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Duncan Green, Oxfam - #steps13


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Duncan Green, Oxfam - #steps13

  1. 1. MDGs, SDGs and politics Duncan Green February 2013
  2. 2. The evidence debate is big
  3. 3. The problem with Post2015• ‘If I ruled the world’ -> Christmas Tree• Don’t start from here• MDGs = mainly instrument to sort out aid• All other attribution v dodgy• But aid is falling, both in absolute terms, and (much more) as % of government revenue• So new Q is how does Post2015 influence national government policy-making
  4. 4. How to generate traction?• Influence on social norms (eg Convention on Rights of Child, or Discrimination Against Women)• Direct influence on national decision-making (pols and/or officials)• Increase leverage of non-government actors (civil society, private sector, media) in peacetime or elections/windows of opportunity
  5. 5. What kinds of instrument?• Big global norms• International Law• Global/Regional goals and targets• Global/regional league tables• Data transparency (enabling environment)
  6. 6. Final Thoughts• Post 2015 debate badly off track wrt national traction• Shows how little has changed – (Some) experts dominate debate – Disciplinary bias on what constitutes ‘evidence’ – Complete blind spot on politics and power• Probably too late to make it fit for purpose• But it may be useful in the (shrinking) world of aid
  7. 7. For More Discussion• How Can a Post-2015 Agreement Drive Real Change? The Political Economy of Global CommitmentsGreen, Hale and LockwoodOxfam, November 2012