Legalism 2011

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Legalism 2011

  1. 1. Legalism
  2. 2. Han Fei
  3. 3. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.
  4. 4. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.* Han Fe Zi.
  5. 5. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.* Han Fe Zi.* Lived during the late Warring States period.
  6. 6. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.* Han Fe Zi.* Lived during the late Warring States period.* Legalism became the political philosophy of the Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty.
  7. 7. Major Legalist Principles
  8. 8. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.
  9. 9. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.
  10. 10. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.
  11. 11. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.4. The ruler must rule with a strong, punishing hand.
  12. 12. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.4. The ruler must rule with a strong, punishing hand.5. War is the means of strengthening a ruler’s power.
  13. 13. Authoritarian
  14. 14. AuthoritarianOne who favors the principlethat individuals should obeya powerful authority ratherthan exercise individualfreedom.
  15. 15. AuthoritarianOne who favors the principlethat individuals should obeya powerful authority ratherthan exercise individualfreedom.The ruler, therefore, “crackshis whip” on the backs of hissubjects!
  16. 16. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)  Leviathan  Society = Lord of the Flies  People passionate, but reasonable.  Strong leader needed: keep order.

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