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Muscles Neurons Learning


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Research has shown that physical fitness has a direct effect on mental capacity and efficiency. In return, this can lead to more learning and higher achievement for our students. Come see what the research says and how Jacobs Fork works to build student fitness and high achieving students.

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Muscles Neurons Learning

  1. 1. Muscles => Neurons => Learning NC Middle School Association Conference March 14, 2011 Ralph Bumgarner & Sheri Ashley Jacobs Fork Middle School
  2. 2. Rationale <ul><li>High Student Achievement on NC End of Grade testing (2010 results) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading – 86.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Math – 94.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jacobs Fork is working to continue the push for higher achievement by using physical activity to improve mental efficiency and processing, thus improving student achievement </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research <ul><li>Harutyunyan(2009) found that physically fit students tend to outscore their peers who are less fit on academic tests </li></ul><ul><li>Coe(2010) found the link between activity and academic performance was most significant when kids met Healthy People 2010 (HP2010) guidelines for vigorous activity 20 minutes a day, at least 3 days a week. Since academic performance was favorably influenced by this level of activity, the researchers suggest incorporating vigorous activity in PE classes </li></ul><ul><li>Copley, J. (2010) noted that exercise produces significant cognitive benefits which can translate into improved performance on standardized tests </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research <ul><li>Castelli, D., Hillman, C., Buck, S., & Erwin, H. (2007) found aerobic capacity was positively associated with achievement and greater aerobic fitness has been associated with changes in neurocognitive function </li></ul><ul><li>Tomporowski, P., Davis, C., Miller, P., & Naglieri, J. (2008), in a review of literature, showed studies that employed vigorous aerobic-based exercise interventions reported gains in specific cognitive functioning </li></ul>
  5. 5. Legislation & Recommendations <ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PL 108.265 Section 204 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Health and Human Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NC State Board Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GSC-S-000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Association of School Boards of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Association of Sport and Physical Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American College of Sports Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medical Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Institutes of Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Health Organization </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Jacobs Fork Middle School <ul><li>Athletics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 boys sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 girls sports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls on the Run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yoga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Academy Fitness Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After School Dance Rehearsals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness Fridays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside School </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gymnastics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swim Teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Athletics (volleyball, basketball, baseball, softball, soccer) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Jacobs Fork Middle School <ul><li>Physical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Fitness & Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Fitness Fridays </li></ul>
  8. 8. Physical Education
  9. 9. Fitness & Conditioning
  10. 10. Creative Movement
  11. 11. Goals for Program <ul><li>Implement more physical fitness activities into our classes </li></ul><ul><li>Begin offering staff opportunities for participation in fitness activities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop and implement fitness activities appropriate for the core classrooms to help students stay focused and alert </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thought <ul><li>“ Physical education and activity during the school day may reduce boredom and help keep kids attention in the classroom.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Dawn Puolka Coe, PhD </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Castelli, D., Hillman, C., Buck, S., & Erwin, H. (2007). Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 29 (2), Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Coe, D. (2010). Academic achievement higher among most active kids: vigorous physical activity linked to better grades. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise , Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Copley, J. (2010). Exercise improves academic performance. , Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Harutyunyan, R. (2009). Physical fitness associated with higher academic achievement. Emaxhealth , Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Tomporowski, P., Davis, C., Miller, P., & Naglieri, J. (2008). Exercise and children's intelligence, cognition, and academic achievement. Educational Psychology Review , 20 (2), Retrieved from </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Physical Education <ul><li>Fitness Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre/Post Fitness Assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness Circuits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timed Runs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push Ups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit Ups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sport Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volleyball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basketball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor Hockey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soccer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Handball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whiffle Ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimate Frisbee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assorted Others </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Fitness & Conditioning <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise Bikes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treadmill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elliptical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Weight Rack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine Rack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dumbbells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight Balls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance Tubes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance Boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jump Ropes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weightlifting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hill Run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprint Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise Ball Workouts (YouTube) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P90X Workouts </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Creative Movement Activities <ul><ul><li>Daily warm up movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movements executed from teacher led sequences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance of other cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance using themes—interdisciplinary units (language arts, math, science, social studies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance connected with other art forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After school rehearsals—Spring performance </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Student choreography with given criteria (individual, partner, group) Student Choreography Video
  19. 19. Fitness Fridays <ul><ul><li>Interval training—incorporating cardio and strength training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of body balls—strength training and sculpting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5, 8, 10 pound weights—sculpting, high reps-- low weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P90X </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circuit training with PE classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardio dance—teacher choreographed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zumba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside runs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abdominal and back workouts using mats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fitness Video </li></ul>