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French –er verbs

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French –er verbs

  1. 1. French –er verbsHow to conjugate verbsending in –er in French
  2. 2. What is a verb? Verbs are words that describe actions. Like the commercial says, verbs are “what you do”. They consist of two parts: a stem + a verb endingVerbs can either be in the infinitive form or the conjugated form. The infinitive form is the raw form of the verb, all English infinitives start with “to”.
  3. 3. Why do we conjugate? However, you can not use the infinitive form in a sentence: He to play soccer today. What’s wrong with the above sentence?He plays soccer today/ He is playing soccer today. TO CONJUGATE A VERB YOU CHANGE THE VERB TO MATCH A GIVEN SUBJECT. French infinitives typically end in either –er, -ir or –re . When we conjugate a French verb we take off the last two letters and add different ones. Il jouer (=to play) au foot. Il joue au foot = He plays or is playing soccer.
  4. 4. Many French verbs ending in –er follow a regular pattern The verb jouer (to play) is conjugated below. You will have to memorize which verbs ending in –er in the infinitive follow the “normal” pattern of conjugation, meaning you can just take the –er ending off the infinitive and add the following endings to the stem: jouer(to play) je joue nous jou ons tu joues vous jou ez il,elle,on joue ils,elles jou enthttp://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/ver1.html
  5. 5. Some verbs ending in –er are stem-changing This means that there will be slight changes taking place in the stem of the verb: appeler (to call) j’ appelle nous appelons tu appelles vous appelez il,elle,on appelle ils,elles appellenthttp://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/ver2.html
  6. 6. Practice makes Perfect! The only way to learn verb conjugations is to practice often, much like you would to learn a piece of music. The link below brings to an excellent website where you can practice all French verbs, and gives you helpful comparisons to English verbs:http://www.conjuguemos.com

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