Pre trip task national museum


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Pre trip task national museum

  1. 1. National Palace Museum Chloe Lim, Natalie Yeo, Lauren Tan, Rebecca Goh, Chelsea Goh, Valerie Gan
  2. 2. Background History National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 antique museum in Shilin, Taipei, Taiwan Houses a permanent collection of more than 696,000 pieces of ancient Chinese Over 8,000 years of Chinese artifacts and artworks history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing Dynasty. The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the The institution in Taipei is Forbidden City in Beijing, share the distinguished from the one same original roots, which was split in Beijing by the additional in two as a result of the Chinese "National" designation. Civil War.
  3. 3. National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 ● Paintings and Calligraphy ● Antiquities ○ ○ ○ ○ Ceramics Jades Bronzes Curios ● Rare books and documents these artifacts and items are from the different dynasties of ancient China
  4. 4. Paintings and Calligraphy ● date from the Tang Dynasty (618–907) to the modern era. ● collection covers over one thousand years of Chinese paintings ● Wide range of genres: ○ ○ flower and bird, ○ figure painting ○ ● landscape boundary painting Most famous paintings: ○ Qing Palace version of Zhang Zeduan's Along the River During the Qingming Festival. this is a copy (the original is in the Palace Museum in Beijing), ○ Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains (Wu-yung version) by Huang Gongwang of Yuan Dynasty is one of the most dramatized pieces.
  5. 5. Paintings and Calligraphy The museum has a vast collection of calligraphy works from the hands of major calligraphers, scholars and important courtiers in history. The calligraphy works date from the Jin (265–420) and Tang (618–907) dynasties, with a variety of styles.
  6. 6. Antiquities Bronzes -- Zong Zhou Zhong commissioned by King Li of Zhou, is the most important musical instrument cast under his royal decree. Ru wares were made exclusively for the court and were ranked among the Ding, Jun,Guan and Ge as the "five classic wares" of the Song Dynasty Major collection site for the aforementioned kilns. Official kilns of the Ming and Qing dynasties (E.g. the Mao Gong Ding of doucai porcelains the late Western of the Chenghua Zhou Dynasty reign in the Ming carries the longest Chinese bronze inscriptions Dynasty) are of excellent quality.
  7. 7. Antiquities "Jadeite Cabbage" A piece of jadeite carved into the shape of a cabbage head, and with a large and a small grasshopper camouflaged in the leaves. Ruffled semi-translucent leaves attached is due to the masterful combination of various natural color of the jade to recreate the color variations of a real cabbage
  8. 8. "Meat-shaped Stone" ■ often exhibited together with the Jadeite Cabbage. A piece of jasper, a form of agate, the strata of which are cleverly used to create a likeness of a piece of pork cooked in soy sauce. ■ The dyed and textured surface makes the layers of skin, lean meat, and fat materialized incredibly lifelike.
  9. 9. "Carved Olive-stone Boat" ○ ○
  10. 10. Rare books range from the Song and Yuan dynasties to the Ming and Qing dynasties, amounting to over 200,000 volumes ○ Yongle Encyclopedia and Siku Quanshu (Complete Library of the Four Treasuries) are among the examples.
  11. 11. Historical documents Jiu Manzhou Dang, a set of Manchu archives that are the sourcebook of Manwen Laodang and a primary source of early Manchu history. The court archives are available for research in the history of the Qing Dynasty.
  12. 12. The museum’s 3 floors First- It consists of galleries dedicated to Qing dynasty furniture, a vast array of religious sculptural art and rare books. Second- Han to Qing Dynasty: Here a range of artwork, mediums and materials expands dramatically from porcelain and ceramics, to fine art, jewellery and sculpture. The rare collection of silk-screen painting and calligraphy is truly magnificent. Third- Early China: This charts the beginnings of Chinese civilisation in the Neolithic period through to the end of the Han dynasty in 220 AD. Early pottery and exquisite jade pieces are expected to be seen here.
  13. 13. Significance of the National Palace Museum, Taipei ● ● ● The full collection, which consists of some 650,000 pieces, spans over many dynasties. ○ Each exhibit, however, puts on display only about 1,700 pieces at a time. Many of the artifacts on display were possessions of the former imperial family. One very familiar one would be the Qin Dynasty. The famous jade cabbage was found as part of the Concubine Jin’s dowry. This museum acts as a memorial to the many priceless pieces of history for the world to view.
  14. 14. What we hope to learn from National Palace Museum ❖ to appreciate Chinese history and culture ❖ to understand how the Chinese culture has evolved over the many dynasties
  15. 15. Importance of a museum ● Permanent institutions which acquire, conserve, research, and exhibit, for purposes of study, and enjoyment, material evidence of people and their environment ● Bear out a relationship with the past that attaches value to tangible traces left by our ancestors, and aim to protect them ○ Such collections now constitute the major part of what is universally known as the cultural heritage. ■ Heritage -- our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations ■ Irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration ○ Museums safeguard and preserve the heritage as a whole ○ Essential in allowing a deeper understanding and establishing both its meaning and its possession
  16. 16. Importance of a museum ● helps in the preparation of a global ethic based on practice for the conservation, protection and diffusion of cultural heritage values. ● Presents the interactions between culture and nature ● Works for the endogenous development of social communities whose testimonies it conserves while lending a voice to their cultural aspirations. ○ Attentive to social and cultural change, helping us to present our identity and diversity in an ever-changing world.
  17. 17. How do we preserve our own heritage? raise awareness among the people of the country - by relaying the importance of the country’s heritage to the people, so that they would feel the duty to protect it too
  18. 18. Thank you!