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afro-latinandpopularmusic-150414032447-conversion-gate01.pdf

  1. 1. AFRO-LATIN AND POPULAR MUSIC Prepared for DepEd National Training of Trainers for Grade 10 K-12 VizMin Cluster by ALTHEA MAE B.BONGCAWIL
  2. 2. Music of Africa  Historical and Cultural Background of African Music  Singing, dancing, hand clapping, and the beating of drums are essential to many ceremonies : birth, death, initiation, marriage and funerals.  Important to religious expression and political events.  It has great influences on global music ( contemporary American, Latin American, and European styles)
  3. 3.  ..VideosFree YouTube DownloaderTshwane Traditional Dancers.mp4
  4. 4.  ..VideosFree YouTube DownloaderThe Polyphonic Singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa (1).mp4
  5. 5. Traditional Music of Africa Apala Musical genre from Nigeria in the Yoruba tribal style to wake up the worshippers after fasting during the Muslim holy feast of Ramadan. Instrumentation includes the rattle(sekere), thumb piano (agidigbo), bell ( agogo) and two or three talking drums.
  6. 6. Traditional Music of Africa  Axe  Popular musical genre from Salvador, Bahia and Brazil. It fuses the Afro-Carribean styles of the marcha, reggae and calypso.  Jit  Hard and fast Zimbabwean dance music played on drums with guitar accompaniment.
  7. 7. Traditional Music of Africa  Jive- Lively and uninhibited variation of jitterbug  Juju  Popular style from Nigeria that relies on the traditional Yoruba rhythms.  Kwassa Kwassa  Shake your booty dance style begun in Zaire in the late 80’s.
  8. 8. Music of Africa  Marabi  Characterized by simple chords in varying vamping patterns and repetitive harmony over an extended period of time to allow the dances more time on the dance floor.  Reggae- Jamaican sound dominated by bass and guitar chops associated with Rastsafarian religion.
  9. 9. Music of Africa  Salsa- Afro-Cuban music.  Samba- Typifies most Brazilian music  Soca- Modern Trinidadian and Tobago pop music combining “soul” and “calypso” music.
  10. 10. Music of Africa  Were- Muslim music performed often as a wake-up call for early breakfast and prayers during Ramadan celebration.  Zouk- Fast, carnival-like rhythmic music from the Creole slang word for “party” Originating in the Carribean Islands of Guadalupe and Martinique.
  11. 11.  ..MusicFree YouTube DownloaderHarry Belafonte Day-O ( Banana Boat ).mp3
  12. 12. Vocal Forms of African Music  1. Maracatu Surfaced in the African state of Pernambuco, combining the strong rhythms of African percussion instruments with Portugese melodies. It uses mostly percussion instruments such as the alfaia, tarol, and caixa-de- Guerra, gongue, agbe, and miniero.
  13. 13. Vocal Forms of African Music 2. Blues Musical form of the late 19th century that has had deep roots in African-American communities ( “Deep South” of the United States). Slaves used to sing as they worked in the cotton and vegetable fields.
  14. 14. Vocal Forms of African Music The form of the blues is characterized by specific chord progression. The twelve- bar blues is the most common form. The notes of the blues are normally flattened or gradually bent.
  15. 15. Vocal Forms of African Music  3. Soul It combines elements of African-American gospel music, rhythm and blues, and often jazz. The catchy rhythms are accompanied by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves which are among its important features.
  16. 16. Vocal Forms of African Music Other characteristics include call and response between soloist and the chorus, and an especially tense and powerful vocal sound.
  17. 17. Musical Instruments of Africa  IDIOPHONES 1. Xylophone: Balafon 2. Rattles( made of shells, tin, animal hoofs, horn, wood, metal, bells, cocoons, palm kernels, or tortoise shells) 3. Agogo(bell)- has the highest pitch of any of the bacteria instruments.
  18. 18. Musical Instruments of Africa 4. Rasps- a hand percussion instrument whose sound is produced by scraping a group of notched sticks with another stick, creating a series of rattling effects.
  19. 19. Musical Instruments of Africa 5. Drums ( slit or log)  Slit drum- hollow percussion instrument, although known as a drum, it is not a true drum.  Long drum- best known is the West African djembe, log drum.
  20. 20. Musical Instruments of Africa 6. Atingting Kon (Slit gong)- They were used to communicate between villages.
  21. 21. Musical Instruments of Africa  B. MEMBRANOPHONES  Examples of these are found in the different localities:  Entenga ( Ganda)  Dundun (Yoruba)  Atumpan (Akan)  Ngoma (Shona)
  22. 22. Musical Instruments of Africa B.1 Body Percussion B.2 Talking Drum C. LAMELLAPHONE- a set of plucked keys mounted on a sound board, known by different names according to the regions such as mbira, karimba, kisaanj, likembe.
  23. 23. Musical Instruments of Africa  D. CHORDOPHONES-  D1. Musical bow- Earth bow, mouth bow and the resonator-bow are the principle types of musical bows.  D2. Harp  D3. Lute ( konting, khalam, and the nkoni)  D4. Zither
  24. 24. Musical Instruments of Africa  AEROPHONES- Flutes in various sizes and shapes ( Fulani flutes ). Panpipes and Horns( Kudo horns)
  25. 25. Slit drum
  26. 26. Shekere
  27. 27. Agogo
  28. 28. Djembe
  29. 29. Mbira ( Hand piano or Thumb piano )

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