Continuous Forms


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Continuous Forms

  1. 1. VERÓNICA QUEVEDO REVENGA Continuous forms
  2. 2. Present continuous <ul><li>Actions happening now. “now”, “just”, “still”, “at the moment” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I think he is watching TV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A firm intention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I´m not asking Tom to the party! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changing/developing situations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My broken leg is getting better </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temporary situations (usually with “live”, “work”, “study”, “stay”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I am staying in this hotel for two weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Annoying or characteristic habits (with “Always”, “constantly”, “continually”, “forever”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is always losing her keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertisers are always trying to sell us some new brand of clothes or trainers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plans and arrangements in the future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you going out this evening? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Another new shopping mall is coming soon </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Present perfect continuous <ul><li>Talk about a recent activity when the effect of that activity can still be seen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why are you out of breath? I´ve been running </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recently the government have been taking measures to preserve the local way of life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To emphasise how long an action has been going on for or that it has been repeated many times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I´ve been replying to emails all morning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To suggest that an activity is temporary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I´ve been living here for five years but I´m going to move soon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To suggest that an action is not complete </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I´ve been reading War and Peace but I haven´t finished yet </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Past continuous <ul><li>To describe an action in progress in the past (to set the scene for a particular event) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I was sitting in the garden, reading a book </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To talk about temporary situations in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rodolfo was living in South America at that time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To talk about an event that was in progress in the past and was interrupted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I was going out of the house when I heard a noise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To talk about actions in progress at the same time in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While I was painting you were watching TV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To talk about anticipated events that did not happen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We were going to Greece for a holiday, but then I broke my leg </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Future continuous <ul><li>Pre-arranged future activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anne will be helping us to organise the party (it suggests a previous arrangement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She´ll be taking up her place at university in October (this is the result of an arrangement) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future activity that is part of the normal course of events (one of a regular series of events) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will you be driving to Glasgow, as usual? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Something that is predicted to start before a particular point of future time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In thirty years´ time I don´t suppose anyone will be wearing traditional dress anymore </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. After certain verbs <ul><li>Everywhere you go nowadays people are speaking English </li></ul><ul><li>Everywhere you go nowadays people seem to be speaking English </li></ul>
  7. 7. After a modal verb <ul><li>Beigjing is changing faster than any other city on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Beigjing may be changing faster than any other city on earth </li></ul>
  8. 8. With passive sentences <ul><li>They are pulling down old buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Old buildings are being pulled down </li></ul>
  9. 9. State verbs <ul><li>Do not have continuous forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Be / consist of/ contain / exist / belong to / have (own), include / lack / possess / adore / dislike / desire / despise / detest / envy / hate / like / prefer / pity / want / wish / believe / doubt / expect / feel (think) / forget / imagine / intend / know / realise / recognise / remember / see (understand) / depend / deserve / fit / matter / mean / mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every city centre seems the same nowadays </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Dynamic and Stative meanings
  11. 11. Change in meaning (state or dynamic meanings) <ul><li>Be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your son is being very obedient these days (behaving obediently) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am here </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mean: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are always meaning to call us (intending) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brand means a make of any kind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is seeing Tom at the moment. They see to be getting along </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I see your point, but… (=understand) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Taste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She´s tasting the sauce to see if it tastes good </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weigh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He is weighing the carrots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The carrots weigh 2 kilograms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is smelling the flowers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The flowers smell lovely </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Think </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is thinking (considering) about which mobile to buy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She thinks Nokia is the best (that´s her oponion) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Look </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What´s the painting she´s looking at? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It looks like a Monet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He´s having driving lessons (=taking). She´s having a shower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She has two brothers (“possess”)) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The play appears to be very popular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jude Law is appearing as Hamlet (=act) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. References/Bibliography: <ul><li>English Grammar in Use, CUP </li></ul><ul><li>Inside Out, Advanced, MacMillan </li></ul><ul><li>Gold First Certificate, Longman </li></ul>