These slides are about Quality Education, this presentation will help you to find the factors, dimensions and approaches of quality education, and will make you aware of issues and problems which are affecting the quality of education
Saba Ali and Hira Saleen
University of Punjab
Meaning of quality education
Definition of quality of education
Quality education according to UNESCO
Goals of Q.E
Purpose of Q.E
What we Need to improve quality education ?
Factors of Quality education
Dimensions of quality education
Focus of Quality education
Approaches to quality education
Framework of quality education
Quality education in Pakistan
Issues and hurdles in education quality
Efforts of education ministry to improve E.Q
Goals for 2015 by policy makers.
Comparison of education quality of India and
After the completion of this topic
students will be able to:
Define quality of education
Explain Quality education in Pakistan
Major issues effecting quality of
Explain “quality education is a right for
oWhat do we mean by quality
Quality =effectiveness or efficiency .
the quality of the educational process
experienced by students.
When we deal with quality education we mean:
a standard education must be given to all.
the content or syllabus must be same for all.
improve with the passage of time.
Definition by VVOB’s
A good quality education is one that
provides all learners with capabilities they
require to become economically productive,
develop sustainable livelihoods, contribute
to peaceful and democratic societies and
enhance individual well-being.
Brief definition of quality
Quality depend upon characteristics of:
learners (healthy, motivated students)
processes (competent teachers using active
content (relevant curricula) and
systems (good governance and educationist).
of quality EDUCATION
The quality of education is the first
priority of UNESCO.
A Ministerial Round Table
CONFERENCE on Quality of Education,
held in Paris in 2003.
UNESCO promotes access to good-quality
education as a human right
The UN Education, Scientific and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO) said in
2010 that 30 percent of Pakistan’s
population lives in a state of “extreme
educational poverty” - receiving less than
two years of education.
Good health and nutrition
Early childhood psychosocial
Regular attendance for learning.
Family support for learning.
2. Quality Learning Environments
Quality of school facilities
Interaction between school infrastructure
and other quality dimensions
Peaceful, safe environments
Teachers’ behaviors that affect safety.
Effective school discipline policies.
3. Quality Content
Uniqueness of local and national
Challenges in reaching large numbers
of children with quality content
educational quality centered on:
Quality learner outcomes are intentional,
expected effects of the educational system.
These are the result after providing quality
Outcomes related to community
participation, learner confidence and life-long
Life skills and outcomes.
Achievement in literacy and numeracy
Using formative assessment to improve
QUALITY EDUCATION FOCUS
Inputs, processes and
outcomes the leading
to quality education.
According to humanistic approach:
Every human is unique and have equal
Based on “meaning making” by acquiring
All human need quality education
There must be no discrimination between
rich and poor or male and female
Education for all
behaviouristic approach based on:
Change behaviour via specific stimuli
Learners are not intrinsically motivated or
able to construct meaning for themselves.
Human behaviour can be predicted and
controlled through reward and
Critical approach is about;
education tends to reproduce the structures
and inequalities of the society
According to Critical theorists:
education that promotes social change;
a curriculum and teaching methods that
encourage critical analysis of social power
relations and of ways in which formal
knowledge is produced and transmitted.
Adult education approaches
In the adult education tradition,
experience and critical reflection in
learning is an important aspect of
learners have rich sources of prior
knowledge , accumulated through a
variety of experiences,
Learners should play a role in defining
their own curriculum.
Learning should move beyond the
boundaries and learn through non-formal
Framework for understanding,
monitoring and improving
Quality education in Pakistan
In Pakistan’s policies policy makers put
great emphasize on quality education
The main focus of these policies on:
“education for all’
The Society for Access to Quality Education
(SAQE) was establish in Pakistan under
ordinance 1961 in August 2010.
Poor quality of education in
Over seven million primary-aged children do
not attend school, according to a 2011 report by
the Pakistan Education Task Force (PETF).
According to the 2011 Annual State of
Education Report (ASER) compiled by the
South Asian Forum for Education
Development, 45 percent of grade 5 students in
public schools can only read a grade 2-level
story in Urdu. The number is only slightly
better in private schools - 57 percent.
Reason of poor quality education
In Pakistan there are many private school
they have their own curriculum which is
totally different from govt.schools
They mostly use oxford curriculum in
Parents prefer private schools for their
In govt. schools teachers are no doubt
experienced but they are not willing to
Issues and hurdles in access of
Lack of resources
extremely low level of public investment
poor quality of management,
supervision and teaching
insufficient financial input,
Efforts to improve quality by
Change text books (according to the need of
Based on ideology of country, focus on ethics,
norms, values, culture
Free education for 1 to 10 class.
Government took many steps to improve
education quality and competition in higher
studies by introducing schemes like solar
systems, laptop distribution.
6 goals for 2015:
expand (ECCE ) Early Childhood care and
provide Free and compulsory primary education
for all .
promote learning and skills for young people and
Increase literacy rate by 50%
elimination of gender disparities.(gender equality
enhance educational quality
Quality education pakistan vs
Bangladesh is also a developing country
but from last few years they are putting
great emphasis on quality of education,
that is why their education system is
improving day by day,
Duration of compulsory
Literacy rate by sex aged
Source: UNESCO UIS Data |
UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Duration of compulsory
Literacy rate by sex,aged
The quality of education includes the
physical facilities as well as the
The actual dynamics of teaching and
The target of quality education can only
be achieved by bringing some
revolutionary changes to ensure better
enhanced physical facilities,
Effective classroom dynamics
Better educational governance.
involvement of all kind of human
resource and strategic quality