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English
Quarter 1,Wk.10 - Module 1
Conditionals in Expressing Arguments
Department of Education ● Republic of the Philippines
9
ii
What I Know
Before we start the lesson, let’s find out how well you can answer the pre-test activity below:
A. Choose the correct conditional form for each sentence.
1. If I hadn't overslept, I ______ on time.
a. will have been
b. would have been
c. will be
2. If you had eaten a good breakfast, you______ so hungry now.
a. wouldn't be
b. can't be
c. won't be
3. I ______ that car if I had had more money at the time.
a. could have bought
b. could buy
c. will buy
4. That horse could have won the race if he ______ hurt his leg.
a. doesn't hurt
b. hasn't hurt
c. hadn't hurt
5. If I ______ harder for the test I would have gotten a better grade.
a. had studied
b. will study
c. did study
6. If it hadn't rained, we ______ to the park.
a. will have gone
b. will go
c. would have gone
7. If only we ______ the directions!
a. will follow
b. did follow
c. had followed
8. If the road hadn't been icy, we ______ an accident.
a. won't have
b. wouldn't have had
c. didn't have
9. He would have gone to work if he ______ sick.
a. hadn't been
b. won't be
c. didn't be
10. If I had known you were coming, I ______ a cake.
a. will bake
b. would have baked
c. would bake
1
Lesson
1
Conditionals in Expressing Arguments:
Four Types of Conditionals
What I Need to Know
At the end of this module, you are expected to:
1. Identify conditional verbs in sentences
2. Construct the correct form of conditional verbs in sentences
2. Use conditionals in expressing arguments
What’s New
Preliminary Activity:
Task 1: Ponder On and Think!
Examine the following pictures and provide possible solution/s for each situation.
2
(pictures taken from google)
1. At home you have collected bags of old receipts, used papers, worn out clothes,
plastic bottles, and damaged toys.
2. You have noticed that your nearby vacant lot has been filled with garbage.
3. You have watched from news that there is a “clean-up” drive along the coastal areas
of Iligan City.
3
What Is It
Conditional
Conditional sentences consist of two parts:
The if-clause (which is a condition) and the main clause (which is a result)
For example:
If it rains, we will cancel the trip.
If it rains …. is the if-clause (the condition),
we will cancel the trip …. is the main clause (the result)
There are four types of conditionals namely the zero conditional, the first conditional, the
second conditional and the third conditional.
The Zero Conditional is composed with two present simple verbs (one in the 'if clause'
and one in the 'main clause'). It is used when the result will always happen.
If + present simple + present simple
If water reaches 100 degrees, it boils.
If I eat peanuts, I am sick
I feel good the next day if I go to bed early.
David is sick if he drinks.
I cycle to work if the weather is fine.
The First Conditional has the present simple after 'if', then the future simple in the other
clause. It's used to talk about things which might happen in the future.
If + present simple + will/won’t + verb (infinitive)
If it rains, I won't go to the park.
If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.
If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.
4
She'll be late if the train is delayed.
She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon.
The Second Conditional uses the past simple after if, then 'would' and the infinitive
If + past simple + would + verb (infinitive)
It has two uses.
First, we can use it to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true.
If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.
If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello.
She would travel all over the world if she were rich.
She would pass the exam if she ever studied.
Second, we can use it to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because
it's not true.
If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me
to call him).
If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man.
The Third Conditional is used with the past perfect after 'if' and then 'would have' and
the past participle in the second part of the sentence. It talks about the past. It's used to
describe a situation that didn't happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.
If + past perfect + would + have + past participle
If she had studied, she would have passed the exam.
If I hadn't eaten so much, I wouldn't have felt sick.
If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn't have missed the plane.
She wouldn't have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier.
She would have become a teacher if she had gone to university.

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English9_q2_mod4_Use-Conditionals-in-Expressing-Arguments_v2_EDITED.docx

  • 1. i English Quarter 1,Wk.10 - Module 1 Conditionals in Expressing Arguments Department of Education ● Republic of the Philippines 9
  • 2. ii What I Know Before we start the lesson, let’s find out how well you can answer the pre-test activity below: A. Choose the correct conditional form for each sentence. 1. If I hadn't overslept, I ______ on time. a. will have been b. would have been c. will be 2. If you had eaten a good breakfast, you______ so hungry now. a. wouldn't be b. can't be c. won't be 3. I ______ that car if I had had more money at the time. a. could have bought b. could buy c. will buy 4. That horse could have won the race if he ______ hurt his leg. a. doesn't hurt b. hasn't hurt c. hadn't hurt 5. If I ______ harder for the test I would have gotten a better grade. a. had studied b. will study c. did study 6. If it hadn't rained, we ______ to the park. a. will have gone b. will go c. would have gone 7. If only we ______ the directions! a. will follow b. did follow c. had followed 8. If the road hadn't been icy, we ______ an accident. a. won't have b. wouldn't have had c. didn't have 9. He would have gone to work if he ______ sick. a. hadn't been b. won't be c. didn't be 10. If I had known you were coming, I ______ a cake. a. will bake b. would have baked c. would bake
  • 3. 1 Lesson 1 Conditionals in Expressing Arguments: Four Types of Conditionals What I Need to Know At the end of this module, you are expected to: 1. Identify conditional verbs in sentences 2. Construct the correct form of conditional verbs in sentences 2. Use conditionals in expressing arguments What’s New Preliminary Activity: Task 1: Ponder On and Think! Examine the following pictures and provide possible solution/s for each situation.
  • 4. 2 (pictures taken from google) 1. At home you have collected bags of old receipts, used papers, worn out clothes, plastic bottles, and damaged toys. 2. You have noticed that your nearby vacant lot has been filled with garbage. 3. You have watched from news that there is a “clean-up” drive along the coastal areas of Iligan City.
  • 5. 3 What Is It Conditional Conditional sentences consist of two parts: The if-clause (which is a condition) and the main clause (which is a result) For example: If it rains, we will cancel the trip. If it rains …. is the if-clause (the condition), we will cancel the trip …. is the main clause (the result) There are four types of conditionals namely the zero conditional, the first conditional, the second conditional and the third conditional. The Zero Conditional is composed with two present simple verbs (one in the 'if clause' and one in the 'main clause'). It is used when the result will always happen. If + present simple + present simple If water reaches 100 degrees, it boils. If I eat peanuts, I am sick I feel good the next day if I go to bed early. David is sick if he drinks. I cycle to work if the weather is fine. The First Conditional has the present simple after 'if', then the future simple in the other clause. It's used to talk about things which might happen in the future. If + present simple + will/won’t + verb (infinitive) If it rains, I won't go to the park. If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight. If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.
  • 6. 4 She'll be late if the train is delayed. She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon. The Second Conditional uses the past simple after if, then 'would' and the infinitive If + past simple + would + verb (infinitive) It has two uses. First, we can use it to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house. If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello. She would travel all over the world if she were rich. She would pass the exam if she ever studied. Second, we can use it to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true. If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me to call him). If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man. The Third Conditional is used with the past perfect after 'if' and then 'would have' and the past participle in the second part of the sentence. It talks about the past. It's used to describe a situation that didn't happen, and to imagine the result of this situation. If + past perfect + would + have + past participle If she had studied, she would have passed the exam. If I hadn't eaten so much, I wouldn't have felt sick. If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn't have missed the plane. She wouldn't have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier. She would have become a teacher if she had gone to university.
  • 7. 5 Activity Determine the sentences whether it is zero conditional, first conditional, second conditional or third conditional. ______1. If you smoke, you get yellow fingers. ______2. If I had been born in a different country, I would have learned to speak a different language. ______3. If I spoke perfect English, I would have a good job. ______4. I won’t go if you don’t come with me. ______5. He would have been happier if he had stayed at home. What’s More? Now let us apply what we have discussed through a practice exercise. Activity: A. STAND ON YOUR OWN! Below are three important social and environmental issues today. We all know for a fact that in one way or another, these issues do not benefit people, but also bring harm to others. What is your stand in each of the illustrated issue? USE CONDITIONALS in presenting your arguments. Mining ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________
  • 8. 6 B. BE OPTIMISTIC! Below are optimistic expressions of the status of social justice today. Do you agree or disagree with the expressions below. Present your arguments using CONDITIONALS. 1. We live in a fair and just society. 2. It is important to treat others with justice and fairness. Oil Exploration ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Quarrying ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ I agree/I disagree because... I agree/I disagree because...
  • 9. 7 4. Revenge can sometimes be justified. 5. There is justice and fairness in my school. What I Have Learned A. Supply the suitable forms of the verbs in brackets in the second conditional sentence. 1. If I ________ (have) a yacht, I would sail around the world. 2. If David _______ (be) taller, he could even play in NBA. 3. If you _______ (be) eighteen years old, you could drive a car. 4. Would you teach me if you ________ (know) how to ride a bike? 5. If I _________ (see) a spider, I would scream. 6. If Andre _________ (win) the lottery, he would buy a big house for us. 7. I would be so pleased if Jessica ________ (come) to my party. 8. If Danny really _________ (love) you, he wouldn't break your heart all the time. 9. Robin could lead a healthier life if she ________ (give up) smoking. 10. If she ____________ (apologize) to me, I would forgive her. B. Complete the following sentences using the third conditionals. 1) If you _____ (not/be) late, we _____ (not/miss) the bus. 2) If she _____ (study) she _____ (pass) the exam. 3) If we _____ (arrive) earlier, we _____ (see) John. 4) If they _____ (go) to bed early, they _____ (not/wake) up late. I agree/I disagree because... I agree/I disagree because...
  • 10. 8 5) If he _____ (become) a musician, he _____ (record) a CD. 6) If she _____ (go) to art school, she _____ (become) a painter. 7) If I _____ (be) born in a different country, I _____ (learn) to speak a different language. 8) If she _____ (go) to university, she _____ (study) French. 9) If we _____ (not/go) to the party, we _____ (not/meet) them. 10) If he _____ (not/take) the job, he _____ (go) travelling. What I Can Do Read the situations presented. Create bubble strips or comic strips to explain what you would say if given the chance to confront the person who committed the wrong deed. Use conditionals in expressing your answers.
  • 11. 9 1. A classmate who was suspended for etching his name on a wooden arm chair 2. A student who was sent to the guidance office for asking for excessive change in the school canteen 3. A friend who was caught by the librarian trying to steal a journal from the library 4. Your sibling who was scolded by your parents for cutting classes and playing online games instead 5. A classmate who was reprimanded for creating hearsays about a teacher Summary Let’s Sum Up! Conditional sentences consist of two parts: the if-clause (which is a condition) and the main clause (which is a result). There are four type types of conditionals namely the zero conditional involves the present simple + present simple; the first conditional uses the present simple + will / won’t + verb; the second conditional involves the past simple + would + verb and the third conditional involves the past perfect + would have + past participle. In general, zero conditional refers to facts; first conditional and second conditional refer to the present or future. However second conditional sentences suggest it is less probable or imaginary and lastly third conditional refers to the past.
  • 12. 10 Assessment: (Post-Test) A. Supply the suitable forms of the verbs in parentheses using the conditionals. 1. (Third conditional) If the students _______ (not/be) late for the exam, they ______ (pass). 2. (Third conditional) If the weather ______ (not/be) so cold, we ________ (go) to the beach. 3. (Second conditional) If she _________ (have) her laptop with her, she ______ (email) me. 4. (First conditional) If she _______ (not/go) to the meeting, I _______ (not/go) either. 5. (Third conditional) If the baby ________ (sleep) better last night, I _____ (not/be) so tired. 6. (First conditional) If the teacher _______ (give) us lots of homework this weekend, I _________ (not/be) happy. 7. (Second conditional) If Lucy _______ (have) enough time, she ________ (travel) more. 8. (First conditional) If the children ________ (not/eat) soon, they _________ (be) grumpy. 9. (First conditional) If I ________ (not/go) to bed soon, I _______ (be) tired in the morning. 10. (Second conditional) If I __________ (want) a new car, I __________ (buy) one. B. Finish the sentences with a clause in the correct conditionals. 1. If I go out tonight___________________________________________________ 2. If I were on holiday today ____________________________________________ 3. If I had listened to my mother _________________________________________ 4. If I hadn’t eaten so much _____________________________________________ 5. If it rains later ______________________________________________________ 6. If I were British ____________________________________________________ 7. If I were the opposite sex ____________________________________________ 8. If I have enough money ______________________________________________ 9. If you don’t wear a coat in the winter ___________________________________ 10. If I weren’t studying English __________________________________________
  • 13. 11 Key to Answers Pre-test A. 1. would have been. 2. wouldn't be. 3. could have bought. 4. hadn't hurt. 5. had studied. 6. would have gone. 7. had followed. 8. wouldn't have had. 9. hadn't been. 10. would have baked. Preliminary Activity: Task 1: Ponder On and Think (Answers may vary) What is it Activity 1. Zero conditional 2. Third conditional 3. Second cond. 4. First conditional 5.Third conditional What’s More A. STAND ON YOUR OWN! ( answers may vary ) B.BE OPTIMISTIC! (answers may vary) What I Have Learned A. 1. had 5. saw 2. were 6. won
  • 14. 12 3. were 7. came 4. knew 8. loved 5. saw 9. gave up 6. won 10. apologized B. 1. hadn't been , wouldn't have missed 2. had studied , would have passed 3. had arrived , would have seen 4. had gone , wouldn't have woken 5. had become , would have recorded 6. had gone , would have become 7. had been , would have learned 8. had gone , would have studied 9. hadn't gone, wouldn't have met 10. hadn't taken , would have gone WHAT CAN I DO (answers may vary) Assessment: Post-Test A. 1. hadn't been, would have passed 2. hadn't been, would have gone 3. had , would email 4. doesn't go , won't go 5. had slept , wouldn't have been 6. gives , won't be 7. had , would travel 8. [ don't eat ][ I'll be ] 9. [ don't go ][ I'll be ] 10. [ wanted ][ would buy ]
  • 15. 13 B. Answers may vary 1: If I go out tonight, I'll go to the cinema. 2: If I were on holiday today, I would go to the beach. 3: If I had listened to my mother, I wouldn't have caught a cold. 4: If I hadn’t eaten so much, I wouldn't have felt sick. 5: If it rains later, I won't go out. 6: If I were British, I would speak perfect English. 7: If I were the opposite sex, I would grow a beard. 8: If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes. 9: If you don’t wear a coat in the winter, you get sick. 10: If I weren’t studying English, I would study French.
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