Zorica Nedovic Budic GeoICT for Planning & Policy

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Presentation by by Zorica Nedovic-Budic, Head of School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy, University College of Dublin, Ireland

9th Annual Meeting of the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Governance (Dublin-Kilkenny, Ireland), 26/27 March 2013.

http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/9thfplgmeeting.htm

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Zorica Nedovic Budic GeoICT for Planning & Policy

  1. 1. 9th Annual Meeting IMPLEMENTING CHANGE: A NEW LOCAL AGENDA FOR JOBS AND GROWTHIn co-operation with the EU Presidency, Irish Government and Pobal 26-27 March 2013, Dublin-Kilkenny, IrelandWORKSHOP G: DATA FOR POLICY DESIGN AND IMPACT ASSESSMENT Zorica Nedovic-Budic Head of School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy, University College of Dublin, Ireland
  2. 2. GeoICT for Planning & PolicyZorica Nedović-Budić, University College Dublin
  3. 3. Urban Challenges & Increased Reliance on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)Half the worlds population living in urban areas – set to rise to 67% by 2050(UN,2012)Lack of adequate infrastructure; inadequate housing conditionsNatural and built environments affected by regional climate changes (IPCC,2007)Growth of ICT – 6 billion mobile phone users, 2.4 billion internet users, 30 billionmobile phone apps downloaded in 2011 (The World Bank, 2012) Increasingly usedto aid prioritisation and response to urban challengesGeo technology advancements: GIS  DSS / PSS  PP GIS Internet GIS  SDI  VGI (Web 2)  ...
  4. 4. GeoWeb + Why?Geoweb is an “integrative, discoverable collection of geographically related webservices and data that spans multiple jurisdictions and geographic regions” (Lakeand Farley 2007, 15).Enhanced / more complete geographic information (digital maps)Public involvement / access to informationE-governanceInformation base for spatialplanning and policy,sustainable developmentand other
  5. 5. Examples
  6. 6. Infrastructure index0.82000 0.81091 0.808620.81000 0.806190.800000.790000.780000.770000.760000.750000.740000.730000.72000 Tracts not crossed by arterial streets Tracts crossed by arterial streets Fortaleza Index Average Income of Heads of Household 900.00 820.91 800.00 750.91 700.00 662.36 600.00 500.00Income 400.00 300.00 200.00 100.00 0.00 Tracts not crossed by arterial streets Tracts crossed by arterial streets Fortaleza Index
  7. 7. Infrastructure Index0.82000 0.81166 0.808620.810000.800000.790000.780000.770000.76000 0.755000.750000.740000.730000.72000 Tracts not crossed by rivers Tracts crossed by rivers Fortaleza Index Average Income of Heads of Household780.00 762.51760.00 750.91740.00720.00700.00680.00 660.93660.00640.00620.00600.00 Tracts not crossed by river Tracts crossed by river Fortaleza Index
  8. 8. Density of Construction Organisations in RoI in 2011 Comprehensive Opportunity MapClusters of Accommodation andFood Services in RoI in 2011 Source: Williams et al. 2012, Dublin’s Place in the Irish and Global Economy 2012
  9. 9. Human Development Index + LISA HDI Relative to Brazilian Average 0.3 0 0.3 0.6 Miles Relative HDI Relative HDI < 90% 90% - 110% < 90%SP mean HDI91= 0.716 > 110% 90% - 100% 100% - 110%66% 90-110 > 110%Clusters of low and high values(spatial autocorrelation index Moran’s I) LISA – Local Indicators of Spatial Association
  10. 10. Spatial Statistical Analysis of Intra-Urban Inequalities & Evaluation ofImpact of Public Intervention – Confirmatory Analysis
  11. 11. Modelling Source: Urban Environment Project MOLANDLand use maps of the Greater Dublin Region in 2026 generated by the MOLAND model for three different scenarios
  12. 12. Along came Web 2.0 – 2-way exchange(information ‘produsers’, Budhathoki et al. 2008, GeoJournal)Policy & Planning 2.0
  13. 13. Emergence of Volunteered Geographic Info, Crowd-Sourcing, Social Construction of Knowledge, Citizen-ScienceConnections: online communities and production; collaborative / shared contents
  14. 14. Example: community resource
  15. 15. Environmental example
  16. 16. Example: Noise mapping / citizen science -- London
  17. 17. Example: Bed Bugs - Chicago
  18. 18. Conclusion / Discussion- GeoICT – social knowledge production &communication + participation in policy / planning- not a solution but means to an end- potential to provide support- could be enabling- Areas of application / need?- Simple solutions?- Integration (sources / info, institutions, processes)?

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