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{ {
THE
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
A presentation on the overview, history, applications,
interaction, ethics and facts of AI in modern life.
a brief overview of
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
Artificial intelligence is growing up fast, as are robots whose facial
expressions can elicit empathy and make your mirror neurons quiver.“
What is an Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
According to the father of artificial intelligence, it is a science and
engineering of making intelligent machine and computer
programs.
AI Types
Strong AI
It deals with creation of real
intelligence artificially. Strong AI
believes that machine can be
made sentient or self aware.
Weak AI
Weak AI does not believe that
creating human level intelligence
in machine is possible but AI
techniques can be developed to
solve many real life problems.
AI is the best field for dreamers to play around. It must be evolved
from the thought that making a human machine is possible.
Though many conclude that this is not possible, there is still a lot of
research going on in this field to attain the final objective.
There are inherent advantage of using computers as they do not
get tired or loosing temper and are becoming faster and faster.
Only time will say what will be the future of AI.
So, will it attain human level or above human level intelligence
or not? probably, only time will tell…
What is an Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
the history/timeline of
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
A lot of what AI is being used for today only scratches the surface of what
can be done. It will become so ubiquitous that we won't even call it AI
anymore.
“
History of Artificial Intelligence.
‣ The seed of modern AI was planted by classical philosophers
who wanted to describe human thinking as a mechanical
manipulation.
‣ The AI research founded at Dartmouth college in summer 1956
and “John McCarthy is regarded as father of AI”.
‣ The project faced difficulty in 1973 in response to criticism of
James Lighthill and on going pressure from government and
stopped funding on directed research into AI.
‣ Investment and interest in AI boomed in first decade of 21st
century.
The birth of Artificial Intelligence.
In 1940s to 50s a handful of scientist, variety of field began to
discuss the possibility of creating an artificial brain.
‣ Study of cybernetics and neural network help in constructing an
electric brain.
‣ Alan turing provide a turing test in which it make sure that
machine is thinking.
‣ In 1955 A. Newell and H.A. Simon created the logic theorist and
solved the venerable mind/body problem explaining how matter
can have the properties of mind.
Timeline of Artificial Intelligence.
In the 70s, AI was subject to critiques and financial setbacks due
to tremendous optimism raised exceptionally impossible high and
promised results failed to materialise, funding for AI disappeared.
It completely shut down for 10 years by Marvin Minsky. In late
70s new ideas were explored in logic programming, common
sense reasoning.
Programmable
Mechanical
Calculating
Machine
(1842)
Turing
Test
(1950)
Industrial
Robot
(1961)
ELIZA
the first
expert
system
(1965)
Knowledge
based
Medical
Diagnosis
(1979)
Commercial
Expert
system
(1980s)
Polly:
Behaviour
based
robotics
(1993)
Mobile
PAs
(Siri, Now,
Cortana
etc.)
(2011)
Facebook’s
AI can perform
facial
recognition as
accurate
as humans!
(2014)
and the future is yet to come!
the applications of
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
To be useful, a system has to be able to do more than just correctly
perform some task.“
People of the future may look back on our society and
marvel at our way of life…
Doctors relying
mainly on their
memory for all the
salient facts to a
case!
Cars that can't
parallel-park
themselves!
Factories requiring
human assembly-
line drudgery!
Library books
unable to
recommend other
relevant information
sources!
Your house not
opening & closing
door by itself on
seeing you or
family!
Cars not driving
you to hospital by
itself if you faint
while driving!
Fans & lamps not
turn themselves off
when we leave the
room!
Our bed not able to
push us out by
itself when alarm
goes off!
What are the characteristics of AI?
Not Simulated
Actual, not Fake
Synthetic Intelligence
Emerging Computer Technology
Applied Science Branch (CS)
What about the applications of AI?
Object recognition
Automatic target recognition
Automated reasoning
Artificial life
Biologically inspired computing
Facial recognition systems
Speech recognition
Image processing
Decision support system
Handwriting recognition
Optical character recognition
Concept mining
Artificial Creativity
Intelligent word recognition
Natural language processing
Robotics
Cybernetics
Pattern recognition
and much, much more…
Real life AI Projects/Examples.
1
Autonomous cars project
An autonomous car (driverless car, self-driving car) is a vehicle that is
capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input.
Major companies involved in the R&D of this technology are Google, Tesla
and Ford as of now.
2
Blue Brain Project
The Blue Brain Project is an attempt to create a synthetic brain by reverse-
engineering mammalian brain circuitry.
The aim of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute
of the EPFL, Switzerland, is to study the brain's architectural and functional
principles.
Practical Examples of AI Applications.
3
Google Brain
It is a deep learning project, part of Google X attempting to mimic human-
level intelligence.
The project's technology is currently used in the Android Operating
System's speech recognition system, photo search for Google+ and video
recommendations in YouTube.
4
Google Now
Google Now is an intelligent personal assistant developed by Google.
Google Now, including Now cards, voice search and commands, is
available in the Google app for Android and iOS.
It uses a natural language user interface to answer questions, make
recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests.
Practical Examples of AI Applications.
5
Apple Siri
It is a computer program that works as an intelligent personal assistant and
knowledge navigator, part of Apple’s iOS, watchOS, macOS and tvOS
operating systems. The feature uses a natural language user interface to
answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by
delegating requests.
6
Microsoft Cortana
It is an intelligent personal assistant created by Microsoft for Windows 10,
Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Microsoft Band, Xbox One, iOS
and Android. It can set reminders, recognise natural voice without the
requirement for keyboard input, and answer questions using information
from the Bing search.
Practical Examples of AI Applications.
7
Holmes
Holmes is a cognitive computing system developed by the Indian
technology corporation Wipro and announced in 2016.
Its uses include development of digital virtual agents, predictive systems,
cognitive process automation, visual computing applications, knowledge
virtualisation, robotics and drones.
8
Wolfram Alpha
It is a computational knowledge engine or answer engine developed by
Wolfram Research. It is an online service that answers factual queries
directly by computing the answer from externally sourced "curated data",
rather than providing a list of documents or web pages that might contain
the answer as a search engine might.
and many more…
interaction & reasoning of
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
The key to artificial intelligence has always been the representation.
“
How does the AI interacts?
- Pairing new technologies with human assistants.
- Recent film Ex Machina, where a reclusive billionaire invents a
robotic AI.
- Today, making machines & humans indistinguishable from each
other is no longer science fiction-its good business.
- Messaging is the medium.
How does the AI performs reasoning?
- When there’s one goal & too many options.
- When data collection is easy but analysis is hard.
- When it feels like a friend.
- Who needs HUMANS?
- AUTOMATED REASONING is an area of computer science &
mathematical logic dedicated to understanding different aspects
of reasoning.
philosophy and ethics of
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
By far, the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people
conclude too early that they understand it.“
Ethics & Philosophy of AI systems.
The ethics of artificial intelligence is the part of the ethics of
technology specific to robots and other artificially intelligent beings.
It is typically divided into two major parts.
AI Ethics
Robo Ethics
It is a concern with the moral
behaviour of humans as they
design, construct, use and treat
artificially intelligent beings.
Machine Ethics
It is a concern with the moral
behaviour of artificial moral
agents(AMAs).
facts & fiction related to
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
A year spent in artificial intelligence is enough to make one believe in
God.“
Some facts about Artificial Intelligence.
‣ Natural language processing method.
‣ Autonomous vehicles.
‣ Developing robots.
‣ Making human life easier.
‣ Speech recognition.
‣ Hospitals and medicine.
‣ Online telephone customer service.
‣ Transportation.
‣ Aviation.
Uses of Artificial Intelligence in fiction.
‣ In the early half of 21st century there were many fictional
intelligences related to AI.
‣ AI has firmly rooted in popular culture and in many films.
‣ Implication of AI is the persistent theme in science fiction .
‣ Science fiction sometimes emphasises the dangers of artificial
intelligence and sometimes it’s positive potential.
‣ Artificial intelligence is the theme of many films and books like
The Terminator, A Space Odyssey, Metropolis, Interstellar, The
Matrix, Robocop etc.
For NIET, Greater Noida, by Group - 2 (CSE4, 2016)
Thank Youfor being all ears, dear audience :)

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Artificial Intelligence Presentation

  • 1. { { THE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE A presentation on the overview, history, applications, interaction, ethics and facts of AI in modern life.
  • 2. a brief overview of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Artificial intelligence is growing up fast, as are robots whose facial expressions can elicit empathy and make your mirror neurons quiver.“
  • 3. What is an Artificial Intelligence (AI)? According to the father of artificial intelligence, it is a science and engineering of making intelligent machine and computer programs. AI Types Strong AI It deals with creation of real intelligence artificially. Strong AI believes that machine can be made sentient or self aware. Weak AI Weak AI does not believe that creating human level intelligence in machine is possible but AI techniques can be developed to solve many real life problems.
  • 4. AI is the best field for dreamers to play around. It must be evolved from the thought that making a human machine is possible. Though many conclude that this is not possible, there is still a lot of research going on in this field to attain the final objective. There are inherent advantage of using computers as they do not get tired or loosing temper and are becoming faster and faster. Only time will say what will be the future of AI. So, will it attain human level or above human level intelligence or not? probably, only time will tell… What is an Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
  • 5. the history/timeline of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE A lot of what AI is being used for today only scratches the surface of what can be done. It will become so ubiquitous that we won't even call it AI anymore. “
  • 6. History of Artificial Intelligence. ‣ The seed of modern AI was planted by classical philosophers who wanted to describe human thinking as a mechanical manipulation. ‣ The AI research founded at Dartmouth college in summer 1956 and “John McCarthy is regarded as father of AI”. ‣ The project faced difficulty in 1973 in response to criticism of James Lighthill and on going pressure from government and stopped funding on directed research into AI. ‣ Investment and interest in AI boomed in first decade of 21st century.
  • 7. The birth of Artificial Intelligence. In 1940s to 50s a handful of scientist, variety of field began to discuss the possibility of creating an artificial brain. ‣ Study of cybernetics and neural network help in constructing an electric brain. ‣ Alan turing provide a turing test in which it make sure that machine is thinking. ‣ In 1955 A. Newell and H.A. Simon created the logic theorist and solved the venerable mind/body problem explaining how matter can have the properties of mind.
  • 8. Timeline of Artificial Intelligence. In the 70s, AI was subject to critiques and financial setbacks due to tremendous optimism raised exceptionally impossible high and promised results failed to materialise, funding for AI disappeared. It completely shut down for 10 years by Marvin Minsky. In late 70s new ideas were explored in logic programming, common sense reasoning. Programmable Mechanical Calculating Machine (1842) Turing Test (1950) Industrial Robot (1961) ELIZA the first expert system (1965) Knowledge based Medical Diagnosis (1979) Commercial Expert system (1980s) Polly: Behaviour based robotics (1993) Mobile PAs (Siri, Now, Cortana etc.) (2011) Facebook’s AI can perform facial recognition as accurate as humans! (2014) and the future is yet to come!
  • 9. the applications of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE To be useful, a system has to be able to do more than just correctly perform some task.“
  • 10. People of the future may look back on our society and marvel at our way of life… Doctors relying mainly on their memory for all the salient facts to a case! Cars that can't parallel-park themselves! Factories requiring human assembly- line drudgery! Library books unable to recommend other relevant information sources! Your house not opening & closing door by itself on seeing you or family! Cars not driving you to hospital by itself if you faint while driving! Fans & lamps not turn themselves off when we leave the room! Our bed not able to push us out by itself when alarm goes off!
  • 11. What are the characteristics of AI? Not Simulated Actual, not Fake Synthetic Intelligence Emerging Computer Technology Applied Science Branch (CS)
  • 12. What about the applications of AI? Object recognition Automatic target recognition Automated reasoning Artificial life Biologically inspired computing Facial recognition systems Speech recognition Image processing Decision support system Handwriting recognition Optical character recognition Concept mining Artificial Creativity Intelligent word recognition Natural language processing Robotics Cybernetics Pattern recognition and much, much more…
  • 13. Real life AI Projects/Examples. 1 Autonomous cars project An autonomous car (driverless car, self-driving car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. Major companies involved in the R&D of this technology are Google, Tesla and Ford as of now. 2 Blue Brain Project The Blue Brain Project is an attempt to create a synthetic brain by reverse- engineering mammalian brain circuitry. The aim of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute of the EPFL, Switzerland, is to study the brain's architectural and functional principles.
  • 14. Practical Examples of AI Applications. 3 Google Brain It is a deep learning project, part of Google X attempting to mimic human- level intelligence. The project's technology is currently used in the Android Operating System's speech recognition system, photo search for Google+ and video recommendations in YouTube. 4 Google Now Google Now is an intelligent personal assistant developed by Google. Google Now, including Now cards, voice search and commands, is available in the Google app for Android and iOS. It uses a natural language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests.
  • 15. Practical Examples of AI Applications. 5 Apple Siri It is a computer program that works as an intelligent personal assistant and knowledge navigator, part of Apple’s iOS, watchOS, macOS and tvOS operating systems. The feature uses a natural language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests. 6 Microsoft Cortana It is an intelligent personal assistant created by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Microsoft Band, Xbox One, iOS and Android. It can set reminders, recognise natural voice without the requirement for keyboard input, and answer questions using information from the Bing search.
  • 16. Practical Examples of AI Applications. 7 Holmes Holmes is a cognitive computing system developed by the Indian technology corporation Wipro and announced in 2016. Its uses include development of digital virtual agents, predictive systems, cognitive process automation, visual computing applications, knowledge virtualisation, robotics and drones. 8 Wolfram Alpha It is a computational knowledge engine or answer engine developed by Wolfram Research. It is an online service that answers factual queries directly by computing the answer from externally sourced "curated data", rather than providing a list of documents or web pages that might contain the answer as a search engine might. and many more…
  • 17. interaction & reasoning of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE The key to artificial intelligence has always been the representation. “
  • 18. How does the AI interacts? - Pairing new technologies with human assistants. - Recent film Ex Machina, where a reclusive billionaire invents a robotic AI. - Today, making machines & humans indistinguishable from each other is no longer science fiction-its good business. - Messaging is the medium.
  • 19. How does the AI performs reasoning? - When there’s one goal & too many options. - When data collection is easy but analysis is hard. - When it feels like a friend. - Who needs HUMANS? - AUTOMATED REASONING is an area of computer science & mathematical logic dedicated to understanding different aspects of reasoning.
  • 20. philosophy and ethics of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE By far, the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people conclude too early that they understand it.“
  • 21. Ethics & Philosophy of AI systems. The ethics of artificial intelligence is the part of the ethics of technology specific to robots and other artificially intelligent beings. It is typically divided into two major parts. AI Ethics Robo Ethics It is a concern with the moral behaviour of humans as they design, construct, use and treat artificially intelligent beings. Machine Ethics It is a concern with the moral behaviour of artificial moral agents(AMAs).
  • 22. facts & fiction related to ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE A year spent in artificial intelligence is enough to make one believe in God.“
  • 23. Some facts about Artificial Intelligence. ‣ Natural language processing method. ‣ Autonomous vehicles. ‣ Developing robots. ‣ Making human life easier. ‣ Speech recognition. ‣ Hospitals and medicine. ‣ Online telephone customer service. ‣ Transportation. ‣ Aviation.
  • 24. Uses of Artificial Intelligence in fiction. ‣ In the early half of 21st century there were many fictional intelligences related to AI. ‣ AI has firmly rooted in popular culture and in many films. ‣ Implication of AI is the persistent theme in science fiction . ‣ Science fiction sometimes emphasises the dangers of artificial intelligence and sometimes it’s positive potential. ‣ Artificial intelligence is the theme of many films and books like The Terminator, A Space Odyssey, Metropolis, Interstellar, The Matrix, Robocop etc.
  • 25. For NIET, Greater Noida, by Group - 2 (CSE4, 2016) Thank Youfor being all ears, dear audience :)