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  1. 1. Stepping Stones of success by Enhancing the quality of primary education ParticipantsName: Kishan Moradiya ManasviArya SnehalJaiswal Pathik Shah Jatin Prajapati
  2. 2. 2 Statement of the problem  Despite the strong criticisms on the conventional teacher based approach in education, the teaching leaning process in most schools has persisted to be teacher dominated.  Most classes are characterized by a situation where students are made to listen to their teachers and copy notes from the blackboard.  Despite policy provisions and some practical endeavors to move to learner- centered approach, learning by doing, problem solving, cooperative learning and group approaches are limited. Consequently, there is a widely shared concern that the quality of learning in schools is very low.
  3. 3. 3 Objectives This study aims at:  identifythe educationpolicy perspective of methodologyof teaching andlearning and the general performance of the educationsystem  learnabout teacher’s of active learning and identify the gap between the perceptionsand practices  findingout the extent to which students are actively involved in the learningprocess  findingout the major constrainsto students’ active involvementin the process of learning and suggest mechanisms to improve them.
  4. 4. 4 Methodology • The education policy and governmentstrategies areexamined in order to learn about the policy perspectives. The generalperformanceof the educationsystem is briefly reviewed in reference to key indicatorsof quality of education. • Datafor the present study include: • inventoryof facilitiesthat affect activelearning • Interviewswithteachers • Focusgroup discussions with three groups of teachers and • Interviewswithprincipals of the three schools
  5. 5. 5 Policy perspectivesand trendsin the quality of education The Ministry in its EducationSector developmentprogram III (ESDPIII 20005/20006/- 2010/2011) document indicatesthe following main points aspart of quality enhancement endeavors:  Improvement of Program among the major focus areas student –centered learning, professionaldevelopmentand collaboration and quality of instructionalprogram.  StrengtheningCluster based local in-service training mainly focusing on activelearning methodology, action research, etc.  Strengtheningin-school-supervision
  6. 6. Quality in primary education approaches • In the primary educationtradition, experience and critical reflection in learning is an important aspect of quality. Radical theorists see learners as socially situated, with the potentialto use their experience and learning as a basis for social action and social change.
  7. 7. The aims of education, from the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 29 (1) 1. States Parties agree that the education of the child shall be directed to: (a) The development of the child’s personality, talents and mental and physicalabilities to their fullest potential; (b) The development of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations; (c) The development of respect for the child’s parents, his or her own cultural identity, language and values, for the national values of the country in which the child is living, the country from which he or she may originate, and for civilizations different from his or her own; (d) The preparation of the child for responsible life in a free society, in the spirit of understanding, peace, tolerance, equality of sexes, and friendship among all peoples, ethnic, national and religious groups and persons of indigenous origin; (e) The development of respect for the natural environment
  8. 8. • MOBILISINGALL KEY POLICIES IN ALL MEMBER STATES! • Youth policy can’t advance without effective • coordination with other sectors • Youth policies can contribute in areas such as • child and family policy, education, • employment, social inclusion, housing, • healthcare and gender equality
  9. 9. Actions and tools ACTIONS Develop 'start up'funds Encourage recognition ofjunior enterprises Widen access to creativetools, particularlythose involvingnew Technologies TOOLS NO REVOLUTION, BUT BETTER IMPLEMENTATION! • Reporting…………………… • Evidence-based policy-making….. • Peer-learningbetween countries……… • Structured dialogue with youngpeople…… • Mobilisation ofprogrammes and funds ……..… • Cooperation with other institutions and organisations Dropout Rates in Primary (1-8) 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Grades Boys Girls Both
  10. 10. 11 Recommendations • Improving the physical inputs such as books, classrooms, and other facilities need special attention. Moreover, mechanisms to raise parents and community support to education of children need to be worked out. • Introducing the practice of peer and self-reflection would further strengthenthe currently observed initiatives to improve the teaching learning process through learners’ active involvement.