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WiMAX | Successes & Failures

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Moid Kunwer Technical Authority, EMEA Group, Motorola ; speaks on "Wimax & its introduction in Pakistan" at the event "Are you Online" organised by Zumbeel

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WiMAX | Successes & Failures

  1. 2. Speakers <ul><li>Moid Kunwer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Authority, EMEA Group, Motorola </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will Speak On: </li></ul><ul><li>WiMAX | Successes & Failures - Why WiMAX was created? - Why Pakistan was chosen? - Challenges faced & successes achieved - Its contribution in making Broadband Pakistan a reality - Success & Failure Stories - Opportunities </li></ul>
  2. 3. WiMAX Introduction in Pakistan Moid Kunwer Motorola Services
  3. 4. 4G Air Interfaces OFDM, MIMO, Adapative Modulation WiMAX – where did it come from ? Bluetooth 802.15.1 WPAN 802.15.4 Low Rate WPAN Zigbee 802.15.3 High Rate WPAN UWB 802.16 WMAN WiMAX 802.16e is essentially a toolkit of air interface techniques. The WiMAX Forum profiles are required to ensure Interoperability. NWG standards are required to provide a full network solution Mobile Industry – 3GPP World 3GPP2 CDMA 2000-1X HRPDA 1x EVDO 1x EVDV Rel. C 1x EVDV Rel. D GSM UMTS HSPA GPRS EDGE LTE WiFi IEEE standards 802.11 WLAN
  4. 5. WiMax (802.16x) Standards Genealogy <ul><li>Extension for 2-11 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Non-LOS, Point-to-Multi-Point applications such as “last mile” access & B/H </li></ul><ul><li>Original fixed wireless broadband air Interface for 10 – 66 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Line-of-sight only, Point-to-Point applications </li></ul><ul><li>Published as 802.16 – 2004, replacing earlier revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed & Portable applications 2 – 6 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>HIPERMAN compatibility </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility to highway speeds in licensed bands from 2-6 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Roaming within & between service areas </li></ul><ul><li>WiBRO Compatibility </li></ul>Source: 2004 WiMax Forum WIMAX OFDM <ul><li>802.16 amendment </li></ul><ul><li>for Line of Sight, Point to Point backhaul using spectrum between 10 - 66 GHz </li></ul>802.16c (2002) 802.16 (Dec 2001) 802.16a (Jan 2003) 802.16d (Q3 2004) 802.16e
  5. 6. Motorola General Business Information, MOTOwi4 Wireless SP, Rev 1 Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2007 New Standard New Networks New Players New Models New Spectrum
  6. 7. WiMAX Design Features High Performing Spectrally efficient OFDM interface, advanced antenna techniques, reduced latencies Flexible Install Zero-footprint base sites and all outdoor design for flexible, unobtrusive installations Truly Mobile Provides full cellular-like capability and seamless inter-technology handovers Reduced CAPEX Integrated design avoids supporting real estate, no-touch software upgrades, simple fiber implementation Reduced OPEX Elimination of high cost centralized boxes, simplified management, reduced core transport costs
  7. 8. Spectrum LTE spectrum focused on traditional cellular bands Appeal for many cellular operators WiMAX spectrum is new, underutilized, and less costly Offers access to new wireless players… & existing operators looking for time to market <ul><li>Both have significant spectrum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX = 790 MHz; LTE = 650 MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both can be FDD or TDD, but ... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX development focused on TDD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LTE development focused on FDD </li></ul></ul>Availability & regulations of spectrum is a primary driver in selecting WiMAX or LTE Technology for <1 GHz Bands TBD 450 MHz, 700 MHz WiMAX 790 MHz 2300 MHz TDD 2500 MHz TDD 3300 MHz TDD 3500 MHz TDD 3700 MHz TDD LTE 650 MHz 800 MHz FDD 850 MHz FDD 900 MHz FDD 1500 MHz FDD 1700 MHz FDD 1800 MHz FDD 1900 MHz FDD 2100 MHz FDD 2500 MHz FDD
  8. 9. Global Spectrum Allocations <ul><li>WiMAX is a new, global standard employing new spectrum allocations </li></ul>Worldwide Operators Owning WiMAX Spectrum Rights <ul><li>Governments increasingly recognizing broadband as a core utility </li></ul><ul><li>Regulators are opening up spectrum to ensure effective participation in the global economy </li></ul>Regional Breakdown WiMAX Spectrum 3.5 GHz 2.5 GHz 2.3 GHz 3.3 GHz 3.6 GHz 5.8 GHz Total number of license owners 297 163 122 8 3 17 WiMAX Spectrum 3.5 GHz 2.5 GHz 2.3 GHz 3.3 GHz 3.6 GHz 5.8 GHz Total EMEA 191 23 0 0 3 17 234 NA 23 72 95 0 0 0 190 APAC 45 45 25 7 0 0 122 LAC 38 23 2 1 0 0 64
  9. 10. Parity in ownership cost over time 3.5 GHz versus 2.5 GHz 3.5 GHz More sites initially for coverage However, greater capacity support 2.5 GHz Fewer sites initially at for coverage However, build for capacity sooner 2.5 GHz 3.5 GHz Data usage per subscriber per month (GB) Number of Sites 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 0.6 1.0 1.4 1.9 2.3 2.9 3.8 5.8 3.5 GHz & 2.5 GHz WiMAX Relative Number of Sites <ul><li>3.5 GHz requires ~30% more sites than 2.5 GHz for given geography </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in sites at 3.5 GHz results in ~ 13% increase in cost </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, the 3.5 GHz network will also have 30% additional capacity </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 GHz system can defer capacity based build out longer than 2.5 GHz system </li></ul>
  10. 11. Dynamic Industry Evolution End-users increase use of advanced communications services & applications… Fixed Mobile Video xDSL Ethernet 2G, 3G Cable Satellite TV DVB-H MVNO FTTx IPTV VoD Bundles WiMAX LTE … Leading to a convergence of Fixed, Mobile & Video services …“ Pulling” innovation from telemedia industries Media Downloads Video Streaming Online Gaming Social Networking VoIP Instant Messenger Email Search
  11. 12. 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 WiMAX LTE UMTS / HSPA GSM CDMA (2G/3G/UMB) $ Billions 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2005 Two principal mobile broadband platforms for the next decade… 4G Evolution WiMAX LTE 2007 2010 OFDM Air Interface Light Infrastructure Design Advanced Antennas Licensed Spectrum All IP Networking
  12. 13. WiMAX Flat Network Architecture Traditional Cellular Architecture WiMAX Architecture = Base Stations Ethernet backhaul MSS SGSN GGSN Media Gateway VoIP Gateway or IMS ASN-GW Internet PSTN Internet PSTN Base Station Controllers Access Points Lower Cost! Any off-the-shelf IP network with Mobile IP support =
  13. 14. Motorola General Business Information, MOTOwi4 Wireless SP, Rev 1 Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2007 Mobile broadband service to complement existing fixed broadband Near saturation for traditional telephony High penetrations for high- speed connections and advanced services Deliver bandwidth-intense mobile data with more favorable economics Limited infrastructure and low penetration of telecom services… … or mobile phone dominated penetration Pent up demand for fixed broadband offering favorable economics Delivering first, basic connections to underserved markets 16e WiMAX
  14. 15. Motorola General Business Information, MOTOwi4 Wireless SP, Rev 1 Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2007 Occurring in both developing & developed markets Mature market United States U.S. broadband penetration 25 % 17 % Growth rate High-growth market Pakistan Pakistan broadband penetration 0.17 % +200 % Growth rate DRIVING THE NEED FOR PERSONAL BROADBAND
  15. 16. Broadband subscriber growth in Pakistan
  16. 17. So what brings WiMAX to Pakistan ? <ul><li>Low broadband penetration. </li></ul><ul><li>Un-reliable fixed line infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor support from incumbent fixed line provider. </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed Line infrastructure owned by one provider. Dependent on that provider for last mile support and maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Low Fixed Line Penetration and very small Cable/FTTH deployment creating a need for alternate means for fixed broadband access. </li></ul><ul><li>Low CAPEX/OPEX, fast deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental support by making new spectrum to help bridge digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for new investors to enter the Telecom Market </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for incumbents to diversify </li></ul>
  17. 18. Success <ul><li>Pakistan leading the drive towards 4G. </li></ul><ul><li>Wateen: World’s first nationwide deployment of 802.16e. </li></ul><ul><li>Four 802.16e operators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wateen, WiTribe, Mobilink, Augere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More then 100K WiMAX users </li></ul><ul><li>In less then two years, WiMAX powering 30% of the total broadband connections in Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Regional leader in WiMAX expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Motorola has setup its Regional WiMAX Support Center in Lahore, which provides Technical support to Motorola customer in EMEA and ASIA-PAC </li></ul>
  18. 19. Challenges <ul><li>Low ARPU market. </li></ul><ul><li>High Cost of CPE </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Prepaid penetration. Contract based packages to subsidies CPE cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage based deployments impact availability </li></ul><ul><li>Internet backhaul not sized appropriately, limiting performance gains of broadband access. </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnect charges throttling growth of Voice over WiMAX service </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Internet backhaul, still not relative to local buying power </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Blanket coverage. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Future <ul><li>WiMAX will continue to drive the broadband growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of growth dependent on availability of end devices meeting domestic price points. ($50 for basic data device) </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of Prepaid model similar to existing Cellular service. No contract required. </li></ul><ul><li>Customer can use same end device to get service from any WiMAX provider </li></ul><ul><li>WiMAX support on Intel Processors will accelerate this growth </li></ul><ul><li>Possible introduction of Mobility. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion into rural markets. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity and coverage expansion on existing networks </li></ul>
  20. 21. Motorola General Business Information, MOTOwi4 Wireless SP, Rev 1 Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2007
  21. 22. WiMAX Profiles WiMAX Forum Certified™ “ 802.16 Standards Compliant” WiMAX Forum specifies profiles for 802.16-2004 and 802.16e <ul><li>By conforming to the WiMAX profile a vendor benefits by… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receiving certification from an independent testing lab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring interoperability with certified products from other vendors </li></ul></ul>IEEE 802.16e IEEE 802.16d Fixed WiMAX Profiles 256 FFT OFDM 3.5 GHz with 4 Variations: FDD: 3.5 MHz, 7.0 MHz Channels TDD: 3.5 MHz, 7.0 MHz Channels 5.8 GHz: 10 MHz Ch; TDD Fixed / Mobile WiMAX Profiles (To be finalized in 2H 2006) 128-2048 FFT Scaleable OFDMA Focus on 2.5, 3.5, 5.8 GHz Motorola is an active member of the WiMAX Forum and has participation in every working group
  22. 23. <ul><li>Operators’ selection of WiMAX & LTE </li></ul><ul><li>Not about which “performs better” </li></ul><ul><li>WiMAX continues to advance as LTE emerges delivering parity in performance </li></ul><ul><li>Not about which “will win” </li></ul><ul><li>Both technologies fostering extensive development communities and driving economies of scale </li></ul>Reap first-mover benefits of market share and speed-to-revenue Taking advantage of access to spectrum & penetrating the wireless broadband market early Technology Selection It’s about… Current network capable of serving data forecasts for next 2+ years? State of Network Spectrum Availability and regulations of spectrum? Time to Market Business objectives, competitive environment?
  23. 24. WiMax Network Reference Model (Refer: NWG – Stage 2 Architecture, Tenets, Reference Model, and Reference Points) R1: Air Interface R2: Protocols and Procedures Related to Authentication, Service Authorization, IP Host Configuration, MM. R3: Control Plane protocols between ASN and CSN to support AAA, policy enforcement and MM capabilities R4: Control and Bearer Plane to co-ordinate SS mobility between ASNs R5: Control and Bearer Internetworking between home CSN operated by home NSP and that operated by Visited NSP

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