Tips and Tricks For Faster Asp.NET and MVC Applications


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These are the useful tips and tricks for applications's performance .These tips are suggestive not the benchmark .

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Tips and Tricks For Faster Asp.NET and MVC Applications

  1. 1. Tips and Tricks For Faster ASP.NET and MVC Web Applications By Sarvesh Kushwaha
  2. 2. 1. Static Resources should be Cacheable ;) Above code cache all static resources for 365 days.
  3. 3. 2. Bundling and Minification Reduce the amount of data (CSS & JavaScript) sent across the network using Bundling and Minification in ASP.NET 4.5 . Bundling is merging all CSS files into one and same for JavaScripts file .This Reduce the number of requests to server. Minification is removing blank space b/w words and lines and more then that ;) . LINK : HOW TO DO IT
  4. 4. 3.Use View State when its necessary Every control has ViewState in Asp.Net and ViewState is turned on in ASP.NET by default. ViewState is an unnecessary overhead for pages that do not need it. As the ViewState grows larger, it affects the performance of garbage collection. ViewState gets store in hidden field too many field can make a web page heavier and will cause rendering problem. So Disable ViewState for every control, untill you need it (have to keep data on post backs of a page). 1. You know you don't need ViewState for a textbox control and similar control untill you are performing textchange_event. So disable it by using EnableViewState= “false” for each one. 2. Disable ViewState at page level add in page : <%@ Page EnableViewState="false" %> . 3. Disable ViewState at Application level add in web.config : <pages enableViewState="false" />.
  5. 5. 4. Use Effecting Paging • Bring small set of data at once ,show them using paging to render the page quickly. • Large set of data use stored procedure for page index data and filtering . LINK: HOW TO DO IT
  6. 6. 5. URL Compression Now with IIS 7 we can do HTTP compression of data being send over the network . Add following Xml snippets in the web.config file under <system.webserver> node : <urlCompression doDynamicCompression="true" doStaticCompression="true" dynamicCompressionBeforeCache="true"/> • doDynamicCompression tells IIS whether it should compress dynamically generated content, i.e. content generated by your scripts (ASP, ASP.NET, PHP …). • doStaticCompression tells IIS whether to compress static files (PDF, JPEG …) ,those actually exist on the file system. • dynamicCompressionBeforeCache attribute specifies whether IIS will dynamically compress content that has not been cached.
  7. 7. 6. Use Sprite Images use sprite images instead of using several images so at one download you can use several small images . Now we can make sprite images very easily using Some NUGET packages. Below are some :
  8. 8. 7. Image Optimization • Normally images take largest percentage (size) in a web page. image optimization help us to increase performance . Using Nuget we can optimize images : • Allocate space for image using <height/> and <width/> , it will let page rendering more quickly .
  9. 9. 8. Always Deploy in Release Mode • At the time of deploying our main concern is performance , Debug Mode creates .pdb file and take some info generated by JIT to code address mapping . • Code is more optimized in Release Mode. • Less memory is used by the source code at run time in Release Mode. • Set debug=“false” in web.config for release mode.
  10. 10. 9. Use client Side Validation At max one should use client side validation for application as it gives user a friendly experience and reduce the over head of post back to the server.Where secuirty is priority use server side validation .
  11. 11. 10. Remove Unnecessary HTTP Headers The X-AspNet-Version, X-AspNetMvc-Version, X-Powered-By, and Server HTTP headers provide no direct benefit and unnecessarily used a small amount of bandwidth. • Removing X-AspNet-Version : Under <System.web> add this <httpRuntime enableVersionHeader="false"/> • Removing X-AspNetMvc-Version : Add this in file MvcHandler.DisableMvcResponseHeader = true; • Remove Server HTTP Header : LINK HOW TO DO IT • Remove or Edit X-Powered-By : IIS7 Manager > HTTP Response Header > Edit or Remove
  12. 12. 11. Pipeline Optimization • There are many default HttpModule which sit in request pipeline and intercept each and every request. • Example If you are not using window authentication you don’t need window authentication HttpModule. Add following code in web.config : <httpModules> <!-- Remove unnecessary Http Modules for faster pipeline --> <remove name="Session" /> <remove name="WindowsAuthentication" /> <remove name="PassportAuthentication" /> <remove name="AnonymousIdentification" /> <remove name="UrlAuthorization" /> <remove name="FileAuthorization" /> </httpModules>
  13. 13. 12. Use Content Delivery Network • Better if you download things from nearest server from your palace .its like travelling things from one country to another which takes times. If application has large number of images, CSS, JavaScript sending request for each of them and downloading them across the world will take significant time. • Content Delivery Network deal with static cacheable Content . • Bootsrap Used CDN for his latest release ;)
  14. 14. 13. Dispose Objects Manually • Although Objects will be cleaned up when they are no longer being used and when the garbage collector sees fit. Always dispose an object which implements IDisposable ,to do so Use a USING statement to automatically dispose of an object once your program leaves the scope of the using statement. using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection(connectionString)) { using (SqlCommand cm = new SqlCommand(commandString, cn)) { cm.ExecuteNonQuery(); } }
  15. 15. 14. Effective use of Jquery AJAX in • Use ajax to download data asynchronously, which are not needed immediately like content of Accordion (Collapsed Panel) and tabs. • Don’t make too much ajax requests • Use ajax when its needed to load more data when user scrolls, when user is not scrolling there is no benefit to bring all the data at once.
  16. 16. 15. Do use magic of Asynchronous Methods If your page needs to access multiple data sources , then use asynchronous methods to parallelize access to those sources . LINK : HOW TO DO IT
  17. 17. 16. Turn off Tracing unless until its required because its keep track of the application's trace and the sequences. Under <system.web> node write following code: <trace enabled="false" pageOutput="false" /> <trace enabled="false" requestLimit="10" pageOutput="false" traceMode="SortByTime" localOnly="true"/> 17. Instead of Respons.Redirect() use Server.Transfer() when we want to transfer current page request to another .aspx page on the same server. it helps to reduce server requests. And optionally give us value of preserve query string and form controls values .
  18. 18. 18. String Management : • Use += operator or String.Concat() when the number of appends is know and short . • Use StringBuilder object when number of appends is unknown. 19. Asp .NET literal and label are different • Literal just show that text they don’t add the extra markup. • Label add the extra markup <label><label/>. 20. Remove Blank Space and lines from HTML • Using Regular Expressions in VS2012 remove blank lines from .aspx and HTML ^(?([^rn])s)*r?$r?n • Use CodeMaid tool to remove spaces and more.
  19. 19. 21. Use Performance Tools Correct code makes good performance • Backend performance Tools : DotNetMemoryProfiler, SQLServerProfiler • Performance Tools : • Static analysis tool : Yslow • Run Time Profiler : Speed tracer for chrome, Firebug for firefox, IE Developer tools • Others : WebPageTest , Page-analyzer , Pingdom • Monitoring Tool : Fiddler
  20. 20. Developer Checklist Caching Client Side Validation Use ViewState if needed Dispose Objects ManuallyCDN Remove Unneccesary HTTP Headers Effective Paging URL Compression Pipeline Optimization Release Mode Images Optimization & Sprite Images Bundling and Minification Jquery Ajax Async and Await Turn Tracing Off
  21. 21. Sarvesh Kushwaha | | | | | |