Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

28th Sunday C

2,219 views

Published on

Beloved Brothers and Sisters,

Let us Give Thanks to the LORD for everything.

From the Heart,

Fr. Heart, SVD

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

28th Sunday C

  1. 1. WWelcelcoommee ttoo ouourr BBibleible StStuudydy 28th Sunday in Ordinary Time C 9 October 2016 In preparation for this Sunday’s Liturgy As aid in focusing our homilies and sharing Prepared by Fr. Cielo R. Almazan, OFM
  2. 2. 1st reading: 2 Kings 5,14-17  14 Naaman went down and plunged into the Jordan seven times at the word of the man of God. His flesh became again like the flesh of a little child, and he was clean. 5 He returned with his whole retinue to the man of God. On his arrival he stood before him and said, "Now I know that there is no God in all the earth, except in Israel. Please accept a gift from your servant." 16 "As the LORD lives whom I serve, I will not take it," Elisha replied; and despite Naaman's urging, he still refused. 17 Naaman said: "If you will not accept, please let me, your servant, have two mule-loads of earth, for I will no longer offer holocaust or sacrifice to any other god except to the LORD. The focus is on gratitude.
  3. 3. 1st reading: 2 Kings 5,14-17 Naaman, the leper, obeys the prophet  14 Naaman went down and plunged into the Jordan seven times at the word of the man of God. His flesh became again like the flesh of a little child, and he was clean. Thanksgiving of Naaman  15 He returned with his whole retinue to the man of God. On his arrival he stood before him and said, "Now I know that there is no God in all the earth, except in Israel. Please accept a gift from your servant." 16 "As the LORD lives whom I serve, I will not take it," Elisha replied; and despite Naaman's urging, he still refused. 17 Naaman said: "If you will not accept, please let me, your servant, have two mule-loads of earth, for I will no longer offer holocaust or sacrifice to any other god except to the LORD. A simple outline!
  4. 4. Textual Context of 2 Kings 5,14-17 Outline of the Book of Kings (Boadt) 1 Kings 1-2 The end of the “Successive Narrative” with Solomon winning the kingship 1 Kings 3-11 The reign of Solomon 1 Kings 12-16 The early days of the Divided Monarchy 1 Kings 17—2 Kings 8 The prophetic stories of Elijah and Elisha during the days of the Aramean Wars 2 Kings 9-17 The History of the Divided Monarchy up to the fall of Samaria in 722-721 BC. 2 Kings 18-25 The history of Judah from the end of the Northern Kingdom to the Exile in Babylon and the Fall of Jerusalem in 586. The last incident occurs in 562.
  5. 5. 1st reading: 2 Kings 5,14-17 Naaman, the leper, obeys the prophet  14 Naaman went down and plunged into the Jordan seven times at the word of the man of God. His flesh became again like the flesh of a little child, and he was clean. Thanksgiving of Naaman  15 He returned with his whole retinue to the man of God. On his arrival he stood before him and said, "Now I know that there is no God in all the earth, except in Israel. Please accept a gift from your servant." Commentary  V.14: Naaman, a Syrian king, a leper, asks help from Elisha.  He obeys Elisha, the man of God, who commands him to plunge into the River Jordan 7x.  The result: He is cleansed / healed.  V.15: Naaman returns to Elisha.  Naaman articulates his realization.  There is no God on earth except in Israel.  He acknowledges the God of Israel, not his god or other gods.  Naaman also offers a gift (as a thanksgiving) to Elisha.  Naaman shows humility. He considers himself “your servant” to the prophet.  He becomes a humble king.
  6. 6. 1st reading: 2 Kings 5,14-17 16 "As the LORD lives whom I serve, I will not take it," Elisha replied; and despite Naaman's urging, he still refused. 17 Naaman said: "If you will not accept, please let me, your servant, have two mule- loads of earth, for I will no longer offer holocaust or sacrifice to any other god except to the LORD.  In v.16, Elisha does not accept Naaman’s gift.  He is adamant in rejecting the gift. Why?  The text does not say.  But the refusal of Elisha moves Naaman to have two- mule loads of earth with a promise not to offer any more holocaust (burnt sacrifice) except to the God of Israel, the God of Elisha. V.17  Out of this Israelite earth, he will erect in Aram an altar of the God of Israel.  What a conversion!
  7. 7. Reflections on the 1st reading  We are all in need of healing.  We each have a bout of our own diseases (physical, psychological or spiritual).  We need God to heal us through his instruments (doctors, counselors, psychiatrists, spiritual directors, good friends, etc.).  Have we experienced healing?  In many ways, we sure have been healed.  Are we thankful to God for having intervened in our lives?  How do we show our gratitude to him?
  8. 8. Resp. Ps 98:1, 2-3, 3-4  R. (cf. 2b) The Lord has revealed to the nations his saving power. 1 Sing to the LORD a new song, for he has done wondrous deeds; his right hand has won victory for him, his holy arm.  2 The LORD has made his salvation known: in the sight of the nations he has revealed his justice. 3 He has remembered his kindness and his faithfulness toward the house of Israel.  3 All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation by our God. 4 Sing joyfully to the LORD, all you lands: break into song; sing praise.
  9. 9. Resp. Ps 98:1, 2-3, 3-4  R. (cf. 2b) The Lord has revealed to the nations his saving power. 1 Sing to the LORD a new song, for he has done wondrous deeds; his right hand has won victory for him, his holy arm.  2 The LORD has made his salvation known: in the sight of the nations he has revealed his justice. 3 He has remembered his kindness and his faithfulness toward the house of Israel.  3 All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation by our God. 4 Sing joyfully to the LORD, all you lands: break into song; sing praise. Commentary V.1 exhorts us to render new songs to the Lord, as a response to all his wonderful deeds. V.1 also acknowledges God as victorious (over his/our enemies). In v.2, the psalmist declares that God makes known his salvation and justice to all. He displays his power to the nations. In v.3, the psalmist believes that God is a remembering God. God remembers his kindness and faithfulness to his people Israel. The psalmist also speaks for all the people, saying all have experienced God’s salvation.
  10. 10. Reflections on the Psalm  God is for all peoples.  He cannot be monopolized by a small group of people.  If God is for all and he shows his power to all, all must render him due recognition and thanksgiving.  We, Christians, must be at the forefront in acknowledging, praising and thanking God.  Can you show your gratitude to God with your community?
  11. 11. 2nd reading: 2 Timothy 2,8-13  8 Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, a descendant of David: such is my gospel, 9 for which I am suffering, even to the point of chains, like a criminal. But the word of God is not chained. 10 Therefore, I bear with everything for the sake of those who are chosen, so that they too may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, together with eternal glory. 11 This saying is trustworthy: If we have died with him we shall also live with him; 12 if we persevere we shall also reign with him. But if we deny him he will deny us. 13 If we are unfaithful he remains faithful, for he cannot deny himself. The focus is on remembering Jesus Christ.
  12. 12. 2nd reading: 2 Timothy 2,8-13 The imperative to Timothy  8 Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, a descendant of David: such is my gospel,  9 for which I am suffering, even to the point of chains, like a criminal.  But the word of God is not chained.  10 Therefore, I bear with everything for the sake of those who are chosen, so that they too may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, together with eternal glory. What happens if we remember Jesus Christ?  11 This saying is trustworthy: If we have died with him we shall also live with him; 12 if we persevere we shall also reign with him.  But if we deny him he will deny us. 13 If we are unfaithful he remains faithful, for he cannot deny himself. A simple outline!
  13. 13. Textual Context of 2 Timothy 2,8-13 Salutation, 1,1-2 Exhortation to courageous witness on the basis of Paul’s example, 1,3—2,13 Behavior toward heretics, 2,14—4,8 Paul’s personal situation, 4,9-18 Greetings, 4,19-22
  14. 14. 2nd reading: 2 Timothy 2,8-13 The imperative to Timothy  8 Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, a descendant of David: such is my gospel,  9 for which I am suffering, even to the point of chains, like a criminal.  But the word of God is not chained.  10 Therefore, I bear with everything for the sake of those who are chosen, so that they too may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, together with eternal glory. What happens if we remember Jesus Christ?  11 This saying is trustworthy: If we have died with him we shall also live with him; 12 if we persevere we shall also reign with him.  But if we deny him he will deny us. 13 If we are unfaithful he remains faithful, for he cannot deny himself. Commentary  In v.8, Paul exhorts Timothy, the church leader, (bishop of Ephesus) to remember Jesus Christ. Why? Did Timothy forget him?  In reminding Timothy, his “disciple,” Paul also says who Jesus is:  Raised from the dead  A descendant of David  His gospel  Cause of his sufferings, chains, being treated like a criminal. V.9 (now in prison)  Paul says the Word of God is not chained.  In v.10, Paul continues to bear sufferings so that the chosen ones will be saved too.  Salvation is brought about by Jesus.
  15. 15. 2nd reading: 2 Timothy 2,8-13 The imperative to Timothy  8 Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, a descendant of David: such is my gospel,  9 for which I am suffering, even to the point of chains, like a criminal.  But the word of God is not chained.  10 Therefore, I bear with everything for the sake of those who are chosen, so that they too may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, together with eternal glory. What happens if we remember Jesus Christ?  11 This saying is trustworthy: If we have died with him we shall also live with him; 12 if we persevere we shall also reign with him.  But if we deny him he will deny us. 13 If we are unfaithful he remains faithful, for he cannot deny himself.  In vv.11-13, we find a series of conditional clauses (introduced by if’s) which highlight Christian destiny.  V.11 talks about dying and living with Jesus (in baptism).  V.12 talks about the reward of persevering in our baptismal vows. We will reign with him.  The opposite of perseverance here is denial, to renege on our baptismal commitments. V.12  In v.13, we may be unfaithful but Jesus remains faithful. He does not change.
  16. 16. Reflections on the 2nd reading  If you are a church leader (bishop), it does not mean you don’t need reminding anymore.  The church leader must always think of Jesus Christ, must center her/his life on him.  Remembering Jesus means re-living his passion, death and resurrection.  Remembering Jesus is the main point of our leadership. Leadership does not end with our successful plans and programs.  Remembering leads to thanksgiving.
  17. 17. Gospel reading: Luke 17,11-19  11 As he continued his journey to Jerusalem, he traveled through Samaria and Galilee. 12 As he was entering a village, ten lepers met (him). They stood at a distance from him 13 and raised their voice, saying, "Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!" 14 And when he saw them, he said, "Go show yourselves to the priests." As they were going they were cleansed. 15 And one of them, realizing he had been healed, returned, glorifying God in a loud voice; 16 and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him. He was a Samaritan. 17 Jesus said in reply, "Ten were cleansed, were they not? Where are the other nine? 18 Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?" 19 Then he said to him, "Stand up and go; your faith has saved you." The focus is on gratefulness.
  18. 18. Gospel reading: Luke 17,11-19 Setting: Journey to Jerusalem  11 As he continued his journey to Jerusalem, he traveled through Samaria and Galilee. The 10 lepers  12 As he was entering a village, ten lepers met (him). They stood at a distance from him 13 and raised their voice, saying, "Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!" 14 And when he saw them, he said, "Go show yourselves to the priests." As they were going they were cleansed. The 1 leper, a Samaritan  15 And one of them, realizing he had been healed, returned, glorifying God in a loud voice; 16 and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him. He was a Samaritan. 17 Jesus said in reply, "Ten were cleansed, were they not? Where are the other nine? 18 Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?" 19 Then he said to him, "Stand up and go; your faith has saved you." A simple outline!
  19. 19. Textual Context of Luke 17,11-19  16,1-8a The Parable of the Dishonest Steward  16,8b-13 Application of the Parable  16,14-18 A Saying Against the Pharisees  16, 19-31 The Rich Man and Lazarus  17,1-10 Some sayings of Jesus  17,11-19 Jesus Cleanses the Ten Lepers  17,20-37 The Coming of the Kingdom  18,1-8 The Parable of the Widow and the Unjust Judge The reading belongs to the long travel narrative of Jesus starting from Galilea through Samaria to Jerusalem.
  20. 20. Gospel reading: Luke 17,11-19 Setting: Journey to Jerusalem  11 As he continued his journey to Jerusalem, he traveled through Samaria and Galilee. The 10 lepers  12 As he was entering a village, ten lepers met (him). They stood at a distance from him 13 and raised their voice, saying, "Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!" 14 And when he saw them, he said, "Go show yourselves to the priests." As they were going they were cleansed. The 1 leper, a Samaritan  15 And one of them, realizing he had been healed, returned, glorifying God in a loud voice; 16 and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him. He was a Samaritan. 17 Jesus said in reply, "Ten were cleansed, were they not? Where are the other nine? 18 Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?" 19 Then he said to him, "Stand up and go; your faith has saved you." Commentary  In v.11 Jesus continues his journey to Jerusalem.  He traverses through Galilee and Samaria (the text inverts the order).  V.12 introduces the 10 lepers. They seem to be organized and know their limitations.  Together they stand at a distance.  In v.13, together they raise their voice in chorus.  V.14 presents the response of Jesus. Instead of saying, “Come here,” he says “Go to the priests…”  Jesus asks them to present themselves to the priests in Jerusalem (probably as a sign that something is happening. The priests must be able to interpret correctly their healing).  They obey and are cleansed.  The kingdom of God is at hand.
  21. 21. Gospel reading: Luke 17,11-19 Setting: Journey to Jerusalem  11 As he continued his journey to Jerusalem, he traveled through Samaria and Galilee. The 10 lepers  12 As he was entering a village, ten lepers met (him). They stood at a distance from him 13 and raised their voice, saying, "Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!" 14 And when he saw them, he said, "Go show yourselves to the priests." As they were going they were cleansed. The 1 leper, a Samaritan  15 And one of them, realizing he had been healed, returned, glorifying God in a loud voice; 16 and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him. He was a Samaritan. 17 Jesus said in reply, "Ten were cleansed, were they not? Where are the other nine? 18 Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?" 19 Then he said to him, "Stand up and go; your faith has saved you."  In v.15, one of the lepers is on focus.  He returns and glorifies God in a loud voice (full volume). He sees the hand of God in his healing.  He worships Jesus and thanks him. V.16  This cleansed leper is specified as a Samaritan.  What’s so important about specifying this one as a Samaritan?  The Jews and the Samaritans do not like each other for religious and historical reasons.  The least expected person comes back to give thanks.
  22. 22. Gospel reading: Luke 17,11-19 Setting: Journey to Jerusalem  11 As he continued his journey to Jerusalem, he traveled through Samaria and Galilee. The 10 lepers  12 As he was entering a village, ten lepers met (him). They stood at a distance from him 13 and raised their voice, saying, "Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!" 14 And when he saw them, he said, "Go show yourselves to the priests." As they were going they were cleansed. The 1 leper, a Samaritan  15 And one of them, realizing he had been healed, returned, glorifying God in a loud voice; 16 and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him. He was a Samaritan. 17 Jesus said in reply, "Ten were cleansed, were they not? Where are the other nine? 18 Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?" 19 Then he said to him, "Stand up and go; your faith has saved you."  In v.17, Jesus accounts those who are cleansed. Where are the others?  What happened to them? Are they not healed?  V.18 picks up the important elements of vv.15-16 (returned, thanked).  In v.19, Jesus makes him stand and go. Jesus affirms his faith.
  23. 23. Reflections on the gospel reading  Gratefulness is an important characteristic of the Christian.  To be grateful is to go back to Jesus, the source of healing and blessing.  Gratefulness should come out spontaneously.  We should not delay (postpone) giving thanks.  There is no excuse for us not to be thankful.
  24. 24. Tying the 3 readings and the Psalm  The first reading talks about thanksgiving, after the healing/cleansing.  The psalm acknowledges God’s salvation to all.  The second reading talks about remembering Jesus to whom we owe our salvation (paving the way to thanksgiving).  The gospel reading talks about thanksgiving, after healing.
  25. 25. How to develop your sharing / homily  Are you a grateful person?  We, Catholics, offer mass when we graduate from college, when we pass board exams, and when we get a new job or when we have a successful operation.  Many mass offerings in our churches are thanksgiving masses.  However, many of us Catholics still have to cultivate the spirit of gratefulness as taught by the readings.
  26. 26.  The first reading teaches us to be thankful to those who do us favors. We do not take them for granted.  They are God’s instruments in bestowing his graces to us.  Even if we are in authority (king, president, general, manager, etc.), we still have to give thanks to those who are able to help us.  In the reading, gratefulness is not simply saying “Thank you,” but making a firm promise to worship the true God.  Thanksgiving is not complete when we don’t acknowledge the power of God or when we don’t demonstrate our conversion.
  27. 27.  The second reading helps us understand the theme of thanksgiving.  The important element here is to remember.  To be thankful to God, we have to remember Jesus Christ.  It is he who brings us salvation.  We remember the gospel.  Like Paul, we too suffer for the gospel, that others may be saved and that they may be thankful to God too.
  28. 28.  The gospel reading explicitly teaches us to be grateful.  We have to be creative in order to be grateful.  We don’t have to be instructed or commanded in order to be grateful.  Gratefulness is a spontaneous exercise of our faith.  After receiving a big favor from God and when you return and give thanks to him, you are making a very strong statement to others that the kingdom of God is at hand.  Gratefulness builds relationships.
  29. 29.  In the family, church and society, we cannot do much with ungrateful people.  These people expect you to do a lot of favor to them, as if it is their right to be supported and you have no freedom to withhold whatever they want.  Doing a favor to others is not an obligation.  It is a free gift. For this we must be thankful.  Ungratefulness is a sign of being irreligious.  To the ungrateful, remember that you are pitiful. You are not at all on top of other people (those who are supporting you). You are just a pain in their neck.  Be humble and acknowledge your poverty, powerlessness, dependence, blunders and un-freedom.  Be thankful with a beautiful smile.
  30. 30.  The eucharist is the food for the grateful people.  The word eucharist comes from the Greek ευχαριστεω, which means “I give thanks.”  In the eucharist, we give thanks to God for the gift of salvation.  In the eucharist, we are showing to the world that we are a grateful people.
  31. 31. Our Context of Sin and Grace  Ungrateful  Walang utang na loob  Refusal to acknowledge the goodness of the other  Makes unnecessary remarks  Forgets the goodness of the other when there is a little misunderstanding  Easily breaks relationships  Forgetful of the donor  Does not have the drive to attend mass  Gratefulness  Thoughtfulness  Appreciative  Generous in giving compliments  Letter of thanks  Gestures of thanksgiving  A simple remembrance  Goes to mass
  32. 32. Suggested Songs  You are so good  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spj_5sTiF5Y  Thank You, Lord (Poy Galeon)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHEMk4AqoMw  Yours are the Praises (Canticle of Bro. Sun)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUEuzQjA7x8

×