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Polymer Modified Bitumen
PRESENTED BY:
NITESH KUMAR JHA(111139)
Department of Civil Engineering
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECH...
Contents:
 Introduction
 What are plastic roads?
 Need of study
 Concept of plastic roads
 Material used
 Constructi...
Introduction:
 Growth in industries and population together has resulted
in production of various types of waste material...
What are waste plastic roads?
The roads constructed using waste plastic, popularly known
as Plastic Roads , are found to p...
Plastic Roads
A Long lasting road from waste plastic for a
better and green world….
5
Need of study
1)Disposal of waste plastic is a major problem.
Waste Plastic dumped on roads
2)It is non-biodegradable.
3)I...
4)To find its utility in bituminous mixes for road construction.
5)Burning of these waste plastic bags causes environmenta...
MATERIALS USED:
 AGGREGATE:
 Aggregate of 20mm, 10 mm.
 Stone Dust and Lime as Filler.
 BITUMEN:-
 60/70,80/100 grade...
WASTE PLASTIC:
 Waste plastic in the shredded form are used.
9
Construction of plastic roads
Step 1:
 Plastics waste (bags ,cups , bottles ) made out of PE,PP
and PS cut into a size be...
Step 2:
 The aggregate mix is heated to 165°c (as per the HRS
specification) and transferred to mixing chamber.
 Amount ...
Heating Of Aggregates
12
Step 3:
At the mixing chamber, the shredded plastics waste is to be
added.
It get coated uniformly over the aggregate with...
Step 4
 The plastics waste coated aggregate is mixed with hot
bitumen and the resulted mix is used for road
construction....
Mixing Laying and Compaction
15
16
Field trials
There are two type of field trials-:
1. DRY PROCESS
2.WET PROCESS
1.Dry Process:
The aggregate is heated to ...
2.Wet Process:
Waste plastics by direct mixing with hot bitumen at
160°C.
Mechanical stirrer is needed.
Addition of sta...
ADVANTAGE OF USING MODIFIED BITUMEN:
 Stronger road with increased Marshall Stability Value.
 Better resistance towards ...
 The strength of the road is increased by 100%.
 For 1km X 3.75m road, 1 ton of plastic (10 lakh carry bags) is
used and...
DISADVANTAGES OF PLASTIC ROAD
1. Cleaning process -:
Toxics present in the co-mingled plastic waste would
start leaching.
...
CONCLUSION
 Plastic will increase the melting point of the bitumen.
 Help to improve the environment.
 Plastic roads wo...
23
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POLYMER MODIFIED BITUMEN

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POLYMER MODIFIED BITUMEN

  1. 1. Polymer Modified Bitumen PRESENTED BY: NITESH KUMAR JHA(111139) Department of Civil Engineering NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WARANGAL Date:12/03/15 1
  2. 2. Contents:  Introduction  What are plastic roads?  Need of study  Concept of plastic roads  Material used  Construction process  Field trials  Advantages of plastic roads  Disadvantages of plastic roads  conclusion 2
  3. 3. Introduction:  Growth in industries and population together has resulted in production of various types of waste materials.  The creation and disposal of non-decaying waste materials such as Fly-ash, Steel Slag, Scrap Tyres, Plastics etc. have been posing difficult problems.  Considerable work has been done in various countries for the disposal of some of these waste products and utilisation of some other products.  There is a long list of published literature dealing with different aspects of these challenging problems. 3
  4. 4. What are waste plastic roads? The roads constructed using waste plastic, popularly known as Plastic Roads , are found to perform better compared to those constructed with conventional bitumen. 1)The Indian Center for Plastic in the Environment (ICPE) has been promoting the use of plastic waste to construct asphalt roads. 2) A few trial roads have been paved successfully by combining waste plastic with bitumen. 4
  5. 5. Plastic Roads A Long lasting road from waste plastic for a better and green world…. 5
  6. 6. Need of study 1)Disposal of waste plastic is a major problem. Waste Plastic dumped on roads 2)It is non-biodegradable. 3)It mainly consists of low-density polyethylene. 6
  7. 7. 4)To find its utility in bituminous mixes for road construction. 5)Burning of these waste plastic bags causes environmental pollution. 6)Laboratory performance studies were conducted on bituminous mixes. 7)studies proved that waste plastic enhances the property of the mix. 8)Improvement in properties of bituminous mix provides the solution for disposal in an useful way. 7
  8. 8. MATERIALS USED:  AGGREGATE:  Aggregate of 20mm, 10 mm.  Stone Dust and Lime as Filler.  BITUMEN:-  60/70,80/100 grade bitumen. 8
  9. 9. WASTE PLASTIC:  Waste plastic in the shredded form are used. 9
  10. 10. Construction of plastic roads Step 1:  Plastics waste (bags ,cups , bottles ) made out of PE,PP and PS cut into a size between 2.36mm and 4.75mm using shredding machine. Shredding Shredded Plastics 10
  11. 11. Step 2:  The aggregate mix is heated to 165°c (as per the HRS specification) and transferred to mixing chamber.  Amount of plastic to be added is @8% of bitumen.  Similarly the bitumen is to be heated up to a maximum of 160°c (HRS Specification) to have good binding property. (Monitoring the temperature is very important). 11
  12. 12. Heating Of Aggregates 12
  13. 13. Step 3: At the mixing chamber, the shredded plastics waste is to be added. It get coated uniformly over the aggregate within 30 to 60 seconds, giving an oily look. Addition of shredded Plastics Coated aggregates 13
  14. 14. Step 4  The plastics waste coated aggregate is mixed with hot bitumen and the resulted mix is used for road construction.  The road laying temperature is between 110°c to 120°c. The roller used is 8-ton capacity. Adding of Bitumen 14
  15. 15. Mixing Laying and Compaction 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Field trials There are two type of field trials-: 1. DRY PROCESS 2.WET PROCESS 1.Dry Process: The aggregate is heated to 170°C in the Mini hot Mix Plant . The shredded plastic waste is added in equal proportion.  Immediately the hot Bitumen 60/70 or 80/100 grade (160°C) is added. The mixture is transferred to the road and the road is laid. 17
  18. 18. 2.Wet Process: Waste plastics by direct mixing with hot bitumen at 160°C. Mechanical stirrer is needed. Addition of stabilizers and proper cooling. Since the wet process require a lot of investment and bigger plants. Not commonly used. 18
  19. 19. ADVANTAGE OF USING MODIFIED BITUMEN:  Stronger road with increased Marshall Stability Value.  Better resistance towards rain water and water stagnation.  No stripping and no potholes.  Increase binding and better bonding of the mix.  Reduction in pores in aggregate and hence less rutting and raveling.  Generate jobs for rag pickers. 19
  20. 20.  The strength of the road is increased by 100%.  For 1km X 3.75m road, 1 ton of plastic (10 lakh carry bags) is used and 1 ton of bitumen is saved.  Value addition to the waste plastics (cost per kilogram increases from Rs 4 to Rs12).  Reduce the cost to around Rs. 5000/Km. of single lane road.  The maintenance cost of road is almost nil.  Disposal of waste plastic will no longer be a problem 20
  21. 21. DISADVANTAGES OF PLASTIC ROAD 1. Cleaning process -: Toxics present in the co-mingled plastic waste would start leaching. 2. During the road laying process -: In the presence of chlorine will definitely release noxious HCL gas. 3.After the road laying -: It is opined that the first rain will trigger leaching. As the plastics will merely form a sticky layer, (mechanical abrasion). The components of the road, once it has been laid, are not inert. 21
  22. 22. CONCLUSION  Plastic will increase the melting point of the bitumen.  Help to improve the environment.  Plastic roads would be a boon for India’s hot and extremely humid climate, leaving most of the roads with big potholes.  Waste plastics when mixed with binder is found to give higher strength, higher resistance to water and better performance. 22
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