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French verbs

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etre, avoir, aller -er verbs, regular -ir and -re verbs

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French verbs

  1. 1. The Present Tense of être, avoir, aller, -er verbs, regular - ir & - re verbs How to say Actions in the present.
  2. 2. - er verbs  Most verbs in French end in –er in the infinitive.  You follow 3 steps with forming – er verbs.
  3. 3. STEP 1 Determine who is doing the action of the verb.  Je  Tu  Il  Elle  On  Nous  Vous  Ils  Elles  I  You (s)  He  She  We / one  We  Y’all (pl)  They (m)  They (f)
  4. 4. STEP 2 Find the stem (remove the –er)  manger (to eat)  mang  jouer (to play)  jou
  5. 5. STEP 3 – Add the correct ending to the stem, depending on who the person is who is doing the verb.  Je = e  je joue  tu = es  tu joues  Il/ elle/ on = e  il joue  Nous = ons  nous jouons  Vous = ez  vous jouez  Ils/ elles = ent  ils jouent
  6. 6. - ir verbs  You also follow 3 steps when forming – ir verbs.
  7. 7. STEP 1 Determine who is doing the action of the verb.  Je  Tu  Il  Elle  On  Nous  Vous  Ils  Elles  I  You (s)  He  She  We / one  We  Y’all (pl)  They (m)  They (f)
  8. 8. STEP 2 Find the stem (remove the –ir)  finir (to finish)  fin  choisir ( to choose)  chois
  9. 9. STEP 3 – Add the correct ending to the stem, depending on who the person is who is doing the verb.  Je = is  je finis  tu = is  tu finis  Il/ elle/ on = it  il finit  Nous = issons  nous finissons  Vous = issez  vous finissez  Ils/ elles = issent  ils finissent
  10. 10. - re verbs  They follow 3 steps too.
  11. 11. STEP 1 First find out who is doing the verb.  Je  Tu  Il  Elle  On  Nous  Vous  Ils  Elles  I  You (s)  He  She  We / one  We  You (pl)  They (m)  They (f)
  12. 12. STEP 2 Find the stem > remove the –re  vendre (to sell) vend  répondre (to reply ) répond
  13. 13. STEP 3 – Add the correct ending to the stem, depending on who the person is who is doing the verb.  Je = s  je vends  tu = s  tu vends  Il/ elle/ on =  il vend  Nous = ons  nous vendons  Vous = ez  vous vendez  Ils/ elles = ent  ils vendent
  14. 14. être  You follow only 2 steps when forming être.
  15. 15. STEP 1 Determine who is doing the action of the verb.  Je  Tu  Il  Elle  On  Nous  Vous  Ils  Elles  I  You (s)  He  She  We / one  We  Y’all (pl)  They (m)  They (f)
  16. 16. STEP 2 – There are NO endings to remove, use the correct verb depending on who is who is doing the action of the verb.  Je = suis  je suis  tu = es  tu es  Il/ elle/ on = est  il est  Nous = sommes  nous sommes  Vous = êtes  vous êtes  Ils/ elles = sont  ils sont
  17. 17. avoir  You follow 2 steps with forming avoir.
  18. 18. STEP 1 Determine who is doing the action of the verb.  Je  Tu  Il  Elle  On  Nous  Vous  Ils  Elles  I  You (s)  He  She  We / one  We  Y’all (pl)  They (m)  They (f)
  19. 19. STEP 2 – There are NO endings to remove, use the correct verb depending on who is who is doing the action of the verb.  Je = ai  j’ai  tu = as  tu as  Il/ elle/ on = a  il a  Nous = avons  nous avons  Vous = avez  vous avez  Ils/ elles = ont  ils vont
  20. 20. aller  You follow only 2 steps with forming aller.
  21. 21. STEP 1 Determine who is doing the action of the verb.  Je  Tu  Il  Elle  On  Nous  Vous  Ils  Elles  I  You (s)  He  She  We / one  We  Y’all (pl)  They (m)  They (f)
  22. 22. STEP 2 – There are NO endings to remove, use the correct verb depending on who is who is doing the action of the verb.  Je = vais  je vais  tu = vas  tu vas  Il/ elle/ on = va  il va  Nous = allons  nous allons  Vous = allez  vous allez  Ils/ elles = vont  ils vont

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