• Yanesha' or Amuesha people are an ethnic group of
the Peruvian Amazon rainforest.
• They are a relatively small group making up barely 2.91%
of indigenous inhabitants located in the Peruvian Amazon.
• The Amuesha, calling themselves Yanesha', speak Yanesha',
a language belonging to the Maipurean language family that
also includes Asháninka, the Yine.
• It wasn’t until the 18th century that missionaries managed to
establish steady relations with the Yanesha’ and other ethnic
groups living nearby.
• population of the Yanesha' people at this time but they had
certainly already begun to die off from European diseases.
• The Yanesha' people once lived through hunting, fishing,
and subsistence agriculture.
• In modern times, the emphasis is on agricultural diversification &
cultivation of cash crops like coffee and annatto.
• The Incas were a distinct people with a distinct language
living in a highland center, Cuzco.
• The history of the Inca begins in myth with the arrival of the
first Inca king, Manco Capac, who was born from the sun
god, Inti, on an island in Lake Titicaca.
• They exercised control over more territory than any other
people had done in South American history.
• The empire consisted of over one million individuals,
spanning a territory stretching from Ecuador to northern
• The Incas ruled by proxy. After conquering a people, they
would incorporate local rulers into their imperial system,
generously reward anyone who fought for them, and treated
well all those conquered people who cooperated.
• Ruled in tribes, each of these was ruled independently by a
council of elders; the tribe as a whole gave its allegiance to
the divine "Inca" the descendant of the sun-god.
• They had a simple hierarchy; ruled by an absolute monarch,
there wasn’t a way to advance in social class.
• The Incas cultivated corn and potatoes with terrace farming,
and raised llama and alpaca for food and for labor.
• They also built massive forts with stone slabs that didn't
require; still standing in perfect condition.
• Roads were built through the mountains from Ecuador to
Chile with tunnels and bridges and to supply water they had a
system of aqueducts.
• In 1531, Francisco Pizzarro invaded their empire, kidnapping
and executing their ruler, and finally capturing them by 1560.
VIDEO - INCA
• Click on the camera to view the video.
• There is a 30 second advertisement
before the video starts.
• On the next slide, there is a 3D visual
tour of the lost Incan city of Machu
Picchu, Cuzco, Peru.
• It is a 7 minute video.
VIDEO – MACHU PICCHU