HOME FIRE SAFETY KNOW HOW TOPrevention is the key to fire safety! DEAL WITH FIRE ….
Home Fire Prevention and PreparednessMany fires in the home are caused by a single moment ofcarelessness and could be easily prevented.It is important to be aware of possible fire hazards aroundthe home and to take steps to protect you and your familyfrom fire.Follow the safety tips listed below to protect yourself andyour family.
1 House Keeping● Reduce amount of flammable and combustible materials.● To reduce ignition hazards.● To ensure safe emergency evacuation routes.● Clear walkways/stairways
2 Install Smoke Detectors!!! First line of defense● Smoke detectors give you early warning in case of a fire, so you have precious time to escape safely. Install them on every level of your home, especially outside of sleeping areas.● Test and vacuum out detectors once a month, and change the batteries when you change your clock in the spring and fall.
3 Electrical Fire Safety Faulty electrical equipment or misuse of equipment produces heat and sparks that serve as ignition sources in the presence of flammable and combustible materials.● Replace or repair loose or frayed cords on all electrical devices or extension cords.● Do not overload extension cords and run cords along the floor, under rugs and carpets or through doors where they can be damaged.. Each year, electrical shocks and fires cause hundreds of deaths and thousands of injures by following a few basic electrical-safety rules can reduce your risk……
4 Storing Flammable and Combustible Liquids● Flammable liquids must be stored away from ignition sources in cool, well ventilated areas away from incompatible materials.● Flammable liquids should be stored only in approved safety containers, and the containers should be kept outside the house and garage in a separate storage shed.● Limit the amount of flammable and combustible liquids to the minimum amount necessary.
5 Fire ExtinguishersKeep a "ABC-type" fire extinguisherin the kitchen, basement, garage,and workshop for extinguishing alltypes of fires.Learn how to use the fireextinguisher before you need touse it in an emergency. Rememberto only use it on small fires.If there is a large fire, DO NOTattempt to extinguish it, get outimmediately and call Fire RescueService.
6 Family Escape PlanIf fire break out in your home – get out fast.● Design an escape plan with your family. Be sure to include two ways out of every room, in case one exit is blocked by flames and smoke.● Do not block exits with furniture or enclose windows with iron bars that prevent escape.● Decide on a meeting place for all family members away from the house, where everyone will gather.● Once outside, never re-enter the house for any reason.● Practice emergency exit drills at least once every six months, so that each person knows exactly what to do. Never use elevators to escape a fire – use stairs
7 Candle SafetyWhen there is no electricity supply at home, we normally use candlesas an alternative source of lightings. Candles are actually a growingcause of fire. Learn how to be careful with candles.● Extinguish all candles when leaving the room or going to sleep.● Keep candles away from items that can catch fire e.g. cloth, books, paper, curtains etc.● Use candle holders that are sturdy.● Don’t place lit candles in or near windows, where blinds and curtains are installed.● Keep candles and all open flames away from flammable liquids.● Keep candles up high out of reach of children and don’t allow children or teens to have candles in their bedroom.● Never leave a child unattended in a room with a candle.● Try to avoid carrying a lit candle when searching power outages in a confined space.● Never use a candle for a light when checking pilot lights or fueling equipments as a kerosene heater or lantern.
8 Be Careful Cooking Careless cooking is the number one cause of residential fires● When you’re cooking, be alert and never leave cooking unattended.● If grease catches fire, first place a lid over the pan to smother the flames, then turn off the burner.● Do not throw water or anything else on a grease fire.● Always keep kitchen appliances clean and in good condition, and turn them off and disconnect them when not in use.
9 Space Heater SafetyPortable space heaters can quickly warmup a cold room, but they have also beenthe cause of many serious home fires.● Keep portable heaters at least 3 feet away from all combustible materials, including paper, bedding, furniture and curtains.● Keep small children away from space heaters.● Make sure you turn the heaters off before leaving your home or going to bed.
10 Smokers Need WatchersCarelessly discarded cigarettesare the major cause of fatal homefires -● Make sure smokers extinguish cigarettes in large, deep ashtrays.● Fill ashtrays with water before putting in the trash can.● Check under sofas and chair cushions for cigarette butts after parties.
11 If You Catch Fire Stop, Drop and RollEveryone should know this rule: Ifyour clothes catch fire, dont run! Stopwhere you are, drop to the ground,cover your face with you hands toprotect your face and lungs, and rollover and over to smother the flames.
12 If caught in Smoke ! Crawl low under smoke● Smoke is dangerous! If you encounter smoke, use an alternate escape route.● If you must exit through smoke, the cleanest air will be 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm) above the floor.● Crawl on your hands and knees to the nearest safe exit.● Breath shallowly through nose, and use a filter such as shirt or towel.
13 If Trapped in a fire ! If Trapped in a Room● Seal all doors and vents with duct tape or towels to prevent smoke from entering the room.● Close as many doors as possible between you and the fire.● Open a window at the top and bottom so fresh air can enter. Be ready to close the window immediately if it draws smoke into the room.● Be prepared to signal to someone outside.
14 If Trapped in a fire !If Forced to Advance Through Flames● Hold your breath.● Cover your head and hair.● Keep your head down and your eyes closed as much as possible.● Move quickly.
15 What to do ? In Case of Fire● Raise Fire Alarm or shout Fire, Fire, Fire …..● Telephone Fire Service● Use appropriate Fire Extinguisher● Immediately exit the building, using the stairs and closing the doors – DO NOT USE ELEVATORS● Shutoff Utility Valves
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