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The Sitting Generation

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Presentation for the ESRC Seminar Series on Ageing and Physical Activity - "Physical Activity Policy through the Life Course"

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The Sitting Generation

  1. 1. The Sitting Generation Yu-Ling Chen, PhD Physical Activity and Public Health School of Sports, Exercise and Health Science Photo Credit: The Ping Pong Film ESRC Seminar Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course
  2. 2. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 A quick reflection • There are 1440 minutes a day, how many minutes do you spend on physical activity? How many on sitting?
  3. 3. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Sitting for…
  4. 4. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Sedentary Behaviour Definition “any waking behaviour characterized by a low energy expenditure in a sitting or reclining posture” Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (SBRN)
  5. 5. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Energy expenditure HighLow SB: Sedentary behaviour PA: Physical Activity Movement Continuum
  6. 6. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Too much prolonged sitting Health Outcomes Sitting requires little muscle input à risk of falls It also relates to the risks for… • mortality from all-causes • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) • Metabolic syndrome Thorp,A.A. 2011; Ford and Caspersen, 2012 Independent of BMI and physical activity
  7. 7. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Measuring sitting/sedentary time Self-report questionnaire Objective measures ActiGraphactivPAL
  8. 8. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Prevalence of Sedentary Behaviour BHF, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY STATISTICS 2015 Adults reporting six or more hours of sedentary time on weekdays, by age and gender, England 2012 Average: 8.2 to 11.2 hours per day (60 years old+) Harvey et al, 2012
  9. 9. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 • Objective measurement (ActiGraph) • Self-report questionnaire • 6 month follow-up (2013/2014) • Aged 65+ • Potential Correlates: Basic demographics, physical health, functional capacity, psychological health, health-related behaviour Correlates of Sedentary Behaviour in Community Dwelling Older Adults Green Gym Horsham
  10. 10. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Results: • N=44 • Total sedentary time Total Sedentary Time (Minutes/day) Baseline Follow-up Objective measure 1043 1027 Self-report 487 507 Correlates of Sedentary Behaviour in Community Dwelling Older Adults
  11. 11. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Results: Basic demographics gender, age, education, marital status, household status Physical health no. of medicine taken, chronic disease, functional capacity, self-rate health condition Psychological health stress, depression, isolation, confusion, life satisfaction Health-related behaviour BMI, physical activity levels Correlates of Sedentary Behaviour in Older Adults in Transition
  12. 12. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Intervention to reduce sitting time • Beware of the health risks brought by prolong sitting • Break up sitting time • Encourage light physical activity and standing
  13. 13. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Active Ageing, Healthy Ageing-UK Policy 6. All older adults should minimise the amount of time spent being sedentary (sitting) for extended periods.
  14. 14. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Active Ageing, Healthy Ageing- WHO Europe Policy WHO Europe Policy: 1. prevention of falls 2. promotion of physical activity 3. vaccination of older people and prevention of infectious disease in health-care settings; 4. public support for informal care giving with a focus on home care, including self- care; 5. building capacity in geriatrics and gerontology among the health and social care workforce; 6. prevention of social isolation and social exclusion; 7. strategies to ensure the quality of care for older people, with a focus on dementia care and palliative care for long-term patients; 8. prevention of elder maltreatment. WHO Europe http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/Life-stages/healthy-ageing/policy Increasing physical activity level Decreasing sedentary behaviour time
  15. 15. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Summary • Prevalence of sedentary behaviour in older adults is high • More understandings of sedentary behaviour in older adults is required • Active ageing policy in reducing sedentary behaviour/sitting time in more detail is required
  16. 16. Yu-ling Chen Y.chen2@lboro.ac.uk ESRC-Physical Activity Policy Through the Life Course-The Sedentary Generation 05/04/17 Questions? Thank you!

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