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Design Plus\'s Competition Entry for School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi

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  1. 1. The New School of Planning and Architecture Campus, Vasant Kunj PROJECT REPORT
  2. 2. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition 2
  3. 3. D P 2 6 8 3 1. Introduction 1.1 Urban Ground 05 2. Planning 2.1 Feasibility 06 2.2 Zoning 07 3. Tooling 08-09 4. Proposal 4.1 Master Plan 10-11 4.4 System Plans 4.4.1 Landscape 12-13 4.4.2 Movement 14-15 4.4.3 Infrastructure 16 5. Architectural Character 5.1 Academic 17 5.2 Community 18 5.3 Residential 19 5.4 Environmental responses 20 6. Proposal Statistics 6.1 Area Performa 21 6.2 Phasing 22 6.3 Urban Controls 23 7. Further Explorations 24 CONTENTS 3
  4. 4. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition 4
  5. 5. D P 2 6 8 3 The ITO campus enjoyed the intensity of its urban engagement, where the evolution of School of Planning and Architecture overlapped with the development of the city. However, the now evolved SPA with its new campus would add to the institutional, residential and commercial collage in Delhi’s south central ridge and would brace itself to witness yet another state of dynamism of such a juxtaposed urban setting. Highlighting the important distinction between Urbanism and Urbanization, we propose the Urban Ground. This is a model of urbanism that attempts to dilute the extremities between the natural and the human imposed context. At the Macro-level, the urban ground respects the once nature dominated siteTexture skyline and simultaneously the need for human intervention. At the Meso-level, acknowledging the pressures exerted by the site’s morphology, the Urban Ground acts as an extension of th e existing terrain, both as a blend or an additive layer. This ground can be understood existingTerrain as a surface at the Micro-level, that negotiates topography and accomodates functional deployments, performing as a roof, a ground, and occupiable space, depending on its own gradient and the variation in its thickness. surfaceOrders THE URBAN GROUND 5
  6. 6. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition CATEGORIES VALUE SYSTEM PRECEDENCY FACTOR topography Landscape patterns define the visual FLAT LAND The values are assigned on the 04 The wide ranges of topographical 16 enclosures, nature of the terrain and MODERATELY UNDULATING LAND basis of the ease of workability with 04 features dominate the site, gaining 16 potentials/limitations for development. the varying surface topography, in priority for design exploration. The site boasts of seven distinct GRASSY BOWL /VEGETATED BOWLS descending order from most buildable 03 12 topographical features grouped into five ROCKY OUTCROP/UNEVEN to the least. 02 PF - 04 08 major categories. LAND WITH DITCHES CANYON 01 04 vegetation Can be classified into six categories OPEN SCRUB The forest and the woodlands 04 With alterations to the micro- 16 depending on their physical GRASSLANDS dominate the micro-climatic impact 04 climate being a primary concern, the 16 characteristics, micro-climatic relevance hence demand conservation as vegetation by default needs to be and the textures provided. WOODLAND/FOREST against the grasslands and open 03 addressed. 12 EXPOSED ROCK SURFACE/ scrubs. The low lying areas, exposed 02 08 LOW LYING AREAS rock and wetland pose construction PF-03 challenges. WETLAND /MICA 01 04 vantagePoints The range of slopes provides several 25% ABOVE Vantage points provide locations for 04 Assist in programmatic demarcations. 16 panoramic views acting as a design points of visual advantage. 15%-25% guide. 03 PF-02 12 10%-15% The values assigned are inversly 02 08 0%-10% proportional to the z-values. 01 04 surfaceDrainage Indentifying catchment areas, drainage HIGH / UPSTREAM AREAS The values are mapped depending on 03 The current natural drainage 12 channels and areas with poor drainage. MID STREAM AREAS stream gradients. 02 patterns which are predominently 08 being wasted owing to surface run- DOWNSTREAM/ CATCHMENTS AREAS 01 offs can be diverted to feed water 04 recharge pits simultaneously creating landscape features. PF-01 topography vegetation vatagePoints waterDrainage 6 FEASIBILITY PIXELS
  7. 7. D P 2 6 8 3 CAMPUS FACILITIES RESIDENTIAL RECREATIONAL PROGRAMMATIC ACADEMIC BLEND FUNCTION Well defined transition from public to private while traversing through project interiors. Academic zone occupies the crest - visual as well as functional dominance. Services for immediate housing socities provide for residential tract. Campus facilities and recreational zone - pivotal interactive corridor in addition to programmatice blends. The corridor demarcates residential and academic zones. ACCESSIBILITY Main approach caters to residential , campus facilities and academic zone independently allowing autonomous operation. Recreational positioning eliminates vehicular access beyond campus Periphery. Residential area accesible from vasant kunj roads. CONTEXT Public and private typological distibution in the immediate surrounding governs the local operative zoning. Gradients on site decide degree of privacy , visual link and ease of access. Zonal distribution explores design possibilities through topographical features For example programmatic planning w.R.T natural cumulative gradient identifies academic sector as dominant function. ZONING 7
  8. 8. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition planningAlgorithm - Divide the site with an operational grid. - Identify catalysts for disturbance. - Segregate disturbances. - Test with varying strengths. - Add information by juxtaposition. - Extract desired information. 3 3 / 33 /3 /3 t mt 0m mt 185 150 25 33 t/ 0m 28 3 /3 t 0m 25 operationalGrid - The expanding grid correlates to site profile and programmatic zoning. - Physical features pressurize the operational grid. “If architecture is an extended process of formation, then before ideas coalesce into definitive form there must exist some undifferentiated state free of any organization.” - Benjamin Aranda & Chris Lasch Ideas are formless and exist floating in describable abstracts. Design development is a process that initiates the transition of these ideas from the abstracts into the realms of the tangible; and Tooling is the operator that transfers this ‘pre-material’ to the ‘material. Tooling is a set of techniques that afford the design decisions to set sail. The products however, may reflect abstractions in purity or their derivations. We break down tooling into algorithmic reasoning. The architectural and planning decisions are supported by custom written codes that create a certain degree of accidental yet consistent results. The modulation of codes provide a repertoire of formal outputs, demonstrating relations and their evolution, loading the project with glaring information. A series of conducted operations generate 2D patterns, 3D forms, and varying spatial configurations that are open to interpretation. With our machinic processes we attempt to balance the theoretical, digital, and intuitive input. 8 TOOLING
  9. 9. D P 2 6 8 3 Academic grid Residential grid gridMod_academic | F1 | S10 gridMod_residential | F2 | S10 gridMod_academic | F1 | S30 gridMod_residential | F2 | S30 gridMod_academic | F1 | S50 gridMod_residential | F2 | S50 gridJuxtaposed1 | F3 | S10 gridJuxtaposed2 | F3 | S30 extraction of information The overlapping grids serve as a planning tool, assisting in identifying - Figure and Ground relationships. - Landscapes - Roofscapes 9
  10. 10. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition 7 1 5 2.0 2.1 7 6 5 2.2 3 4 7 5 7 1. Administration 2.0 Auditorium 2.1 Campus Centre 2.2 Exhibition 3. National Resource Institute + Student Centre (Computer Centre + Library) 0 15 60 4. Dining + Gymnasium + Health Centre 5. Residential 6. Lecture Halls 7. UnderGrad & PostGrad Departments + Academic Resources urban mass 10 URBAN PLAN
  11. 11. D P 2 6 8 3 11
  12. 12. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition The goals of the landscape concept for the campus is to reinforce the urban design concept for the community, respond to environmental issues, provide aesthetic distinction to open spaces, and provide visual continuity and compatibility with the architectural design. Key design principles: • Utilize plantings that reinforce open space organizational principles and circulation patterns; • Selection of plant materials appropriate for their environment and setting. Importantly, the master plan has incorporated the wild greens and enhanced it thereby enlarging the perceived open space. The planting within the community reflects a comprehensive approach that addresses functional, aesthetic and environmental concerns. In this regard, the concept utilizes planting to reinforce spatial structuring; clarity in defining the function and use of open spaces; create forest- like environments; enhance sensory appeal; use of plantings that respond to seasonality. Specific recommendations: Shade Plantings The principal shade trees will be Alstonia scholaris, Ashoka longifolia, Kadamba. Ashoka longifolia will be planted along the periphery of the site thus helping in identifying the site and provide a distinctive element of the landscape. Zoning Trees Specimen and ornamental trees will be selected for specific colors, textures and seasonal bloom to identify with a particular zone. Trees will be planted in bosques, singly and in small groups. Species will include Plumeria alba, Silver oak, Ficus Benjamin, Ficus panda, Hamelia patten, White chandni, Delonix regia, Chorisia spinosa. Buffer Trees Within the transitional perimeter, trees will be selected for color and texture as well asthe ability to sur- vive dryer, less fertile soils such as Schleichera trijua. Enhancing Wild The large open space, planted with drought tolerant and indigenous materials and species will include Parkinsonia aculeate. Ground Covers Ground covers, primarily located within the main space, will be chosen for finer texture and color, com- plimenting the selected tree species and courtyard materials. Species will include Bauhinia acuminate, Juniferrous prostrate, Asparagus marie, Ribbon grass. 12 LANDSCAPE STRATEGY
  13. 13. D P 2 6 8 3 Environmental Strategy Diagram The design process incorporates an environmental optimization strategy that responds to mi- croclimate conditions. Water elements such as fountains and spillways are utilized to increase localized radiant cooling. Surface runoff collection and storage will be utilized to supplement irrigation water supplies and promote ground water recharge. This will be accomplished with bio-detention basins, infiltration swales, filter swales and hard surface collection and filtration points. Reflective ground plane materials will be used to reduce the absorption of solar radiation and energy use in interior spaces. Light colored pavements will be used for walkways. As part of a heat island reduction strategy, cool pavements contribute to the general benefits of heat island mitigation, including increased comfort, decreased energy use, and likely improved air quality. Site identification Amphitheatre Wind Buffer Wind Buffer section Light colored Detention Basin pavements Pavements Zoning Trees Pools Enhanced Wilds 13
  14. 14. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition Ps Pc Sd Am Ss Sc Ps level +6000 - vehicular movement Ps - 2 whlr. parking for residential Pc - campus parking (600 CPS) Sc - service yard, cafeteria Ss - service yard, sub-station Sd - service yard, dining Am - amphitheater Ex En III I Ad Ap II level +11000 - vehicular movement En - vehicular entry to +6000 Ex - vehicular exit from +6000 Ad - auditorium drop-off Ap - multilayered pedestrian movement 14 MOVEMENT STRUCTURE
  15. 15. D P 2 6 8 3 The entire campus is envisioned as a pedestrianized complex, with vehicular movement confined to peripheries or basement. I. approaching national resource centre and dining Varying ‘ground’ conditions with their architectural articulation cause accidental interactions and varying degrees of public participation, inducing life into the campus. II. portal to academic zone The academic sector offers multi-layered movement extending studios and resources beyond defined territories. III. studios and extension 15
  16. 16. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition electrical layout + lighting system - solar charged halogens - solar street lamps - electrical line - cable tray - electrical chambers - distribution panels water treatment + fire - sewage treatment plan(STP) - water reacharge pits note - landscape irrigated using retreated water from s.t.ps - surface run off feed the recharge pits maintaining water levels. solar panel solar panel light source fork connection be- main lamps tween panels pipe under- and pole neath the panel landscaped recharge pits solar street lamps Energy saving product for public spaces. With its 7.3 square meters of the main panel with solar cells and with MoSESS (Movement sensors energy saving system), it is able to provide illumination throughout all night. All lighting components are connected underground and to the electric grid which enables sharing of leftover energy in case solar charged halogens of need. 16 INFRASTRUCTURE
  17. 17. D P 2 6 8 3 The surface over the academic zone, strengthens the concept of extending the terrain by introducing an additive layer. When serving as a roof it ensures a perennial comfortable micro-climate and with its mild gradient, also performs as a ground. roof + ground As Occupiable Space. The level 1 studios maintain floor levels with either side of the trench, while level 0 studios pretend to be protrusions of trench walls. occupiable space The trench maintains the natural greens. Performing as the omnipresent ground is an extension to the studios, with stipples like, amphitheater, natural terraces, cafe etc. ground in between studios studio interior - level 0 ACADEMIC DETAIL 17
  18. 18. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition recreational and community sky-line/ ground-line Surface behaves as a conventional roof over the Administrative block (1), shaped by surrounding sky-line pressures. as Roof To accommodate separate programs the ground splits to generate multiple spatial conditions in addition to creating an envelope for (3) & (4). as Spatial Divisions The lecture hall (6) exemplifies a condition of stacked floors including its roof, which in turn behaves as an elevated ground for the academic zone. as Ground The Auditorium (2.0) identifies the Surface as a conventional roofing element. However, gradual slope above the campus centre (2.1) permits pedestrian movement. as Roof + as Ground 18 COMMUNITY DETAIL
  19. 19. D P 2 6 8 3 residential tract glazed extrusions - The system of alternating units, their serving daylight corridors and occasional entry into sky lounges introduce passages accidental interactions on alternating and between floors. living units - Residential passages are daylight entry daylit to reduce energy into single units consumptions. sky lounge Surface behaves as a conventional roof over the sky lounge Residential blocks (5), binding interactive the three distinct units. corridors as Roof typical residential block section RESIDENTIAL DETAIL 19
  20. 20. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition NORTH facades >=75% glazed SOUTH facades <=25% glazed Auditorium Block + Campus Centre Dining + Gymnasium + Health Centre National Resource Institute Administration Studio (typical) + ancillary functions EAST & WEST facades - double sided, heat absorbing glass for glazed regions Lecture Halls tunnel open mechanical fans - summer mode skylight open the shafts are thermal shutter closed oriented to fans - summer mode skylight open harness the diffused north cooling HOT AIR light. tunnel open WARM AIR COOL AIR northLights + light shafts (roof view) Studio (typical) - Summer tunnel closed mechanical fans - winter mode light absorbing skylight closed thermal shutter open glass beneath fans - winter mode the light shafts, skylight closed radiating gathered cooling light shafts (soffit view) tunnel closed HOT AIR COOL AIR Studio (typical) - Winter 20 ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES
  21. 21. D P 2 6 8 3 AREA REQUIRED AREA ACHIEVED TOTAL ACADEMIC AREA ( Academic, 27,500 SQ.M. 28,300 SQ.M. Common Fcilities, Administration) TOTAL RESIDENTIAL AREA (Community 16,300 SQ.M. 17,950 SQ.M. Facilities, Hostels) TOTAL RECREATIONAL AREA(Student's 1,900 SQ.M. 2,560 SQ.M. Centre , Gymnasium) TOTAL AREA REQUIREMENTS 45,700 SQ.M. 48,810 SQ.M. AVAILABLE/PERMISSIBILE ACHIEVED SITE AREA 80,000 SQ.M. GROUND COVERAGE 35% 18% F.A.R 150 61 HEIGHT 17 M 15 M AREA REQUIRED AREA ACHIEVED Area available for Academic use (1,20,000-18,000) 102,000 SQ.M. 28,300 SQ.M. Area required for Academic use 27,500 SQ.M. Area available for future expansion 72,500 SQ.M. 71,140 SQ.M. AREA REQUIRED AREA ACHIEVED Area available for Residential use (15% of total FAR)) 18,000 SQ.M. 17,950 SQ.M. Area required for Academic use 16,300 SQ.M. Area available for future expansion 2,700 SQ.M. 50 SQ.M. Area Permissible as per Bye-laws Area Required Area achieved by the scheme Academic 120,000 SQ.M. 27,500 SQ.M. 30,950 SQ.M. Residential 18,000 SQ.M. 16,300 SQ.M. 17,950 SQ.M. AREA PERFORMA 21
  22. 22. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition PHASE 2 PHASE 3 PHASE 4 0 15 60 PHASE 1 Administrative block, Undergrad Studios with their support functions, Lecture Halls, Library, primary hostel block, and one half of dining facilities have been allocated for the first phase of construction. Apart from ensuring a definitive operation of the school, Phase 1 demarcates a clear zoning, connecting the academic sector to the residential through a defined community plaza. PHASE 2 The 2nd Phase completes the Academic sector by introducing the Postgrad Studios and their supporting systems. PHASE 3 The housing pressures exerted by the satiated Academic sector is looked after by constructing the remaining residential blocks. PHASE 4 Auditorium, exhibitions spaces, complete dining and gymnasium confine themselves to the last phase of development to culminate into a homogeneous proposal. 0 15 90 future expansion speculation 22 PHASING
  23. 23. D P 2 6 8 3 built line 0 15 60 Auditorium Block + Campus Centre Dining + Gymnasium + Health Centre Area - specified by built line Area - specified by built line Ground coverage - 1775 sq.m Ground coverage - 1760 sq.m Maximum height -10.5 mtrs, mezzanine floors Maximum height -15 mtrs, mezzanine floors Entry level - + 11000 mtrs and+6000 mtrs Entry level - + 11000 mtrs and +6000 mtrs Open space - as indicated in landscape Open space - as indicated in landscape plan & report plan & report North facade >= 75%glazed North facade >= 75%glazed South facade <= 25% glazed South facade <= 25% glazed National Resource Centre Administration Area - specified by built line Area - specified by built line Ground coverage - 1300 sq.m Ground coverage - 1030 sq.m Maximum height - 9 mtrs, mezzanine floors Maximum height - 10.5 mtrs, mezzanine floors Entry level - + 11000 mtrs and +6000 mtrs Entry level - + 11000 mtrs and +6000 mtrs Open space - as indicated in landscape Open space - as indicated in landscape plan & report plan & report North facade >= 75%glazed North facade >= 75%glazed South facade <= 25% glazed South facade <= 25% glazed Studios Residential Area - specified by built line Area - specified by built line Ground coverage - 3850 sq.m Ground coverage - 3600 sq.m Maximum height - 10.5 mtrs Maximum height - 16 mtrs from highest point Entry level - + 11000 mtrs and +6000 mtrs Entry level - +6000 mtrs and +3500 mtrs Open space - as indicated in landscape Open space - as indicated in landscape plan & report plan & report North facade >= 75%glazed South facade <= 25% glazed Active public realms to be incorporated via landscaping, street furniture and signages URBAN CONTROLS 23
  24. 24. SPA | newCampus | urbanDesign Competition There were several issues that were constantly discussed within the studio upon the duration of the competition proposal preparation. Ranging from project’s presence at the threshold of Urbanism & Architecture to choice of internal and external furniture components. Listed below are suggestions and explorations that would further strengthen the project. - Structural System - Combination of pre-engineered steel structures and RCC. - Materiality for roofscapes - Concrete Shells with decking sheets used as shuttering surface and internal linging. - Powder coated Insulated metal sheets on pre-engineered trusses or portals. - Concrete Shells with calculated drainage systems and water proofing, layered with earth to accommodate greens - Solar and Daylight studies - CFDs for tracking air movements 24 FURTHER EXPLORATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS