to use technology. Correct:The participants of this study, aged 65-80, experienced greater difficulties when programming aTV remote. ▪ Avoid making generalizations Incorrect:Young people do not read and are less literate as a result. Correct:When the participants in the study, aged 18-24, listed their favorite leisure time activity, 15% listed reading. (APA, 2009; Paiz, et al., 2011a; and Perrin, 2012)
  8. 8. Avoiding Bias ▪ Avoid language that points out gender Incorrect: Every nurse has to pass her anatomy and physiology tests before moving onto more specialized classes. Correct: Every nurse has to pass anatomy and physiology tests before moving onto more specialized classes. ▪ Always choose the most specific language possible in order to avoid generalizations and wordiness Incorrect: I was feeling some kind of way seeing those test results. Correct:The test results were very positive. (APA, 2009; Paiz, et al., 2011a; and Perrin, 2012)
  9. 9. References American Psychological Association. (2009.) Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).Washington, DC: Author. Paiz, J.M., Angeli, E.,Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., Brizee, A., & Keck, R. (2011). APA stylistics:Avoiding Bias. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/14/ Paiz, J.M., Angeli, E.,Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., Brizee, A., & Keck, R. (2011). APA stylistics: Basics. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/15/ Perrin, R. (2012). Pocket guide to APA style (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.

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