Jessica Troiano, Government & Politics


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Jessica Troiano, a graduating senior at Wagner College, used this slideshow in presenting her senior thesis.

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Jessica Troiano, Government & Politics

  1. 1. Canarsie, Staten Island, and White-Flight<br />Government and Politics Department<br />Jessica Troiano<br />
  2. 2. White Flight<br />Jonathan Rieder: Canarsie: The Jews and Italians of Brooklyn against Liberalism<br />White Flight: Occurs as a last resort answer to changing color lines in a residential area in which residents flee deteriorating standards of their neighborhoods.<br />
  3. 3. The Russell Family<br />Tim - my co-worker (father of the family)<br />Linda – wife <br />Lisa – daughter<br />Mike – son-in-law <br />Extreme nostalgia for old Canarsie<br />* Pseudonyms were used as a condition of the interview<br />
  4. 4. The term: “ghetto”<br />Definition: A ghetto refers to an area that is densely populated predominantly by members of the minority group, often as a result of social or economic restrictions, pressures, or hardships.<br />
  5. 5. Institutionalized Discrimination<br />Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC)<br />A system of risk evaluation for the loaning of funds.<br />Practice of redlining<br />* Led to bureaucratized discrimination which leads to the creation of the ghetto.<br />
  6. 6. Racial Steering<br />Two-fold: Led to the perpetuation of the ghetto and increased white-flight.<br />Specific Examples of Racial Steering in Canarsie:<br />Did not advertise in the NY Times.<br />Residents took to recruiting “acceptable/desirable” people to fill the vacancies in their neighborhoods.<br />
  7. 7. Blockbusting<br />Major cause of white flight. <br />The methods realtors used to open up neighborhoods to African-American entry and reap the profits associated with white flight. <br />Scare tactics: Houses advertized for $5. <br />
  8. 8. Oppositional Culture<br />A rejection of the mainstream society that has forced minority groups into the ghetto.<br />Examples:<br />The African-American vernacular<br />Unwed teenage mothers<br />
  9. 9. Sweeping Generalizations or Realities?<br />The facts:<br />In 2006, 71/262, or 27.6% of graduates of South Shore High School in Canarsie earned a Regents diploma while the state-wide average was 73.9%.<br />In 2007, the South Shore High School in Canarsie was broken up into vocational schools.<br />*Canarsie High School was closed in 2007 because it received an F on the progress report from NY State. Racial composition at the time of closing was 85% African-American, 12% Hispanic, and 2% Caucasian. <br />
  10. 10. Crime Statistics<br />October 17, 2009: A 71 year old man was shot and killed because the victim “looked’ at the attacker the wrong way.<br />October 20, 2009: A gunman killed a 17 year old boy at 4pm. <br />November 3, 2009: Three young African-American girls knocked down a 70 year old woman with a round of punches.<br />*All data collected from spot-crime. <br />
  11. 11. Favorable Neighborhood Racial Compositions<br />For Caucasians:<br />If a neighborhood was 50% African-American and 50% Caucasian…<br />84% would choose not to live in the neighborhood.<br />64% would try and leave.<br />72% said they would feel uncomfortable.<br />For African-Americans:<br />If a neighborhood was 50% African-American and 50% Caucasian…<br />87% that would be their ideal racial composition. <br />Most are for integrated neighborhoods and do not want solely African-American or solely Caucasian neighborhoods.<br />
  12. 12. Conclusions<br />Persuaded by the interesting, and typically unheard, account of the Russell’s. <br />White flight is a major issue involved in the perpetuation of the underclass in America’s ghettos; however this issue will not be solved until other issues surrounding the oppositional culture are solved first. <br />