O.P. Agarwal - Una Visión de Experiencia India en Política de Transporte Urbano - Programa de Líderes en Transporte Urbano

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O.P. Agarwal - Una Visión de Experiencia India en Política de Transporte Urbano - Programa de Líderes en Transporte Urbano

  1. 1. Public Policy for Urban Transport in India: Situation and PerspectiveSIBRT – Leon – 25th April, 2012 O P Agarwal The World Bank
  2. 2. Presentation outline• Situation that triggered the National Urban Transport Policy in India• Challenges faced and how overcome• Initial experience• Current scenario• Lessons learnt• Leaders Program in Urban Transport Planning 2
  3. 3. Motor Vehicle Sales in India (‘000)140001200010000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 Cars M2W
  4. 4. Growth of Vehicles to Population (1981-2001) Population16 Vehicles1412 Veh/Pop10 8 6 4 2 0 Kolkata Bangalore Mumbai Chennai Delhi Hyderabad Average
  5. 5. Reduced Safety Fatalities per million population100 95 90 79 79 80 67 70 60 52 50 41 40 28 29 30 20 10 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006
  6. 6. Energy Security Oil consumption (in FE Outgo (In Rs Million Tonnes) Billion)160 4500 145 4000140 4000120 3500100 3000 80 2500 2000 60 1500 40 23.5 1000 20 500 53 0 0 1980-81 2008-09 1980-81 2008-09
  7. 7. Urban population & projections 900 Projected 820 800 700 ActualPopulation (Millions) 700 583 600 500 473 400 372 285 300 217 200 159 109 100 62.4 78.9 0 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051
  8. 8. Needed proactive measures –Hence, a National Policy
  9. 9. •To make our cities the most livable in the world and enable them to become the “engines of economic growth” that power India’s march towards becoming a developed country
  10. 10. Why a National Policy? Several key agenciesSeveral key enactments are under the National administered by the Government National Government To guide National Government’s FinancialTo secure economies of Assistance scale in research & To set a framework forcapacity building efforts State level policies and strategies
  11. 11. Build capacity Ensure to plan for coordinated sustainable planning urban for urban Projects to transport Ensure transport demonstrate integrated best practices land use & in sustainable transport transport planning Promote People cleaner fuel National Urban focused & & vehicle equitabletechnologies for cities Transport Policy allocation of road space Innovative Investments financing in public methods to transport & raise Non Establish Motorized resources Regulatory Strategies for parking modes mechanisms for a level space and playing field freight traffic movements
  12. 12. Challenge• Urban transport is a State subject• Flyovers and road-widening are popular initiatives• How does one get them to think differently?
  13. 13. National Urban Renewal Mission• Established a partnership for the national, provincial and local governments to finance the needed urban infrastructure• National government commits $ 12 billion over a 7 year period• Linked to prescribed reforms
  14. 14. Thus:National Urban Established aTransport Policy framework for action National Urban Created an incentive Renewal Mission for implementation
  15. 15. Initiatives taken• 64 cities planning modern bus services• BRT approved in 11 cities - others on the anvil• 8 cities building new metro rail systems• National pressure for Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority• Emphasis on a comprehensive mobility plan• Comprehensive capacity building program  Training, Education, Legal frameworks, Institutions, standards and manuals
  16. 16. Metro projects – lessons learnt• Delhi metro considered a “Crown Jewel”• Extremely well implemented• Extremely good public relations• However, ridership needs to go up  189 km – 1.8 million daily passengers• Very little integration with other modes 21
  17. 17. BRT Projects – lessons learnt• Four cities have started services• One city doing well, but in others its more like dedicated busways• Good learning opportunity for others  Need for stable leadership  Lack of capacity – city engineers, consultants  Need to focus on operational plan and not just infrastructure  Importance of communications and outreach  Adverse impact on the influential section of society  Value of reliable data
  18. 18. Overall lessons1. Need for improved strategic planning2. Need for institutional integration and better coordination – in planning and operations3. Need for significant capacity building4. Need for contextual research 23
  19. 19. Capacity Building forLeaders in UrbanTransport Planning 24
  20. 20. Objective• Create a pool of leaders/change agents to look at Urban Mobility in a holistic and comprehensive manner• Create capacity in local universities and training institutes• Create high quality toolkits (“how to” guides) and reference material for the practice• Create a platform for South-South information exchange• Create a professional network of leaders 25
  21. 21. Target group• Key national, provincial and city level decision makers• Potential faculty for local programs• Bank staff and staff of partner agencies working on urban transport• Staff of civil society organizations working on urban transport• Staff of local consultants (at their cost) 26
  22. 22. Target group has special needs• They switch off with • Self learning material to be too much lecturing sent in advance• “You don’t know our • Face to face event to focus situation” on action learning• Prefer learning by  Case studies doing and seeing  Peer discussions• Prefer learning at a  Group work/Games slower pace – not • Learning by doing information overload  Locally relevant project work• Yet, they can not be  Mentoring support and high out for too long quality reference materialTherefore traditional • Exposure to “Best methods need Practices” 27 revision
  23. 23. Proposed 5 phase structure Focus onI. Self learning comprehensive planning II. One week face to face learning program III. Work on a locally relevant project at duty locationAssignments IV. Exposure visit s/ Internship + Evaluation V. Short wrap up and certification
  24. 24. Status• First program held in Singapore in January 2012  66 participants from 13 different countries  Offered an excellent opportunity for South – South learning• Further programs scheduled in:  Marseille(French) – June 2012  Fuzhou (Chinese) – June 2012  India (English) – July – August, 2012  Buenos Aires (Spanish) – November 2012• Looking for partners to deliver in other countries 29
  25. 25. Singapore Program Video 30

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