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Hartley powerpoint

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Hartley powerpoint

  1. 1. The Authenticity of Characters in Ernest Hemingway’s Works By: Melissa Hartley
  2. 2. Across the River and into the Trees <ul><li>Colonel Richard Cantwell – a veteran of WWI and WWII, and is losing the fight for his life due to heart disease. “Holds strong personal values – physical exertion, comradeship, kindness toward the weak, chivalry toward women, toughness toward oneself (Archer 8).” </li></ul><ul><li>Renato – taking care of Cantwell as he is dying. “Attempts to keep the dying colonel optimistic and forward-looking (Archer 9).” </li></ul><ul><li>Hemingway has created two genuine characters, that allow the author to break into the minds of his audience by discussing an excruciating real-life experience. Through the characters, his novel is brought to life. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Old Man and the Sea <ul><li>Santiago – an old Cuban fisherman who spends weeks out at sea to catch a huge marlin, only for it to be eaten by sharks before he makes it home. “bears tragedy with great humility and dignity (Slomski 1400).” </li></ul><ul><li>Manolin – He “begs and steals so that the old man does not go hungry (Slomski 1400).” Santiago is teaching him how to fish, but his father forces him to stop. </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” <ul><li>Francis Macomber – lost his wife’s respect by failing to kill a lion out of fear, while on an African safari. He finally gains courage by killing a buffalo, but is simultaneously killed by his wife. </li></ul><ul><li>Margot Macomber – cheats on her husband with their guide who bravely killed the lion. Questionably shoots her husband while a buffalo was charging him. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson – the Macomber’s safari guide; a professional hunter. Believes Margot meant to kill her husband because he gained the courage to leave her, and tells her, “He would have left you too (Hemingway 41).” </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Hills like White Elephants” <ul><li>American man – waiting for a train with his love, who is unexpectedly pregnant with their child. He wants her to have an abortion so they can continue their life of adventure. </li></ul><ul><li>A girl – whose name is not mentioned. Feels she must have an abortion, and “that she must try to salvage their relationship (Mazzeno 1174).” </li></ul><ul><li>This short story ends with the girl deciding to have the abortion, even though Hemingway makes the reader feel that she really does not want to. Hemingway often uses incredible real-life circumstances to define his characters. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ The Snows of Kilimanjaro” <ul><li>Harry – was once a writer, but he married a rich woman and neglected his craft in order “to live a life of adventure and luxury (Mazzeno 1176).” He develops gangrene and knows he is dying. </li></ul><ul><li>Harry’s wife – is in denial that he is dying. Is the object of blame for Henry because he feels she is the reason he lost his skill. However, at the end of the story he realizes it is not her fault, and understand how much she loves him. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Farewell to Arms <ul><li>Fredrick Henry – wounded in war, and falls in love with his nurse. He escapes the war with his love, but ends up losing her in childbirth. </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine Barkley – Henry’s nurse, who has just lost her fiancé in war. Runs away with Henry, but then loses their child at birth, and then loses her own life. </li></ul><ul><li>It is interesting to note that Barkley is based off of Hemingway’s love, and also his nurse, in WWI. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Sun Also Rises <ul><li>Jack Barnes – Injured in war, and his “war wound has left him physically incapable of making love (Mangum 1524).” Is in love, but has to accept that his girlfriend has to sleep with other men to fulfill her desires. </li></ul><ul><li>Lady Brett Ashley – The love interest of Barnes. She truly loves him, but feels the need to have sexual relationships with other men. </li></ul>
  9. 9. For Whom the Bell Tolls <ul><li>Robert Jordan – an American teacher who went to Spain “to fight and die” against “totalitarian cruelty of Francisco Franco and the Fascists (“For Whom the Bell Tolls” 671).” Falls in love with Maria, whom he meets at a camp. </li></ul><ul><li>Maria – falls in love with Jordan during the Spanish Civil War. She has encountered much abuse in her life, but Jordan eventually gives his so that she can escape with her life. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>Archer, Stanley. “Across the River and into the Trees.” Masterplots II: American Fiction Series, Revised Edition . Ed. Steven G. Kellman. Vol. 1. Pasadena, California, 2000.7-11. Print. “For Whom the Bell Tolls.” Cyclopedia of Literary Characters: Revised Edition. A. J. Sobczak, Frank N. Magill, and Janet Alice Long. Vol. 2. Pasadena, California: Salem Press, Inc., 1998. 627. Print. Hemingway, Ernest. The Short Stories . New York, NY: Scribner Classics, 1997. Print. Mangum, Bryant. “Ernest Hemingway.” Critical Survey of Long Fiction. Ed. Ralph Ellison, Jamake Highwater, Carl Rollyson, and Frank N. Magill. Vol. 3. Pasadena, California: Salem Press, Inc., 2000. 1521-30. Print. Mazzeno, Laurence W. “Ernest Hemingway.” Critical Survey of Short Fiction: Second Revised Edition. Ed. James T. Farrell, W.W. Jacobs, Charles E. May, and Frank N. Magill. Vol. 3. Pasadena, California: Salem Press, Inc., 2001. 1172-79. Print. Slomski, Genevieve. “The Old Man and the Sea.” Cyclopedia of Literary Characters: Revised Edition. Ed. A.J. Sobczak, Frank N. Magill, and Janet Alice Long. Vol. 3. Pasadena, California: Salem Press, Inc., 1998. 1400. Print . </li></ul>

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