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Prof Horace Campbell Lecture On Challenges of the Pan-African movement in the 21st century


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Prof Horace Campbell Lecture On Challenges of the Pan-African movement in the 21st century

  1. 1. Public lecture at the University of Nairobi, Monday 25 July 2016 Professor Horace G. Campbell Syracuse University, USA Challenges of the Pan-African Movement in the 21st Century
  2. 2. The 21st Century of Revolution and Counter Revolution Challenges of the Pan African Movement
  3. 3. Revitalization  Pan Africanism and Black Lives  Revitalization and rejuvenation of the Movement  # Black Lives Matter today
  4. 4. Africans Unite – Bob Marley
  5. 5. Tiken Jah Fakoly Abi Reggae Get up stand Up
  6. 6. Pan African Response to Imperialism  Pan Africanism from above  Pan Africanism from below  Pan Africanism as a movement  Social class  Social consciousness  Anti imperialism and anti racist foundations Walter Rodney 1942-1980
  7. 7. Walter Rodney and Inspiration To talk about Pan-Africanism, to talk about international solidarity within the black world, whichever sector of the black world we live in, we have a series of responsibilities. One of the most important is to define our own situation. A second responsibility is to present that definition to the other parts of the black world, indeed, to the whole of the progressive world. A third responsibility… is to help others in a different section of the black world to reflect on their own specific experience Walter Rodney Speaks: The Making of an African Intellectual
  8. 8. Where is the sixth region? Beyond colonial borders and boundaries Pan Africanism of the people
  9. 9. Principal challenges of the Pan-African Movement  Life  Health  Peace  Clean environment
  10. 10. Pan African Assets in the 21st Century  Demographic strength  The skills and knowledge of African mathematics  The recent history of liberation and mobilization  The rich natural resources  Diversities - linguistic, cultural, religious
  11. 11. Question of Quantum Leap  The Bio Economy  Revolution and Counter Revolution  Dynamize the demographic dividend  Biodemocracy and quantum leap in the era of information technology.
  12. 12. Real Reasons for NATO Intervention  A desire to gain a greater share of Libya oil production,  Increase French influence in North Africa,  Improve his internal political situation in France,  Provide the French military with an opportunity to reassert its position in the world,  Address the concern of his advisors over Qaddafi’s long term plans to supplant France as the dominant power in Francophone Africa
  13. 13. Faultlines and the Challenges of Pan Africanism  Issues of war and Genocide  The position of Pan Africanists  Politicized religion in the Sudan  John Garang and the Dar Es salaam School  Garang and concepts of Sudanese and African Unity  African Women in the Sudan and concepts of unity  Lessons form Eritrea for Pan Africanists  Independence of South Sudan July 9,2011
  14. 14. Can military intervention be humanitarian?
  15. 15. Pan Africanism and Colonialism  Morocco and application to rejoin the African Union  The future of colonialism in Western Sahara  The future of Puerto Rico  France and colonial territories – Martinique, Cayenne,  Panama Papers and offshore islands, Cayman, Virgin Island
  16. 16. Pan African Revolutions  “black peoples are at the center of world events and that that the revolutionaries of the world need the Africans as much as Africans need them.”History of Pan African Revolt C.L.R James 1901-89
  17. 17. New Moment in world history  Global Financial crisis – collapse of neo liberalism and the liberal virus  The question of the European Project and Brexit  The implosion after the invasion of Iraq and repercussions in Syria, Turkey and Saudi Arabia  Xenophobia and white supremacy – Trump phenomenon
  18. 18. Egypt at the crossroads of Pan Africanism and Pan Arabism
  19. 19. Pan Africanism  “Pan” means all, so Pan Africanism includes all people of African ancestry living in continental Africa and throughout the world. At the period of slavery when the ideas of inferiority of black humanity became one component of enlightenment thinking, Pan Africanism emerged as a complex set of ideas and ideologies containing social, cultural, political and spiritual aspects of dignity and liberation.
  20. 20. Who is an African? Issa Shivji Nyerere resource Center Ali A. Mazrui
  21. 21. Mazrui, Gaddafi and Bujra
  22. 22. Revolutionary African Women  Queen Amina- Zaria- 1588-1589- Queen of Zazzua (Zaria) – Hausa city state  Queen Nzinga- Angola, 1580-1663  Yaa Asantewaa- Ghana 1850-1920  Micere Mugo  Fumilayo Ransome Kuti  Angela Davis
  23. 23. Pan Africanism and the Lived Experiences of a People “…though not cited in intellectual discourses that have so far come to be the literary cannon on Pan-Africanism, in their activism, as well as participation, women were and have always been the heart of the Pan-Africanism’s essence, or if you like, substance. My point is that Pan-Africanism may be seen as manifesting itself in two major ways, which are equally important: through the movement itself and through its lived aspects. As a movement, Pan-Africanism has been characterized by fluctuation, registering bouts of life and dormant lulls. On the other hand, its lived aspects, actual substance, or essence, have always remained alive and persistent over historical time. Ordinary people, or the masses, including the majority of Africana women, have been the key keepers or carriers of this essence.” Micere Githae Mugo
  24. 24. Trayvon Martin and Mike Brown
  25. 25. #BlackLivesMatter I created #BlackLivesMatter with Patrisse Cullors and Opal Tometi, two of my sisters, as a call to action for Black people after 17-year-old Trayvon Martin was post-humously placed on trial for his own murder and the killer, George Zimmerman, was not held accountable for the crime he committed. It was a response to the anti-Black racism that permeates our society and also, unfortunately, our movements.
  26. 26. Pan African creed Black Lives Matter is an ideological and political intervention in a world where Black lives are systematically and intentionally targeted for demise. It is an affirmation of Black folks’ contributions to this society, our humanity, and our resilience in the face of deadly oppression
  27. 27. Alicia Garza and her sisters Black Lives Matter is a unique contribution that goes beyond extrajudicial killings of Black people by police and vigilantes. It goes beyond the narrow nationalism that can be prevalent within some Black communities, which merely call on Black people to love Black, live Black and buy Black, keeping straight is Black men in the front of the movement while our sisters, queer and trans and disabled folk take up roles in the background or not at all.
  28. 28. Black Lives Matter affirms the lives of Black queer and trans folks, disabled folks, Black-undocumented folks, folks with records, women and all Black lives along the gender spectrum. It centers those that have been marginalized within Black liberation movements. It is a tactic to (re)build the Black liberation movement.
  29. 29. ! Spirit of the People When the spirit of the oppressed people revolts against its oppressors, that revolt continues until freedom is achieved. We have not the arms with which to fight as the Americans did against the British, but we have the moral and spiritual forces at our disposal which outnumber all the physical weapons. Kwame Nkrumah 1909-1972
  30. 30. It is now widely recognized that Pan- Africanism needs to leave the confines of conferences and executive mansions of our leaders and become part and parcel of all our lives building from the down-up
  31. 31. Recognizing the Youth potential How to dynamize the demographic dividend?
  32. 32. We rededicated ourselves to the enduring Pan African vision of “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena.”
  33. 33. AFRICA WE WANT  A prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development  An integrated continent, politically united and based on the ideals of Pan Africanism and the vision of Africa’s Renaissance  An Africa of good governance, democracy, respect for human rights, justice and the rule of law  A peaceful and secure Africa  An Africa with a strong cultural identity, common heritage, values and ethics  An Africa where development is people-driven, unleashing the potential of its women and youth  Africa as a strong, united and influential global player and partner
  34. 34. Bill Gates and Challenges health and nutrition, education, economic opportunity, and good governance.
  35. 35. Key areas of transformation  Agriculture  Energy and Water  Infrastructure  Information, Communication  Education  Health delivery  Housing and urban planning  Environmental
  36. 36. African Union, Pan Africanism and Reparations  Lessons of the OAU and Reparations  Lessons of the contributions of Ali Mazrui  African Union Specialized Commission on separations  Slavery and modern Trafficking of Africans  African Union and African Charter of Human and Peoples Rights  Pan-African Infrastructure Investment Fund (PAIID).  Decision of Accra 2007  African Knowledge and Wealth Creation
  37. 37. Basic Premise  Reparations: The Act or process of making amends  restitution and compensation  Rehabilitation  Material and symbolic  Satisfaction and Guarantees of non recurrence.  Lessons of Caribbean Reparations Commission  Kenya and the Reparations
  38. 38. Transformative Education  “is the production of knowledge and people need to rehumanize the world by dismantling hegemonic structures that impede such knowledge” Joyce King
  39. 39. Pan African Education Pan African education is the education that encourages initiative, curiosity, cultural awareness, responsibility, respect for collective rules and a taste for menial work. There is a need for education that inspires the self confidence of Africans.
  40. 40. Multifaceted nature of transformations  Transformation of material conditions  Transformation of consciousness  Transformation of political relations  Gender relations and family forms  Knowledge systems and breaking fundamentalism  Importance of a new educational system and African languages
  41. 41. What is the bioeconomy  “industrial production moves from the use of fossil and mineral resources (coal, petroleum and natural gas) toward living biological raw materials, primarily ‘biomass’ plant matter such as woodchips, agricultural plants and algae  Bioeconomy associated with wider application of modern biotechnologies in areas such as agriculture, medicine and industry.
  42. 42. Durban program of action and the Decade  Popularize the Durban declaration  Popularize the decade  Force governments and cultural institutions to come to terms with the decade
  43. 43. Tactics and strategies  Short term to ensure that this is accepted internationally  To change the educational system at home and abroad  Medium Term to civilize the enslavers and to re educate them  Long term to repair the human spirit and repair the planet
  44. 44. Three aspects of Bioeconomy  Inputs: The Biomass Economy  Processes: The Biotech Economy  Services: The Bio services Economy
  45. 45. Unity and Diversity We should not see unity as an imagined uniformity. Unity instead should be expressed through the multiplicities of diversities. Universality then becomes the “unitary significance of our diverse diversities. Albert Einstein
  46. 46. a) democratic state is bound to grant complete freedom for the native languages and annul all privileges for any one language. A democratic state will not permit the oppression or the overriding of any one nationality by another, either in any particular region or in any branch of public affairs
  47. 47. Bioeconomy also known as  The Biobased Economy – OECD  Knowledge Based BioEconomy – EU  Industrial Biorefinery industry – World Economic Forum  White Biotechnology or Industrial Biotechnology –Biotechnology Industry Organization  The Green Economy and Biodiversity Services  The Bioeconomic Revolution
  48. 48. New Leadership Condemn Africans to debt Some leaders lazy or bought off Group of 77 Pan African Climate Justice alliance
  49. 49. Fingerprints of Global Warming in Africa  Rising Temperatures  Droughts and  Rising Sea Levels  Ice Melting on Mt Kilimanjaro  Disappearing Glaciers
  50. 50. Reparations and the Unification of the Peoples of Africa  Transformation linked to peace, justice , health, a new mode of politics and a new mode of economics  Short term, medium term and long term strategies  Short term- peace and break with genocidal traditions. This is linked to healing  Reparations- healing and moral reawakening of the society away from imperial culture. reconstruction  Reconstruction beyond conceptions of regions
  51. 51. Bishop of Durban  Healing and Repairing the Damage  Putting right what has gone wrong  Rescuing what has been lost  Mending what has been Broken  Healing what has been wounded
  52. 52. 'condemning Africa to incineration' Archbishop Desmond Tutu
  53. 53. Mother Earth Rights – Cochabamba Declaration  Those who violate Rights Face Legal Consequences  Climate Justice Tribunal  Poor Countries should receive various forms of compensation –Climate Debt  Mechanism for people to Express their Views- World’s Peoples Referendum on Climate Change Evo Morales
  54. 54. The self-esteem, self-confidence, potential creativity and spontaneity that come with being able to use the language (s) that have shaped one from early childhood (one’s “mother tongue”) is the foundation of all democratic polities and institutions Neville Alexander
  55. 55. African Fractals and IT  Ron Eglash and Revolutionary Possibilities in Fractal Approach  Fractals: Recursion, Scaling, Self-similarity, Infinity, Fractal Dimensions  Fractals in African Society and Culture  Spirit and Matter  Fractals Meet Euclid and Linear Thinking
  56. 56. Elements of quantum society  beyond the individual /collective dichotomy  Plural  Green  Bottom up  Spiritual  spiritual dialogue with the sciences
  57. 57. Great Green Wall of Africa Inspiration of Wangari Muta Maathai
  58. 58. Green Collar Economy and Solar Democracy - each square kilometre of desert receives solar energy equivalent to 1.5 million barrels of oil. Multiplying by the area of deserts worldwide, this is several hundred times as much energy as the world uses in a year = promise of perovskite
  59. 59. Biodemocracy and Validating all lives  Responsibility of the Teacher  Sharpening Teaching Tools  Building New Resources and Researching African Fractals  Inspiring Students  Collective Responsibility  Raising African Voices for Freedom and Renewal of the Human Spirit
  60. 60. Ubuntu, Reparations and Education  Spirit of sharing, forgiveness and love  Repair the Human Spirit  Moral Reparations  New textbooks  Educating and civilizing Europe  Cooperation among indigenous Peoples  World Conference against Racism Process  Program of Action of Durban and ACALAN
  61. 61. Her story The honorary duty of a human being is to love I am human and nothing human can be alien to me." Maya Angelou

Editor's Notes

  • Trans-African Highway network comprises transcontinental road projects in Africa being developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the African Development Bank (ADB), and the African Union in conjunction with regional international communities. They aim to promote trade in Africa though highway infrastructure development and the management of road-based trade corridors. The total length of the nine highways in the network is 56,683 km