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Inclusive Growth is more of a populist agenda.


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Inclusive Growth is more of a populist agenda.

  3. 3. “Inclusive growth is aimed at bringing more and more Indians out of the poverty zone into the mainstream and expanding the coverage of access of Health, Education, Justice, employment …..” 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION  The improvement in social structure is quite vivid.  Due to the various plans made by the government especially the 11th five year plan which focuses on inclusive growth.  Various development plans like MHNREGA, NRHM, RTE,bharat nirman, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, has been introduced.  MFI playing a vital role to provide with best possible finances. 4
  5. 5. “Governments role in various sectors like employment, health, agriculture, finance have been praiseworthy irrespective of various hindrance and bottlenecks in their part. 5
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  7. 7. AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AS PER INTERIM BUDGET 2009-2010  Country’s agriculture outlook is encouraging.  Agriculture grew by 3.7 per cent per annum.  Plan allocation for farm sector hiked 300 percent in past five years.  Agriculture credit has been increased three-fold to Rs.2,50,000 Cr.  Farm debt worth Rs.65,300 Cr waived. 7
  8. 8. VARIOUS AGRICULTURAL REFORMS  “Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna” launched in 2007-08 with an outlay of Rs 25,000 Cr.  Agriculture credit disbursement increased to about Rs 2,50,000 cr in 2007-08.  Interest subvention to be continued in 2009-10 to ensure that farmers get short term crop loans upto Rs 3 lakh at 7 per cent p.a.  The corpus of Rural Infrastructure Development Fund increased from Rs.5,500 cr the year 2008-09. 8
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  10. 10. GOVERNMENT IN EDUCATION  Indian government has launched Saakshar Bharat Mission for Female Literacy.  Due to revision in Educational Loan Scheme by the Government number of beneficiaries increased from 3.19 lakh to 14.09 lakh.  500 ITIs upgraded into centers of excellence.  Rural Development Foundation (Hyderabad), actively build high-quality rural schools. 10
  11. 11. GOVERNMENT IN EDUCATION  “Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan” started in 2001, is to provide education to children between 6–14 years by 2010.  SSA is currently working with Agastya International Foundation an educational NGO  The government allowed to carry out this scheme over 83 districts including more than 21, 000 villages. 11
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  13. 13. GOVERNMENT IN EMPLOYMENT The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA)  This act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural people.  Especially for semi or un-skilled work to people living in rural India. Facts and figures about the MGNREGA:  In 2010 Jharkhand (32%) and West Bengal (37%), the participation has increased.  Among other south Indian states, Tamil Nadu (78%), Andhra Pradesh (58%) and Karnataka (45%) performed well. 13
  14. 14. GOVERNMENT IN EMPLOYMENT  44,940,870 rural households were provided jobs under NREGA during 2008-09, with an national average of 48 working days per household,  The outlay was Rs. 110 billion in 2006-2007, and rose steeply to Rs. 391 billion (140% increase in amount with respect to previous 2008-2009 budget) in 2009-2010. 14
  15. 15. A field survey of NREGA was recently conducted by the Centre for Development Economics (CDE) and the Institute of Human Development (IHD), in places like Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. The findings were: o Most families have a job card. o Awareness levels have improved. o Employment on a massive scale. o Minimum wages are being paid. o Contractors have disappeared. o Where there is work, NREGA is a lifeline for the rural poor. o Massive progress compared with earlier years. 15
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  17. 17. GOVERNMENT ROLE IN HEALTH The Govt. of India has launched a National Rural Health Mission in 2005. The main components of NRHM are RCH-II, Immunisation, National Disease Control Programme and NRHM initiatives. It aims at:  Reduction in child and maternal mortality.  Universal access to public services for food and nutrition.  Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, including locally endemic diseases.  Access to integrated comprehensive primary health care. 17
  18. 18.  Successful implementation of “Janani Suraksha Yojana”. Over 2.51 lakh beneficiaries have availed JSY benefits.  Institutional Delivery increased by 66.4% in M.P, 47% in bihar, 43% in Rajasthan,43.8% in orissa.  Full immunization in children has increased from 43.7% to 51.8%.  “Swasthya Melas” organized in remote tribal areas benefiting 18807 beneficiaries.  184 RCH camps organized in different Blocks catering services to 71544 beneficiaries under different services. ACHIEVEMENTS BY NRHM SO FAR 18
  19. 19. THE PROGRESS SO FAR:  In 1152 PHCs in 50 Blocks of Madhya Pradesh under the Dhanwantari Yojana, institutional deliveries increased from 26% to 53%).  More than 4.35 lakh ASHAs, Community Workers, Mitanins, have been selected and are at various stages of selection.  More than 8000 Rogi Kalyan Samitis/Hospital Development Committees have been set up in the country.  10 lakh Monthly health Days have been organized at Aanganwadi Centre, facilitating ANCs/PNCs, immunization, availability of basic drugs, etc. 19
  20. 20. Recent achievements in health sector:  The government of India has awarded Madhya Pradesh for better implementation of National Rural Health Mission at the field level in a result-oriented manner.  According to the analysis, the rate of institutional delivery went up in the state from 26 to 80 per cent.  Mother and infant mortality rates came down to 44 per thousand respectively.  22 States and Union Territories initiated process to implement “Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana”. Government's role in health 20
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  22. 22. GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTION IN FINANCIAL SERVICES  A programme called “Aam aadmi” is launched.  Reserve Bank of India had set up a High Level Committee on the Lead Bank Scheme.  Government had set up a Financial Inclusion Fund and a Financial Inclusion Technology Fund in NABARD.  National Skill Development Corporation created in July, 2008 with initial capital of Rs 1,000 crore. 22
  23. 23. GOVERNMENT IN FINANCIAL SECTOR  146 lakh persons benefited under “Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme”. Inclusive banking:  Financial services reasonably at a lower cost to the disadvantaged and low income groups.  RBI monitors the whole process.  Opening of "no – Frills" account. 23
  24. 24. GOVERNMENT IN FINANCIAL SECTOR ▄ General Purpose Credit Card (GCC) or small overdrafts to no frills account holders. ▄ Electronic Benefit Transfer to prevent any kind of leakages. The progress so far: ▄ 431 districts identified by the SLBC convenor banks for 100% financial inclusion across various States/UTs and the target in 204 districts of 21 States has reportedly been achieved. ▄ Number of POS – 4,70,237 (as on May 31st 2009). 24
  25. 25. GOVERNMENT IN FINANCIAL SECTOR  Number of Cards – 167.09 million (as on May 31st ,2009).  Number of Kisan Credit cards – 87.83 million.  Number of rural bank branches – 31,727 constituting 39.7% of rural development funds. 25
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  29. 29. GOVERNMENT IN RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE  60 lakh twelve thousand houses constructed between 2007 to December, 2008.  75 % weight age is given again to housing shortage and 25 % to SC/ST component of the population.  Grant assistance is been provided to the extent of Rs. 25,000 per house for normal areas and Rs. 27,500 for hilly areas.  It is a centrally sponsored scheme where the cost is shared between the Centre and the States on a 75:25 basis. 29
  30. 30. GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL SECTOR  Authorised capital of National Safai Karamchari Finance and Development Corporation (NSKFDC) is being raised from Rs 200 crore to Rs 300 crore.  Scope of the pre-metric scholarship expanded and rates of scholarship doubled in 2008-09.  “Priyadarsini Project” is livelihood programme implemented as pilot scheme in the district of Madhubani and Sitamarhi. 30
  31. 31. “Many companies have also taken initiatives to work for the many far flung areas in order to boost inclusive growth” 31
  32. 32. CSR OF VARIOUS PRIVATE. COMPANIES Companies like BPCL, Indian oil, ITC, Colgate, HUL, chambal fertilizers also started various programme to provide aid to the poor.  BPCL works in far-flung village areas to provide education at the best possible manner .  In the year 1998 Colgate started project Jagruti , the rural hygiene drive along with the Indian dental Association.  This project covers 60 lakh people in 20,000 villages, out of which 15,000 villages had no experience to the availability of toothpaste and tooth powder. 32
  33. 33.  HUL helped state owned Khadi Board through an advisory relationship with the government of Madhya Pradesh.  Uttam Bandhan , launched by the K.K. Birla group's in Rajasthan which trains unemployed rural youth as extension workers. ITC’s CSR initiatives “Sunehra Kal” is a social forestry project which was launched around its Bhadrachalam plant in Andhra Pradesh.  ITC have till date created direct employment of 5.36 lakh person- days. 33
  34. 34. “The work of various NGO’s has been remarkable in bringing up various poor areas throughout india. All thanks to the various PPP due to which various joint ventures and programmes have started in india especially for the poor”. 34
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  37. 37. “Inclusiveness is never a bad thing. It suggests large- heartedness and a democratic process at work”. Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee, India 37
  38. 38. BIBLIOGRAPHY:   ier-may-2010.pdf  E- books on NREGA / NRHM.  The Times Of India 38
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