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Pan Africanism


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Pan Africanism

  1. 1. Pan Africanism
  2. 2. Pan-Africanism • Pan-African movement: an idea that people of African descent share a common history, culture, and experience therefore should work together throughout the world because of their common culture • Began in the 19th century with efforts to end slavery and the slave trade and during the colonization of Africa
  3. 3. Pan-Africanism • result of these events: realization that it would benefit blacks to work together in an effort to solve problems such as slavery, colonization, and racism • Pan-African Conferences: 1900, 1919, 1921, 1923, 1927, and 1949 included some of the most influential black people from our history like W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey, Slyvester Williams, and Kwame Nkrumah
  4. 4. Pan-Africanism • ideas to restore self-esteem, develop a continent-wide political identity, and encourage economic growth • Kwame Nkrumah, from Ghana was Pan- Africanism’s leading proponent and partly responsible for the formation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1963 in Ethiopia, now known as the AU
  5. 5. Pan-Africanism • OAU was created to create greater unity among African states • OAU has 5 goals: – to promote unity and solidarity among African states – to increase cooperation among African states and enhance their efforts to achieve a better life for their peoples
  6. 6. Pan-Africanism – to defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and independence of its members (including sovereign equality and noninterference in the internal affairs of its members) – to eradicate (end/get rid of) colonialism – to promote international cooperation
  7. 7. Pan-Africanism • OAU has dealt with problems such as conflict, colonialism, apartheid, border disputes, and helped settle disagreements. • Problems still occur through internal divisions and financial constraints.
  8. 8. Summary • Explain Pan-Africanism in a sentence or phrase.
  9. 9. Independence movements • Kenya- Gained independence through violent protests. • Nigeria – Gained their independence peacefully. • South Africa – Independence from Dutch was violent. British won Boer war. Independence from Apartheid