The Importance  of Nutrients! What happens if we do not receive proper nutrition?
The Food Guide Pyramid
A person ideally wants 2000 calories a day! But this depends on their age, weight, and activity levels.
 
Not Healthy Meals  
A calorie is a unit of ENERGY CAL-OR-IE EN-ER-GY Determined By the FDA Food and  Drug Administration
I. Food and Energy: <ul><li>______________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 . Carbohydrates – Major source of energy </li></ul></ul...
Carbohydrates <ul><li>Carbo hy drates –  Think Sugar HIGH </li></ul>
There are different kinds of carbohydrates! <ul><li>Fiber! Keeps you regular! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YOUR BODY CANNOT DIGES...
Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose  </li></ul><ul><li>simple sugar </li></ul>ENZYME Starch complex carbohydrate
Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose  Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose  Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose  Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose  Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose  Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
2. ____________ <ul><li>a. Unsaturated – Liquid at room temperature </li></ul><ul><li>b. Saturated – Solid at room tempera...
 
<ul><li>3. ________________ – Tissue growth and repair. </li></ul>Proteins
Proteins
Vitamins <ul><li>Vitamins - help chemical reactions </li></ul>
Sun exposure, sardines, salmon,  fortified milk,  fortified cereals, herring, liver, tuna, margarine, cod liver oil Aides ...
<ul><li>Minerals – not made by living things </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals are absorbed from soil by plants! </li></ul>
Maintains homeostasis in cellular environment. sodium: Role in fluid and electrolyte balance; heart muscle activity; metab...
<ul><li>6. ____________ - the most important nutrient </li></ul>Water
WATER! <ul><li>We need two liters of water a day to properly function! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sometimes, problems or circumstances can occur when you  do not  receive proper nutrition. </li></ul><ul><li>Your ...
Examples of Diseases that affect Nutrition <ul><li>PKU – A GENETIC DISEASE </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia and Bulimia </li></ul>
Nutritional problems can also be caused due to  poverty  or  where you live !
When you lack  vitamin C  you can get  SCURVY !
 
A  goiter  is caused by an  iodine  deficiency…
How does this happen!? <ul><li>Goiter is caused by lack of iodine…. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothalamus sends hormones to stimu...
 
 
 
Sometimes, nutritional problems can be caused because of PARASITES! <ul><li>A parasite is an organism that grows, feeds, a...
A tapeworm will consume a person’s nutrients, mainly Vitamin B12.
 
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The Importance Of Nutrients!

  1. 1. The Importance of Nutrients! What happens if we do not receive proper nutrition?
  2. 2. The Food Guide Pyramid
  3. 3. A person ideally wants 2000 calories a day! But this depends on their age, weight, and activity levels.
  4. 5. Not Healthy Meals 
  5. 6. A calorie is a unit of ENERGY CAL-OR-IE EN-ER-GY Determined By the FDA Food and Drug Administration
  6. 7. I. Food and Energy: <ul><li>______________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 . Carbohydrates – Major source of energy </li></ul></ul>Nutrients
  7. 8. Carbohydrates <ul><li>Carbo hy drates – Think Sugar HIGH </li></ul>
  8. 9. There are different kinds of carbohydrates! <ul><li>Fiber! Keeps you regular! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YOUR BODY CANNOT DIGEST FIBER. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose </li></ul><ul><li>simple sugar </li></ul>ENZYME Starch complex carbohydrate
  10. 11. Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
  11. 12. Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
  12. 13. Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
  13. 14. Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
  14. 15. Other types of Carbs… <ul><li>Glucose Starch </li></ul>ENZYME
  15. 16. 2. ____________ <ul><li>a. Unsaturated – Liquid at room temperature </li></ul><ul><li>b. Saturated – Solid at room temperature </li></ul>FATS
  16. 18. <ul><li>3. ________________ – Tissue growth and repair. </li></ul>Proteins
  17. 19. Proteins
  18. 20. Vitamins <ul><li>Vitamins - help chemical reactions </li></ul>
  19. 21. Sun exposure, sardines, salmon, fortified milk, fortified cereals, herring, liver, tuna, margarine, cod liver oil Aides in normal bone growth and tooth function. Vitamin D Citrus fruits, strawberries, broccoli, melons, peppers, collards, dandelion greens, onions, radishes, watercress Required for formation of connective tissue, bones and teeth. Vitamin C Ham, clams, cooked oysters, king crab, herring, salmon, tuna, lean beef, liver, low fat diary products Helps maintain healthy nervous system, required for normal growth and for production of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 Carrots, yams, pumpkins, yellow or orange fruits, beet greens, fish, eggs, tuna Helps build healthy eyes, required for growth and bone development. Vitamin A Natural Sources Functions Vitamin
  20. 22. <ul><li>Minerals – not made by living things </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals are absorbed from soil by plants! </li></ul>
  21. 23. Maintains homeostasis in cellular environment. sodium: Role in fluid and electrolyte balance; heart muscle activity; metabolism and protein synthesis potassium: Mineral present mainly in the bones magnesium: Helps to prevent anemia iron: Necessary for thyroid hormone production iodine: Blood clotting, intracellular signaling, muscle contraction calcium: Roles in the Body Mineral List of Minerals Essential to Humans
  22. 24. <ul><li>6. ____________ - the most important nutrient </li></ul>Water
  23. 25. WATER! <ul><li>We need two liters of water a day to properly function! </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Sometimes, problems or circumstances can occur when you do not receive proper nutrition. </li></ul><ul><li>Your nutrition can be effected by several factors. </li></ul><ul><li>- disease </li></ul><ul><li>- poverty </li></ul><ul><li>- habitat </li></ul>
  25. 27. Examples of Diseases that affect Nutrition <ul><li>PKU – A GENETIC DISEASE </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia and Bulimia </li></ul>
  26. 28. Nutritional problems can also be caused due to poverty or where you live !
  27. 29. When you lack vitamin C you can get SCURVY !
  28. 31. A goiter is caused by an iodine deficiency…
  29. 32. How does this happen!? <ul><li>Goiter is caused by lack of iodine…. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothalamus sends hormones to stimulate thyroid gland to make a thyroid hormone </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid does nothing due to the lack of iodine. </li></ul><ul><li>Because there is no thyroid hormone production the cells divide. </li></ul><ul><li>Over time, the gland enlarges because of constant hormone stimulation from hypothalamus. </li></ul>
  30. 36. Sometimes, nutritional problems can be caused because of PARASITES! <ul><li>A parasite is an organism that grows, feeds, and is sheltered on or in a different organism while contributing nothing to the hosts survival. </li></ul><ul><li>Example – TAPEWORM!!! GROSS </li></ul>
  31. 37. A tapeworm will consume a person’s nutrients, mainly Vitamin B12.

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