Jan Marco Müller, European Commission - #steps13

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Jan Marco Müller, European Commission - #steps13

  1. 1. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013Scientific evidence in Brussels Dr Jan Marco Müller Assistant to the Chief Scientific Adviser
  2. 2. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013"We also need a fundamental review of the wayEuropean institutions access and use scientific advice.In the next Commission, I want to set up a ChiefScientific Adviser who has the power to deliverproactive, scientific advice throughout all stages ofpolicy development and delivery.This will reflect the central importance I attach toresearch and innovation.“ - José Manuel Barroso, 15 September 2009
  3. 3. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013
  4. 4. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 Europe is a rather complex matter“Who do I call if I want to call Europe?” (Henry Kissinger)
  5. 5. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013In the EU we have 23 Communitylanguages (Welsh etc. not counted)… …3 alphabets… Europa Ευρώπη Европа …and a lot of national traditions, also in the way scientific evidence is provided to policy-makers
  6. 6. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 The European CommissionThe European Commission represents the interests of Europe asa whole, independent of national governments. The EC has the right of initiative to suggest new legislation. The EC implements European policies and manages the EU budget. The EC acts as "Guardian of the Treaties" and can sue Member States which do not comply with EU legislation. The EC represents the EU internationally. Berlaymont Building
  7. 7. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 The European Parliament The European Parliament represents the citizens of Europe The EP controls the EC (and has the power to dismiss it) The EP approves together with the European Council new legislation (in most policy areas) and the EU budget The EP is elected directly every 5 years and has 736 Members (6 of them scientists)
  8. 8. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 The European Council Summit of the Heads of State (or their Ministers) The Council represents the interests of the Member States The Council meets at least four times per year The Council decides on the overarching EU priorities The Council approves (mostly together with the European Parliament) new legislation and the EU budget
  9. 9. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 and the science?
  10. 10. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 Science in the EU policy cycle Policy anticipation Policy formulation Policy evaluation e.g. Science & Technology e.g. Consultation Foresight with experts ande.g. Ex-post impact assessments stakeholders, ex-ante impact assessments Ad-hoc policy EVIDENCE support Policy adoption e.g. Scientific Policy support to crisis implementation e.g. Scientists at response (BSE, ParliamentaryEHEC, ash cloud…) e.g. Support Hearings provided by Tech- nical Committees
  11. 11. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 Institutional setup of science in the EC José Manuel Barroso President of the European Commission Professor Anne Glover Secretariat-General (SG) Chief Scientific AdviserImpact Assessment Board to the President Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA) Máire Geoghegan-Quinn Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science DG Research and Joint Research Innovation (RTD) Centre (JRC)
  12. 12. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 JRC The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commissions in-house science service and the only DG executing direct research. Its mission is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. • Established in 1957 • 7 institutes in 5 countries • 2859 staff (2011) • 1467 publications (2011) • Budget: €369 million annually, plus €66 million earned income
  13. 13. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 Professor Anne Glover CBE
  14. 14. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 Mandate of the Chief Scientific Adviser• To provide independent expert advice, analysis and opinion to the President on any aspect of science, technology and innovation - in particular, the Chief Scientific Adviser will provide authoritative guidance on interpretation of scientific evidence in presence of uncertainty, and will be involved in strategic emergency planning;• To build relationships with high-level advisory groups, the scientific Committees of the Commission, the EU agencies, the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies as well as with similar science advisory structures in Member States and beyond;• To advise on novel science, technology and innovation issues arising both in the context of the EU and internationally, that might entail either an opportunity or threat for the EU;• To enhance public confidence in science and technology, and in general to promote European culture of science and technology widely within Europe and abroad.
  15. 15. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 Sources of EC scientific advice• Chief Scientific Adviser• Joint Research Centre (JRC)• DG Research and Innovation (RTD) and its Advisory Groups such as ERIAB and EFFLA• Commission Scientific Committees (e.g. health) and Expert Groups (e.g. Evaluation Boards, European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies)• EU Agencies (e.g. EFSA, ECHA, ECDC, EEA, EMA)• European Research Performing Organisations (e.g. ESA, EMBL) and European Science Associations (e.g. EASAC)• Research Organisations in Member States (and beyond) such as Learned Societies, Research Performing Organisations, Higher Education Institutions
  16. 16. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 How does the European Commission procure scientific evidence?• Using in-house resources (in particular JRC)• Using formal advisory bodies (EU Agencies, Scientific and Technical Committees, Expert Groups)• Public consultation• (Sub-) Contracting of studies via open tenders• Proactive feed-in from stakeholders• Consultation of internet, literature, informal contacts etc.>> all of the above influences EC proposals, which thengo through an exhaustive impact assessment and areagreed by all DGs, before being adopted by the collegeof Commissioners
  17. 17. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013 And then?The political bargaining starts between the European Council and the European Parliament(none of them have a science service)
  18. 18. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013
  19. 19. STEPS Centre Annual Symposium, University of Sussex, 6 Feb 2013Thank you for your attention!E-mail: jan.mueller@ec.europa.eu Twitter: EU_ScienceChief

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