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SECOND
CONDITIONAL
Elena Vázquez
CONDITIONAL II
O It refers to a situation in the present or
future which is hypothetical, unlikely or
unreal
SECOND CONDITIONAL
Second conditionals are formed as follows:
IF Past simple
Would/could
+
verb
CONDITIONAL II
If I won the lottery (unlikely), I would buy a
private aeroplane.
If your car broke down, where would you
go for help?
CONDITIONAL II
O We use a PAST verb but we are thinking about the
present or future.
Tim and Sally like travelling but they are poor. I say:
If Tim and Sally were rich, they would travel around
the world.
(They are NOT rich – we are imagining a situation in the present)
Sally writes books but not many people buy them. I
say:
If Sally wrote a best-selling book, she would be
famous.
(unlikely in the present or future)
CONDITIONAL II
O IF I / HE / SHE / IT WERE ... is gramatically
CORRECT in second conditional sentences.
If she were rich, she´d stop working.
But in informal English, people often use WAS. If
she was rich, she´d stop...
O We use IF I WERE YOU ... to give ADVICE:
If I were you, I wouldn´t buy that pullover.
If I were you, I´d study harder.
CONDITIONAL II
O IF I / HE / SHE / IT WERE ... is gramatically
CORRECT in second conditional sentences.
If she were rich, she´d stop working.
But in informal English, people often use WAS. If
she was rich, she´d stop...
O We use IF I WERE YOU ... to give ADVICE:
If I were you, I wouldn´t buy that pullover.
If I were you, I´d study harder.

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Second conditional

  • 2. CONDITIONAL II O It refers to a situation in the present or future which is hypothetical, unlikely or unreal
  • 3. SECOND CONDITIONAL Second conditionals are formed as follows: IF Past simple Would/could + verb
  • 4. CONDITIONAL II If I won the lottery (unlikely), I would buy a private aeroplane. If your car broke down, where would you go for help?
  • 5. CONDITIONAL II O We use a PAST verb but we are thinking about the present or future. Tim and Sally like travelling but they are poor. I say: If Tim and Sally were rich, they would travel around the world. (They are NOT rich – we are imagining a situation in the present) Sally writes books but not many people buy them. I say: If Sally wrote a best-selling book, she would be famous. (unlikely in the present or future)
  • 6. CONDITIONAL II O IF I / HE / SHE / IT WERE ... is gramatically CORRECT in second conditional sentences. If she were rich, she´d stop working. But in informal English, people often use WAS. If she was rich, she´d stop... O We use IF I WERE YOU ... to give ADVICE: If I were you, I wouldn´t buy that pullover. If I were you, I´d study harder.
  • 7. CONDITIONAL II O IF I / HE / SHE / IT WERE ... is gramatically CORRECT in second conditional sentences. If she were rich, she´d stop working. But in informal English, people often use WAS. If she was rich, she´d stop... O We use IF I WERE YOU ... to give ADVICE: If I were you, I wouldn´t buy that pullover. If I were you, I´d study harder.